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Facebook implementing Advanced HTTPS to minimize NSA Interception

Facebook implementing Advanced HTTPS to minimize NSA Interception

Jun 29, 2013
For years the National Security Agency has successfully shielded its surveillance programs from any real public scrutiny. There have been a lot of news stories about NSA surveillance programs following the leaks of secret documents by Edward Snowden . We have learned that the NSA is collecting millions of Americans' phone records on a daily basis, that it operates a program called PRISM involving the surveillance of Internet communications, including Email, Facebook posts, and instant messages. The NSA is allowed to record the conversations of non-Americans without a specific warrant for each person monitored, if at least one end of the conversation is outside of the U.S. It is also allowed to record the communications of Americans if they are outside the U.S. and the NSA first gets a warrant for each case. Because Facebook is using outdated Web encryption, which cryptographers say the NSA could penetrate reasonably quickly after intercepting the communications using 
Malware threat to Opera users, Trojan signed with a stolen certificate

Malware threat to Opera users, Trojan signed with a stolen certificate

Jun 27, 2013
On June 19, Browser maker Opera admitted that, it discovered an attack on its internal network infrastructure and windows users may have been tricked into installing a Trojan signed with a stolen Opera certificate. " On June 19th we uncovered, halted and contained a targeted attack on our internal network infrastructure. Our systems have been cleaned and there is no evidence of any user data being compromised." "We are working with the relevant authorities to investigate its source and any potential further extent. We will let you know if there are any developments ." said in a post on the Opera Security Blog. Code signing certificates are used to cryptographically verify that a piece of software comes from its purported publisher. It is possible that a few thousand Windows users, who were using Opera between 01.00 and 01.36 UTC on June 19th, may automatically have received and installed the malicious software. Opera plans to roll out a new version of its
10,000 Victims a Day: Infostealer Garden of Low-Hanging Fruit

10,000 Victims a Day: Infostealer Garden of Low-Hanging Fruit

Jul 15, 2024Cyber Crime / Data Protection
Imagine you could gain access to any Fortune 100 company for $10 or less, or even for free. Terrifying thought, isn't it? Or exciting, depending on which side of the cybersecurity barricade you are on. Well, that's basically the state of things today. Welcome to the infostealer garden of low-hanging fruit. Over the last few years, the problem has grown bigger and bigger, and only now are we slowly learning its full destructive potential. In this article, we will describe how the entire cybercriminal ecosystem operates, the ways various threat actors exploit data originating from it, and most importantly, what you can do about it. Let's start with what infostealer malware actually is. As the name suggests, it's malware that... steals data. Depending on the specific type, the information it extracts might differ slightly, but most will try to extract the following: Cryptocurrency wallets Bank account information and saved credit card details Saved passwords from various apps Bro
After Viber, Saudi Arabia threatens to block WhatsApp and Skype

After Viber, Saudi Arabia threatens to block WhatsApp and Skype

Jun 18, 2013
Viber was blocked last week for non-compliance by The government of Saudi Arabia and Now they may move to block Skype and WhatsApp in the coming weeks, if the U.S. based messaging provider fails to comply with requirements set by the country's telecom regulator. CITC confirmed that they could take the nasty step even before the holy month of Ramadan that commences on 9 July. " We have been communicating with WhatsApp and other similar communication platforms to get them to cooperate and comply with the Saudi telecom providers, however, nothing has come of this communication yet ." The main issue seems to be that such channels bypass Saudi's communications monitoring capabilities and consequently do not conform to local regulations.  Saudi Arabia's three main operators Saudi Telecom, Etihad Etisalat (Mobily) and Zain Saudi had been asked to tell CITC if they were able to monitor or block such applications. " We gave them a week to comply and have been co
cyber security

Top 4 Security Risks of GenAI

websiteWizGenAI Security / Technology
Gain a competitive edge and unlock the top 4 major emerging risks within GenAI. This report from Gartner provides insights and recommended actions for security and product leaders.
Google Chrome Inbuilt Flash player allows Webcam Hacking

Google Chrome Inbuilt Flash player allows Webcam Hacking

Jun 18, 2013
No longer limited to Hollywood movies about cybercrime, webcam hacking has stealthily and aggressively broken into average households  " I've heard a hacker could access my webcam and watch me in front of my computer. Could this really happen? " YES, other than using a Remote administration tools, it is also technically possible using new Flash based flaw in Google Chrome. According to a recent report by security researchers, there's a big problem in Google Chrome's integrated Flash player. The proof-of-concept posted by Egor Homakov. When the play button is pressed, the user is actually allowing for his/her webcam to grab video and audio from a compromised computer without getting the user's permission. " This works precisely like regular clickjacking - you click on a transparent flash object, it allows access to Camera/Audio channel. Voila, attacker sees and hears you, " Homakov warned.  These kinds of virtual hacks have been taking place for years.
Cybercriminals using hijacked Cloud hosting accounts for targeted attacks

