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Fingerprinting the author of the ZeuS Botnet !

Fingerprinting the author of the ZeuS Botnet !

May 12, 2011
The source code of the ZeuS Botnet is now available for  Download . Derek Jones  (the author this article) imagine there are a few organizations who would like to talk to the author(s) of this code. All developers have coding habits, that is they usually have a particular way of writing each coding construct. Different developers have different sets of habits and sometimes individual developers have a way of writing some language construct that is rarely used by other developers. Are developer habits sufficiently unique that they can be used to identify individuals from their code? I don't have enough data to answer that question. Reading through the C++ source of ZeuS I spotted a few unusual usage patterns (I don't know enough about common usage patterns in PHP to say much about this source) which readers might like to look for in code they encounter, perhaps putting name to the author of this code. The source is written in C++ (32.5 KLOC of client source) and PHP (7.5KLOC of server
What does the Poetry with Citadel trojan ?

What does the Poetry with Citadel trojan ?

Feb 23, 2013
Recently we published an article on the attacks against Japanese banks using a new variant of the popular Zeus , one of the most prolific malware of recent history, security experts in fact have detected various versions of the popular malicious code that hit also mobile and social networking platforms . Due its flexibility the malware has been re-engineered several times by cyber criminals that adapted its structure to specific purposes and context, leaving unchanged its core capabilities of stealing banking credentials of victims. Zeus has been a huge success in the criminal circles especially for the sales model, as malware as service, implemented by its authors on many underground sites, let's remind for example the Citadel Trojan one of the most popular on the crimeware market. Fortunately its author, known as Aquabox , has been banned from a large online forum that sells malware and other services to cyber criminals, but many security firms consider Citadel Trojan still very
Webinar: Learn How to Stop Hackers from Exploiting Hidden Identity Weaknesses

Webinar: Learn How to Stop Hackers from Exploiting Hidden Identity Weaknesses

Apr 10, 2024Webinar / Identity Security
We all know passwords and firewalls are important, but what about the invisible threats lurking beneath the surface of your systems? Identity Threat Exposures (ITEs) are like secret tunnels for hackers – they make your security way more vulnerable than you think. Think of it like this: misconfigurations, forgotten accounts, and old settings are like cracks in your digital fortress walls. Hackers exploit these weaknesses to steal login information, gain sneaky access, and move around your systems unnoticed, whether they're in the cloud or on-site. This upcoming webinar,  " Today's Top 4 Identity Security Threat Exposures: Are You Vulnerable? "  isn't just for tech experts—it's about protecting your business.  We'll use real-world examples and insights from Silverfort's latest report to show you the hidden dangers of ITEs. You'll learn about: The Top 4 Identity Threats You Might Be Overlooking:  We'll name them and explain why they're
These Are The FBI's Most Wanted Hackers — Total $4.2 Million Reward

These Are The FBI's Most Wanted Hackers — Total $4.2 Million Reward

Jul 01, 2015
The US State Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigation are willing to pay a total $4.2 Million for information leading to the arrest and/or conviction of top 5 most wanted cyber criminals accused of conducting frauds of hundreds of millions of dollars. Evgeniy Bogachev,30; Nicolae Popescu, 34; Alexsey Belan, 28; Peteris Sahurovs, 26; and Shailesh Kumar Jain, 45; are in the list of FBI's Top 5 most-wanted hackers. 1. Evgeniy Mikhailovich Bogachev | Reward - $3 MILLION Evgeniy Mikhailovich Bogachev , also known under the aliases "lucky12345," "Slavik," and "Pollingsoon," is the mastermind behind the GameOver Zeus botnet , which was allegedly used by criminals to infect more than 1 Million computers, resulting in up to $100 Million in losses since 2009. Besides GameOver Zeus botnet, Bogachev is also accused of developing CryptoLocker Ransomware , which was designed to extort money from computer victims by holding their system
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UPCOMING WEBINAR: Implementing What's New in NIST CSF 2.0

websiteArmorPointCybersecurity / Webinar
Learn three practical steps to implement the latest version of the NIST CSF on 4/15 at 3pm ET. Register Today!
Aldi Bot - Buy a Botnet just in 10 Euros

