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Crypto Hackers Using Babadeda Crypter to Make Their Malware Undetectable

Crypto Hackers Using Babadeda Crypter to Make Their Malware Undetectable

November 26, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A new malware campaign has been discovered targeting cryptocurrency, non-fungible token ( NFT ), and  DeFi  aficionados through Discord channels to deploy a crypter named "Babadeda" that's capable of bypassing antivirus solutions and stage a variety of attacks. "[T]his malware installer has been used in a variety of recent campaigns to deliver information stealers, RATs, and even LockBit ransomware," Morphisec researchers  said  in a report published this week. The malware distribution attacks are said to have commenced in May 2021. Crypters are a type of software used by cybercriminals that can encrypt, obfuscate, and manipulate malicious code so as to appear seemingly innocuous and make it harder to detect by security programs — a holy grail for malware authors. The infiltrations observed by Morphisec involved the threat actor sending decoy messages to prospective users on Discord channels related to blockchain-based games such as  Mines of Dalarnia , urg
CronRAT: A New Linux Malware That’s Scheduled to Run on February 31st

CronRAT: A New Linux Malware That's Scheduled to Run on February 31st

November 26, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Researchers have unearthed a new remote access trojan (RAT) for Linux that employs a never-before-seen stealth technique that involves masking its malicious actions by scheduling them for execution on February 31st, a non-existent calendar day. Dubbed CronRAT, the sneaky malware "enables  server-side Magecart data theft  which bypasses browser-based security solutions," Sansec Threat Research said. The Dutch cybersecurity firm said it found samples of the RAT on several online stores, including an unnamed country's largest outlet. CronRAT's standout feature is its ability to leverage the  cron  job-scheduler utility for Unix to hide malicious payloads using task names programmed to execute on February 31st. Not only does this allow the malware to evade detection from security software, but it also enables it to launch an array of attack commands that could put Linux eCommerce servers at risk. "The CronRAT adds a number of tasks to crontab with a curious date
Israel Bans Sales of Hacking and Surveillance Tools to 65 Countries

Israel Bans Sales of Hacking and Surveillance Tools to 65 Countries

November 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Israel's Ministry of Defense has dramatically restricted the number of countries to which cybersecurity firms in the country are allowed to sell offensive hacking and surveillance tools to, cutting off 65 nations from the export list. The revised list, details of which were first reported by the Israeli business newspaper  Calcalist , now only includes 37 countries, down from the previous 102: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the Netherlands, the U.K., and the U.S. Notably missing from the list are countries such as Morocco, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and the U.A.E, which have been previously identified as customers of Israeli spyware vendor NSO Group. In curtailing the exports, the move effecti
Product Releases Should Not Be Scary

Product Releases Should Not Be Scary

November 25, 2021The Hacker News
Every Product Manager and Software Developer should know that pushing feature updates to production via traditional channels is as archaic as painting on cave walls. The smart are always quick to adapt to new, innovative technologies, and this mindset is exactly what makes normal companies great. The landscape is changing fast, especially in IT . Change isn't just necessary, but more often than not, it's the single-most-important variable that determines a company's chances of survival.  The fact of the matter is that NOT using Feature Flags leads to a more cumbersome, expensive, and slower type of rollout. Simply put, it makes your project less competitive with those that have their deployments better organized, and that's  an edge that you can't afford to lose . Feature Flags are changing how things work Many companies are using Feature Flags these days, and for good measure.  It's safer and allows for more granular control over what you're building.
This New Stealthy JavaScript Loader Infecting Computers with Malware

This New Stealthy JavaScript Loader Infecting Computers with Malware

November 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Threat actors have been found using a previously undocumented JavaScript malware strain that functions as a loader to distribute an array of remote access Trojans (RATs) and information stealers. HP Threat Research dubbed the new, evasive loader "RATDispenser," with the malware responsible for deploying at least eight different malware families in 2021. Around 155 samples of this new malware have been discovered, spread across three different variants, hinting that it's under active development. "RATDispenser is used to gain an initial foothold on a system before launching secondary malware that establishes control over the compromised device," security researcher Patrick Schläpfer  said . "All the payloads were RATs, designed to steal information and give attackers control over victim devices." As with other attacks of this kind, the starting point of the infection is a phishing email containing a malicious attachment, which masquerades as a text
Hackers Using Microsoft MSHTML Flaw to Spy on Targeted PCs with Malware

