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'Shadow Brokers' Threatens to Unmask A Hacker Who Worked With NSA

'Shadow Brokers' Threatens to Unmask A Hacker Who Worked With NSA

June 28, 2017Swati Khandelwal
The Shadow Brokers , a notorious hacking group that leaked US cyberweapons — which were also abused by the recent ransomware disasters WannaCry and Petya or NotPetya — has now threatened to unmask the identity of a former hacker who worked for the NSA. Besides this, the Shadow Brokers group has also doubled the price for its monthly subscription model of NSA's built hacking tools and zero-day exploits from 100 ZEC (Zcash) to 200 ZEC, which is around $64,400 USD. Moreover, the hacking group has also announced a VIP service for people, who will be entertained by the group for their queries on the leaked hacking tools and exploits. To subscribe to the VIP service, one has to make a one-time payment of 400 ZEC (around US$128,800). Last month, the Shadow Brokers announced to release more zero-days exploits and hacking tools  developed by the US spy agency every month from June 2017, but only to private members who will subscribe for receiving exclusive access to the futur
Google Discloses Windows Vulnerability That Microsoft Fails To Patch, Again!

Google Discloses Windows Vulnerability That Microsoft Fails To Patch, Again!

February 18, 2017Swati Khandelwal
Microsoft is once again facing embarrassment for not patching a vulnerability on time. Yes, Google's Project Zero team has once again publicly disclosed a vulnerability  ( with POC exploit ) affecting Microsoft's Windows operating systems ranging from Windows Vista Service Pack 2 to the latest Windows 10 that had yet to be patched. A few months back, the search engine giant disclosed a critical Windows vulnerability to the public just ten days after revealing the flaw to Microsoft. However, this time Google revealed the vulnerability in Windows to the public after Microsoft failed to patch it within the 90-day window given by the company. Google's Project Zero member Mateusz Jurczyk responsibly reported a vulnerability in Windows' Graphics Device Interface (GDI) library to Microsoft Security Team on the 9th of June last year. The vulnerability affects any program that uses this library, and if exploited, could potentially allow hackers to steal informatio
New Internet Explorer Zero-Day Vulnerability Publicly Disclosed; Identified in October 2013

New Internet Explorer Zero-Day Vulnerability Publicly Disclosed; Identified in October 2013

May 21, 2014Mohit Kumar
Oh Microsoft, How could you do this to your own Internet Explorer? Microsoft had kept hidden a critical Zero-Day vulnerability of Internet explorer 8 from all of us, since October 2013. A Critical zero-day Internet Explorer vulnerability ( CVE-2014-1770 ), which was discovered by Peter 'corelanc0d3r' Van Eeckhoutte in October 2013 just goes public today by the Zero Day Initiative (ZDI) website . Zero Day Initiative is a program for rewarding security researchers for responsibly disclosing vulnerabilities. ZDI reportedly disclosed the vulnerability to Microsoft when it was first identified by one of its researchers, on which Microsoft responded 4 month later on February 2014 and confirmed the flaw, but neither the Microsoft patch the vulnerability nor it disclosed any details about it. But due to ZDI’s 180 days public notification policy, they are obligated to publicly disclosed the details of a Zero-Day vulnerability. ZDI warned Microsoft several days ago ab
Microsoft Patches Internet Explorer Zero-Day Vulnerability, Even for Windows XP

Microsoft Patches Internet Explorer Zero-Day Vulnerability, Even for Windows XP

May 01, 2014Wang Wei
Microsoft had publicized widely its plans to stop supporting oldest and widely used Operating system, Windows XP after 8th April this year, which means Microsoft would no longer issue security patches for XP. A few days back, we reported about a new critical Zero-day vulnerability in all versions of Microsoft’s browser Internet Explorer, starting with IE version 6 and including IE version 11. According to the advisory (CVE-2014-1776), All versions of Internet Explorer are vulnerable to Remote Code Execution flaw, which resides ' in the way that Internet Explorer accesses an object in memory that has been deleted or has not been properly allocated ,’ Microsoft confirmed . An attacker who successfully exploited this vulnerability could gain the same user rights as the current user. FIRST PATCH FOR WINDOWS XP, EVEN AFTER EXPIRATION DATE Internet Explorer vulnerability poses a special concern for people still using Windows XP , but can Microsoft really ignore inno
New Zero-Day Vulnerability CVE-2014-1776 Affects all Versions of Internet Explorer Browser

