The Hacker News Logo
Subscribe to Newsletter

The Hacker News - Cybersecurity News and Analysis: Search results for �������������������������������

Update Google Chrome to Patch 2 New Zero-Day Flaws Under Attack

Update Google Chrome to Patch 2 New Zero-Day Flaws Under Attack

September 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google on Monday released security updates for Chrome web browser to address a total of 11 security issues, two of which it says are actively exploited zero-days in the wild. Tracked as  CVE-2021-30632  and  CVE-2021-30633 , the  vulnerabilities  concern an out of bounds write in V8 JavaScript engine and a use after free flaw in Indexed DB API respectively, with the internet giant crediting anonymous researchers for reporting the bugs on September 8. As is typically the case, the company said it's "aware that exploits for CVE-2021-30632 and CVE-2021-30633 exist in the wild" without sharing additional specifics about how, when, and where the vulnerabilities were exploited, or the threat actors that may be abusing them. With these two security shortcomings, Google has addressed a total of 11 zero-day vulnerabilities in Chrome since the start of the year — CVE-2021-21148  - Heap buffer overflow in V8 CVE-2021-21166  - Object recycle issue in audio CVE-2021-21193  -
Linux Implementation of Cobalt Strike Beacon Targeting Organizations Worldwide

Linux Implementation of Cobalt Strike Beacon Targeting Organizations Worldwide

September 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Researchers on Monday took the wraps off a newly discovered Linux and Windows re-implementation of  Cobalt Strike Beacon  that's actively set its sights on government, telecommunications, information technology, and financial institutions in the wild. The as-yet undetected version of the penetration testing tool — codenamed "Vermilion Strike" — marks one of the  rare Linux ports , which has been traditionally a Windows-based red team tool heavily repurposed by adversaries to mount an array of targeted attacks. Cobalt Strike bills itself as a " threat emulation software ," with Beacon being the payload engineered to model an advanced actor and duplicate their post-exploitation actions. "The stealthy sample uses Cobalt Strike's command-and-control (C2) protocol when communicating to the C2 server and has remote access capabilities such as uploading files, running shell commands and writing to files," Intezer researchers said in a report publishe
Critical Bug Reported in NPM Package With Millions of Downloads Weekly

Critical Bug Reported in NPM Package With Millions of Downloads Weekly

September 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A widely used NPM package called ' Pac-Resolver ' for the JavaScript programming language has been remediated with a fix for a high-severity remote code execution vulnerability that could be abused to run malicious code inside Node.js applications whenever HTTP requests are sent.  The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2021-23406 , has a severity rating of 8.1 on the CVSS vulnerability scoring system and affects Pac-Resolver versions before 5.0.0. A Proxy Auto-Configuration ( PAC ) file is a JavaScript function that determines whether web browser requests should be routed directly to the destination or forwarded to a web proxy server for a given hostname. PAC files are how proxy rules are distributed in enterprise environments. "This package is used for PAC file support in  Pac-Proxy-Agent , which is used in turn in  Proxy-Agent , which then used all over the place as the standard go-to package for HTTP proxy auto-detection and configuration in Node.js," Tim Perry  said  in a
New SpookJS Attack Bypasses Google Chrome’s Site Isolation Protection

New SpookJS Attack Bypasses Google Chrome's Site Isolation Protection

September 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A newly discovered side-channel attack demonstrated on modern processors can be weaponized to successfully overcome  Site Isolation protections  weaved into Google Chrome and Chromium browsers and leak sensitive data in a  Spectre-style   speculative execution  attack. Dubbed " Spook.js " by academics from the University of Michigan, University of Adelaide, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Tel Aviv University, the technique is a  JavaScript-based line of attack  that specifically aims to get around barriers Google put in place to potentially prevent leakage by ensuring that content from different domains is not shared in the same address space after Spectre and Meltdown vulnerabilities came to light in January 2018. "An attacker-controlled webpage can know which other pages from the same websites a user is currently browsing, retrieve sensitive information from these pages, and even recover login credentials (e.g., username and password) when they are autofilled,
Mēris Botnet Hit Russia's Yandex With Massive 22 Million RPS DDoS Attack

