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New ZenRAT Malware Targeting Windows Users via Fake Password Manager Software

New ZenRAT Malware Targeting Windows Users via Fake Password Manager Software

Sep 27, 2023 Malware / Cyber Threat
A new malware strain called ZenRAT has emerged in the wild that's distributed via bogus installation packages of the Bitwarden password manager. "The malware is specifically targeting Windows users and will redirect people using other hosts to a benign web page," enterprise security firm Proofpoint  said  in a technical report. "The malware is a modular remote access trojan (RAT) with information stealing capabilities." ZenRAT is hosted on fake websites pretending to be associated with Bitwarden, although it's uncertain as to how traffic is being directed to the domains. Such malware has been propagated via phishing, malvertising, or SEO poisoning attacks in the past. The payload (Bitwarden-Installer-version-2023-7-1.exe), downloaded from crazygameis[.]com, is a trojanized version of the standard Bitwarden installation package that contains a malicious .NET executable (ApplicationRuntimeMonitor.exe). A noteworthy aspect of the campaign is that users wh
What's the State of Credential theft in 2023?

What's the State of Credential theft in 2023?

Aug 16, 2023
At a little overt halfway through 2023, credential theft is still a major thorn in the side of IT teams. The heart of the problem is the value of data to cybercriminals and the evolution of the techniques they use to get hold of it. The  2023 Verizon Data Breach Investigations Report (DBIR)  revealed that 83% of breaches involved external actors, with almost all attacks being financially motivated. Of these breaches by external actors, 49% involved the use of stolen credentials.  We'll explore why credential theft is still such an attractive (and successful) attack route, and look at how IT security teams can fight back in the second half of 2023 and beyond. Users are still often the weak link The hallmarks of many successful cyberattacks are the determination, inventiveness, and patience threat actors show. Though a user may spot some attacks through security and awareness training, it only takes one well-crafted attack to catch them. Sometimes all it takes is for a user to be
Hands-on Review: Cynomi AI-powered vCISO Platform

Hands-on Review: Cynomi AI-powered vCISO Platform

Apr 10, 2024vCISO / Risk Assessment
The need for vCISO services is growing. SMBs and SMEs are dealing with more third-party risks, tightening regulatory demands and stringent cyber insurance requirements than ever before. However, they often lack the resources and expertise to hire an in-house security executive team. By outsourcing security and compliance leadership to a vCISO, these organizations can more easily obtain cybersecurity expertise specialized for their industry and strengthen their cybersecurity posture. MSPs and MSSPs looking to meet this growing vCISO demand are often faced with the same challenge. The demand for cybersecurity talent far exceeds the supply. This has led to a competitive market where the costs of hiring and retaining skilled professionals can be prohibitive for MSSPs/MSPs as well. The need to maintain expertise of both security and compliance further exacerbates this challenge. Cynomi, the first AI-driven vCISO platform , can help. Cynomi enables you - MSPs, MSSPs and consulting firms
KeePass Exploit Allows Attackers to Recover Master Passwords from Memory

KeePass Exploit Allows Attackers to Recover Master Passwords from Memory

May 22, 2023 Password Security / Exploit
A proof-of-concept (PoC) has been made available for a security flaw impacting the KeePass password manager that could be exploited to recover a victim's master password in cleartext under specific circumstances. The issue, tracked as  CVE-2023-32784 , impacts KeePass versions 2.x for Windows, Linux, and macOS, and is  expected to be patched  in version 2.54, which is likely to be released early next month. "Apart from the first password character, it is mostly able to recover the password in plaintext," security researcher "vdohney," who discovered the flaw and devised a PoC,  said . "No code execution on the target system is required, just a memory dump." "It doesn't matter where the memory comes from," the researcher added, stating, "it doesn't matter whether or not the workspace is locked. It is also possible to dump the password from RAM after KeePass is no longer running, although the chance of that working goes down w
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WATCH: The SaaS Security Challenge in 90 Seconds

websiteAdaptive ShieldSaaS Security / Cyber Threat
Discover how you can overcome the SaaS security challenge by securing your entire SaaS stack with SSPM.
Solving Your Teams Secure Collaboration Challenges

