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PixPirate: New Android Banking Trojan Targeting Brazilian Financial Institutions

PixPirate: New Android Banking Trojan Targeting Brazilian Financial Institutions

Feb 04, 2023 Mobile Security / Malware
A new Android banking trojan has set its eyes on Brazilian financial institutions to commit fraud by leveraging the PIX payments platform. Italian cybersecurity company Cleafy, which discovered the malware between the end of 2022 and the beginning of 2023, is tracking it under the name PixPirate. "PixPirate belongs to the newest generation of Android banking trojan, as it can perform ATS ( Automatic Transfer System ), enabling attackers to automate the insertion of a malicious money transfer over the Instant Payment platform Pix, adopted by multiple Brazilian banks," researchers Francesco Iubatti and Alessandro Strino  said . It is also the latest addition in a long list of Android banking malware to abuse the operating system's accessibility services API to carry out its nefarious functions, including disabling Google Play Protect, intercepting SMS messages, preventing uninstallation, and serving rogue ads via push notifications. Besides stealing passwords entered
Roaming Mantis Spreading Mobile Malware That Hijacks Wi-Fi Routers' DNS Settings

Roaming Mantis Spreading Mobile Malware That Hijacks Wi-Fi Routers' DNS Settings

Jan 20, 2023 Network Security / Mobile Hacking
Threat actors associated with the Roaming Mantis attack campaign have been observed delivering an updated variant of their patent mobile malware known as Wroba to infiltrate Wi-Fi routers and undertake Domain Name System ( DNS ) hijacking. Kaspersky, which carried out an  analysis  of the malicious artifact, said the feature is designed to target specific Wi-Fi routers located in South Korea. Roaming Mantis, also known as Shaoye, is a long-running financially motivated operation that singles out Android smartphone users with malware capable of stealing bank account credentials as well as harvesting other kinds of sensitive information. Although primarily  targeting the Asian region  since 2018, the hacking crew was detected  expanding  its  victim range  to include France and Germany for the first time in early 2022 by camouflaging the malware as the Google Chrome web browser application. The attacks leverage smishing messages as the initial intrusion vector of choice to deliver
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Android Users Beware: New Hook Malware with RAT Capabilities Emerges

Android Users Beware: New Hook Malware with RAT Capabilities Emerges

Jan 19, 2023 Mobile Security / Android
The threat actor behind the  BlackRock  and  ERMAC  Android banking trojans has unleashed yet another malware for rent called  Hook  that introduces new capabilities to access files stored in the devices and create a remote interactive session. ThreatFabric, in a  report  shared with The Hacker News, characterized Hook as a novel ERMAC fork that's advertised for sale for $7,000 per month while featuring "all the capabilities of its predecessor." "In addition, it also adds to its arsenal Remote Access Tooling (RAT) capabilities, joining the ranks of families such as  Octo  and  Hydra , which are capable performing a full Device Take Over (DTO), and complete a full fraud chain, from PII exfiltration to transaction, with all the intermediate steps, without the need of additional channels," the Dutch cybersecurity firm said. A majority of the financial apps targeted by the malware are located in the U.S., Spain, Australia, Poland, Canada, Turkey, the U.K., Fran
Dridex Malware Now Attacking macOS Systems with Novel Infection Method

Dridex Malware Now Attacking macOS Systems with Novel Infection Method

Jan 06, 2023 Endpoint Security/ Malware
A variant of the infamous Dridex banking malware has set its sights on Apple's macOS operating system using a previously undocumented infection method, according to latest research. It has "adopted a new technique to deliver documents embedded with malicious macros to users without having to pretend to be invoices or other business-related files," Trend Micro researcher Armando Nathaniel Pedragoza  said  in a technical report. Dridex , also called Bugat and Cridex, is an information stealer that's known to harvest sensitive data from infected machines and deliver and execute malicious modules. It's attributed to an e-crime group known as Evil Corp (aka Indrik Spider). The malware is also considered to be a successor of  Gameover Zeus , itself a follow-up to another banking trojan called Zeus. Previous Dridex campaigns targeting Windows have  leveraged  macro-enabled Microsoft Excel documents sent via phishing emails to deploy the payload. A law enforcement o
WhatsApp Introduces Proxy Support to Help Users Bypass Internet Censorship