Hackers Using Microsoft MSHTML Flaw to Spy on Targeted PCs with Malware

November 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A new Iranian threat actor has been discovered exploiting a now-addressed critical flaw in the Microsoft Windows MSHTML platform to target Farsi-speaking victims with a new PowerShell-based information stealer designed to harvest extensive details from infected machines. "[T]he stealer is a PowerShell script, short with powerful collection capabilities — in only ~150 lines, it provides the adversary a lot of critical information including screen captures, Telegram files, document collection, and extensive data about the victim's environment," SafeBreach Labs researcher Tomer Bar  said  in a report published Wednesday. Nearly half of the targets are from the U.S., with the cybersecurity firm noting that the attacks are likely aimed at "Iranians who live abroad and might be seen as a threat to Iran's Islamic regime." The phishing campaign, which began in July 2021, involved the exploitation of CVE-2021-40444, a remote code execution flaw that could be exp
If You're Not Using Antivirus Software, You're Not Paying Attention

If You're Not Using Antivirus Software, You're Not Paying Attention

November 25, 2021The Hacker News
Stop tempting fate and take a look at our picks for the best antivirus programs on the market today. Every year there are billions of malware attacks worldwide. And these threats are constantly evolving. So if you are not currently using antivirus software, or you still rely on some free software you downloaded back in 2017, you are putting your cybersecurity in serious jeopardy.  Need help picking out antivirus software? Well, we've got you covered. Below you can find our picks for the best antivirus products of 2021. But before we get to that, let's set a few things straight so we're all on the same page.  When we talk about antivirus products, we're really talking about anti- malware  products. Malware is a catchall term that refers to any malicious program created to damage, disrupt, or take charge of a computer. Types of malware include not only viruses but spyware, trojan horses, ransomware, adware, and scareware. Any good antivirus product in 2021 must be ab
Warning — Hackers Exploiting New Windows Installer Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild

Warning — Hackers Exploiting New Windows Installer Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild

November 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Attackers are actively making efforts to exploit a new variant of a recently disclosed privilege escalation vulnerability to potentially execute arbitrary code on fully-patched systems, once again demonstrating how adversaries move quickly to weaponize a publicly available exploit. Cisco Talos  disclosed  that it "detected malware samples in the wild that are attempting to take advantage of this vulnerability." Tracked as  CVE-2021-41379  and discovered by security researcher Abdelhamid Naceri, the elevation of privilege flaw affecting the Windows Installer software component was originally resolved as part of Microsoft's  Patch Tuesday updates  for November 2021. However, in what's a case of an insufficient patch, Naceri found that it was not only possible to bypass the fix implemented by Microsoft but also  achieve  local privilege escalation via a newly discovered zero-day bug. The proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit, dubbed " InstallerFileTakeOver ," w
VMware Warns of Newly Discovered Vulnerabilities in vSphere Web Client

VMware Warns of Newly Discovered Vulnerabilities in vSphere Web Client

November 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
VMware has shipped updates to address two security vulnerabilities in vCenter Server and Cloud Foundation that could be abused by a remote attacker to gain access to sensitive information. The more severe of the issues concerns an arbitrary file read vulnerability in the vSphere Web Client. Tracked as CVE-2021-21980, the bug has been rated 7.5 out of a maximum of 10 on the CVSS scoring system, and impacts vCenter Server versions 6.5 and 6.7. "A malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server may exploit this issue to gain access to sensitive information," the company  noted  in an advisory published on November 23, crediting ch0wn of Orz lab for reporting the flaw. The second shortcoming remediated by VMware relates to an  SSRF  (Server-Side Request Forgery) vulnerability in the Virtual storage area network (vSAN) Web Client plug-in that could allow a malicious actor with network access to port 443 on vCenter Server to exploit the flaw by accessing an i
Eavesdropping Bugs in MediaTek Chips Affect 37% of All Smartphones and IoT Globally

Eavesdropping Bugs in MediaTek Chips Affect 37% of All Smartphones and IoT Globally