Mēris Botnet Hit Russia's Yandex With Massive 22 Million RPS DDoS Attack

September 11, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Russian internet giant Yandex has been the target of a record-breaking distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attack by a new botnet called Mēris. The botnet is believed to have pummeled the company's web infrastructure with millions of HTTP requests, before hitting a peak of 21.8 million requests per second (RPS), dwarfing a recent botnet-powered attack that came to light last month,  bombarding  an unnamed Cloudflare customer in the financial industry with 17.2 million RPS. Russian DDoS mitigation service Qrator Labs, which disclosed details of the attack on Thursday, called  Mēris  — meaning "Plague" in the Latvian language — a "botnet of a new kind."  "It is also clear that this particular botnet is still growing. There is a suggestion that the botnet could grow in force through password brute-forcing, although we tend to neglect that as a slight possibility. That looks like some vulnerability that was either kept secret before the massive campaign&#
WhatsApp to Finally Let Users Encrypt Their Chat Backups in the Cloud

WhatsApp to Finally Let Users Encrypt Their Chat Backups in the Cloud

September 11, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
WhatsApp on Friday  announced  it will roll out support for end-to-end encrypted chat backups on the cloud for Android and iOS users, paving the way for storing information such as chat messages and photos in Apple iCloud or Google Drive in a cryptographically secure manner. The optional feature, which will go live to all of its two billion users in the coming weeks, is expected to only work on the primary devices tied to their accounts, and not companion devices such as desktops or laptops that simply mirror the content of WhatsApp on the phones. The development marks an escalation in the growing tussle over encryption technology and meeting law enforcement needs, wherein privacy-preserving technologies have created impenetrable barriers to comply with legal demands to access vast swathes of digital information stored on smartphones and the cloud — a phenomenon referred to as the "going dark" problem. While the Facebook-owned messaging platform flipped the switch on end-
Moving Forward After CentOS 8 EOL

Moving Forward After CentOS 8 EOL

September 10, 2021The Hacker News
The Linux community was caught unprepared when, in December 2020, as part of a change in the way Red Hat supports and develops CentOS, Red Hat suddenly announced that it's cutting the official CentOS 8 support window from ten years – to just two, with support ending Dec 31, 2021. It created a peculiar situation where CentOS 7 users that did the right thing and upgraded quickly to CentOS 8 were left using an OS with just a year's official support remaining – while users of CentOS 7 still get full support until June 30, 2024. Worse, the fact that stable releases of CentOS were discontinued in exchange for the rolling-release CentOS Stream means that to secure their workloads most CentOS 8 users have to opt for an entirely different Linux distribution, with just a year to choose, evaluate and implement an alternative. Red Hat's unexpected decision underlined to what degree software users depend on official support windows for their software security. Countless organization
SOVA: New Android Banking Trojan Emerges With Growing Capabilities

SOVA: New Android Banking Trojan Emerges With Growing Capabilities

September 10, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A mix of banking applications, cryptocurrency wallets, and shopping apps from the U.S. and Spain are the target of a newly discovered Android trojan that could enable attackers to siphon personally identifiable information from infected devices, including banking credentials and open the door for on-device fraud. Dubbed S.O.V.A. (referring to the Russian word for owl), the current version of the banking malware comes with myriad features to steal credentials and session cookies through web overlay attacks, log keystrokes, hide notifications, and manipulate the clipboard to insert modified cryptocurrency wallet addresses, with future plans to incorporate  on-device fraud through VNC , carry out DDoS attacks, deploy ransomware, and even intercept two-factor authentication codes. The malware was discovered in the beginning of August 2021 by researchers from Amsterdam-based cybersecurity firm ThreatFabric. Overlay attacks typically involve the theft of confidential user information us
Experts Link Sidewalk Malware Attacks to Grayfly Chinese Hacker Group