WhatsApp Introduces Proxy Support to Help Users Bypass Internet Censorship

Jan 06, 2023 Online Safety / Privacy
Popular instant messaging service WhatsApp has launched support for proxy servers in the latest version of its Android and iOS apps, letting users circumvent government-imposed censorship and internet shutdowns. "Choosing a proxy enables you to connect to WhatsApp through servers set up by volunteers and organizations around the world dedicated to helping people communicate freely," the Meta-owned company  said . Proxies act as an intermediary between end users and the service provider by routing requests originating from a client to the server and forwarding the response back to the device. Users can  access the option  by navigating to Settings > Storage and Data > Proxy > Use Proxy and entering a trusted proxy server address. WhatsApp, which is used by more than two billion users across the world, has also made available a  reference implementation  that can be used to set up a proxy server to help others connect to the service. The company emphasized that
SpyNote Strikes Again: Android Spyware Targeting Financial Institutions

SpyNote Strikes Again: Android Spyware Targeting Financial Institutions

Jan 05, 2023 Mobile Security / Surveillance
Financial institutions are being targeted by a new version of Android malware called SpyNote at least since October 2022 that combines both spyware and banking trojan characteristics. "The reason behind this increase is that the developer of the spyware, who was previously selling it to other actors, made the source code public," ThreatFabric  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. "This has helped other actors [in] developing and distributing the spyware, often also targeting banking institutions." Some of the notable institutions that are impersonated by the malware include Deutsche Bank, HSBC U.K., Kotak Mahindra Bank, and Nubank. SpyNote (aka SpyMax) is feature-rich and comes with a plethora of capabilities that allows it to install arbitrary; gather SMS messages, calls, videos, and audio recordings; track GPS locations; and even hinder efforts to uninstall the app. It also follows the modus operandi of other  banking   malware  by requesting for p
BitKeep Confirms Cyber Attack, Loses Over $9 Million in Digital Currencies

BitKeep Confirms Cyber Attack, Loses Over $9 Million in Digital Currencies

Dec 28, 2022 Blockchain / Android Malware
Decentralized multi-chain crypto wallet BitKeep on Wednesday confirmed a cyber attack that allowed threat actors to distribute fraudulent versions of its Android app with the goal of stealing users' digital currencies. "With maliciously implanted code, the altered APK led to the leak of user's private keys and enabled the hacker to move funds," BitKeep CEO Kevin Como  said , describing it as a "large-scale hacking incident." According to blockchain security company  PeckShield  and multi-chain blockchain explorer  OKLink , an estimated  $9.9 million  worth of assets have been plundered so far. "Funds stolen are on BNB Chain, Ethereum, TRON and Polygon," BitKeep further  noted  in a series of tweets. "More than 200 addresses on the other three chains were used in the heist, and all funds were transferred to two main addresses in the end." The incident is said to have taken place on December 26, 2022, with the threat actor exploiting
GodFather Android Banking Trojan Targeting Users of Over 400 Banking and Crypto Apps

GodFather Android Banking Trojan Targeting Users of Over 400 Banking and Crypto Apps