November 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Multiple security weaknesses have been disclosed in MediaTek system-on-chips (SoCs) that could have enabled a threat actor to elevate privileges and execute arbitrary code in the firmware of the audio processor, effectively allowing the attackers to carry out a "massive eavesdrop campaign" without the users' knowledge. The discovery of the flaws is the result of reverse-engineering the Taiwanese company's audio digital signal processor ( DSP ) unit by Israeli cybersecurity firm Check Point Research, ultimately finding that by stringing them together with other flaws present in a smartphone manufacturer's libraries, the issues uncovered in the chip could lead to local privilege escalation from an Android application.  "A malformed inter-processor message could potentially be used by an attacker to execute and hide malicious code inside the DSP firmware," Check Point security researcher Slava Makkaveev  said  in a report. "Since the DSP firmware h
APT C-23 Hackers Using New Android Spyware Variant to Target Middle East Users

APT C-23 Hackers Using New Android Spyware Variant to Target Middle East Users

November 24, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A threat actor known for striking targets in the Middle East has evolved its Android spyware yet again with enhanced capabilities that allow it to be stealthier and more persistent while passing off as seemingly innocuous app updates to stay under the radar. The new variants have "incorporated new features into their malicious apps that make them more resilient to actions by users, who might try to remove them manually, and to security and web hosting companies that attempt to block access to, or shut down, their command-and-control server domains," Sophos threat researcher Pankaj Kohli  said  in a report published Tuesday. Also known by the monikers  VAMP ,  FrozenCell ,  GnatSpy , and  Desert Scorpion , the mobile spyware has been a preferred tool of choice for the APT-C-23 threat group since at least 2017, with  successive iterations  featuring extended surveillance functionality to vacuum files, images, contacts and call logs, read notifications from messaging apps, r
Webinar and eBook: The Dark Side of EDR. Are You Prepared?

Webinar and eBook: The Dark Side of EDR. Are You Prepared?

November 23, 2021The Hacker News
Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR) platforms have received incredible attention as the platform for security teams. Whether you're evaluating an EDR for the first time or looking to replace your EDR, as an information security professional, you need to be aware of the gaps prior already to implementation so you can best prepare how to close the gaps. It's important to understand that each company is unique, and an EDR that a large company uses might not necessarily be the technology that works best when you are leading a small security team, even if you're within the same industry vertical. Understanding your threat detection technology requirements based on your unique company characteristics will help you choose the right one.  The eBook and webinar "The Dark Side of EDR. Are You Prepared?" helps you in that requirement definition process. It points out the dark side(s) of EDR and provides guidance as to how to overcome them according to your company'
Over 9 Million Android Phones Running Malware Apps from Huawei's AppGallery

Over 9 Million Android Phones Running Malware Apps from Huawei's AppGallery

November 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
At least 9.3 million Android devices have been infected by a new class of malware that disguises itself as dozens of arcade, shooter, and strategy games on Huawei's AppGallery marketplace to steal device information and victims' mobile phone numbers. The mobile campaign was disclosed by researchers from Doctor Web, who classified the trojan as " Android.Cynos.7.origin ," owing to the fact that the malware is a modified version of the Cynos malware. Of the total 190 rogue games identified, some were designed to target Russian-speaking users, while others were aimed at Chinese or international audiences. Once installed, the apps prompted the victims for permission to make and manage phone calls, using the access to harvest their phone numbers along with other device information such as geolocation, mobile network parameters, and system metadata.  "At first glance, a mobile phone number leak may seem like an insignificant problem. Yet in reality, it can serio
Apple Sues Israel's NSO Group for Spying on iPhone Users With Pegasus Spyware

Apple Sues Israel's NSO Group for Spying on iPhone Users With Pegasus Spyware

November 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apple has sued NSO Group and its parent company Q Cyber Technologies in a U.S. federal court holding it accountable for illegally targeting users with its Pegasus surveillance tool, marking yet another setback for the Israeli spyware vendor. The Cupertino-based tech giant painted NSO Group as "notorious hackers — amoral 21st century mercenaries who have created highly sophisticated cyber-surveillance machinery that invites routine and flagrant abuse." In addition, the lawsuit seeks to permanently prevent the infamous hacker-for-hire company from breaking into any Apple software, services or devices. The iPhone maker, separately, also revealed its plans to  notify targets  of state-sponsored spyware attacks and has committed $10 million, as well as any monetary damages won as part of the lawsuit, to cybersurveillance research groups and advocates. To that end, the company intends to display a "Threat Notification" after the targeted users sign into appleid.apple[
What Avengers Movies Can Teach Us About Cybersecurity