Experts Link Sidewalk Malware Attacks to Grayfly Chinese Hacker Group

September 10, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A previously undocumented backdoor that was recently found targeting an unnamed computer retail company based in the U.S. has been linked to a longstanding Chinese espionage operation dubbed Grayfly. In late August, Slovakian cybersecurity firm ESET  disclosed  details of an implant called SideWalk, which is designed to load arbitrary plugins sent from an attacker-controlled server, gather information about running processes in the compromised systems, and transmit the results back to the remote server. The cybersecurity firm attributed the intrusion to a group it tracks as SparklingGoblin, an adversary believed to be connected to the Winnti (aka APT41) malware family. But latest research published by researchers from Broadcom's Symantec has pinned the SideWalk backdoor on the China-linked espionage group, pointing out the malware's overlaps with the older Crosswalk malware, with the latest Grayfly hacking activities singling out a number of organizations in Mexico, Taiwan
Microsoft Warns of Cross-Account Takeover Bug in Azure Container Instances

Microsoft Warns of Cross-Account Takeover Bug in Azure Container Instances

September 09, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Wednesday said it remediated a vulnerability in its Azure Container Instances ( ACI ) services that could have been weaponized by a malicious actor "to access other customers' information" in what the researchers described as the "first cross-account container takeover in the public cloud." An attacker exploiting the weakness could execute malicious commands on other users' containers, steal customer secrets and images deployed to the platform. The Windows maker did not share any additional specifics related to the flaw, save that  affected customers  "revoke any privileged credentials that were deployed to the platform before August 31, 2021." Azure Container Instances is a managed service that allows users to run Docker  containers  directly in a serverless cloud environment, without requiring the use of virtual machines, clusters, or orchestrators. Palo Alto Networks' Unit 42 threat intelligence team dubbed the vulnerabilit
Russian Ransomware Group REvil Back Online After 2-Month Hiatus

Russian Ransomware Group REvil Back Online After 2-Month Hiatus

September 09, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The operators behind the REvil ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS)  staged  a surprise return after a two-month hiatus following the widely publicized attack on technology services provider Kaseya on July 4. Two of the dark web portals, including the gang's Happy Blog data leak site and its payment/negotiation site, have resurfaced online, with the most recent victim added on July 8, five days before the sites  mysteriously went off the grid  on July 13. It's not immediately clear if REvil is back in the game or if they have launched new attacks. "Unfortunately, the Happy Blog is back online," Emsisoft threat researcher Brett Callow  tweeted  on Tuesday. The development comes a little over two months after a  wide-scale supply chain ransomware attack  aimed at Kaseya, which saw the Russia-based cybercrime gang encrypting approximately 60 managed service providers (MSPs) and over 1,500 downstream businesses using a zero-day vulnerability in the Kaseya VSA remote manage
Fighting the Rogue Toaster Army: Why Secure Coding in Embedded Systems is Our Defensive Edge

Fighting the Rogue Toaster Army: Why Secure Coding in Embedded Systems is Our Defensive Edge

September 09, 2021The Hacker News
There are plenty of pop culture references to rogue AI and robots, and appliances turning on their human masters. It is the stuff of science fiction, fun, and fantasy, but with IoT and connected devices becoming more prevalent in our homes, we need more discussion around cybersecurity and safety. Software is all around us, and it's very easy to forget just how much we're relying on lines of code to do all those clever things that provide us so much innovation and convenience. Much like web-based software, APIs, and mobile devices, vulnerable code in embedded systems can be exploited if it is uncovered by an attacker.  While it's unlikely that an army of toasters is coming to enslave the human race (although, the  Tesla bot  is a bit concerning) as the result of a cyberattack, malicious cyber events are still possible. Some of our cars, planes, and medical devices also rely on intricate embedded systems code to perform key tasks, and the prospect of these objects being compromised i
Hackers Leak VPN Account Passwords From 87,000 Fortinet FortiGate Devices

