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Critical Remote Hacking Flaws Disclosed in Linphone and MicroSIP Softphones

Critical Remote Hacking Flaws Disclosed in Linphone and MicroSIP Softphones

October 14, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Multiple security vulnerabilities have been disclosed in softphone software from Linphone and MicroSIP that could be exploited by an unauthenticated remote adversary to crash the client and even extract sensitive information like password hashes by simply making a malicious call. The vulnerabilities, which were discovered by Moritz Abrell of German pen-testing firm SySS GmbH, have since been addressed by the respective manufacturers following responsible disclosure. Softphones are essentially software-based phones that mimic desk phones and allow for making telephone calls over the Internet without the need for using dedicated hardware. At the core of the issues are the SIP services offered by the clients to connect two peers to facilitate telephony services in IP-based mobile networks. SIP aka Session Initiation Protocol is a  signaling protocol  that's used to control interactive communication sessions, such as voice, video, chat and instant messaging, as well as games and v
VirusTotal Releases Ransomware Report Based on Analysis of 80 Million Samples

VirusTotal Releases Ransomware Report Based on Analysis of 80 Million Samples

October 14, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
As many as 130 different ransomware families have been found to be active in 2020 and the first half of 2021, with Israel, South Korea, Vietnam, China, Singapore, India, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Iran, and the U.K. emerging as the most affected territories, a comprehensive analysis of 80 million ransomware-related samples has revealed. Google's cybersecurity arm VirusTotal attributed a significant chunk of the activity to the GandCrab ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) group (78.5%), followed by Babuk (7.61%), Cerber (3.11%), Matsnu (2.63%), Wannacry (2.41%), Congur (1.52%), Locky (1.29%), Teslacrypt (1.12%), Rkor (1.11%), and Reveon (0.70%). "Attackers are using a range of approaches, including well-known botnet malware and other Remote Access Trojans (RATs) as vehicles to deliver their ransomware," VirusTotal Threat Intelligence Strategist Vicente Diaz  said . "In most cases, they are using fresh or new ransomware samples for their campaigns." Some of the oth
Apache Warns of Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild — Patch Your Web Servers Now!

Apache Warns of Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild — Patch Your Web Servers Now!

October 05, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apache has issued patches to address two security vulnerabilities, including a path traversal and file disclosure flaw in its HTTP server that it said is being actively exploited in the wild. "A flaw was found in a change made to path normalization in Apache HTTP Server 2.4.49. An attacker could use a path traversal attack to map URLs to files outside the expected document root," the open-source project maintainers  noted  in an advisory published Tuesday. "If files outside of the document root are not protected by 'require all denied' these requests can succeed. Additionally this flaw could leak the source of interpreted files like CGI scripts." The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2021-41773 , affects only Apache HTTP server version 2.4.49. Ash Daulton and cPanel Security Team have been credited with discovering and reporting the issue on September 29, 2021. Source: PT SWARM Also resolved by Apache is a null pointer dereference vulnerability observed during pr
New Android Malware Steals Financial Data from 378 Banking and Wallet Apps

New Android Malware Steals Financial Data from 378 Banking and Wallet Apps

September 27, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The operators behind the BlackRock mobile malware have surfaced back with a new Android banking trojan called  ERMAC  that targets Poland and has its roots in the infamous Cerberus malware, according to the latest research. "The new trojan already has active distribution campaigns and is targeting 378 banking and wallet apps with overlays," ThreatFabric's CEO Cengiz Han Sahin said in an emailed statement. First campaigns involving ERMAC are believed to have begun in late August under the guise of the Google Chrome app. Since then, the attacks have expanded to include a range of apps such as banking, media players, delivery services, government applications, and antivirus solutions like  McAfee . Almost fully based on the notorious banking trojan  Cerberus , the Dutch cybersecurity firm's findings come from forum posts made by an actor named DukeEugene last month on August 17, inviting prospective customers to "rent a new android botnet with wide functionalit
Europol Busts Major Crime Ring, Arrests Over 100 Online Fraudsters

Europol Busts Major Crime Ring, Arrests Over 100 Online Fraudsters

September 20, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Law enforcement agencies in Italy and Spain have dismantled an organized crime group linked to the Italian Mafia that was involved in online fraud, money laundering, drug trafficking, and property crime, netting the gang about €10 million ($11.7 million) in illegal proceeds in just a year. "The suspects defrauded hundreds of victims through phishing attacks and other types of online fraud such as SIM swapping and business email compromise before laundering the money through a wide network of money mules and shell companies," Europol  said  in a statement published today.  The group operated out of Tenerife, located in Spain's Canary Islands. The development comes following a year-long sting operation that saw as many as 16 house searches in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Turin, and Isernia, resulting in 106 arrests — mostly in Spain and Italy — and seizure of electronic devices, 224 credit cards, SIM cards, point-of-sale terminals, a marijuana plantation, and equipment used
A New Wave of Malware Attack Targeting Organizations in South America