Aldi Bot - Buy a Botnet just in 10 Euros

Sep 22, 2011
Aldi Bot - Buy a Botnet just in 10 Euros Researchers of German security firm G Data have discovered that a bot builder dubbed " Aldi Bot " is currently being offered for that much on underground forums. The Aldi Bot Builder appears to be based on the ZeuS source code. The malware has nothing to do with the discount supermarket chain and it is not clear why its author chose to name the bot after Aldi – it is thought it may relate to the bot's discount pricing. Company says " We've encountered a bot sale, which, in case it finds followers, can cause a massive glut of malware all over. The so-called "Aldi Bot" first appeared in late August and has been sold for the initial price of €10! Parts of the bot's code oddly look like ZeuS code… " The Aldi Bot can read (saved) passwords from the Firefox web browser, Pidgin IM client and JDownloader download tool, and send them to a command and control server which is included in the €10 price tag. The Aldi Bot can als
Banking Trojan Gains Ability to Steal Facebook, Twitter and Gmail Accounts

Banking Trojan Gains Ability to Steal Facebook, Twitter and Gmail Accounts

Nov 17, 2017
Security researchers have discovered a new, sophisticated form of malware based on the notorious Zeus banking Trojan that steals more than just bank account details. Dubbed Terdot, the banking Trojan has been around since mid-2016 and was initially designed to operate as a proxy to conduct man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks, steal browsing information such as stored credit card information and login credentials and injecting HTML code into visited web pages. However, researchers at security firm Bitdefender have discovered that the banking Trojan has now been revamped with new espionage capabilities such as leveraging open-source tools for spoofing SSL certificates in order to gain access to social media and email accounts and even post on behalf of the infected user. Terdot banking trojan does this by using a highly customized man-in-the-middle (MITM) proxy that allows the malware to intercept any traffic on an infected computer. Besides this, the new variant of Terdot
Dridex Malware Now Attacking macOS Systems with Novel Infection Method

Dridex Malware Now Attacking macOS Systems with Novel Infection Method

Jan 06, 2023 Endpoint Security/ Malware
A variant of the infamous Dridex banking malware has set its sights on Apple's macOS operating system using a previously undocumented infection method, according to latest research. It has "adopted a new technique to deliver documents embedded with malicious macros to users without having to pretend to be invoices or other business-related files," Trend Micro researcher Armando Nathaniel Pedragoza  said  in a technical report. Dridex , also called Bugat and Cridex, is an information stealer that's known to harvest sensitive data from infected machines and deliver and execute malicious modules. It's attributed to an e-crime group known as Evil Corp (aka Indrik Spider). The malware is also considered to be a successor of  Gameover Zeus , itself a follow-up to another banking trojan called Zeus. Previous Dridex campaigns targeting Windows have  leveraged  macro-enabled Microsoft Excel documents sent via phishing emails to deploy the payload. A law enforcement o
Malware called 'Eurograbber' steals 36 million Euros

Malware called 'Eurograbber' steals 36 million Euros

Dec 07, 2012
A new version of the Zeus botnet was used to steal about $47 million from European banking customers in the past year. This Zeus variant Trojan is blamed for attacks that stole more than 36 million Euros ($47 million U.S. dollars) from an estimated 30,000 consumer and corporate accounts at European banks. Dubbed "Eurograbber"  is more than just another banking Trojan. It's an exploitation of fundamental online banking authentication practices that could strike any institution. With the phone number and platform information, the attacker sends a text message to the victim's phone with a link to a site that downloads what it says is "encryption software" for the device. Customers become victims of Eurograbber by clicking on malicious links that may come in phishing-attack emails and then after injecting scripts to browser , the malware intercepts two-step authentication text messages sent to customers' phones. Customers at an estimated 30 banks fell vic
Cybercriminals aggressively recruiting money mules