Dec 21, 2022 Mobile Security / Banking Trojan
An Android banking trojan known as  GodFather  is being used to target users of more than 400 banking and cryptocurrency apps spanning across 16 countries. This includes 215 banks, 94 crypto wallet providers, and 110 crypto exchange platforms serving users in the U.S., Turkey, Spain, Italy, Canada, and Canada, among others, Singapore-headquartered Group-IB  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. The malware, like  many   financial   trojans  targeting the Android ecosystem, attempts to steal user credentials by generating convincing overlay screens (aka web fakes) that are served atop target applications. First detected by Group-IB in June 2021 and  publicly disclosed  by ThreatFabric in March 2022, GodFather also packs in native backdoor features that allows it to abuse Android's Accessibility APIs to record videos, log keystrokes, capture screenshots, and harvest SMS and call logs. Group-IB's analysis of the malware has revealed it to be a successor of  Anubis
Beware: Cybercriminals Launch New BrasDex Android Trojan Targeting Brazilian Banking Users

Beware: Cybercriminals Launch New BrasDex Android Trojan Targeting Brazilian Banking Users

Dec 20, 2022 Banking Malware / Mobile Security
The threat actors behind the Windows banking malware known as Casbaneiro has been attributed as behind a novel Android trojan called  BrasDex  that has been observed targeting Brazilian users as part of an ongoing multi-platform campaign. BrasDex features a "complex keylogging system designed to abuse Accessibility Services to extract credentials specifically from a set of Brazilian targeted apps, as well as a highly capable Automated Transfer System ( ATS ) engine," ThreatFabric  said  in a report published last week. The Dutch security firm said that the command-and-control (C2) infrastructure used in conjunction with BrasDex is also being used to control  Casbaneiro , which is known to strike banks and cryptocurrency services in Brazil and Mexico. The  hybrid Android and Windows malware campaign  is estimated to have resulted in thousands of infections to date. BrasDex, which masquerades as a banking app for Banco Santander, is also emblematic of a new trend that in
Researchers Uncover Darknet Service Allowing Hackers to Trojanize Legit Android Apps

Researchers Uncover Darknet Service Allowing Hackers to Trojanize Legit Android Apps

Dec 08, 2022 Mobile Security / Android Malware
Researchers have shed light on a new hybrid malware campaign targeting both Android and Windows operating systems in a bid to expand its pool of victims. The attacks entail the use of different malware such as  ERMAC ,  Erbium ,  Aurora , and  Laplas , according to a  ThreatFabric report  shared with The Hacker News. "This campaign resulted in thousands of victims," the Dutch cybersecurity company said, adding, "Erbium stealer successfully exfiltrated data from more then 1,300 victims." The ERMAC infections commence with a fraudulent website that claims to offer Wi-Fi authorization software for Android and Windows that, when installed, comes with features to steal seed phrases from crypto wallets and other sensitive data. ThreatFabric said it also found a number of malicious apps that were trojanized versions of legitimate apps like Instagram, with the operators using them as droppers to deliver the obfuscated malicious payload. The rogue apps, dubbed Zombin
Hackers Sign Android Malware Apps with Compromised Platform Certificates

Hackers Sign Android Malware Apps with Compromised Platform Certificates

Dec 02, 2022 Mobile Security / Attack Vector
Platform certificates used by Android smartphone vendors like Samsung, LG, and MediaTek have been found to be abused to sign malicious apps. The findings were first  discovered and reported  by Google reverse engineer Łukasz Siewierski on Thursday. "A platform certificate is the application signing certificate used to sign the 'android' application on the system image," a report filed through the Android Partner Vulnerability Initiative ( AVPI )  reads . "The 'android' application runs with a highly privileged user id – android.uid.system – and holds system permissions, including permissions to access user data." This effectively means that a rogue application signed with the same certificate can gain the highest level of privileges as the Android operating system, permitting it to harvest all kinds of sensitive information from a compromised device. The list of malicious Android app packages that have abused the certificates is below - com.
Watch Out! These Android Keyboard Apps With 2 Million Installs Can be Hacked Remotely

Watch Out! These Android Keyboard Apps With 2 Million Installs Can be Hacked Remotely