Solving Your Teams Secure Collaboration Challenges

May 12, 2023 Password Management
In today's interconnected world, where organisations regularly exchange sensitive information with customers, partners and employees, secure collaboration has become increasingly vital. However, collaboration can pose a security risk if not managed properly. To ensure that collaboration remains secure, organisations need to take steps to protect their data. Since collaborating is essential for almost any team to succeed, shouldn't you be able to do it securely? Whether you're sharing a Wi-Fi password, a social media account, or the passwords to a financial account, you deserve peace of mind. The risks of not protecting your sensitive data can be disastrous, from data breaches and reputational damage to legal ramifications and financial loss. But let's face it: Secure collaboration can be a real nightmare. Challenges of Secure Collaboration and Password Sharing It's another day in the office, and your team needs to share a ridiculous amount of sensitive informati
Google Introduces Passwordless Secure Sign-In with Passkeys for Google Accounts

Google Introduces Passwordless Secure Sign-In with Passkeys for Google Accounts

May 03, 2023 Password Security / Authentication
Almost five months after Google  added support  for passkeys to its Chrome browser, the tech giant has begun rolling out the  passwordless solution  across Google Accounts on all platforms. Passkeys , backed by the FIDO Alliance, are a more secure way to sign in to apps and websites without having to use a traditional password. This, in turn, can be achieved by simply unlocking their computer or mobile device with their biometrics (e.g., fingerprint or facial recognition) or a local PIN. "And, unlike passwords, passkeys are resistant to online attacks like phishing, making them more secure than things like SMS one-time codes," Google  noted . Passkeys, once created, are locally stored on the device, and are not shared with any other party. This also obviates the need for setting up two-factor authentication, as it proves that "you have access to your device and are able to unlock it." Users also have the choice of creating passkeys for every device they use to
LastPass Hack: Engineer's Failure to Update Plex Software Led to Massive Data Breach

LastPass Hack: Engineer's Failure to Update Plex Software Led to Massive Data Breach

Mar 07, 2023 Password Security / Software Update
The massive breach at LastPass was the result of one of its engineers failing to update Plex on their home computer, in what's a sobering reminder of the dangers of failing to keep software up-to-date. The embattled password management service last week  revealed  how unidentified actors leveraged information stolen from an earlier incident that took place prior to August 12, 2022, along with details "available from a third-party data breach and a vulnerability in a third-party media software package to launch a coordinated second attack" between August and October 2022. The intrusion ultimately enabled the adversary to steal partially encrypted password vault data and customer information. The second attack specifically singled out one of the four DevOps engineers, targeting their home computer with a keylogger malware to obtain the credentials and breach the cloud storage environment. This, in turn, is said to have been made possible by exploiting a nearly three-y
LastPass Reveals Second Attack Resulting in Breach of Encrypted Password Vaults

LastPass Reveals Second Attack Resulting in Breach of Encrypted Password Vaults

Feb 28, 2023 Password Security / Data Breach
LastPass, which in December 2022 disclosed a severe data breach that allowed threat actors to access encrypted password vaults, said it happened as a result of the same adversary launching a second attack on its systems. The company said one of its DevOps engineers had their personal home computer hacked and infected with a keylogger as part of a sustained cyber attack that exfiltrated sensitive data from its Amazon AWS cloud storage servers. "The threat actor leveraged information stolen during the first incident, information available from a third-party data breach, and a vulnerability in a third-party media software package to launch a coordinated second attack," the password management service  said . This intrusion targeted the company's infrastructure, resources, and the aforementioned employee from August 12, 2022, to October 26, 2022. The original incident, on the other hand, ended on August 12, 2022. The  August breach  saw the intruders accessing source cod
Fortinet and Zoho Urge Customers to Patch Enterprise Software Vulnerabilities

