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Critical Flaw in OpenSea Could Have Let Hackers Steal Cryptocurrency From Wallets

Critical Flaw in OpenSea Could Have Let Hackers Steal Cryptocurrency From Wallets

October 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A now-patched critical vulnerability in OpenSea, the world's largest non-fungible token ( NFT ) marketplace, could've been abused by malicious actors to drain cryptocurrency funds from a victim by sending a specially-crafted token, opening a new attack vector for exploitation. The findings come from cybersecurity firm Check Point Research, which began an investigation into the platform following public reports of stolen cryptocurrency wallets triggered by free airdropped NFTs. The issues were fixed in less than one hour of responsible disclosure on September 26, 2021. "Left unpatched, the vulnerabilities could allow hackers to hijack user accounts and steal entire cryptocurrency wallets by crafting malicious NFTs," Check Point researchers  said . As the name indicates, NFTs are unique digital assets such as photos, videos, audio, and other items that can be sold and traded on the blockchain, using the technology as a certificate of authenticity to establish a ver
Code Execution Bug Affects Yamale Python Package — Used by Over 200 Projects

Code Execution Bug Affects Yamale Python Package — Used by Over 200 Projects

October 07, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A high-severity code injection vulnerability has been disclosed in 23andMe's Yamale, a schema and validator for YAML, that could be trivially exploited by adversaries to execute arbitrary Python code. The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2021-38305  (CVSS score: 7.8), involves manipulating the schema file provided as input to the tool to circumvent protections and achieve code execution. Particularly, the  issue  resides in the schema parsing function, which allows any input passed to be evaluated and executed, resulting in a scenario where a specially-crafted string within the schema can be abused for the injection of system commands. Yamale is a Python package that allows developers to validate YAML — a data serialization language often used for writing configuration files — from the command line. The package is used by at least  224 repositories  on GitHub.  "This gap allows attackers that can provide an input schema file to perform Python code injection that leads to code execut
Update Google Chrome ASAP to Patch 2 New Actively Exploited Zero-Day Flaws

Update Google Chrome ASAP to Patch 2 New Actively Exploited Zero-Day Flaws

September 30, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google on Thursday pushed urgent security fixes for its Chrome browser, including a pair of new security weaknesses that the company said are being exploited in the wild, making them the fourth and fifth actively zero-days plugged this month alone. The issues, designated as  CVE-2021-37975 and CVE-2021-37976 , are part of a total of four patches, and concern a  use-after-free flaw  in V8 JavaScript and WebAssembly engine as well as an information leak in core. As is usually the case, the tech giant has refrained from sharing any additional details regarding how these zero-day vulnerabilities were used in attacks so as to allow a majority of users to be updated with the patches, but noted that it's aware that "exploits for CVE-2021-37975 and CVE-2021-37976 exist in the wild." An anonymous researcher has been credited with reporting CVE-2021-37975. The discovery of CVE-2021-37976, on the other hand, involves Clément Lecigne from Google Threat Analysis Group, who was al
Urgent Chrome Update Released to Patch Actively Exploited Zero-Day Vulnerability

Urgent Chrome Update Released to Patch Actively Exploited Zero-Day Vulnerability

September 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google on Friday rolled out an emergency security patch to its Chrome web browser to address a security flaw that's known to have an exploit in the wild. Tracked as  CVE-2021-37973 , the vulnerability has been described as  use after free  in  Portals API , a web page navigation system that enables a page to show another page as an inset and "perform a seamless transition to a new state, where the formerly-inset page becomes the top-level document." Clément Lecigne of Google Threat Analysis Group (TAG) has been credited with reporting the flaw. Additional specifics pertaining to the weakness have not been disclosed in light of active exploitation and to allow a majority of the users to apply the patch, but the internet giant said it's "aware that an exploit for CVE-2021-37973 exists in the wild." The update arrives a day after Apple moved to close an actively exploited security hole in older versions of iOS and macOS ( CVE-2021-30869 ), which the TAG no
SonicWall Issues Patches for a New Critical Flaw in SMA 100 Series Devices