Hackers Leak VPN Account Passwords From 87,000 Fortinet FortiGate Devices

September 09, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Network security solutions provider Fortinet confirmed that a malicious actor had unauthorizedly disclosed VPN login names and passwords associated with 87,000 FortiGate SSL-VPN devices. "These credentials were obtained from systems that remained unpatched against  CVE-2018-13379  at the time of the actor's scan. While they may have since been patched, if the passwords were not reset, they remain vulnerable," the company  said  in a statement on Wednesday. The disclosure comes after the threat actor leaked a list of Fortinet credentials for free on a new Russian-speaking forum called  RAMP  that launched in July 2021 as well as on Groove ransomware's data leak site, with Advanced Intel  noting  that the "breach list contains raw access to the top companies" spanning across 74 countries, including India, Taiwan, Italy, France, and Israel. "2,959 out of 22,500 victims are U.S. entities," the researchers said. CVE-2018-13379  relates to a path t
CISA Warns of Actively Exploited Zoho ManageEngine ADSelfService Vulnerability

CISA Warns of Actively Exploited Zoho ManageEngine ADSelfService Vulnerability

September 08, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Wednesday issued a bulletin warning of a zero-day flaw affecting Zoho ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus deployments that is currently being actively exploited in the wild. The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2021-40539 , concerns a REST API authentication bypass that could lead to arbitrary remote code execution (RCE). ADSelfService Plus builds up to 6113 are impacted. ManageEngine ADSelfService Plus is an integrated self-service password management and a single sign-on solution for Active Directory and cloud apps, enabling admins to enforce two-factor authentication for application logins and users to reset their passwords. "CVE-2021-40539 has been detected in exploits in the wild. A remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to take control of an affected system," CISA  said , urging companies to apply the latest security update to their ManageEngine servers and "ensure ADSelfService Plus is not directl
3 Ways to Secure SAP SuccessFactors and Stay Compliant

3 Ways to Secure SAP SuccessFactors and Stay Compliant

September 08, 2021The Hacker News
The work-from-anywhere economy has opened up the possibility for your human resources team to source the best talent from anywhere. To scale their operations, organizations are leveraging the cloud to accelerate essential HR functions such as recruiting, onboarding, evaluating, and more. SAP is leading this HR transformation with its human capital management (HCM) solution, SAP SuccessFactors. Delivering HR solutions from the cloud enables employees and administrators to not only automate typical tasks, such as providing a report on employee attrition, but also allows them to complete these tasks from anywhere and on any device. SuccessFactors makes it easy for employees to access what they need. But the wide range of sensitive employee data within SuccessFactors creates additional security and compliance challenges. Whether it's personal and financial information used for payroll or health information for benefits, you need the right cybersecurity to ensure that sensitive data,
HAProxy Found Vulnerable to Critical HTTP Request Smuggling Attack

HAProxy Found Vulnerable to Critical HTTP Request Smuggling Attack

September 08, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A critical security vulnerability has been disclosed in  HAProxy , a widely used open-source load balancer and proxy server, that could be abused by an adversary to possibly smuggle HTTP requests, resulting in unauthorized access to sensitive data and execution of arbitrary commands, effectively opening the door to an array of attacks. Tracked as  CVE-2021-40346 , the Integer Overflow vulnerability has a severity rating of 8.6 on the CVSS scoring system and has been rectified in HAProxy versions 2.0.25, 2.2.17, 2.3.14 and 2.4.4. HTTP Request Smuggling, as the name implies, is a web application attack that tampers the manner a website processes sequences of HTTP requests received from more than one user. Also called HTTP desynchronization, the technique takes advantage of parsing inconsistencies in how front-end servers and back-end servers process requests from the senders. Front-end servers are typically load balancers or reverse proxies that are used by websites to manage a chai
Experts Uncover Mobile Spyware Attacks Targeting Kurdish Ethnic Group