New Zero-Day Vulnerability CVE-2014-1776 Affects all Versions of Internet Explorer Browser

April 27, 2014Mohit Kumar
Microsoft confirmed a new Zero Day critical vulnerability in its browser Internet Explorer . Flaw affects all versions of Internet Explorer, starting with IE version 6 and including IE version 11. In a Security Advisory ( 2963983 ) released yesterday, Microsoft acknowledges a zero-day Internet Explorer vulnerability ( CVE-2014-177 6) is being used in targeted attacks by APT groups, but the currently active attack campaigns are targeting IE9, IE10 and IE11. INTERNET EXPLORER 0-DAY VULNERABILITY (CVE-2014-1776) According to Advisory, Internet Explorer is vulnerable to Remote Code Execution, which resides ' in the way that Internet Explorer accesses an object in memory that has been deleted or has not been properly allocated. ' Microsoft said. Microsoft Investigation team is currently working with FireEye Security experts, and dubbed the ongoing targeted campaign as " Operation Clandestine Fox ". In a blogpost , FireEye explained that an attacker c
Obama Lets NSA Use Zero-Day Exploits by labeling it as 'National Security Need'

Obama Lets NSA Use Zero-Day Exploits by labeling it as 'National Security Need'

April 14, 2014Swati Khandelwal
On Saturday, the Senior Administration Officials cast light on the subject of Internet Security and said President Obama has clearly decided that whenever the U.S. Intelligence agency like NSA discovers major vulnerabilities, in most of the situations the agency should reveal them rather than exploiting for national purpose, according to The New York Times . OBAMA's POLICY WITH LOOPHOLE FOR NSA Yet, there is an exception to the above statement, as Mr. President carved a detailed exception to the policy “ Unless there is a clear national security or law enforcement need, ” which means that the policy creates a loophole for the spying agencies like NSA to sustain their surveillance programs by exploiting security vulnerabilities to create Cyber Weapons. After three-month review of recommendations [ PDF-file ], the Final Report of the Review Group on Intelligence and Communications Technologies was submitted to Mr. Obama on last December, out of which one of the recommendation on pa
Update Your Safari Browser to Patch Two Dozen of Critical Vulnerabilities

Update Your Safari Browser to Patch Two Dozen of Critical Vulnerabilities

April 03, 2014Swati Khandelwal
So, is your Safari Web Browser Updated?? Make sure you have the latest web browser updated for your Apple Macintosh systems, as Apple released Safari 6.1.3 and Safari 7.0.3 with new security updates. These Security updates addresses multiple vulnerabilities in its Safari web browser, which has always been the standard browser for Mac users. This times not five or ten, in fact about two dozen. Apple issued a security update to patch a total of 27 vulnerabilities in Safari web browser, including the one which was highlighted at Pwn2Own 2014 hacking competition. The available updates replace the browser running OSX 10.7 and 10.8 with the latest versions of browser 6.1.3, and OSX 10.9 with 7.0.3. Among the 27 vulnerabilities, the most remarkable vulnerability addressed in the update is CVE-2014-1303 , a heap-based buffer overflow that can be remotely exploited and could lead to bypass a sandbox protection mechanism via unspecified vector. This vulnerability is
WinRAR File Extension Spoofing vulnerability allows Hackers to Hide Malware

WinRAR File Extension Spoofing vulnerability allows Hackers to Hide Malware

April 02, 2014Mohit Kumar
Imagine, You Open a Winrar archive of MP3 files, but what if it will install a malware into your system when you play anyone of them. WinRAR, a widely used file archiver and data compression utility helps hackers to distribute malicious code. Israeli security researcher  Danor Cohen (An7i)   discovered the WinRAR file extension spoofing vulnerability. WinRAR file extension spoofing vulnerability allows hackers to modify the filename and extension inside the traditional file archive, that helps them to hide binary malicious code inside an archive, pretending itself as '.jpg' , '.txt' or any other format. Using a Hex editor tool, he analysed a ZIP file and noticed that winrar tool also adds some custom properties to an archive, including two names - First name is the original filename (FAX.png) and second name is the filename (FAX.png) that will appear at the WINRAR GUI window. Danor manipulated the second filename and extension to prepare a special Z
Sophisticated Russian Malware 'SNAKE'  and 'Turla' targets Governments and Military Networks

Sophisticated Russian Malware 'SNAKE' and 'Turla' targets Governments and Military Networks