Cybercriminals using hijacked Cloud hosting accounts for targeted attacks

Jun 14, 2013
US Cloud hosting providers are constantly targeted by cyber crime according the revelations of two malware researchers Mary Landesman, a senior security researcher at Cisco Systems, and Dave Monnier security expert at Team Cymru explained during the 2013 Gartner Security and Risk Management Summit. The hackers are exploiting with a meaningful increase these architecture to organize financially motivated attacks. Landesman and Monnier explained in two distinct sessions that cyber criminals are exploiting US cloud hosting providers to deploy Command and Control servers for their malicious activities despite the great effort in monitoring activities operated by hosting cloud providers. US is one of privileged countries to host malicious architecture due high availability of its infrastructures and cyber criminals know it. " You can move your command and control servers to Kazakhstan, but that's not a very good business decision," "The U.S. has re
NSA collecting phone records of millions of US citizens daily

NSA collecting phone records of millions of US citizens daily

Jun 06, 2013
The National Security Agency is collecting telephone records for millions of Americans without informing the individuals involved. The shocking news has been revealed by ' Guardian ' whose journalists had access to a " Top Secret " court order, signed by Judge Roger Vinson, issued in April against Verizon . A copy of a secret order to obtain phone records for all Verizon customers was obtained, showing that the NSA was monitoring all incoming and outgoing calls made on that network.  The order obliges the Verizon Company to deliver the daily list of calls, " both within the Member States and between the United States and other countries ." The order was issued by the U.S. The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court directs Verizon's Business Network Services Inc and Verizon Business Services units to hand over electronic data including all calling records on an " ongoing, daily basis " until the order expires on July 19, 2013.
Google sets 7 Day deadline For vulnerability disclosure

Google sets 7 Day deadline For vulnerability disclosure

May 31, 2013
Google will release details of any zero-day flaws it finds in software, if the affected vendor fails to issue a patch or disclose the issue itself within a week. Now, Google is shortening that timeline a good bit to just 7 days. " Based on our experience...we believe that more urgent action within 7 days is appropriate for critical vulnerabilities under active exploitation ", wrote Google Security engineers Chris Evans and Drew Hintz in a blog post . " The reason for this special designation is that each day an actively exploited vulnerability remains undisclosed to the public and unpatched, more computers will be compromised. " Right now, companies use either responsible disclosure or full disclosure when dealing with vulnerabilities . Responsible disclosure allows a company as much time as they want to patch an exploit, and the details surrounding the bug aren't revealed to the public until a patch is issued. Full disclosure, on the other hand, means the company and th
Does Microsoft spy on Skype conversations?

Does Microsoft spy on Skype conversations?

May 24, 2013
Skype … once upon a time a VOIP application considered very secure and wiretap-proof, it was the common belief that no one could intercept such communications due a complex mechanism for the management of audio / video and text streams. One day, Microsoft decided to buy the product, according to many to catch a significant portion of users fond of Skype, but according many experts the company of Redmond wasn't interested only to acquire new market share. The architecture of the popular VOIP infrastructure was improved according Microsoft, in reality it is common thought that it was implemented the possibility to intercept every conversation, as requested by US government to major service providers. The claim is that Law enforcement and intelligence agencies are today able to access the communications exchanged by Skype users and Microsoft has still not been adequately answered to various question on the matter. The German associates to H security magazine at heise Security have be
Hack Battle at 'The Hacker Conference 2013' with CTF365

Hack Battle at 'The Hacker Conference 2013' with CTF365

May 22, 2013
The Hacker Conference partnered up with CTF365 to provide the best CTF experience during the conference. While trying to find out more about their product and also about their CTF surprise, I got an interview with Marius Corici Co-founder and CEO for CTF365. Q: November 2012 was when you first announced about this project which was supposed to start at the begin-ning of 2013. What happened that made you delay the starting date? A: Well, we're definitely enthusiastic about making CTF365 the greatest CTF platform out there, and this proves to be much more difficult than initially anticipated. I won't get into detail, because, as it happens, the story is like something pulled out from the theater of the absurd. If we would ever get a chance to make a making-of- CTF365 movie, I'm sure it would be amusing and tragic at the same time. What I will say [and repeat], is that we are putting our best efforts into making CTF365 work, we are a small and committed team, which is a problem [for
Hacker jailed for ATM skimming invented ATM security scheme