Cybercriminals aggressively recruiting money mules

Nov 01, 2010
Money mules have been aggressively recruited this year to help cyber criminals launder money, according to Fortinet. A recent example of this is the worldwide prosecutions of a Zeus criminal operation, which included 37 charges brought against alleged money mules. Recent Zeus stories illustrate how prevalent money mules have become and how they are being used to filter, disguise and spread money transfers. Mules today are typically recruited into criminal organizations through legitimate-looking advertisements. A suspect ad may suggest a client is looking for a "payment processing agent," "money transfer agent," or something as general and vague as an "administrative representative." These recruitment ads can be found anywhere from print and online job sites to direct points of contact. While many mules likely enter into the business relationship knowing the full criminal implications of what they're doing, there are a surprising number that do not. One of the most re
UK foreign secretary : "We are under Cyber attack" !

UK foreign secretary : "We are under Cyber attack" !

Feb 06, 2011
Yesterday, the UK adopted secretary, William Hague, explained to a aegis appointment in Munich how cyber abyss were aggravating to access the UK government and aegis contractors. According to a BBC report, Mr. Hague explained that attackers had adulterated government computers with the Zeus trojan (Zeus "Zbot") in attacks agnate to those on the Department of Homeland Aegis aftermost June. While I acclaim the government for about acclamation these issues, I absolutely achievement this isn't account to those in the MoD (Ministry of Defence) or aegis industries. The types of threats Mr. Hague categorical are not aloof hitting the UK government. These types of malware, amusing engineering and targeted phishing are accepting drive adjoin businesses all over the planet. Most of the examples he cited began as email attacks. While best practices advance that you should block all executable agreeable from entering your mail gateways, booby-trapped abstracts are still a ris
More than 1,400 Financial institutions in 88 Countries targeted by Banking Trojan in 2013

More than 1,400 Financial institutions in 88 Countries targeted by Banking Trojan in 2013

Dec 22, 2013
As the year draws to a close, we have seen the number of emerging threats like advance phishing attacks from the Syrian Electronic Army , financial malware and exploit kits, Cryptolocker ransomware infections, massive  Bitcoin theft, extensive privacy breach from NSA and many more. The financial malware's were the most popular threat this year. Money is always a perfect motivation for attackers and cyber criminals who are continually targeting financial institutions. On Tuesday, Antivirus firm Symantec has released a Threat report, called " The State of Financial Trojans: 2013 ", which revealed that over 1,400 financial institutions have been targeted and compromised millions of computers around the globe and the most targeted banks are in the US with 71.5% of all analyzed Trojans. Financial institutions have been fighting against malware for the last ten years to protect their customers and online transactions from threat. Over the time the attackers adapted to these counter
Malware Exploding, Especially On Mobile Devices !

Malware Exploding, Especially On Mobile Devices !

Feb 09, 2011
Mobile malware is growing, and Adobe is the main vector of attack, according to new figures from security firm McAfee, which were published on Tuesday. Cybercriminals are adopting strategies to benefit from a more mobile device users in the report, McAfee Threat Report: Fourth Quarter 2010 applications. The number of pieces of new mobile malware in 2010 increased 46 percent compared to 2009. The report also revealed that 20 million new pieces of malware in 2010 - almost 55,000 new threats every day. "Our Q4 Threat Report shows that cyber criminals are watching what is popular and what will have the greatest impact from the least effort," said Vincent Weafer, senior vice president of McAfee Labs. As more consumers use mobile devices and tablets in their daily lives and work, cybercriminals have quoted, say the researchers. Accordingly, botnet attacks targeting mobile devices are expected to increase. In the fourth quarter include some of the most active threat bots know
Core Members of DoppelPaymer Ransomware Gang Targeted in Germany and Ukraine

Core Members of DoppelPaymer Ransomware Gang Targeted in Germany and Ukraine

Mar 06, 2023 Cyber Crime / Ransomware
Law enforcement authorities from Germany and Ukraine have targeted suspected core members of a cybercrime group that has been behind large-scale attacks using DoppelPaymer ransomware. The operation, which took place on February 28, 2023, was carried out with support from the Dutch National Police (Politie) and the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), according to Europol. This encompassed a raid of a German national's house as well as searches in the Ukrainian cities of Kiev and Kharkiv. A Ukrainian national was also interrogated. Both individuals are believed to have taken up crucial positions in the DoppelPaymer group. "Forensic analysis of the seized equipment is still ongoing to determine the exact role of the suspects and their links to other accomplices," the agency further  said . In a related development, German authorities issued arrest warrants against three alleged DoppelPaymer operatives – lgor Olegovich Turashev , Igor Garshin (aka Igor Garschin
Cyber Criminals Use Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 Plane Crash News to Bait Users

