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Vice Society Ransomware Attackers Targeted Dozens of Schools in 2022

Vice Society Ransomware Attackers Targeted Dozens of Schools in 2022

Dec 07, 2022 Cyber Crime / Ransomware
The Vice Society cybercrime group has disproportionately targeted educational institutions, accounting for 33 victims in 2022 and surpassing other ransomware families like LockBit, BlackCat, BianLian, and Hive. Other prominent industry verticals targeted include healthcare, governments, manufacturing, retail, and legal services, according to an  analysis of leak site data  by Palo Alto Networks Unit 42. The cybersecurity company called Vice Society one of the "most impactful ransomware gangs of 2022." Of the 100 organizations impacted in total, 35 cases have been reported from the U.S., followed by 18 in the U.K., seven in Spain, six each in Brazil and France, four each in Germany and Italy, and three cases in Australia. Active since May 2021, Vice Society stands apart from other ransomware crews in that it does not use a ransomware variant of its own, rather relying on pre-existing ransomware binaries such as HelloKitty and Zeppelin that are sold on underground forums.
How XDR Helps Protect Critical Infrastructure

How XDR Helps Protect Critical Infrastructure

Dec 07, 2022 SIEM / XDR / Threat intelligence
Critical infrastructure is important for societal existence, growth, and development. Societies are reliant on the services provided by critical infrastructure sectors like telecommunication, energy, healthcare, transportation, and information technology. Safety and security are necessary for the optimal operation of these critical infrastructures. Critical infrastructure is made up of digital and non-digital assets. Organizations must stay ahead of cybersecurity threats to prevent failures caused by cyber attacks on critical infrastructure. Finding ways to protect digital assets in an ever-changing landscape filled with threats is a continuous activity. Organizations must also employ efficient security solutions and best practices to stay protected and reduce the chances of compromise. Security solutions help secure and improve the visibility of an organization's threat landscape. Different solutions use different concepts and approaches. An important concept that has risen recently
Chinese Hackers Using Russo-Ukrainian War Decoys to Target APAC and European Entities

Chinese Hackers Using Russo-Ukrainian War Decoys to Target APAC and European Entities

Dec 07, 2022 Spear Phishing / Cyber Espionage
The China-linked nation-state hacking group referred to as  Mustang Panda  is using lures related to the ongoing Russo-Ukrainian War to attack entities in Europe and the Asia Pacific. That's according to the BlackBerry Research and Intelligence Team, which  analyzed  a RAR archive file titled "Political Guidance for the new EU approach towards Russia.rar." Some of the targeted countries include Vietnam, India, Pakistan, Kenya, Turkey, Italy, and Brazil. Mustang Panda is a prolific cyber-espionage group from China that's also tracked under the names Bronze President, Earth Preta, HoneyMyte, RedDelta, and Red Lich. It's believed to be active since at least July 2018, per Secureworks'  threat profile , although indications are that the threat actor has been targeting entities worldwide as early as 2012. Mustang Panda is known to heavily rely on sending weaponized attachments via phishing emails to achieve initial infection, with the intrusions eventually le
Russian Hackers Spotted Targeting U.S. Military Weapons and Hardware Supplier

Russian Hackers Spotted Targeting U.S. Military Weapons and Hardware Supplier

Dec 07, 2022 Password Security / Cyber Threat
A state-sponsored hacking group with links to Russia has been linked to attack infrastructure that spoofs the Microsoft login page of Global Ordnance, a legitimate U.S.-based military weapons and hardware supplier. Recorded Future attributed the new infrastructure to a threat activity group it tracks under the name  TAG-53 , and is broadly known by the cybersecurity community as Blue Callisto , Callisto, COLDRIVER, SEABORGIUM, and TA446. "Based on historical public reporting on overlapping TAG-53 campaigns, it is likely that this credential harvesting activity is enabled in part through phishing," Recorded Future's Insikt Group  said  in a report published this week. The cybersecurity firm said it discovered 38 domains, nine of which contained references to companies like UMO Poland, Sangrail LTD, DTGruelle, Blue Sky Network, the Commission for International Justice and Accountability (CIJA), and the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs. It's suspected that the t
Microsoft Alerts Cryptocurrency Industry of Targeted Cyberattacks

