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The Hacker News - Cybersecurity News and Analysis: cybersecurity

Microsoft Releases Patches For Critical Windows TCP/IP and Other Bugs

Microsoft Releases Patches For Critical Windows TCP/IP and Other Bugs

October 14, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Tuesday issued fixes for 87 newly discovered security vulnerabilities as part of its  October 2020 Patch Tuesday , including two critical remote code execution (RCE) flaws in Windows TCP/IP stack and Microsoft Outlook. The flaws, 11 of which are categorized as Critical, 75 are ranked Important, and one is classified Moderate in severity, affect Windows, Office and Office Services and Web Apps, Visual Studio, Azure Functions, .NET Framework, Microsoft Dynamics, Open Source Software, Exchange Server, and the Windows Codecs Library. Although none of these flaws are listed as being under active attack, six vulnerabilities are listed as publicly known at the time of release. Chief among the most critical bugs patched this month include  CVE-2020-16898  (CVSS score 9.8). According to Microsoft, an attacker would have to send specially crafted ICMPv6 Router Advertisement packets to a remote Windows computer to exploit the RCE flaw in the TCP/IP stack to execute arbitrary code
A Self-Service Password Reset Project Can Be A Quick Win For IT

A Self-Service Password Reset Project Can Be A Quick Win For IT

October 12, 2020The Hacker News
Since the beginning of this year, organizations' IT staff have faced numerous challenges and an increased workload as a result of the global pandemic and shift to a mainly remote workforce. Supporting end-users that are now working from home has introduced new challenges in troubleshooting since it isn't as simple as visiting an end user's desk to resolve issues as they arise. One support issue common to both on-premises and remote end-users is password resets and other account-related activities. These include accounts that are locked out, passwords that have expired, and password changes. Implementing a  self-service password reset (SSPR)  solution can be a quick win for IT staff who are now supporting both on-premises and remote workers and taking care of other normal daily tasks. Let's look at why SSPR solutions can lead to quick results in lowering the overall support burden on IT staff. Increased Strain On IT Staff The global pandemic this year has been challenging for
A Handy Guide for Choosing a Managed Detection & Response (MDR) Service

A Handy Guide for Choosing a Managed Detection & Response (MDR) Service

October 07, 2020The Hacker News
Every company needs help with cybersecurity. No CISO ever said, "I have everything I need and am fully confident that our organization is fully protected against breaches." This is especially true for small and mid-sized enterprises that don't have the luxury of enormous cybersecurity budgets and a deep bench of cybersecurity experts. To address this issue, especially for small and mid-sized enterprises, we've seen a sharp rise in Managed Detection and Response (MDR) services. MDR is essentially an outsourced cybersecurity expert service that monitors a company's environment and provides an improved ability to detect, investigate, and respond to threats. Think of it as augmenting your existing staff with a group of highly skilled cybersecurity experts. MDR Services Cynet recently published a new whitepaper that reviewed all of the services provided by their MDR team, which they refer to as "CyOps" [you can download the whitepaper here] . Interestin
Secure Your SaaS Apps With Security Posture Management Platform

Secure Your SaaS Apps With Security Posture Management Platform

October 05, 2020The Hacker News
As security professionals who have spent more than a few years in the industry, we know a good challenge when we see one. SaaS and cloud-based technologies are growing rapidly, offering organizations convenience and constant feature refreshes without the need to install and deploy software on-premises. However, even when referred to as 'a game-changer,' many organizations are still highly concerned by security breaches. Today, organizations have anywhere from 35-to literally hundreds of SaaS applications running. Slack, Office 365, Zoom, Zendesk, Salesforce, Hubspot, etc. These applications are at the core of modern enterprises, to the point where running a business without them would be nearly impossible, with the cost and time-saving benefits they provide enabling growth while conserving resources. SaaS applications are easy to use, scalable, and now, they even come with an impressive array of native security controls to secure sensitive corporate data. How to make the
Beware: New Android Spyware Found Posing as Telegram and Threema Apps

Beware: New Android Spyware Found Posing as Telegram and Threema Apps

October 01, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
A hacking group known for its attacks in the Middle East, at least since 2017, has recently been found impersonating legitimate messaging apps such as Telegram and Threema to infect Android devices with a new, previously undocumented malware. "Compared to the versions documented in 2017, Android/SpyC23.A has extended spying functionality, including reading notifications from messaging apps, call recording and screen recording, and new stealth features, such as dismissing notifications from built-in Android security apps," cybersecurity firm ESET  said  in a Wednesday analysis. First detailed by Qihoo 360 in 2017 under the moniker  Two-tailed Scorpion (aka APT-C-23 or Desert Scorpion), the mobile malware has been deemed "surveillanceware" for its abilities to spy on the devices of targeted individuals, exfiltrating call logs, contacts, location, messages, photos, and other sensitive documents in the process. In 2018, Symantec discovered a  newer variant  of the
Critical Flaws Discovered in Popular Industrial Remote Access Systems

Critical Flaws Discovered in Popular Industrial Remote Access Systems

October 01, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers have found critical security flaws in two popular industrial remote access systems that can be exploited to ban access to industrial production floors, hack into company networks, tamper with data, and even steal sensitive business secrets. The flaws,  discovered  by Tel Aviv-based OTORIO, were identified in B&R Automation's SiteManager and GateManager, and MB Connect Line's mbCONNECT24, two of the popular remote maintenance tools used in automotive, energy, oil & gas, metal, and packaging sectors to connect to industrial assets from anywhere across the world. Six Flaws in B&R Automation's SiteManager and GateManager According to an  advisory published by the US Cybersecurity and infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Wednesday, successful exploitation of the B&R Automation vulnerabilities could allow for "arbitrary information disclosure, manipulation, and a denial-of-service condition." The flaws, ranging from p
Chinese APT Group Targets Media, Finance, and Electronics Sectors