Dec 02, 2022 Mobile Security / Vulnerability
Multiple unpatched vulnerabilities have been discovered in three Android apps that allow a smartphone to be used as a remote keyboard and mouse. The apps in question are Lazy Mouse , PC Keyboard , and Telepad , which have been cumulatively downloaded over two million times from the Google Play Store. Telepad is no longer available through the app marketplace but can be downloaded from its website. Lazy Mouse (com.ahmedaay.lazymouse2 and com.ahmedaay.lazymousepro) PC Keyboard (com.beapps.pckeyboard) Telepad (com.pinchtools.telepad) While these apps function by connecting to a server on a desktop and transmitting to it the mouse and keyboard events, the Synopsys Cybersecurity Research Center (CyRC)  found  as many as seven flaws related to weak or missing authentication, missing authorization, and insecure communication. The issues (from CVE-2022-45477 through CVE-2022-45483), in a nutshell, could be exploited by a malicious actor to execute arbitrary commands sans authenticati
Schoolyard Bully Trojan Apps Stole Facebook Credentials from Over 300,000 Android Users

Schoolyard Bully Trojan Apps Stole Facebook Credentials from Over 300,000 Android Users

Dec 01, 2022 Mobile Threat Advisory
More than 300,000 users across 71 countries have been victimized by a new Android threat campaign called the  Schoolyard Bully Trojan . Mainly designed to steal Facebook credentials, the malware is camouflaged as legitimate education-themed applications to lure unsuspecting users into downloading them. The apps, which were available for download from the official Google Play Store, have now been taken down. That said, they still continue to be available on third-party app stores. "This trojan uses JavaScript injection to steal the Facebook credentials," Zimperium researchers Nipun Gupta and Aazim Bill SE Yaswant said in a report shared with The Hacker News. It achieves this by launching Facebook's login page in a WebView, which also embeds within it malicious JavasCript code to exfiltrate the user's phone number, email address, and password to a configured command-and-control (C2) server. The Schoolyard Bully Trojan further makes use of native libraries such
This Malicious App Abused Hacked Devices to Create Fake Accounts on Multiple Platforms

This Malicious App Abused Hacked Devices to Create Fake Accounts on Multiple Platforms

Nov 30, 2022
A malicious Android SMS application discovered on the Google Play Store has been found to stealthily harvest text messages with the goal of creating accounts on a wide range of platforms like Facebook, Google, and WhatsApp. The app, named  Symoo  (com.vanjan.sms), had over 100,000 downloads and functioned as a relay for transmitting messages to a server, which advertises an account creation service. This is achieved by using the phone numbers associated with the infected devices as a means to gather the one-time password that's typically sent to verify the user when setting up new accounts. "The malware asks the phone number of the user in the first screen," security researcher Maxime Ingrao, who discovered the malware,  said , while also requesting for SMS permissions. "Then it pretends to load the application but remains all the time on this page, it is to hide the interface of the received SMS and that the user does not see the SMS of subscriptions to the va
Millions of Android Devices Still Don't Have Patches for Mali GPU Flaws

Millions of Android Devices Still Don't Have Patches for Mali GPU Flaws

Nov 24, 2022
A set of five medium-severity security flaws in Arm's Mali GPU driver has continued to remain unpatched on Android devices for months, despite fixes released by the chipmaker. Google Project Zero, which discovered and reported the bugs, said Arm addressed the shortcomings in July and August 2022. "These fixes have not yet made it downstream to affected Android devices (including Pixel, Samsung, Xiaomi, Oppo, and others)," Project Zero researcher Ian Beer  said  in a report. "Devices with a Mali GPU are currently vulnerable." The vulnerabilities, collectively tracked under the identifiers  CVE-2022-33917  (CVSS score: 5.5) and  CVE-2022-36449  (CVSS score: 6.5), concern a case of improper memory processing, thereby allowing a non-privileged user to gain access to freed memory. The second flaw, CVE-2022-36449, can be further weaponized to write outside of buffer bounds and disclose details of memory mappings, according to an  advisory  issued by Arm. The lis
Bahamut Cyber Espionage Hackers Targeting Android Users with Fake VPN Apps

