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Experts Warn of Mekotio Banking Trojan Targeting Latin American Countries

Experts Warn of Mekotio Banking Trojan Targeting Latin American Countries

Jul 08, 2024 Malware / Cyber Threat
Financial institutions in Latin America are being threatened by a banking trojan called Mekotio (aka Melcoz). That's according to findings from Trend Micro, which said it recently observed a surge in cyber attacks distributing the Windows malware. Mekotio , known to be actively put to use since 2015, is known to target Latin American countries like Brazil, Chile, Mexico, Spain, Peru, and Portugal with an aim to steal banking credentials. First documented by ESET in August 2020, it's part of a tetrade of banking trojans targeting the region, such as Guildma, Javali, and Grandoreiro , the latter of which was dismantled by law enforcement earlier this year. "Mekotio shares common characteristics for this type of malware, such as being written in Delphi, using fake pop-up windows, containing backdoor functionality and targeting Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking countries," the Slovakian cybersecurity firm said at the time. The malware operation suffered a blow in
Critical Unpatched Flaws Disclosed in Popular Gogs Open-Source Git Service

Critical Unpatched Flaws Disclosed in Popular Gogs Open-Source Git Service

Jul 08, 2024 Vulnerability / Software Security
Four unpatched security flaws, including three critical ones, have been disclosed in the Gogs open-source, self-hosted Git service that could enable an authenticated attacker to breach susceptible instances, steal or wipe source code, and even plant backdoors. The vulnerabilities, according to SonarSource researchers Thomas Chauchefoin and Paul Gerste, are listed below - CVE-2024-39930 (CVSS score: 9.9) - Argument injection in the built-in SSH server CVE-2024-39931 (CVSS score: 9.9) - Deletion of internal files CVE-2024-39932 (CVSS score: 9.9) - Argument injection during changes preview CVE-2024-39933 (CVSS score: 7.7) - Argument injection when tagging new releases Successful exploitation of the first three shortcomings could permit an attacker to execute arbitrary commands on the Gogs server, while the fourth flaw allows attackers to read arbitrary files such as source code, and configuration secrets. In other words, by abusing the issues, a threat actor could read sou
5 Key Questions CISOs Must Ask Themselves About Their Cybersecurity Strategy

5 Key Questions CISOs Must Ask Themselves About Their Cybersecurity Strategy

Jul 08, 2024Cybersecurity / Enterprise Security
Events like the recent massive CDK ransomware attack – which shuttered car dealerships across the U.S. in late June 2024 – barely raise public eyebrows anymore.  Yet businesses, and the people that lead them, are justifiably jittery. Every CISO knows that cybersecurity is an increasingly hot topic for executives and board members alike. And when the inevitable CISO/Board briefing rolls around, everyone wants answers: Are we safe from attacks? Are we making progress? Could happen to us? These are all fair concerns.  The question is, how do we best answer them? A company board deserves clear, concise information tied to business goals , not technical details about fixes or attack methods. A communication gap between the CISO and the board can lead to misunderstandings, increased risk, and potentially devastating cyberattacks. And this is why one of the overriding challenges for CISOs today remains: How to pr
Apple Removes VPN Apps from Russian App Store Amid Government Pressure

Apple Removes VPN Apps from Russian App Store Amid Government Pressure

Jul 08, 2024 Privacy / Internet Censorship
Apple removed a number of virtual private network (VPN) apps in Russia from its App Store on July 4, 2024, following a request by Russia's state communications watchdog Roskomnadzor, Russian news media reported. This includes the mobile apps of 25 VPN service providers, including Hidemy.name VPN, Le VPN, NordVPN, PIA VPN, Planet VPN, Proton VPN, Red Shield VPN, according to Interfax and MediaZona . It's worth noting that NordVPN previously shut down all its Russian servers in March 2019. "Apple's actions, motivated by a desire to retain revenue from the Russian market, actively support an authoritarian regime," Red Shield VPN said in a statement. "This is not just reckless but a crime against civil society." In a similar notice, Le VPN said the takedown was carried out in accordance with No. 7 of Article 15.1 of the Federal Law dated July 27, 2006, No. 149-FZ "On Information, Information Technologies and Information Protection" and tha
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ITDR: Addressing the Protection Gap of the Identity Attack Surface

websiteSilverfortThreat Detection / Identity Protection
Learn how security teams evaluate and choose an Identity Threat Detection and Response (ITDR) solution to deliver real-time protection against identity threats.
Webinar Alert: Learn How ITDR Solutions Stop Sophisticated Identity Attacks

Webinar Alert: Learn How ITDR Solutions Stop Sophisticated Identity Attacks

Jul 05, 2024 Cybersecurity / Identity Protection
Identity theft isn't just about stolen credit cards anymore. Today, cybercriminals are using advanced tactics to infiltrate organizations and cause major damage with compromised credentials. The stakes are high: ransomware attacks, lateral movement, and devastating data breaches. Don't be caught off guard. Join us for a groundbreaking webinar that will change the way you approach cybersecurity. Gain insider knowledge on Identity Threat Detection and Response (ITDR) , the latest technology designed to protect your identity like never before. In this power-packed session, you'll discover: Hidden Vulnerabilities in Your Security: Learn why traditional solutions are falling short and how ITDR fills these critical gaps. Top Features of ITDR Solutions: Get an insider's perspective on what sets the best ITDR solutions apart. ITDR in Action: See real-world scenarios where ITDR has thwarted sophisticated identity-based attacks. Future Trends in Identity Security: Stay a
OVHcloud Hit with Record 840 Million PPS DDoS Attack Using MikroTik Routers