Cyber Criminals Use Malaysia Airlines Flight MH17 Plane Crash News to Bait Users

Jul 19, 2014
Any occasion that captures public attention – regardless of how sensitive – comes out to be an opportunity for spammers and hackers to snatch users' personal information and spread malware , and the tragedy of the crashed Malaysia Airlines flight MH17 is no exception. According to the U.S. intelligence officials, Malaysia Airline Flight MH17, a Boeing 777 aircraft carrying 283 passengers and 15 crew members, was struck by a ground-to-air missile. So far, it's unclear, whether the missile was launched by the Russian military or pro-Russian separatist rebels. Ukraine and the insurgents blamed each other. Spammers and cybercriminals are quick to take advantage of the tragedy and started spreading malware through the social media websites, abusing the mystery behind the crash of Malaysia Airline Flight MH17. Researchers at the anti-virus firm Trend Micro came across some suspicious tweets written in Indonesian language. The cybercriminals are using the trending #MH17 to lu
New Stealthier ZLoader Variant Spreading Via Fake TeamViewer Download Ads

New Stealthier ZLoader Variant Spreading Via Fake TeamViewer Download Ads

Sep 14, 2021
Users searching for TeamViewer remote desktop software on search engines like Google are being redirected to malicious links that drop  ZLoader  malware onto their systems while simultaneously embracing a stealthier infection chain that allows it to linger on infected devices and evade detection by security solutions. "The malware is downloaded from a Google advertisement published through Google Adwords," researchers from SentinelOne  said  in a report published on Monday. "In this campaign, the attackers use an indirect way to compromise victims instead of using the classic approach of compromising the victims directly, such as by phishing." First discovered in 2016, ZLoader (aka Silent Night and ZBot) is a  fully-featured banking trojan  and a fork of another banking malware called ZeuS, with newer versions implementing a VNC module that grants adversaries remote access to victim systems. The malware is in active development, with criminal actors spawning an
Researchers spotted 'Chewbacca', a new Tor-based Banking Trojan

Researchers spotted 'Chewbacca', a new Tor-based Banking Trojan

Dec 18, 2013
Cyber Criminal activity associated with the financial Trojan programs has increased rapidly during the past few months. However, the Tor -based architecture is the favorite one with online criminals, to hide their bots and the botnet's Command-and-Control real location from the security researchers. Security Researchers at anti-virus firm  Kaspersky Lab have discovered a new Tor-based  banking trojan , dubbed " ChewBacca " (" Trojan . Win32 . Fsysna . fej ")  , that steal banking credentials and hosted on a Tor . onion domain. This protects the location of a server as well as the identity of the owner in most cases. Still there are drawbacks preventing many criminals from hosting their servers within Tor. Due to the overlay and structure, Tor is slower and timeouts are possible. Massive botnet activity may influence the whole network, as seen with Mevade, and therefore let researchers spot them more easily. ChewBacca   malware is not first that adopt Tor for
ZeuS Source Code Leaked, Available for Sale !

ZeuS Source Code Leaked, Available for Sale !