Hacker jailed for ATM skimming invented ATM security scheme

May 19, 2013
A Romanian man serving a five-year jail sentence in Romania for his involvement in an ATM skimming scheme, has developed a device designed to protect ATMs from such attacks. 33-year-old Valentin Boanta who is being detained in a prison from Vaslui, Romania, after he was convicted on charges of bank card fraud in 2009, developed what he calls the SRS (Secure Revolving System) which changes the way ATM machines read bank cards to prevent the operation of skimming devices that criminals hide inside ATMs. " When I got caught I became happy. This liberation opened the way to working for the good side ," Boanta said. " Crime was like a drug for me. After I was caught, I was happy I escaped from this adrenaline addiction ," Boanta said. Boanta began working on SRS during his trial. SRS, Boanta says, can be installed into any ATM. ATM skimmers work by installing a second, concealed card reader over the one that's built into the ATM. When an unsuspecting bank customer
US Military approved iPhones and iPads for military networks

US Military approved iPhones and iPads for military networks

May 18, 2013
The US Department of Defense has cleared Apple's iPhone and iPad for use on its military networks, along with the Samsung Galaxy S4 and BlackBerry 10 devices, the agency said in a statement Friday. The entire DOD is much, much larger, of course, and mobile devices are increasing in importance for the military just as much as they are for we civilians. The report notes that out of more than 600,000 mobile devices used by the Defense Department, only about 41,000 of those are Apple products, with most of those not connected directly to the military's networks. But because these platforms have previously not been certified or cleared for use, such devices had not been connected to secure military networks, except for testing. The move was hardly shocking, but Samsung devices running the Knox security suite and BlackBerry 10 already trickling into the hands of Pentagon employees, the decision sets the stage for a three-way bout for military market supremacy. Offic
Firefox 21 Launches with 3 critical fixes and new Social Integrations

Firefox 21 Launches with 3 critical fixes and new Social Integrations

May 15, 2013
Mozilla has launched Firefox 21 for Mac, Windows, and Linux, adding a number of improvements, namely to the browser's Social API. " Today, we are adding multiple new social providers Cliqz, Mixi and msnNOW to Firefox ," wrote Mozilla in a blog post today. The browser first added Facebook integration back in December, and the inclusion of these services goes a long way towards making social integration an even larger part of the services offered. The Do Not Track feature has been part of Firefox for some time now. You can enable it to add information to each connection request to tell sites about your tracking preference. Along with adding more social integration, the release also closed up security holes in the browser rated as high in severity, including two in the Mozilla Maintenance Service although only one of them left the browser open to potential remote exploits . Fixed in Firefox 21 MFSA 2013-48 Memory corruption found using Address Sanitize
SolarWinds Log & Event Manager for Log Management and SEIM Security

SolarWinds Log & Event Manager for Log Management and SEIM Security

May 14, 2013
SolarWinds ® Log & Event Manager (LEM) , a full-function Security & Information Event Management (SIEM) solution, delivers powerful log management capabilities in a highly affordable, easy-to-deploy virtual appliance. SolarWinds LEM combines real-time log analysis, event correlation, and a groundbreaking approach to IT search, delivering the visibility, security, and control users need to overcome everyday IT challenges. How does LEM work? SolarWinds LEM integrates with and collects log data from a variety of assets in your IT environment including security appliances, network devices, workstations, operating systems, databases and servers. With the collected and normalized log data, LEM performs real-time, in-memory, non-linear multiple event correlation to analyze device and machine logs, and provides advanced incident awareness on all operational, security and policy-driven events on your network. What can you do with LEM? LEM allows you to alert on securi
Microsoft Patch Tuesday to fix critical IE8 zero-day flaw

Microsoft Patch Tuesday to fix critical IE8 zero-day flaw

May 12, 2013
This coming Tuesday, Microsoft will issue fixes for 33 vulnerabilities in total, including two critical  zero-day flaws relating to Internet Explorer recently discovered that has been used to attack several high-profile targets. Internet Explorer 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10 are the recipients of a patch that can prevent an exploit that enables remote code execution in the browser. This affects all Windows operating systems except XP. The vulnerability ( CVE-​​2013-​​1347 ) had previously been addressed in a workaround yesterday , but given the way it was being exploited with attacks reported on the US Department of Labor and European aerospace and nuclear researchers the patch has been prioritised. A second bulletin deals with another IE vulnerability believed to be one disclosed in March at the annual Pwn2Own hacking competition. At least four of the patches require a restart, Microsoft said. The remaining eight patches will address flaws that range from denial-of-servic
Indian Government approved National Cyber Security Policy

Indian Government approved National Cyber Security Policy

May 10, 2013
The IT sector has become one of the most significant growth catalysts for the Indian economy. The government approved the National Cyber Security Policy that aims to create a secure computing environment in the country and build capacities to strengthen the current set up with focus on manpower training. The policy was approved by the Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) that lays stress on augmentation of the India's indigenous capabilities in terms of developing the cyber security set-up.  The policy is not aimed only at government entities and big business, but at home users as well. It aims to create a cyber security framework that will address all related issues over a long period.  The framework will lead to specific actions and programmes to enhance the security posture of country's cyber space. Cyber Security Policy will also help in enhancing the intelligence as its integral component and help in anticipating attacks and adopt, counter measures.
Researchers uncovered new malware used by Chinese cyber criminals