Experts Uncover Mobile Spyware Attacks Targeting Kurdish Ethnic Group

September 08, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Tuesday released new findings that reveal a year-long mobile espionage campaign against the Kurdish ethnic group to deploy two Android backdoors that masquerade as legitimate apps. Active since at least March 2020, the attacks leveraged as many as six dedicated Facebook profiles that claimed to offer tech and pro-Kurd content — two aimed at Android users while the other four appeared to provide news for the Kurdish supporters — only to share links to spying apps on public Facebook groups. All the six profiles have since been taken down. "It targeted the Kurdish ethnic group through at least 28 malicious Facebook posts that would lead potential victims to download Android 888 RAT or SpyNote," ESET researcher Lukas Stefanko  said . "Most of the malicious Facebook posts led to downloads of the commercial, multi-platform 888 RAT, which has been available on the black market since 2018." The Slovakian cybersecurity firm attributed the at
[Ebook] The Guide for Speeding Time to Response for Lean IT Security Teams

[Ebook] The Guide for Speeding Time to Response for Lean IT Security Teams

September 08, 2021The Hacker News
Most cyber security today involves much more planning, and much less reacting than in the past. Security teams spend most of their time preparing their organizations' defenses and doing operational work. Even so, teams often must quickly spring into action to respond to an attack. Security teams with copious resources can quickly shift between these two modes. They have enough resources to allocate to respond properly. Lean IT security teams, however, are more hard-pressed to react effectively. A new guide by XDR provider Cynet ( download here ), however, argues that lean teams can still respond effectively. It just takes some work.  For teams that are resource-constrained, success starts with having a clear plan and putting the tools and infrastructure in place for the organization to follow properly. The guide breaks down the tools, factors, and knowledge that go into optimizing an organization's time to respond.  Building a successful incident response plan Today's
New 0-Day Attack Targeting Windows Users With Microsoft Office Documents

New 0-Day Attack Targeting Windows Users With Microsoft Office Documents

September 07, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Tuesday warned of an actively exploited zero-day flaw impacting Internet Explorer that's being used to hijack vulnerable Windows systems by leveraging weaponized Office documents. Tracked as CVE-2021-40444 (CVSS score: 8.8), the remote code execution flaw is rooted in MSHTML (aka Trident), a proprietary browser engine for the now-discontinued Internet Explorer and which is used in Office to render web content inside Word, Excel, and PowerPoint documents. "Microsoft is investigating reports of a remote code execution vulnerability in MSHTML that affects Microsoft Windows. Microsoft is aware of targeted attacks that attempt to exploit this vulnerability by using specially-crafted Microsoft Office documents," the company  said . "An attacker could craft a malicious ActiveX control to be used by a Microsoft Office document that hosts the browser rendering engine. The attacker would then have to convince the user to open the malicious document. Users who
Latest Atlassian Confluence Flaw Exploited to Breach Jenkins Project Server

Latest Atlassian Confluence Flaw Exploited to Breach Jenkins Project Server

September 07, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The maintainers of Jenkins—a popular open-source automation server software—have disclosed a security breach after unidentified threat actors gained access to one of their servers by exploiting a recently disclosed vulnerability in Atlassian Confluence service to install a cryptocurrency miner. The "successful attack," which is believed to have occurred last week, was mounted against its Confluence service that had been deprecated since October 2019, leading the team to take the server offline, rotate privileged credentials, and reset passwords for developer accounts. "At this time we have no reason to believe that any Jenkins releases, plugins, or source code have been affected," the company  said  in a statement published over the weekend. The disclosure comes as the U.S. Cyber Command  warned  of ongoing mass exploitation attempts in the wild targeting a now-patched critical security vulnerability affecting Atlassian Confluence deployments. Tracked as CVE-2
Online Courses and Software

Sign up for cybersecurity newsletter and get latest news updates delivered straight to your inbox daily.