March 08, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Last week, the Researchers at the German security company G Data Software have reported about the most complex and sophisticated rootkit  malware, Uroburos which is designed to steal data from secure facilities and has ability to take control of an infected machine, execute arbitrary commands and hide system activities. Recently, British cyber specialist BAE  has disclosed the parent Russian malware campaign dubbed as ‘ SNAKE ’ that remained almost undetected for least eight years while penetrating highly secured systems. Uroburos rootkit was one of the components of this campaign. In a separate Investigation, Western intelligence officers have found another piece of spyware , infecting hundreds of government computers across Europe and the United States, known as ' Turla '. Researchers believed that  Turla  campaign is linked to a previously known campaign ' Red October ', a massive global cyber spying operation targeting diplomatic, military and nuclear
CVE-2014-0322: Internet Explorer zero-day exploit targets US Military Intelligence

CVE-2014-0322: Internet Explorer zero-day exploit targets US Military Intelligence

February 15, 2014Anonymous
Hackers are using a zero day vulnerability in Microsoft's Internet Explorer (IE) web browser and targeting US military personnels in an active attack campaign, dubbed as ' Operation Snowman' . FireEye Researchers have discovered that a U.S. veterans website was compromised to serve a zero day exploit, known as CVE-2014-0322 , which typically involves the compromise of a specific website in order to target a group of visitors known to frequent it. FireEye identified drive-by-download attack which has altered HTML code of the website and introduced JavaScript which creates malicious iFrame. “ A zero-day exploit (CVE-2014-0322) being served up from the U.S. Veterans of Foreign Wars’ website (VFW[.]org). We believe the attack is a strategic Web compromise targeting American military personnel, amid a paralyzing snowstorm at the U.S. ” According to FireEye, the zero day CVE-2014-0322 ' vulnerability is a previously unknown use-after-free bug in Microsof
Adobe issues Emergency Flash Player update to patch critical zero-day threat

Adobe issues Emergency Flash Player update to patch critical zero-day threat

February 05, 2014Anonymous
Adobe is recommending that users update their Flash Players immediately. The company has published an emergency security bulletin today, that addresses vulnerabilities the Flash Player and released a patch to fix a vulnerability which is currently being exploited in a sophisticated cyber espionage campaign. " Adobe is aware of reports that an exploit for this vulnerability exists in the wild, and recommends users apply the updates referenced in the security bulletin. " The vulnerability ( CVE-2014-0497 ), allows an attacker to remotely take control of the targeted system hosting Flash. " These updates address a critical vulnerability that could potentially allow an attacker to remotely take control of the affected system " advisory said. The security hole affects the version 12.0.0.43 and earlier for both Windows and Mac OSs and Adobe Flash Player 11.2.202.335 and earlier versions for Linux. The vulnerability was discovered by two researchers
Windows Error Crash Reports or Treasure of Zero-Day vulnerabilities for NSA?

Windows Error Crash Reports or Treasure of Zero-Day vulnerabilities for NSA?

January 03, 2014Swati Khandelwal
I am sure that you all have been familiar with the above shown annoying Window Operating System error messages that many times pop ups on your screen while working on the system in case of process failure i.e. " The system has recovered from a serious error. A log of this error has been created. Please tell Microsoft about this problem " The message that prompts ask the user to report the problem to Microsoft followed by the options to Send an error report or Not send . Most of the time Gentle users like you and me used to submit these error reports to aware the Microsoft about the problem. But What if these crash reports can be abused to identify the vulnerabilities of your system for Spying? NSA is intercepting wide range of Internet Traffic including many Encrypted connections and naturally unencrypted also and surprisingly, by default Microsoft encrypts its reports, but the messages are transmitted unencrypted or over standard HTTP connections to watson.microsoft.com .
The Evolution of Cyber Threat; Interview with IntelCrawler's Researchers

The Evolution of Cyber Threat; Interview with IntelCrawler's Researchers

December 16, 2013Anonymous
Today I desire to propose an interview with Andrey Komarov , CEO of IntelCrawler and Dan Clements , President of IntelCrawler. IntelCrawler  is a multi-tier intelligence aggregator, which gathers information and cyber prints from a starting big data pool of over 3, 000, 000, 000 IPv4 and over 200, 000, 000 domain names, which are scanned for analytics and dissemination to drill down to a desired result. I have prepared for them a series of answers and questions to analyze significant evolutions in the cyber-threat landscape: Q. Which are the most concerning cyber threats for private businesses and government organizations? A. Avoiding talking about usual and standard things, of course, the most dangerous and annoying is the emergence of fundamentally new vulnerabilities in critical applications and systems. " Zero day " vulnerabilities market is developing every day and taking the shape of a part of the future cyber warfare market , as it is still in the process of formati
Microsoft released Security Patch for CVE-2013-5065 TIFF Zero-Day vulnerability