A New Wave of Malware Attack Targeting Organizations in South America

September 20, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A spam campaign delivering spear-phishing emails aimed at South American organizations has retooled its techniques to include a wide range of commodity remote access trojans (RATs) and geolocation filtering to avoid detection, according to new research. Cybersecurity firm Trend Micro attributed the attacks to an advanced persistent threat (APT) tracked as  APT-C-36  (aka Blind Eagle), a suspected South America espionage group that has been active since at least 2018 and  previously known  for setting its sights on Colombian government institutions and corporations spanning financial, petroleum, and manufacturing sectors. Primarily spread via fraudulent emails by masquerading as Colombian government agencies, such as the National Directorate of Taxes and Customs (DIAN), the infection chain commences when the message recipients open a decoy PDF or Word document that claims to be a seizure order tied to their bank accounts and click on a link that's been generated from a URL short
Malware Attack on Aviation Sector Uncovered After Going Unnoticed for 2 Years

Malware Attack on Aviation Sector Uncovered After Going Unnoticed for 2 Years

September 17, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A targeted phishing campaign aimed at the aviation industry for two years may be spearheaded by a threat actor operating out of Nigeria, highlighting how attackers can carry out small-scale cyber offensives for extended periods of time while staying under the radar. Cisco Talos dubbed the malware attacks "Operation Layover," building on  previous research  from the Microsoft Security Intelligence team in May 2021 that delved into a "dynamic campaign targeting the aerospace and travel sectors with spear-phishing emails that distribute an actively developed loader, which then delivers RevengeRAT or AsyncRAT." "The actor […] doesn't seem to be technically sophisticated, using off-the-shelf malware since the beginning of its activities without developing its own malware," researchers Tiago Pereira and Vitor Ventura  said . "The actor also buys the crypters that allow the usage of such malware without being detected, throughout the years it has use
Critical Flaws Discovered in Azure App That Microsoft Secretly Installs on Linux VMs

Critical Flaws Discovered in Azure App That Microsoft Secretly Installs on Linux VMs

September 15, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Tuesday addressed a quartet of security flaws as part of its  Patch Tuesday updates  that could be abused by adversaries to target Azure cloud customers and elevate privileges as well as allow for remote takeover of vulnerable systems. The list of flaws, collectively called OMIGOD by researchers from Wiz, affect a little-known software agent called Open Management Infrastructure that's automatically deployed in many Azure services - CVE-2021-38647  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2021-38648  (CVSS score: 7.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability CVE-2021-38645  (CVSS score: 7.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability CVE-2021-38649  (CVSS score: 7.0) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Open Management Infrastructure ( OMI ) is an open-source  analogous equivalent  of Windows Management Infrastructure (WMI
WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers

WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers

September 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A now-patched high-severity security vulnerability in WhatApp's image filter feature could have been abused to send a malicious image over the messaging app to read sensitive information from the app's memory. Tracked as  CVE-2020-1910  (CVSS score: 7.8), the flaw concerns an out-of-bounds read/write and stems from applying specific image filters to a rogue image and sending the altered image to an unwitting recipient, thereby enabling an attacker to access valuable data stored the app's memory. "A missing bounds check in WhatsApp for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 and WhatsApp Business for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 could have allowed out-of-bounds read and write if a user applied specific image filters to a specially-crafted image and sent the resulting image," WhatsApp  noted  in its advisory published in February 2021. Cybersecurity firm Check Point Research, which disclosed the issue to the Facebook-owned platform on November 10, 2020, said it was able to
Microsoft, Google to Invest $30 Billion in Cybersecurity Over Next 5 Years

Microsoft, Google to Invest $30 Billion in Cybersecurity Over Next 5 Years

August 27, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google and Microsoft said they are pledging to invest a total of $30 billion in cybersecurity advancements over the next five years, as the U.S. government  partners  with private sector companies to address threats facing the country in the wake of a string of sophisticated malicious cyber activity targeting critical infrastructure, laying bare the risks to data, organizations, and governments worldwide. The White House cybersecurity meeting, which brought together executives from the education, energy, finance, insurance, and tech sectors, included companies like ADP, Amazon, Apple, Bank of America, Code.org, Girls Who Code, Google, IBM, JPMorgan Chase, Microsoft, and Vantage Group, among others. To that end, the U.S. government on Wednesday announced a collaboration between the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and industry partners to develop a new framework to improve the security and integrity of the technology supply chain, alongside plans to expand the 
A Wide Range of Cyber Attacks Leveraging Prometheus TDS Malware Service

