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It's Time to Master the Lift & Shift: Migrating from VMware vSphere to Microsoft Azure

It's Time to Master the Lift & Shift: Migrating from VMware vSphere to Microsoft Azure

May 15, 2024 Enterprise Security / Cloud Computing
While cloud adoption has been top of mind for many IT professionals for nearly a decade, it's only in recent months, with industry changes and announcements from key players, that many recognize the time to make the move is now. It may feel like a daunting task, but tools exist to help you move your virtual machines (VMs) to a public cloud provider – like Microsoft Azure – with relative ease. Transitioning from VMware vSphere to Microsoft Azure requires careful planning and execution to ensure a smooth migration process. In this guide, we'll walk through the steps involved in moving your virtualized infrastructure to the cloud giant, Microsoft Azure. Whether you're migrating your entire data center or specific workloads, these steps will help you navigate the transition effectively. 1. Assess Your Environment: Before diving into the migration process, assess your current VMware vSphere environment thoroughly. Identify all virtual machines (VMs), dependencies, and resource
Researchers Uncover 'LLMjacking' Scheme Targeting Cloud-Hosted AI Models

Researchers Uncover 'LLMjacking' Scheme Targeting Cloud-Hosted AI Models

May 10, 2024 Vulnerability / Cloud Security
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a novel attack that employs stolen cloud credentials to target cloud-hosted large language model (LLM) services with the goal of selling access to other threat actors. The attack technique has been codenamed  LLMjacking  by the Sysdig Threat Research Team. "Once initial access was obtained, they exfiltrated cloud credentials and gained access to the cloud environment, where they attempted to access local LLM models hosted by cloud providers," security researcher Alessandro Brucato  said . "In this instance, a local Claude (v2/v3) LLM model from Anthropic was targeted." The intrusion pathway used to pull off the scheme entails breaching a system running a vulnerable version of the Laravel Framework (e.g.,  CVE-2021-3129 ), followed by getting hold of Amazon Web Services (AWS) credentials to access the LLM services. Among the tools used is an  open-source Python script  that checks and validates keys for various offering
The Fundamentals of Cloud Security Stress Testing

The Fundamentals of Cloud Security Stress Testing

May 08, 2024 Penetration Testing / Cloud Security
״Defenders think in lists, attackers think in graphs," said John Lambert from Microsoft, distilling the fundamental difference in mindset between those who defend IT systems and those who try to compromise them. The traditional approach for defenders is to list security gaps directly related to their assets in the network and eliminate as many as possible, starting with the most critical. Adversaries, in contrast, start with the end goal in mind and focus on charting the path toward a breach. They will generally look for the weakest link in the security chain to break in and progress the attack from there all the way to the crown jewels. Security teams must embrace the attacker's perspective to ensure their organization's cybersecurity defenses are adequate. Drawing an analogy to a daily life example, the standard way to defend our house from intrusion is to ensure all the doors are locked. But to validate that your house is protected requires testing your security like a burgla
cyber security

Guide: Secure Your Privileged Access with Our Expert-Approved Template

websiteDelineaIT Security / Access Control Security
Transform your Privileged Access Management with our Policy Template—over 40 expertly crafted statements to elevate compliance and streamline your security.
A SaaS Security Challenge: Getting Permissions All in One Place

A SaaS Security Challenge: Getting Permissions All in One Place 

May 08, 2024Attack Surface / SaaS Security
Permissions in SaaS platforms like Salesforce, Workday, and Microsoft 365 are remarkably precise. They spell out exactly which users have access to which data sets. The terminology differs between apps, but each user's base permission is determined by their role, while additional permissions may be granted based on tasks or projects they are involved with. Layered on top of that are custom permissions required by an individual user.  For example, look at a sales rep who is involved in a tiger team investigating churn while also training two new employees. The sales rep's role would grant her one set of permissions to access prospect data, while the tiger team project would grant access to existing customer data. Meanwhile, special permissions are set up, providing the sales rep with visibility into the accounts of the two new employees. While these permissions are precise, however, they are also very complex. Application admins don't have a single screen within these applications th
APT42 Hackers Pose as Journalists to Harvest Credentials and Access Cloud Data