Researchers uncovered new malware used by Chinese cyber criminals

May 10, 2013
Trend Micro researchers have uncovered a new backdoor pieces of malware from the Winnti family, which are mainly used by a Chinese  cyber criminal group to target South East Asian organizations from the video gaming sector. Winnti malware used by hackers to hijack control of web users systems using a new backdoor contained in the legitimate Aheadlib analysis tool. Dubbed as " Bkdr_Tengo.A, " passes itself off as a legitimate system DLL file called winmm.dll. " We believe that this was done using a legitimate tool called Aheadlib, which is a legitimate analysis tool. "  wrote Trend Micro's Eduardo Altares. " The file is not encrypted and neither was it particularly hard to analyze. Its main behavior is to steal Microsoft Office, .PDF, and .TIFF files from USB drives inserted into the system. These stolen files are stored in the $NtUninstallKB080515$ under the Windows folder. It also creates a log file named Usblog_DXM.log. The files can be retrieved by
Internet Explorer zero-day exploit targets U.S. nuke researchers

Internet Explorer zero-day exploit targets U.S. nuke researchers

May 06, 2013
Security researchers revealed that series of " Watering Hole " has been conducted exploiting a IE8 zero-day vulnerability to target U.S. Government experts working on nuclear weapons research. The news is not surprising but it is very concerning, the principal targets of the attacks are various groups of research such as the components of U.S. Department of Labor and the U.S. Department of Energy, the news has been confirmed by principal security firms and by Microsoft corporate. The flaw has been used in a series of "watering hole" attacks, let's remind that "Watering Hole" is a technique of attack realized compromising legitimate websites using a " drive-by " exploit. The attackers restrict their audience to a individuals interested to specific content proposed by targeted website, in this way when the victim visits the page a backdoor Trojan is installed on his computer. The website compromised to exploit the IE8 zero-day is the Dep
Sensitive Army database of U.S. dams compromised by Chinese Hackers

Sensitive Army database of U.S. dams compromised by Chinese Hackers

May 02, 2013
U.S. intelligence agencies traced a recent cyber intrusion into U.S. Army database that holds sensitive information about vulnerabilities in U.S. dams.  The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Inventory of Dams contains information about 79,000 dams throughout the country and tracks such information as the number of estimated deaths that could occur if a specific dam failed. The database also holds sensitive information, including vulnerabilities, of every major dam throughout the country. Michelle Van Cleave, a former consultant to the CIA, told the Beacon that the data breach appeared to be part of a greater effort to collect vulnerability and targeting data for future cyber or military attacks. The Corps of Engineers National Inventory of Dams was hacked by an unauthorized user believed to be from Chinese government or military cyber warriors, beginning in January and uncovered earlier this month. " In the wrong hands, the Army Corps of Engineers' database cou
World's most secure messaging service offers £10,000 if you crack it

World's most secure messaging service offers £10,000 if you crack it

May 01, 2013
Privacy conscious phone users are being offered a new app that claims to be the world's first totally secure messaging service. A London-based iPhone messaging app claims to be unhackable and is offering reward to anyone who can intercept a message sent by it.  Redact believes that messages sent via the app are completely secure, and to prove it a reward of £10,000 has been offered. The application creates a secure and encrypted peer-to-peer network between two iPhones, with messages sent directly from one phone to another and not through the company's servers.  The company has already offered its Secure Messenger service for free to MPs and submitted the technology to CESG, the Government's National Technical Authority for Information Assurance, which provides advice on the security of communications and electronic data. With Redact there are no user names, phone numbers or email addresses. Instead, new users are automatically assigned a unique PIN, simi
Google pays $31,336 bounty to hacker for reporting critical vulnerabilities in Chrome

Google pays $31,336 bounty to hacker for reporting critical vulnerabilities in Chrome

Apr 30, 2013
Google has fixed a series of serious vulnerabilities in its Chrome OS , including three high-risk bugs that could be used for code execution on vulnerable machines. Bug bounties is the cash prizes offered by open source communities to anyone who finds key software bugs have been steadily on the rise for several years now. As part of its reward program, Google paid out $31,336 to a researcher who found three of the vulnerabilities . Google's post notes : " We're pleased to reward Ralf-Philipp Weinmann $31,336 under the Chromium Vulnerability Rewards Program for a chain of three bugs, including demo exploit code and very detailed write-up. We are grateful to Ralf for his work to help keep our users safe. " The three-bug chain credited to Weinmann exploited O3D, a JavaScript API (application programming interface) designed for crafting interactive 3-D graphics-based Web applications. The API and supporting browser plug-in were created by Google, with a preliminary ve
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