New details have been revealed about a recently remediated critical vulnerability in Netgear smart switches that could be leveraged by an attacker to potentially execute malicious code and take control of vulnerable devices.
The flaw — dubbed "Seventh Inferno" (CVSS score: 9.8) — is part of a trio of security weaknesses, called Demon's Cries (CVSS score: 9.8) and Draconian Fear (CVSS score: 7.8), that Google security engineer Gynvael Coldwind reported to the networking, storage, and security solutions provider.
The disclosure comes weeks after Netgear released patches to address the vulnerabilities earlier this month, on September 3.
Successful exploitation of Demon's Cries and Draconian Fear could grant a malicious party the ability to change the administrator password without actually having to know the previous password or hijack the session bootstrapping information, resulting in a full compromise of the device.
Now, in a new post sharing technical specifics about Seventh Inferno, Coldwind noted that the issue relates to a newline injection flaw in the password field during Web UI authentication, effectively enabling the attacker to create fake session files, and combine it with a reboot Denial of Service (DoS) and a post-authentication shell injection to get a fully valid session and execute any code as root user, thereby leading to full device compromise.
The reboot DoS is a technique designed to reboot the switch by exploiting the newline injection to write "2" into three different kernel configurations — "/proc/sys/vm/panic_on_oom," "/proc/sys/kernel/panic," and "/proc/sys/kernel/panic_on_oops" — in a manner that causes the device to compulsorily shut down and restart due to kernel panic when all the available RAM is consumed upon uploading a large file over HTTP.
"This vulnerability and exploit chain is actually quite interesting technically," Coldwind said. "In short, it goes from a newline injection in the password field, through being able to write a file with constant uncontrolled content of '2' (like, one byte 32h), through a DoS and session crafting (which yields an admin web UI user), to an eventual post-auth shell injection (which yields full root)."
The full list of models impacted by the three vulnerabilities is below —
- GC108P (fixed in firmware version 126.96.36.199)
- GC108PP (fixed in firmware version 188.8.131.52)
- GS108Tv3 (fixed in firmware version 184.108.40.206)
- GS110TPP (fixed in firmware version 220.127.116.11)
- GS110TPv3 (fixed in firmware version 18.104.22.168)
- GS110TUP (fixed in firmware version 22.214.171.124)
- GS308T (fixed in firmware version 126.96.36.199)
- GS310TP (fixed in firmware version 188.8.131.52)
- GS710TUP (fixed in firmware version 184.108.40.206)
- GS716TP (fixed in firmware version 220.127.116.11)
- GS716TPP (fixed in firmware version 18.104.22.168)
- GS724TPP (fixed in firmware version 22.214.171.124)
- GS724TPv2 (fixed in firmware version 126.96.36.199)
- GS728TPPv2 (fixed in firmware version 188.8.131.52)
- GS728TPv2 (fixed in firmware version 184.108.40.206)
- GS750E (fixed in firmware version 220.127.116.11)
- GS752TPP (fixed in firmware version 18.104.22.168)
- GS752TPv2 (fixed in firmware version 22.214.171.124)
- MS510TXM (fixed in firmware version 126.96.36.199)
- MS510TXUP (fixed in firmware version 188.8.131.52)