SonicWall Issues Patches for a New Critical Flaw in SMA 100 Series Devices

September 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Network security company SonicWall has addressed a critical security vulnerability affecting its Secure Mobile Access (SMA) 100 series appliances that can permit remote, unauthenticated attackers to gain administrator access on targeted devices remotely. Tracked as  CVE-2021-20034 , the arbitrary file deletion flaw is rated 9.1 out of a maximum of 10 on the CVSS scoring system, and could allow an adversary to bypass path traversal checks and delete any file, causing the devices to reboot to factory default settings. "The vulnerability is due to an improper limitation of a file path to a restricted directory potentially leading to arbitrary file deletion as 'nobody,'" the San Jose-based firm  noted  in an advisory published Thursday. "There is no evidence that this vulnerability is being exploited in the wild." SonicWall credited Wenxu Yin of Alpha Lab, Qihoo 360, with reporting the security shortcoming, which impacts SMA 100 Series — SMA 200, SMA 210,
Cisco Releases Patches 3 New Critical Flaws Affecting IOS XE Software

Cisco Releases Patches 3 New Critical Flaws Affecting IOS XE Software

September 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Networking equipment maker Cisco Systems has rolled out patches to address three critical security vulnerabilities in its IOS XE network operating system that remote attackers could potentially abuse to execute arbitrary code with administrative privileges and trigger a denial-of-service (DoS) condition on vulnerable devices. The list of three flaws is as follows - CVE-2021-34770  (CVSS score: 10.0) - Cisco IOS XE Software for Catalyst 9000 Family Wireless Controllers CAPWAP Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2021-34727  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Cisco IOS XE SD-WAN Software Buffer Overflow Vulnerability CVE-2021-1619  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Cisco IOS XE Software NETCONF and RESTCONF Authentication Bypass Vulnerability The most severe of the issues is CVE-2021-34770, which Cisco calls a "logic error" that occurs during the processing of  CAPWAP  (Control And Provisioning of Wireless Access Points) packets that enable a central wireless Controller to manage a group of wire
Urgent Apple iOS and macOS Updates Released to Fix Actively Exploited Zero-Days

Urgent Apple iOS and macOS Updates Released to Fix Actively Exploited Zero-Days

September 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apple on Thursday released security updates to fix multiple security vulnerabilities in older versions of  iOS  and  macOS  that it says have been detected in exploits in the wild, in addition to expanding patches for a previously plugged security weakness abused by NSO Group's Pegasus surveillance tool to target iPhone users. Chief among them is CVE-2021-30869, a type confusion flaw that resides in the kernel component  XNU  developed by Apple that could cause a malicious application to execute arbitrary code with the highest privileges. The Cupertino-based tech giant said it addressed the bug with improved state handling. Google's Threat Analysis Group, which is credited with reporting the flaw, said it detected the vulnerability being "used in conjunction with a N-day remote code execution targeting WebKit." Two other flaws include  CVE-2021-30858 and CVE-2021-30860 , both of which were resolved by the company earlier this month following disclosure from the
A New Bug in Microsoft Windows Could Let Hackers Easily Install a Rootkit

A New Bug in Microsoft Windows Could Let Hackers Easily Install a Rootkit

September 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Security researchers have disclosed an unpatched weakness in Microsoft Windows Platform Binary Table (WPBT) affecting all Windows-based devices since Windows 8 that could be potentially exploited to install a rootkit and compromise the integrity of devices. "These flaws make every Windows system vulnerable to easily-crafted attacks that install fraudulent vendor-specific tables," researchers from Eclypsium  said  in a report published on Monday. "These tables can be exploited by attackers with direct physical access, with remote access, or through manufacturer supply chains. More importantly, these motherboard-level flaws can obviate initiatives like  Secured-core  because of the ubiquitous usage of  ACPI  [Advanced Configuration and Power Interface] and WPBT." WPBT, introduced with Windows 8 in 2012, is a  feature  that enables "boot firmware to provide Windows with a platform binary that the operating system can execute."  In other words, it allows
High-Severity RCE Flaw Disclosed in Several Netgear Router Models