Microsoft released Security Patch for CVE-2013-5065 TIFF Zero-Day vulnerability

December 10, 2013Wang Wei
Microsoft has  released  11 Security Patch this Tuesday, including one for CVE-2013-5065  zero-day vulnerability, recently discovered Local privilege escalation vulnerability that could allow a hacker to launch an attack using corrupted TIFF images to take over victims' computers. FireEye researchers said they found the exploit in the wild being used alongside a PDF-based exploit against a patched Adobe Reader vulnerability. December's Patch Tuesday update bundle brings five bulletins ranked critical, including a patch for a vulnerability that could allow remote code execution in Internet Explorer and another remote code execution vulnerability in Office and Microsoft Server is also addressed. Other patches addressing remote code execution vulnerabilities in Lync, all versions of Office and Microsoft Exchange. All supported versions of Windows, from XP to RT and 8.1, are affected by at least one of the critical vulnerabilities. The Six Security bulletins rated important de
Growing market of zero-day vulnerability exploits pose real threat to Cyber Security

Growing market of zero-day vulnerability exploits pose real threat to Cyber Security

December 08, 2013Anonymous
NSS Labs issued the report titled " The Known Unknowns " to explain the dynamics behind the market of zero-day exploits. Last week I discussed about the necessity to define a model for " cyber conflict " to qualify the principal issues related to the use of cyber tools and cyber weapons in an Information Warfare context, today I decided to give more info to the readers on cyber arsenals of governments. Governments consider the use of cyber weapons as a coadiuvant to conventional weapons, these malicious application could be used for sabotage or for cyber espionage, they could be used to hit a specifically designed software (e.g. SCADA within a critical infrastructure ) or they could be used for large scale operations infecting thousand of machines exploiting zero-day in common application ( e.g. Java platform, Adobe software ). The zero-day flaw are the most important component for the design of an efficient cyber weapon, governments have recently created dedic
'Paunch', Blackhole exploit kit creator and Gang arrested in Russia

'Paunch', Blackhole exploit kit creator and Gang arrested in Russia

December 07, 2013Mohit Kumar
In October, we had reported that the creator of the infamous Blackhole  exploit kit was  arrested in Russia  and now the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs has also confirmed that ' Paunch ', the mastermind behind infamous  BlackHole  exploit kit, along with Gang of 12 other criminals were arrested on October 4, 2013 in Russia. Russian security firm Group-IB has disclosed that it has assisted the police in the investigation of Paunch, who was residing in the city of Togliatti . 27-years old ' Paunch ' is the author of the notorious BlackHole and Cool exploit kits that are today popular among cybercriminals and costs $500 to $700 a month in for buyers. Cool and Blackhole exploit kits are the ready-made hacking tools for easily serving malware from compromised sites, in result to install malware on users' computers using exploits of zero-day vulnerabilities in latest web browsers. The general damage caused by the criminal gang is estimated around US $2.1
CVE-2013-5065: Microsoft Windows XP and Server 2003 Privilege escalation Zero-Day exploit discovered

CVE-2013-5065: Microsoft Windows XP and Server 2003 Privilege escalation Zero-Day exploit discovered

November 29, 2013Mohit Kumar
Researchers at FireEye have discovered a new privilege escalation vulnerability  in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. CVE-2013-5065, Local privilege escalation vulnerability is used in-the-wild in conjunction with an Adobe Reader exploit ( CVE-2013-3346 ) that appears to target a patched vulnerability. Microsoft has issued an advisory and warned that discovered bug in Windows XP's  NDPROXY.SYS driver could allow hackers to run code in the system's kernel from a standard user account. The exploit could allow a standard user account to execute code in the kernel, which may allow an attacker to gain privileges that would enable him to do various activities, including deleting or viewing data, installing programs, or creating accounts with administrative privileges. "Our investigation of this vulnerability has verified that it does not affect customers who are using operating systems newer than Windows XP and Windows Server 2003 ," Microsoft advised. Last April
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