APT42 Hackers Pose as Journalists to Harvest Credentials and Access Cloud Data

May 07, 2024 Cyber Espionage / Malware
The Iranian state-backed hacking outfit called  APT42  is making use of enhanced social engineering schemes to infiltrate target networks and cloud environments. Targets of the attack include Western and Middle Eastern NGOs, media organizations, academia, legal services and activists, Google Cloud subsidiary Mandiant said in a report published last week. "APT42 was observed  posing as journalists  and event organizers to build trust with their victims through ongoing correspondence, and to deliver invitations to conferences or legitimate documents," the company  said . "These social engineering schemes enabled APT42 to harvest credentials and use them to gain initial access to cloud environments. Subsequently, the threat actor covertly exfiltrated data of strategic interest to Iran, while relying on built-in features and open-source tools to avoid detection." APT42 (aka Damselfly and UNC788),  first documented  by the company in September 2022, is an Iranian st
Hackers Increasingly Abusing Microsoft Graph API for Stealthy Malware Communications

Hackers Increasingly Abusing Microsoft Graph API for Stealthy Malware Communications

May 03, 2024 Cloud Security / Threat Intelligence
Threat actors have been increasingly weaponizing  Microsoft Graph API  for malicious purposes with the aim of evading detection. This is done to "facilitate communications with command-and-control (C&C) infrastructure hosted on Microsoft cloud services," the Symantec Threat Hunter Team, part of Broadcom,  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. Since January 2022, multiple nation-state-aligned hacking groups have been observed using Microsoft Graph API for C&C. This includes threat actors tracked as  APT28 ,  REF2924 ,  Red Stinger ,  Flea ,  APT29 , and  OilRig . The first known instance of Microsoft Graph API abuse prior to its wider adoption dates back to June 2021 in connection with an activity cluster dubbed  Harvester  that was found using a custom implant known as Graphon that utilized the API to communicate with Microsoft infrastructure. Symantec said it recently detected the use of the same technique against an unnamed organization in Ukraine, wh
ToddyCat Hacker Group Uses Advanced Tools for Industrial-Scale Data Theft

ToddyCat Hacker Group Uses Advanced Tools for Industrial-Scale Data Theft

Apr 22, 2024 Network Security / Endpoint Security
The threat actor known as  ToddyCat  has been observed using a wide range of tools to retain access to compromised environments and steal valuable data. Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky characterized the adversary as relying on various programs to harvest data on an "industrial scale" from primarily governmental organizations, some of them defense related, located in the Asia-Pacific region. "To collect large volumes of data from many hosts, attackers need to automate the data harvesting process as much as possible, and provide several alternative means to continuously access and monitor systems they attack," security researchers Andrey Gunkin, Alexander Fedotov, and Natalya Shornikova  said . ToddyCat was  first documented  by the company in June 2022 in connection with a series of cyber attacks aimed at government and military entities in Europe and Asia since at least December 2020. These intrusions leveraged a passive backdoor dubbed Samurai that allows 
Pentera's 2024 Report Reveals Hundreds of Security Events per Week, Highlighting the Criticality of Continuous Validation

Pentera's 2024 Report Reveals Hundreds of Security Events per Week, Highlighting the Criticality of Continuous Validation

Apr 22, 2024 Red Team / Pentesting
Over the past two years, a shocking  51% of organizations surveyed in a leading industry report have been compromised by a cyberattack.  Yes, over half.  And this, in a world where enterprises deploy  an average of 53 different security solutions  to safeguard their digital domain.  Alarming? Absolutely. A recent survey of CISOs and CIOs, commissioned by Pentera and conducted by Global Surveyz Research, offers a quantifiable glimpse into this evolving battlefield, revealing a stark contrast between the growing risks and the tightening budget constraints under which cybersecurity professionals operate. With this report, Pentera has once again taken a magnifying glass to the state of pentesting to release its annual report about today's pentesting practices. Engaging with 450 security executives from North America, LATAM, APAC, and EMEA—all in VP or C-level positions at organizations with over 1,000 employees—the report paints a current picture of modern security validation prac
How Attackers Can Own a Business Without Touching the Endpoint