A Wide Range of Cyber Attacks Leveraging Prometheus TDS Malware Service

August 05, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Multiple cybercriminal groups are leveraging a malware-as-a-service (MaaS) solution to carry out a wide range of malicious software distribution campaigns that result in the deployment of payloads such as Campo Loader, Hancitor,  IcedID ,  QBot ,  Buer Loader , and SocGholish against individuals in Belgium as well as government agencies, companies, and corporations in the U.S. Dubbed " Prometheus " and available for sale on underground platforms for $250 a month since August 2020, the service is a Traffic Direction System (TDS) that's designed to distribute malware-laced Word and Excel documents, and divert users to phishing and malicious sites, according to a Group-IB report shared with The Hacker News. More than 3,000 email addresses are said to have been singled out via malicious campaigns in which Prometheus TDS was used to send malicious emails, with banking and finance, retail, energy and mining, cybersecurity, healthcare, IT, and insurance emerging the prominen
Apple Releases Urgent 0-Day Bug Patch for Mac, iPhone and iPad Devices

Apple Releases Urgent 0-Day Bug Patch for Mac, iPhone and iPad Devices

July 27, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apple on Monday rolled out an urgent security update for  iOS, iPadOS , and  macOS  to address a zero-day flaw that it said may have been actively exploited, making it the thirteenth such vulnerability Apple has patched since the start of this year. The updates, which arrive less than a week after the company released iOS 14.7, iPadOS 14.7, and macOS Big Sur 11.5 to the public, fixes a memory corruption issue ( CVE-2021-30807 ) in the IOMobileFrameBuffer component, a kernel extension for managing the screen  framebuffer , that could be abused to execute arbitrary code with kernel privileges. The company said it addressed the issue with improved memory handling, noting it's "aware of a report that this issue may have been actively exploited." As is typically the case, additional details about the flaw have not been disclosed to prevent the weaponization of the vulnerability for additional attacks. Apple credited an anonymous researcher for discovering and reporting the
Dutch Police Arrest Two Hackers Tied to "Fraud Family" Cybercrime Ring

Dutch Police Arrest Two Hackers Tied to "Fraud Family" Cybercrime Ring

July 23, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Law enforcement authorities in the Netherlands have  arrested  two alleged individuals belonging to a Dutch cybercriminal collective who were involved in developing, selling, and renting sophisticated phishing frameworks to other threat actors in what's known as a "Fraud-as-a-Service" operation. The apprehended suspects, a 24-year-old software engineer and a 15-year-old boy, are said to have been the main developer and seller of the phishing frameworks that were employed to collect login data from bank customers. The attacks primarily singled out users in the Netherlands and Belgium. The 15-year-old suspect has since been released from custody "pending further investigation," Dutch police said. Believed to be active since at least 2020, the cybercriminal syndicate has been codenamed " Fraud Family " by cybersecurity firm Group-IB. The frameworks come with phishing kits, tools designed to steal information, and web panels, which allow the fraudsters
China's Cyberspies Targeting Southeast Asian Government Entities

China's Cyberspies Targeting Southeast Asian Government Entities

July 15, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A sweeping and "highly active campaign" that originally set its sights on Myanmar has broadened its focus to strike a number of targets located in the Philippines, according to new research. Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, which first spotted the infections in October 2020, attributed them to a threat actor it tracks as " LuminousMoth ," which it connected with medium to high confidence to a Chinese state-sponsored hacking group called HoneyMyte or  Mustang Panda , given its observed victimology, tactics, and procedures. About 100 affected victims have been identified in Myanmar, while the number of victims jumped to nearly 1,400 in the Philippines, although the researchers noted that the actual targets were only a fraction of the initial numbers, including government entities located both within the two countries and abroad. The goal of the attacks is to affect a wide perimeter of targets with the aim of hitting a select few that are of strategic interes
Hackers Spread BIOPASS Malware via Chinese Online Gambling Sites

Hackers Spread BIOPASS Malware via Chinese Online Gambling Sites

July 12, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers are warning about a new malware that's striking online gambling companies in China via a watering hole attack to deploy either Cobalt Strike beacons or a previously undocumented Python-based backdoor called BIOPASS RAT that takes advantage of Open Broadcaster Software (OBS) Studio's live-streaming app to capture the screen of its victims. The attack involves deceiving gaming website visitors into downloading a malware loader camouflaged as a legitimate installer for popular-but-deprecated apps such as Adobe Flash Player or Microsoft Silverlight, only for the loader to act as a conduit for fetching next-stage payloads. Specifically, the websites' online support chat pages are booby-trapped with malicious JavaScript code, which is used to deliver the malware to the victims. "BIOPASS RAT possesses basic features found in other malware, such as file system assessment, remote desktop access, file exfiltration, and shell command execution,&quo
Dozens of Vulnerable NuGet Packages Allow Attackers to Target .NET Platform