Bahamut Cyber Espionage Hackers Targeting Android Users with Fake VPN Apps

Nov 24, 2022
The cyber espionage group known as Bahamut has been attributed as behind a highly targeted campaign that infects users of Android devices with malicious apps designed to extract sensitive information. The activity, which has been active since January 2022, entails distributing rogue VPN apps through a fake SecureVPN website set up for this purpose, Slovak cybersecurity firm ESET  said  in a new report shared with The Hacker News. At least eight different variants of the spyware apps have been discovered to date, with them being trojanized versions of legitimate VPN apps like SoftVPN and OpenVPN . None of these apps are available on Google Play Store. The tampered apps and their updates are pushed to users through the fraudulent website. It's also suspected that the targets are carefully selected, since launching the app requires the victim to enter an activation key to enable the features. This implies the use of an undetermined distribution vector, although past evidence s
This Android File Manager App Infected Thousands of Devices with SharkBot Malware

This Android File Manager App Infected Thousands of Devices with SharkBot Malware

Nov 24, 2022
The Android banking fraud malware known as SharkBot has reared its head once again on the official Google Play Store, posing as file managers to bypass the app marketplace's restrictions. A majority of the users who downloaded the rogue apps are located in the U.K. and Italy, Romanian cybersecurity company Bitdefender  said  in an analysis published this week. SharkBot, first  discovered  towards the end of 2021 by Cleafy, is a  recurring   mobile   threat  distributed both on the Google Play Store and other third-party app stores. One of the trojan's primary goals is to initiate money transfers from compromised devices via a technique called "Automatic Transfer System" ( ATS ), in which a transaction triggered via a banking app is intercepted to swap the payee account with an actor-controlled account in the background. It's also capable of serving a fake login overlay when users attempt to open legitimate banking apps, stealing the credentials in the proce
Google to Roll Out Privacy Sandbox Beta on Android 13 by Early 2023

Google to Roll Out Privacy Sandbox Beta on Android 13 by Early 2023

Nov 16, 2022
Internet behemoth Google on Tuesday said it plans to roll out Privacy Sandbox for Android in beta to mobile devices running Android 13 starting early next year. "The Privacy Sandbox Beta will be available for ad tech and app developers who wish to test the ads-related APIs as part of their solutions," the company  said . To that end, developers will need to complete an enrollment process in order to utilize the ads-related APIs, including  Topics ,  FLEDGE , and  Attribution Reporting . Topics, which  replaced  Federated Learning of Cohorts (FLoC) earlier this year, aims to categorize user interests under different "topics" based on their device web browsing history. These inferred interests are then shared with marketers to serve targeted ads. FLEDGE and Attribution reporting, on the other hand, enable custom audience targeting and help measure  ad conversions  without relying on cross-party user identifiers, respectively. Organizations can also request acce
Malicious Google Play Store App Spotted Distributing Xenomorph Banking Trojan

Malicious Google Play Store App Spotted Distributing Xenomorph Banking Trojan

Nov 11, 2022
Google has removed two new malicious dropper apps that have been detected on the Play Store for Android, one of which posed as a lifestyle app and was caught distributing the Xenomorph banking malware. "Xenomorph is a trojan that steals credentials from banking applications on users' devices," Zscaler ThreatLabz researchers Himanshu Sharma and Viral Gandhi  said  in an analysis published Thursday. "It is also capable of intercepting users' SMS messages and notifications, enabling it to steal one-time passwords and multi-factor authentication requests." The cybersecurity firm said it also found an expense tracker app that exhibited similar behavior, but noted that it couldn't extract the URL used to fetch the malware artifact. The two malicious apps are as follows - Todo: Day manager (com.todo.daymanager) 経費キーパー (com.setprice.expenses) Both the apps function as a dropper, meaning the apps themselves are harmless and are a conduit to retrieve t
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