High-Severity RCE Flaw Disclosed in Several Netgear Router Models

September 21, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Networking equipment company Netgear has released patches to remediate a high-severity remote code execution vulnerability affecting multiple routers that could be exploited by remote attackers to take control of an affected system. Traced as  CVE-2021-40847  (CVSS score: 8.1), the security weakness impacts the following models - R6400v2 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.4.120) R6700 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.2.26) R6700v3 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.4.120) R6900 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.2.26) R6900P (fixed in firmware version 3.3.142_HOTFIX) R7000 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.11.128) R7000P (fixed in firmware version 1.3.3.142_HOTFIX) R7850 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.5.76) R7900 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.4.46) R8000 (fixed in firmware version 1.0.4.76) RS400 (fixed in firmware version 1.5.1.80) According to GRIMM security researcher Adam Nichols, the vulnerability resides within Circle , a third-party component included in the firmware that offer
VMware Warns of Critical File Upload Vulnerability Affecting vCenter Server

VMware Warns of Critical File Upload Vulnerability Affecting vCenter Server

September 21, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
VMware on Tuesday published a new bulletin warning of as many as 19 vulnerabilities in vCenter Server and Cloud Foundation appliances that a remote attacker could exploit to take control of an affected system. The most urgent among them is an arbitrary file upload vulnerability in the Analytics service (CVE-2021-22005) that impacts vCenter Server 6.7 and 7.0 deployments. "A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to execute code on vCenter Server by uploading a specially crafted file," the company  noted ,  adding  "this vulnerability can be used by anyone who can reach vCenter Server over the network to gain access, regardless of the configuration settings of vCenter Server." Although VMware has published  workarounds  for the flaw, the company cautioned that they are "meant to be a temporary solution until updates […] can be deployed." The complete list of flaws patched by the virtualization services
Microsoft Releases Patch for Actively Exploited Windows Zero-Day Vulnerability

Microsoft Releases Patch for Actively Exploited Windows Zero-Day Vulnerability

September 14, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A day after  Apple  and  Google  rolled out urgent security updates, Microsoft has  pushed software fixes  as part of its monthly Patch Tuesday release cycle to plug 66 security holes affecting Windows and other components such as Azure, Office, BitLocker, and Visual Studio, including an  actively exploited zero-day  in its MSHTML Platform that came to light last week.  Of the 66 flaws, three are rated Critical, 62 are rated Important, and one is rated Moderate in severity. This is aside from the  20 vulnerabilities  in the Chromium-based Microsoft Edge browser that the company addressed since the start of the month. The most important of the updates concerns a patch for  CVE-2021-40444  (CVSS score: 8.8), an actively exploited remote code execution vulnerability in MSHTML that leverages malware-laced Microsoft Office documents, with EXPMON researchers noting "the exploit uses logical flaws so the exploitation is perfectly reliable." Also addressed is a publicly disclose
Microsoft Warns of Cross-Account Takeover Bug in Azure Container Instances

Microsoft Warns of Cross-Account Takeover Bug in Azure Container Instances

September 09, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Wednesday said it remediated a vulnerability in its Azure Container Instances ( ACI ) services that could have been weaponized by a malicious actor "to access other customers' information" in what the researchers described as the "first cross-account container takeover in the public cloud." An attacker exploiting the weakness could execute malicious commands on other users' containers, steal customer secrets and images deployed to the platform. The Windows maker did not share any additional specifics related to the flaw, save that  affected customers  "revoke any privileged credentials that were deployed to the platform before August 31, 2021." Azure Container Instances is a managed service that allows users to run Docker  containers  directly in a serverless cloud environment, without requiring the use of virtual machines, clusters, or orchestrators. Palo Alto Networks' Unit 42 threat intelligence team dubbed the vulnerabilit
WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers

WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers

September 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A now-patched high-severity security vulnerability in WhatApp's image filter feature could have been abused to send a malicious image over the messaging app to read sensitive information from the app's memory. Tracked as  CVE-2020-1910  (CVSS score: 7.8), the flaw concerns an out-of-bounds read/write and stems from applying specific image filters to a rogue image and sending the altered image to an unwitting recipient, thereby enabling an attacker to access valuable data stored the app's memory. "A missing bounds check in WhatsApp for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 and WhatsApp Business for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 could have allowed out-of-bounds read and write if a user applied specific image filters to a specially-crafted image and sent the resulting image," WhatsApp  noted  in its advisory published in February 2021. Cybersecurity firm Check Point Research, which disclosed the issue to the Facebook-owned platform on November 10, 2020, said it was able to
Linphone SIP Stack Bug Could Let Attackers Remotely Crash Client Devices

Linphone SIP Stack Bug Could Let Attackers Remotely Crash Client Devices

September 01, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Tuesday disclosed details about a zero-click security vulnerability in the Linphone Session Initiation Protocol ( SIP ) stack that could be remotely exploited without any action from a victim to crash the SIP client and cause a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. Tracked as  CVE-2021-33056  (CVSS score: 7.5), the issue concerns a NULL pointer dereference vulnerability in the " belle-sip " component, a C-language library used to implement SIP transport, transaction, and dialog layers, with all versions prior to  4.5.20  affected by the flaw. The weakness was discovered and reported by industrial cybersecurity company Claroty. Linphone is an open-source and cross-platform SIP client with support for voice and video calls, end-to-end encrypted messaging, and audio conference calls, among others. SIP, on the other hand, is a signaling protocol used for initiating, maintaining, and terminating real-time multimedia communication sessions for voice, v
New Microsoft Exchange 'ProxyToken' Flaw Lets Attackers Reconfigure Mailboxes

New Microsoft Exchange 'ProxyToken' Flaw Lets Attackers Reconfigure Mailboxes

August 30, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Details have emerged about a now-patched security vulnerability impacting Microsoft Exchange Server that could be weaponized by an unauthenticated attacker to modify server configurations, thus leading to the disclosure of Personally Identifiable Information (PII). The issue, tracked as  CVE-2021-33766  (CVSS score: 7.3) and coined " ProxyToken ," was discovered by Le Xuan Tuyen, a researcher at the Information Security Center of Vietnam Posts and Telecommunications Group (VNPT-ISC), and reported through the Zero-Day Initiative (ZDI) program in March 2021. "With this vulnerability, an unauthenticated attacker can perform configuration actions on mailboxes belonging to arbitrary users," the ZDI  said  Monday. "As an illustration of the impact, this can be used to copy all emails addressed to a target and account and forward them to an account controlled by the attacker." Microsoft addressed the issue as part of its  Patch Tuesday updates  for July 2021
Kaseya Issues Patches for Two New 0-Day Flaws Affecting Unitrends Servers

Kaseya Issues Patches for Two New 0-Day Flaws Affecting Unitrends Servers

August 27, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
U.S. technology firm Kaseya has  released  security patches to address two zero-day vulnerabilities affecting its Unitrends enterprise backup and continuity solution that could result in privilege escalation and authenticated remote code execution. The two weaknesses are part of a  trio of vulnerabilities  discovered and reported by researchers at the Dutch Institute for Vulnerability Disclosure (DIVD) on July 3, 2021. The IT infrastructure management solution provider has addressed the issues in server software version 10.5.5-2 released on August 12, DIVD said. An as-yet-undisclosed client-side vulnerability in Kaseya Unitrends remains unpatched, but the company has published  firewall rules  that can be applied to filter traffic to and from the client and mitigate any risk associated with the flaw. As an additional precaution, it's  recommended  not to leave the servers accessible over the internet. Although specifics related to the vulnerabilities are sparse, the shortcomin
Critical ThroughTek SDK Bug Could Let Attackers Spy On Millions of IoT Devices