Fortinet and Zoho Urge Customers to Patch Enterprise Software Vulnerabilities

Jan 05, 2023 Application Security / SQLi
Fortinet has warned of a high-severity flaw affecting multiple versions of FortiADC application delivery controller that could lead to the execution of arbitrary code. "An improper neutralization of special elements used in an OS command vulnerability in FortiADC may allow an authenticated attacker with access to the web GUI to execute unauthorized code or commands via specifically crafted HTTP requests," the company  said  in an advisory. The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2022-39947 (CVSS score: 8.6) and internally discovered by its product security team, impacts the following versions - FortiADC version 7.0.0 through 7.0.2 FortiADC version 6.2.0 through 6.2.3 FortiADC version 6.1.0 through 6.1.6 FortiADC version 6.0.0 through 6.0.4 FortiADC version 5.4.0 through 5.4.5 Users are recommended to upgrade to FortiADC versions 6.2.4 and 7.0.2 as and when they become available. The  January 2023 patches  also address a number of command injection vulnerabilities in Fo
LastPass Admits to Severe Data Breach, Encrypted Password Vaults Stolen

LastPass Admits to Severe Data Breach, Encrypted Password Vaults Stolen

Dec 23, 2022 Password Management / Data Breach
The  August 2022 security breach  of LastPass may have been more severe than previously disclosed by the company. The popular password management service on Thursday revealed that malicious actors obtained a trove of personal information belonging to its customers that include their encrypted password vaults by using data siphoned from the earlier break-in. Among the data stolen are "basic customer account information and related metadata including company names, end-user names, billing addresses, email addresses, telephone numbers, and the IP addresses from which customers were accessing the LastPass service," the company  said . The August 2022 incident, which  remains  a subject of an ongoing investigation, involved the miscreants accessing source code and proprietary technical information from its development environment via a single compromised employee account. LastPass said this permitted the unidentified attacker to obtain credentials and keys that were subseque
Critical Security Flaw Reported in Passwordstate Enterprise Password Manager

Critical Security Flaw Reported in Passwordstate Enterprise Password Manager

Dec 22, 2022 Password Management
Multiple high-severity vulnerabilities have been disclosed in Passwordstate password management solution that could be exploited by an unauthenticated remote adversary to obtain a user's plaintext passwords. "Successful exploitation allows an unauthenticated attacker to exfiltrate passwords from an instance, overwrite all stored passwords within the database, or elevate their privileges within the application," Swiss cybersecurity firm modzero AG  said  in a report published this week. "Some of the individual vulnerabilities can be chained to gain a shell on the Passwordstate host system and dump all stored passwords in cleartext, starting with nothing more than a valid username." Passwordstate, developed by an Australian company named Click Studios, has over  29,000 customers  and is used by more than 370,000 IT professionals. One of the flaws also impacts  Passwordstate version 9.5.8.4  for the Chrome web browser. The latest version of the browser add-on
LastPass Suffers Another Security Breach; Exposed Some Customers Information

LastPass Suffers Another Security Breach; Exposed Some Customers Information

Dec 01, 2022 Password Management
Popular password management service LastPass said it's investigating a second security incident that involved attackers accessing some of its customer information. "We recently detected unusual activity within a third-party cloud storage service, which is currently shared by both LastPass and its affiliate, GoTo," LastPass CEO Karim Toubba  said . GoTo, formerly called LogMeIn, acquired LastPass in October 2015. In December 2021, the Boston-based firm  announced  plans to spin off LastPass as an independent company. The digital break-in resulted in the unauthorized third-party leveraging information obtained following a previous breach in August 2022 to access "certain elements of our customers' information." The August 2022 security event  targeted  its development environment, leading to the theft of some of its source code and technical information. In September, LastPass  revealed  the threat actor had access for four days. The scope of the breach
Hackers Had Access to LastPass's Development Systems for Four Days

Hackers Had Access to LastPass's Development Systems for Four Days

Sep 17, 2022
Password management solution LastPass shared more details pertaining to the security incident last month, disclosing that the threat actor had access to its systems for a four-day period in August 2022. "There is no evidence of any threat actor activity beyond the established timeline," LastPass CEO Karim Toubba  said  in an update shared on September 15, adding, "there is no evidence that this incident involved any access to customer data or encrypted password vaults." LastPass in late August  revealed  that a breach targeting its development environment resulted in the theft of some of its source code and technical information, although no further specifics were offered. The company, which said it completed the probe into the hack in partnership with incident response firm Mandiant, noted the access was achieved using a developer's compromised endpoint. While the exact method of initial entry remains "inconclusive," LastPass noted the adversary
Hackers Breach LastPass Developer System to Steal Source Code