How Attackers Can Own a Business Without Touching the Endpoint

Apr 19, 2024 Identity Protection / Endpoint Security
Attackers are increasingly making use of "networkless" attack techniques targeting cloud apps and identities. Here's how attackers can (and are) compromising organizations – without ever needing to touch the endpoint or conventional networked systems and services.  Before getting into the details of the attack techniques being used, let's discuss why these attacks are becoming more prevalent.  SaaS adoption is changing the make-up of company IT  The SaaS revolution and  product-led growth  have had a huge impact on the structure of company networks, and where core business systems and data reside.  Most organizations today are using tens to hundreds of SaaS applications across business functions. Some are entirely SaaS-native, with no traditional network to speak of, but most have adopted a hybrid model with a mixture of on-premise, cloud, and SaaS services forming the backbone of business applications being used.  The bulk of SaaS adoption is user-driven, as opposed to centrally
Identity in the Shadows: Shedding Light on Cybersecurity's Unseen Threats

Identity in the Shadows: Shedding Light on Cybersecurity's Unseen Threats

Apr 16, 2024 Cloud Security / Threat Intelligence
In today's rapidly evolving digital landscape, organizations face an increasingly complex array of cybersecurity threats. The proliferation of cloud services and remote work arrangements has heightened the vulnerability of digital identities to exploitation, making it imperative for businesses to fortify their identity security measures. Our recent research report,  The Identity Underground Report , offers valuable insights into the challenges and vulnerabilities organizations encounter in managing digital identities. The report paints a vivid picture of the "hidden" identity security liabilities where attackers leverage Identity Threat Exposures (ITEs) such as forgotten user accounts and misconfigurations to breach organizations' defenses, with each ITE posing a significant threat to organizations' security posture. Discover the most common identity security gaps that lead to compromises in the first-ever threat report focused entirely on the prevalence of
Muddled Libra Shifts Focus to SaaS and Cloud for Extortion and Data Theft Attacks

Muddled Libra Shifts Focus to SaaS and Cloud for Extortion and Data Theft Attacks

Apr 15, 2024 Cloud Security /SaaS Security
The threat actor known as  Muddled Libra  has been observed actively targeting software-as-a-service (SaaS) applications and cloud service provider (CSP) environments in a bid to exfiltrate sensitive data. "Organizations often store a variety of data in SaaS applications and use services from CSPs," Palo Alto Networks Unit 42  said  in a report published last week. "The threat actors have begun attempting to leverage some of this data to assist with their attack progression, and to use for extortion when trying to monetize their work." Muddled Libra, also called Scatter Swine, Scattered Spider, Starfraud, and UNC3944, is a notorious cybercriminal group that has leveraged sophisticated social engineering techniques to gain initial access to target networks.  "Scattered Spider threat actors have historically evaded detection on target networks by using living off the land techniques and allowlisted applications to navigate victim networks, as well as frequen
Palo Alto Networks Releases Urgent Fixes for Exploited PAN-OS Vulnerability

Palo Alto Networks Releases Urgent Fixes for Exploited PAN-OS Vulnerability

Apr 15, 2024 Firewall Security / Vulnerability
Palo Alto Networks has released hotfixes to address a maximum-severity security flaw impacting PAN-OS software that has come under active exploitation in the wild. Tracked as  CVE-2024-3400  (CVSS score: 10.0), the critical vulnerability is a case of command injection in the GlobalProtect feature that an unauthenticated attacker could weaponize to execute arbitrary code with root privileges on the firewall. Fixes for the shortcoming are available in the following versions - PAN-OS 10.2.9-h1 PAN-OS 11.0.4-h1, and PAN-OS 11.1.2-h3 Patches for other commonly deployed maintenance releases are expected to be released over the next few days. "This issue is applicable only to PAN-OS 10.2, PAN-OS 11.0, and PAN-OS 11.1 firewalls configured with GlobalProtect gateway or GlobalProtect portal (or both) and device telemetry enabled," the company  clarified  in its updated advisory. It also said that while Cloud NGFW firewalls are not impacted by CVE-2024-3400, specific PAN-OS
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