Apr 06, 2011
ZeuS Source Code Leaked, Available for Sale ! The source is C++ and supposedly contains everything. The seller is asking for 5500 WebMoney/LibertyReserve for the full source code of version 2.0.8.9. The source code has been leaked but the archive is password-protected. Now there's a race to see who can crack the password. In addition, someone has even given out an MD5 hash of the password. Dunno if it's legit but it's certainly making this an interesting race indeed.
'Tinba' Banking Malware Source Code Leaked Online

'Tinba' Banking Malware Source Code Leaked Online

Jul 12, 2014
The source code for the smallest but sophisticated banking Trojan Tinba has been leaked through an online post in an underground forum, which make it available for anyone who knows where to look for free malware generation tools. The files posted on the closed russian underground forum turned out to be the source code of Tinba version1 , which was discovered around mid-2012 and they say it is the original, privately sold version of the crimeware kit that infected thousands of computers in Turkey. Tinba , also known as Zusy, is a tiny but deadly banking Trojan that comprises just 20 Kilobytes of code that gives it ability to slip past detection by some antivirus engines and uses a number of well-word man-in-the-browser tricks in an attempt to defeat two-factor authentication. It infects systems without any advanced encryption or packing and has capability to hook into browsers and steal login data and sniff on network traffic. Last week, researchers at CSIS in Denmark
Dutch Police arrested TorRAT Malware Gang for stealing over Million Dollar

Dutch Police arrested TorRAT Malware Gang for stealing over Million Dollar

Oct 28, 2013
The TorRAT malware was first appeared in 2012 as spying tool only. But from August 2012, Bitcoin Mining feature was added and it became a powerful hacking tool that was commonly associated with attacks on Financial institutions. ab This year TorRat Malware targeted two out of three major Banks in the Netherlands and the  criminals stole over Million Dollars from user' Banking Accounts. The Dutch  police has arrested four men from Alkmaar, Haarlem, Woubrugge and Roden on last Monday, who are suspected of involvement in the large scale digital fraud and money laundering case using TorRat Malware. Using Spear Phishing techniques, gang  targeted the victims to access their computers and the Financial accounts. The gang used anonymous VPN services, Bitcoins, TorMail and the Tor network itself to remain anonymous. Malware is also capable of manipulating the information during online banking , can secretly add new payment orders and also able to modify existing
International Conference on Cyber Security (ICCS) 2012 : Protecting the Cyber World

International Conference on Cyber Security (ICCS) 2012 : Protecting the Cyber World

Jan 08, 2012
International Conference on Cyber Security (ICCS)  2012 : Protecting the Cyber World The FBI is teaming up with Fordham University for the International Conference on Cyber Security. It's an effort to identify emerging cyber threats and develop ways to mitigate those threats. The ZeuS Trojan has infected almost 4 million computers in the United States alone. Financial losses due to the ZeuS Trojan are estimated at up to $60 million. The third annual International Conference on Cyber Security: A White Hat Summit (ICCS 2012), a joint effort between the Federal Bureau of Investigation and Fordham University, brings together global leaders from law enforcement, industry and academia at Fordham's Lincoln Center campus from January 9 through 12, 2012. The conference will include three days of lectures, panel discussions, sponsor presentations, exhibitions, and exceptional networking opportunities. ICCS 2012, a four-day event features more than 65 unique lectures from keynote, distinguishe
U.K. and U.S. Sanction 7 Russians for TrickBot, Ryuk, and Conti Ransomware Attacks

U.K. and U.S. Sanction 7 Russians for TrickBot, Ryuk, and Conti Ransomware Attacks

Feb 10, 2023 Ransomware / Endpoint Security
In a first-of-its-kind coordinated action, the U.K. and U.S. governments on Thursday levied sanctions against seven Russian nationals for their affiliation to the TrickBot, Ryuk, and Conti cybercrime operation. The individuals  designated  under sanctions are Vitaly Kovalev (aka Alex Konor, Bentley, or Bergen), Maksim Mikhailov (aka Baget), Valentin Karyagin (aka Globus), Mikhail Iskritskiy (aka Tropa), Dmitry Pleshevskiy (aka Iseldor), Ivan Vakhromeyev (aka Mushroom), and Valery Sedletski (aka Strix). "Current members of the TrickBot group are associated with Russian Intelligence Services," the U.S. Treasury Department  noted . "The TrickBot group's preparations in 2020 aligned them to Russian state objectives and targeting previously conducted by Russian Intelligence Services." TrickBot, which is attributed to a threat actor named ITG23, Gold Blackburn, and Wizard Spider, emerged in 2016 as a derivative of the Dyre banking trojan and evolved into a  highly
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