Hackers Breach LastPass Developer System to Steal Source Code

Aug 26, 2022
Password management service LastPass confirmed a security incident that resulted in the theft of certain source code and technical information. The security breach is said to have occurred two weeks ago, targeting its development environment. No customer data or encrypted passwords were accessed, although the company provided no further details regarding the hack and what source code was stolen. "An unauthorized party gained access to portions of the LastPass development environment through a single compromised developer account and took portions of source code and some proprietary LastPass technical information," LastPass CEO Karim Toubba  said . Amidst ongoing investigation into the incident, the company said it has engaged the services of a leading cybersecurity and forensics firm and that it has implemented additional countermeasures. LastPass, however, didn't elaborate on the exact mitigation techniques that it used to strengthen its environment. It also reiterated that the
Stop Putting Your Accounts At Risk, and Start Using a Password Manager

Stop Putting Your Accounts At Risk, and Start Using a Password Manager

Jul 30, 2022
Image via Keeper Right Now, Get 50% Off Keeper, the Most Trusted Name in Password Management. In one way or another, almost every aspect of our lives is online, so it's no surprise that hackers target everything from email accounts to banks to smart home devices, looking for vulnerabilities to exploit. One of the easiest exploits is cracking a weak password. That's why using a strong, unique password for each individual account is so important. But creating and remembering strong, unique passwords for dozens of accounts is nearly impossible – unless you're using  a top-rated password manager like Keeper . The Problem With Weak Passwords Image via Keeper A strong password  should  be a minimum of 12 characters long, with uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and one or more special characters. More importantly, it shouldn't contain dictionary words or personal information like birthdays or names. But the average American has  100 passwords . Maybe that's why  66%  of people in
Google Improves Its Password Manager to Boost Security Across All Platforms

Google Improves Its Password Manager to Boost Security Across All Platforms

Jul 01, 2022
Google on Thursday announced a slew of improvements to its  password manager  service aimed at creating a more consistent look and feel across different platforms. Central to the changes is a "simplified and unified management experience that's the same in Chrome and Android settings," Ali Sarraf, Google Chrome product manager,  said  in a blog post. The updates are also expected to automatically group multiple passwords for the same sites as well as introduce an option to manually add passwords. Although Google appears to be not ready yet to make Password Manager as a standalone app, users on Android can now add a shortcut to it on the homescreen. In a related change on iOS, should users opt for Chrome as the  default autofill provider , Password Manager now comes with the ability to generate unique, strong passwords. The built-in Password Checkup feature on Android is receiving an upgrade of its own too. Beyond checking for hacked credentials, it can further hig
Passwordstate Password Manager Update Hijacked to Install Backdoor on Thousands of PCs

Passwordstate Password Manager Update Hijacked to Install Backdoor on Thousands of PCs

Apr 24, 2021
Click Studios, the Australian software company behind the Passwordstate password management application, has notified customers to reset their passwords following a supply chain attack. The Adelaide-based firm said a bad actor used sophisticated techniques to compromise the software's update mechanism and used it to drop malware on user computers. The breach is said to have occurred between April 20, 8:33 PM UTC, and April 22, 0:30 AM UTC, for a total period of about 28 hours. "Only customers that performed In-Place Upgrades between the times stated above are believed to be affected," the company  said  in an advisory. "Manual Upgrades of Passwordstate are not compromised. Affected customers password records may have been harvested." The development was first reported by the Polish tech news site  Niebezpiecznik . It's not immediately clear who the attackers are or how they compromised the password manager's update feature. Click Studios said an i
How to Prevent Pwned and Reused Passwords in Your Active Directory

How to Prevent Pwned and Reused Passwords in Your Active Directory

Nov 02, 2020
Many businesses are currently looking at how to bolster security across their organization as the pandemic and remote work situation continues to progress towards the end of the year. As organizations continue to implement security measures to protect business-critical data, there is an extremely important area of security that often gets overlooked –  passwords . Weak passwords have long been a security nightmare for your business. This includes reused and  pwned  passwords. What are these? What tools are available to help protect against their use in your environment? Different types of dangerous passwords There are many different types of dangerous passwords that can expose your organization to tremendous risk. One way that cybercriminals compromise environments is by making use of breached password data. This allows launching  password spraying  attacks on your environment. Password spraying involves trying only a few passwords against a large number of end-users. In a passwor
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