Dozens of Vulnerable NuGet Packages Allow Attackers to Target .NET Platform

July 07, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
An analysis of off-the-shelf packages hosted on the NuGet repository has revealed 51 unique software components to be vulnerable to actively exploited, high-severity vulnerabilities, once again underscoring the threat posed by third-party dependencies to the software development process. In light of the growing number of cyber incidents that target the software supply chain, there is an urgent need to assess such third-party modules for any security risks and minimize the attack surface, ReversingLabs researcher Karlo Zanki said in a report shared with The Hacker News. NuGet  is a Microsoft-supported mechanism for the .NET platform and functions as a package manager designed to enable developers to share reusable code. The framework maintains a central repository of over 264,000 unique packages that have collectively produced more than 109 billion package downloads. "All identified precompiled software components in our research were different versions of 7Zip, WinSCP and PuT
[Whitepaper] XDR vs. NDR/NTA – What do Organizations Truly Need to Stay Safe?

[Whitepaper] XDR vs. NDR/NTA – What do Organizations Truly Need to Stay Safe?

July 07, 2021The Hacker News
Security teams whose organizations are outside the Fortune 500 are faced with a dilemma. Most teams will have to choose between deploying either a network traffic analysis (NTA) or network detection and response (NDR) tool or an endpoint detection and response (EDR) tool to supplement their existing stacks. On the other hand, some organizations are getting the best of both options by switching to extended detection and response (XDR) tools which often provide all these tools in one solution. This is the key takeaway of a new whitepaper by security provider Cynet ( download it here ). NDR tools have become more popular, and for a good reason. They offer organizations a variety of benefits and can help further secure an environment from lateral movement attacks and further infiltration if an initial attack succeeds. NDR tools can detect a wide range of malicious activities and anomalous behaviors.  The question is whether the strengths of an NDR tool outweigh its limitations.  The
Interpol Arrests Moroccan Hacker Engaged in Nefarious Cyber Activities

Interpol Arrests Moroccan Hacker Engaged in Nefarious Cyber Activities

July 06, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Law enforcement authorities with the Interpol have apprehended a threat actor responsible for targeting thousands of unwitting victims over several years and staging malware attacks on telecom companies, major banks, and multinational corporations in France as part of a global phishing and credit card fraud scheme. The two-year investigation, dubbed  Operation Lyrebird  by the international, intergovernmental organization, resulted in the arrest of a Moroccan citizen nicknamed Dr HeX, cybersecurity firm Group-IB disclosed today in a report shared with The Hacker News. Dr HeX is said to have been "active since at least 2009 and is responsible for a number of cybercrimes, including phishing, defacing, malware development, fraud, and carding that resulted in thousands of unsuspecting victims," the Singapore-headquartered company said . The cyber attacks involved deploying a phishing kit consisting of web pages that spoofed banking entities in the country, followed by sendin
Mongolian Certificate Authority Hacked to Distribute Backdoored CA Software

Mongolian Certificate Authority Hacked to Distribute Backdoored CA Software

July 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
In yet another instance of software supply chain attack, unidentified hackers breached the website of  MonPass , one of Mongolia's major certificate authorities, to backdoor its installer software with Cobalt Strike binaries. The trojanized client was available for download between February 8, 2021, and March 3, 2021, said Czech cybersecurity software company Avast in a  report  published Thursday. In addition, a public webserver hosted by MonPass was infiltrated potentially as many as eight separate times, with the researchers uncovering eight different web shells and backdoors on the compromised server. Avast's investigation into the incident began after it discovered the backdoored installer and the implant on one of its customers' systems. "The malicious installer is an unsigned [Portable Executable] file," the researchers said. "It starts by downloading the legitimate version of the installer from the MonPass official website. This legitimate versi
3 Steps to Strengthen Your Ransomware Defenses

3 Steps to Strengthen Your Ransomware Defenses

July 01, 2021The Hacker News
The recent tsunami of ransomware has brought to life the fears of downtime and data loss cybersecurity pros have warned about, as attacks on the energy sector, food supply chain, healthcare industry, and other critical infrastructure have grabbed headlines. For the industry experts who track the evolution of this threat, the increased frequency, sophistication, and destructiveness of ransomware suggests that businesses still have some major gaps in their defense strategies. It's no surprise that a new, multi-layered approach to protection is needed to stem the damage caused by ransomware. But what changes should an IT team implement to close those gaps? During a recent panel, a team of cybersecurity experts outlined a three-step plan to do just that -- centered around embracing new technologies, improving security processes, and ensuring their people know how to help curb the threat. 1  —  New Strains Overwhelm Old Defenses Many new ransomware strains now act like advanced pe
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