OVHcloud Hit with Record 840 Million PPS DDoS Attack Using MikroTik Routers

Jul 05, 2024 Network Security / DDoS Attack
French cloud computing firm OVHcloud said it mitigated a record-breaking distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack in April 2024 that reached a packet rate of 840 million packets per second (Mpps). This is just above the previous record of 809 million Mpps reported by Akamai as targeting a large European bank in June 2020. The 840 Mpps DDoS attack is said to have been a combination of a TCP ACK flood that originated from 5,000 source IPs and a DNS reflection attack leveraging about 15,000 DNS servers to amplify the traffic. "While the attack was distributed worldwide, 2/3 of total packets entered from only four [points of presence], all located in the U.S. with 3 of them being on the west coast," OVHcloud noted . "This highlights the capability of the adversary to send a huge packet rate through only a few peerings, which can prove very problematic." The company said it has observed a significant uptick in DDoS attacks in terms of both frequency and intensi
Blueprint for Success: Implementing a CTEM Operation

Blueprint for Success: Implementing a CTEM Operation

Jul 05, 2024 Cloud Security / Attack Surface
The attack surface isn't what it once was and it's becoming a nightmare to protect. A constantly expanding and evolving attack surface means risk to the business has skyrocketed and current security measures are struggling to keep it protected. If you've clicked on this article, there's a good chance you're looking for solutions to manage this risk. In 2022, a new framework was coined by Gartner to address these challenges - Continuous Threat Exposure Management (CTEM). Since then, putting this framework into action has become a priority across many organizations for the profound improvement it is expected to make toward maintaining a high level of security readiness and resilience.  "By 2026 organizations that prioritize their security investments based on a continuous exposure management program will be three times less likely to suffer a breach." Gartner, "How to Manage Cybersecurity Threats, Not Episodes," August 21, 2023 CTEM provides a continuous and comprehensive view of the
GootLoader Malware Still Active, Deploys New Versions for Enhanced Attacks

GootLoader Malware Still Active, Deploys New Versions for Enhanced Attacks

Jul 05, 2024 SEO Poisoning / Cyber Attack,
The malware known as GootLoader continues to be in active use by threat actors looking to deliver additional payloads to compromised hosts. "Updates to the GootLoader payload have resulted in several versions of GootLoader, with GootLoader 3 currently in active use," cybersecurity firm Cybereason said in an analysis published last week. "While some of the particulars of GootLoader payloads have changed over time, infection strategies and overall functionality remain similar to the malware's resurgence in 2020." GootLoader, a malware loader part of the Gootkit banking trojan, is linked to a threat actor named Hive0127 (aka UNC2565). It abuses JavaScript to download post-exploitation tools and is distributed via search engine optimization (SEO) poisoning tactics. It typically serves as a conduit for delivering various payloads such as Cobalt Strike, Gootkit, IcedID, Kronos, REvil, and SystemBC. In recent months, the threat actors behind GootLoader have
Polyfill[.]io Attack Impacts Over 380,000 Hosts, Including Major Companies

Polyfill[.]io Attack Impacts Over 380,000 Hosts, Including Major Companies

Jul 05, 2024 Supply Chain Attack / Malware
The supply chain attack targeting the widely-used Polyfill[.]io JavaScript library is broader in scope than previously thought, with new findings from Censys showing that over 380,000 hosts are embedding a polyfill script linking to the malicious domain as of July 2, 2024. This includes references to "https://cdn.polyfill[.]io" or "https://cdn.polyfill[.]com" in their HTTP responses, the attack surface management firm said. "Approximately 237,700, are located within the Hetzner network (AS24940), primarily in Germany," it noted. "This is not surprising – Hetzner is a popular web hosting service, and many website developers leverage it." Further analysis of the affected hosts has revealed domains tied to prominent companies like WarnerBros, Hulu, Mercedes-Benz, and Pearson that reference the malicious endpoint in question. Details of the attack emerged in late June 2024 when Sansec alerted that code hosted on the Polyfill domain had been m
New Golang-Based Zergeca Botnet Capable of Powerful DDoS Attacks

New Golang-Based Zergeca Botnet Capable of Powerful DDoS Attacks

Jul 05, 2024 Network Security / Cyber Attack
Cybersecurity researchers have uncovered a new botnet called Zergeca that's capable of conducting distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Written in Golang, the botnet is so named for its reference to a string named "ootheca" present in the command-and-control (C2) servers ("ootheca[.]pw" and "ootheca[.]top"). "Functionally, Zergeca is not just a typical DDoS botnet; besides supporting six different attack methods, it also has capabilities for proxying, scanning, self-upgrading, persistence, file transfer, reverse shell, and collecting sensitive device information," the QiAnXin XLab team said in a report. Zergeca is also notable for using DNS-over-HTTPS ( DoH ) to perform Domain Name System (DNS) resolution of the C2 server and using a lesser-known library known as Smux for C2 communications. There is evidence to suggest that the attackers behind the botnet are actively developing and updating the malware to support new commands
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