Microsoft Alerts Cryptocurrency Industry of Targeted Cyberattacks

Dec 07, 2022 Cryptocurrency / Threat Intelligence
Cryptocurrency investment companies are the target of a developing threat cluster that uses Telegram groups to seek out potential victims. Microsoft's Security Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) is tracking the activity under the name  DEV-0139 , and builds upon a recent report from Volexity that attributed the same set of attacks to North Korea's  Lazarus Group . "DEV-0139 joined Telegram groups used to facilitate communication between VIP clients and cryptocurrency exchange platforms and identified their target from among the members," the tech giant  said . The adversary subsequently impersonated another cryptocurrency investment company and invited the victim to join a different Telegram chat group under the pretext of asking for feedback on the trading fee structure used by exchange platforms across VIP tiers. It's worth pointing out that the  VIP program  is  designed  to  reward   high-volume traders  with exclusive trading fee incentives and discount
New Go-based Botnet Exploiting Exploiting Dozens of IoT Vulnerabilities to Expand its Network

New Go-based Botnet Exploiting Exploiting Dozens of IoT Vulnerabilities to Expand its Network

Dec 07, 2022 Internet of Things / Botnet
A novel Go-based botnet called  Zerobot  has been observed in the wild proliferating by taking advantage of nearly two dozen security vulnerabilities in the internet of things (IoT) devices and other software. The botnet "contains several modules, including self-replication, attacks for different protocols, and self-propagation," Fortinet FortiGuard Labs researcher Cara Lin  said . "It also communicates with its command-and-control server using the WebSocket protocol." The campaign, which is said to have commenced after November 18, 2022, primarily singles out the Linux operating system to gain control of vulnerable devices. Zerobot gets its name from a propagation script that's used to retrieve the malicious payload after gaining access to a host depending on its microarchitecture implementation (e.g., "zero.arm64"). The malware is designed to target a wide range of CPU architectures such as i386, amd64, arm, arm64, mips, mips64, mips64le, mipsl
Chinese Hackers Target Middle East Telecoms in Latest Cyber Attacks

Chinese Hackers Target Middle East Telecoms in Latest Cyber Attacks

Dec 06, 2022 Advanced Persistent Threat
A malicious campaign targeting the Middle East is likely linked to  BackdoorDiplomacy , an advanced persistent threat (APT) group with ties to China. The espionage activity, directed against a telecom company in the region, is said to have commenced on August 19, 2021 through the successful exploitation of  ProxyShell flaws  in the Microsoft Exchange Server. Initial compromise leveraged binaries vulnerable to side-loading techniques, followed by using a mix of legitimate and bespoke tools to conduct reconnaissance, harvest data, move laterally across the environment, and evade detection. "File attributes of the malicious tools showed that the first tools deployed by the threat actors were the NPS proxy tool and IRAFAU backdoor," Bitdefender researchers Victor Vrabie and Adrian Schipor said in a report shared with The Hacker News. "Starting in February 2022, the threat actors used another tool – [the] Quarian backdoor, along with many other scanners and proxy/tunnel
Iranian State Hackers Targeting Key Figures in Activism, Journalism, and Politics

Iranian State Hackers Targeting Key Figures in Activism, Journalism, and Politics

Dec 06, 2022 Privacy / Threat Intelligence
Hackers with ties to the Iranian government have been linked to an ongoing social engineering and credential phishing campaign directed against human rights activists, journalists, researchers, academics, diplomats, and politicians working in the Middle East. At least 20 individuals are believed to have been targeted, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report published Monday, attributing the malicious activity to an adversarial collective tracked as  APT42 , which is known to share overlaps with  Charming Kitten  (aka APT35 or  Phosphorus ). The campaign resulted in the compromise of email and other sensitive data belonging to three of the targets. This included a correspondent for a major U.S. newspaper, a women's rights defender based in the Gulf region, and Nicholas Noe, a Lebanon-based advocacy consultant for Refugees International. The digital break-in entailed gaining access to their emails, cloud storage, calendars, and contacts, as well as exfiltrating the entire data
 Darknet's Largest Mobile Malware Marketplace Threatens Users Worldwide

Darknet's Largest Mobile Malware Marketplace Threatens Users Worldwide

Dec 06, 2022 Mobile Malware / Darknet
Cybersecurity researchers have shed light on a darknet marketplace called  InTheBox  that's designed to specifically cater to mobile malware operators. The actor behind the criminal storefront, believed to be available since at least January 2020, has been offering over 400 custom web injects grouped by geography that can be purchased by other adversaries looking to mount attacks of their own. "The automation allows other bad actors to create orders to receive the most up to date web injects for further implementation into mobile malware," Resecurity  said . "InTheBox may be called the largest and probably the only one in its marketplace category providing high-quality web injects for popular types of mobile malware." Web injects are  packages  used in financial malware that leverage the adversary-in-the-browser (AitB) attack vector to serve malicious HTML or JavaScript code in the form of an overlay screen when victims launch a banking, crypto, payments,
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