Critical ThroughTek SDK Bug Could Let Attackers Spy On Millions of IoT Devices

August 18, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A security vulnerability has been found affecting several versions of ThroughTek Kalay P2P Software Development Kit (SDK), which could be abused by a remote attacker to take control of an affected device and potentially lead to remote code execution. Tracked as CVE-2021-28372 (CVSS score: 9.6) and  discovered  by FireEye Mandiant in late 2020, the weakness concerns an improper access control flaw in ThroughTek point-to-point (P2P) products, successful exploitation of which could result in the "ability to listen to live audio, watch real time video data, and compromise device credentials for further attacks based on exposed device functionality." "Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could permit remote code execution and unauthorized access to sensitive information, such as to camera audio/video feeds," the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA)  noted  in an advisory. There are believed to be 83 million active devices on the Kala
BadAlloc Flaw Affects BlackBerry QNX Used in Millions of Cars and Medical Devices

BadAlloc Flaw Affects BlackBerry QNX Used in Millions of Cars and Medical Devices

August 18, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A major vulnerability affecting older versions of BlackBerry's QNX Real-Time Operating System (RTOS) could allow malicious actors to cripple and gain control of a variety of products, including cars, medical, and industrial equipment. The shortcoming (CVE-2021-22156, CVSS score: 9.0) is part of a broader collection of flaws, collectively dubbed  BadAlloc , that was originally disclosed by Microsoft in April 2021, which could open a backdoor into many of these devices, allowing attackers to commandeer them or disrupt their operations. "A remote attacker could exploit CVE-2021-22156 to cause a denial-of-service condition or execute arbitrary code on affected devices," the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA)  said  in a Tuesday bulletin. As of writing, there is no evidence of active exploitation of the vulnerability. BlackBerry QNX technology is  used  worldwide by over 195 million vehicles and embedded systems across a wide range of industries,
Unpatched Remote Hacking Flaw Disclosed in Fortinet's FortiWeb WAF

Unpatched Remote Hacking Flaw Disclosed in Fortinet's FortiWeb WAF

August 17, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Details have emerged about a new unpatched security vulnerability in Fortinet's web application firewall (WAF) appliances that could be abused by a remote, authenticated attacker to execute malicious commands on the system. "An OS command injection vulnerability in FortiWeb's management interface (version 6.3.11 and prior) can allow a remote, authenticated attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the system, via the SAML server configuration page," cybersecurity firm Rapid7  said  in an advisory published Tuesday. "This vulnerability appears to be related to  CVE-2021-22123 , which was addressed in  FG-IR-20-120 ." Rapid7 said it discovered and reported the issue in June 2021. Fortinet is expected to release a patch at the end of August with version Fortiweb 6.4.1. The command injection flaw is yet to be assigned a CVE identifier, but it has a severity rating of 8.7 on the CVSS scoring system. Successful exploitation of the vulnerability can allow auth
Microsoft Warns of Another Unpatched Windows Print Spooler RCE Vulnerability

Microsoft Warns of Another Unpatched Windows Print Spooler RCE Vulnerability

August 11, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A day after releasing  Patch Tuesday updates , Microsoft acknowledged yet another remote code execution vulnerability in the Windows Print Spooler component, adding that it's working to remediate the issue in an upcoming security update. Tracked as  CVE-2021-36958  (CVSS score: 7.3), the unpatched flaw is the latest to join a  list  of  bugs  collectively known as  PrintNightmare  that have plagued the printer service and come to light in recent months. Victor Mata of FusionX, Accenture Security, who has been credited with reporting the flaw,  said  the issue was disclosed to Microsoft in December 2020. "A remote code execution vulnerability exists when the Windows Print Spooler service improperly performs privileged file operations," the company said in its out-of-band bulletin, echoing the vulnerability details for  CVE-2021-34481 . "An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could run arbitrary code with SYSTEM privileges. An attacker could then
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