What Avengers Movies Can Teach Us About Cybersecurity

November 23, 2021The Hacker News
Marvel has been entertaining us for the last 20 years. We have seen gods, super-soldiers, magicians, and other irradiated heroes fight baddies at galactic scales. The eternal fight of good versus evil. A little bit like in cybersecurity, goods guys fighting cybercriminals. If we choose to go with this fun analogy, is there anything useful we can learn from those movies? World-ending baddies always come with an army When we watch the different Avenger movies, the first thing we realize is that big baddies never fight alone. Think Ultron and his bot army, Thanos or Loki with the Chitauri. They all come with large, generic clone proxy armies that heroes must fight before getting to the final boss. In the same way, serious cyberattacks are planned and delivered by organized and structured groups of cybercriminals such as APT groups with sometimes hundreds of members. In real-life scenarios, attacks are coming from IPs (one or many) that have been stolen, hacked, or bought by the crimin
Researchers Detail Privilege Escalation Bugs Reported in Oracle VirtualBox

Researchers Detail Privilege Escalation Bugs Reported in Oracle VirtualBox

November 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A now-patched vulnerability affecting Oracle VM VirtualBox could be potentially exploited by an adversary to compromise the hypervisor and cause a denial-of-service (DoS) condition. "Easily exploitable vulnerability allows high privileged attacker with logon to the infrastructure where Oracle VM VirtualBox executes to compromise Oracle VM VirtualBox," the advisory  reads . "Successful attacks of this vulnerability can result in unauthorized ability to cause a hang or frequently repeatable crash (complete DoS) of Oracle VM VirtualBox" Tracked as  CVE-2021-2442  (CVSS score: 6.0), the flaw affects all versions of the product prior to 6.1.24. SentinelLabs researcher Max Van Amerongen has been credited with discovering and reporting the issue, following which  fixes have been rolled out  by Oracle as part of its Critical Patch Update for July 2021. Oracle VM  VirtualBox  is an open-source and cross-platform hypervisor and desktop virtualization software that enabl
More Stealthier Version of BrazKing Android Malware Spotted in the Wild

More Stealthier Version of BrazKing Android Malware Spotted in the Wild

November 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Banking apps from Brazil are being targeted by a more elusive and stealthier version of an Android remote access trojan (RAT) that's capable of carrying out financial fraud attacks by stealing two-factor authentication (2FA) codes and initiating rogue transactions from infected devices to transfer money from victims' accounts to an account operated by the threat actor. IBM X-Force dubbed the revamped banking malware BrazKing , a previous version of which was referred to as  PixStealer  by Check Point Research. The mobile RAT was first seen around November 2018,  according  to ThreatFabric. "It turns out that its developers have been working on making the malware more agile than before, moving its core overlay mechanism to pull fake overlay screens from the command-and-control (C2) server in real-time," IBM X-Force researcher Shahar Tavor  noted  in a technical deep dive published last week. "The malware […] allows the attacker to log keystrokes, extract the pa
The Importance of IT Security in Your Merger Acquisition

The Importance of IT Security in Your Merger Acquisition

November 23, 2021The Hacker News
In the business world, mergers and acquisitions are commonplace as businesses combine, acquire, and enter various partnerships. Mergers and Acquisitions (M&A) are filled with often very complicated and complex processes to merge business processes, management, and a whole slew of other aspects of combining two businesses into a single logical entity. In the modern business world before and after the acquisition, a new concern with M&A activities is cybersecurity. What role does cybersecurity play in today's mergers and acquisitions of businesses? Why is it becoming a tremendous concern? Cybersecurity threats are growing in leaps and bounds There is no question that cybersecurity risks and threats are growing exponentially. A  report from Cybersecurity Ventures  estimated a ransomware attack on businesses would happen every 11 seconds in 2021. Global ransomware costs in 2021 would exceed $20 billion. It seems there are constantly new reports of major ransomware attacks, cos
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