Chinese APT Group Targets Media, Finance, and Electronics Sectors

September 30, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Tuesday uncovered a new espionage campaign targeting media, construction, engineering, electronics, and finance sectors in Japan, Taiwan, the U.S., and China. Linking the attacks to Palmerworm (aka BlackTech) — likely a  China-based  advanced persistent threat (APT) — Symantec's Threat Hunter Team  said  the first wave of activity associated with this campaign began last year in August 2019, although their ultimate motivations still remain unclear. "While we cannot see what Palmerworm is exfiltrating from these victims, the group is considered an espionage group and its likely motivation is considered to be stealing information from targeted companies," the cybersecurity firm said. Among the multiple victims infected by Palmerworm, the media, electronics, and finance companies were all based in Taiwan, while an engineering company in Japan and a construction firm in China were also targeted. In addition to using custom malware to compromi
LIVE Webinar on Zerologon Vulnerability: Technical Analysis and Detection

LIVE Webinar on Zerologon Vulnerability: Technical Analysis and Detection

September 29, 2020The Hacker News
I am sure that many of you have by now heard of a recently disclosed critical Windows server vulnerability—called  Zerologon —that could let hackers completely take over enterprise networks. For those unaware, in brief, all supported versions of the Windows Server operating systems are vulnerable to a critical privilege escalation bug that resides in the  Netlogon Remote Control  Protocol for Domain Controllers. In other words, the underlying vulnerability ( CVE-2020-1472 ) could be exploited by an attacker to compromise Active Directory services, and eventually, the Windows domain without requiring any authentication. What's worse is that a proof-of-concept exploit for this flaw was released to the public last week, and immediately after, attackers started exploiting the weakness against unpatched systems in the wild. As described in our  coverage  based on a technical analysis published by Cynet security researchers, the underlying issue is Microsoft's implementation of
Researchers Uncover Cyber Espionage Operation Aimed At Indian Army

Researchers Uncover Cyber Espionage Operation Aimed At Indian Army

September 28, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers uncovered fresh evidence of an ongoing cyberespionage campaign against Indian defense units and armed forces personnel at least since 2019 with an aim to steal sensitive information. Dubbed " Operation SideCopy " by Indian cybersecurity firm  Quick Heal , the attacks have been attributed to an advanced persistent threat (APT) group that has successfully managed to stay under the radar by "copying" the tactics of other threat actors such as the  SideWinder . Exploiting Microsoft Equation Editor Flaw The campaign's starting point is an email with an embedded malicious attachment — either in the form of a ZIP file containing an LNK file or a Microsoft Word document — that triggers an infection chain via a series of steps to download the final-stage payload. Aside from identifying three different infection chains, what's notable is the fact that one of them exploited template injection and Microsoft Equation Editor flaw ( CVE-2017
Red Team — Automation or Simulation?

Red Team — Automation or Simulation?

September 28, 2020The Hacker News
What is the difference between a penetration test and a red team exercise? The common understanding is that a red team exercise is a pen-test on steroids, but what does that mean? While both programs are performed by ethical hackers, whether they are in-house residents or contracted externally, the difference runs deeper. In a nutshell, a pen-test is performed to discover exploitable vulnerabilities and misconfigurations that would potentially serve unethical hackers. They primarily test the effectiveness of security controls and employee security awareness. The purpose of a red team exercise, in addition to discovering exploitable vulnerabilities, is to exercise the operational effectiveness of the security team, the blue team. A red team exercise challenges the blue team's capabilities and supporting technology to detect, respond, and recover from a breach. The objective is to improve their incident management and response procedures. The challenge with pen-testing and red te
Fortinet VPN with Default Settings Leave 200,000 Businesses Open to Hackers

Fortinet VPN with Default Settings Leave 200,000 Businesses Open to Hackers

September 25, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
As the pandemic continues to accelerate the shift towards working from home, a  slew of digital threats  have capitalized on the health concern to exploit weaknesses in the remote work infrastructure and carry out malicious attacks. Now according to network security platform provider SAM Seamless Network , over 200,000 businesses that have deployed the Fortigate VPN solution—with default configuration—to enable employees to connect remotely are vulnerable to man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks, allowing attackers to present a valid SSL certificate and fraudulently take over a connection. "We quickly found that under default configuration the SSL VPN is not as protected as it should be, and is vulnerable to MITM attacks quite easily," SAM IoT Security Lab's Niv Hertz and Lior Tashimov said. "The Fortigate SSL-VPN client only verifies that the CA was issued by Fortigate (or another trusted CA), therefore an attacker can easily present a certificate issued to a differen
Unsecured Microsoft Bing Server Exposed Users' Search Queries and Location

Unsecured Microsoft Bing Server Exposed Users' Search Queries and Location

September 22, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
A back-end server associated with Microsoft Bing exposed sensitive data of the search engine's mobile application users, including search queries, device details, and GPS coordinates, among others. The logging database, however, doesn't include any personal details such as names or addresses. The data leak, discovered by Ata Hakcil of  WizCase  on September 12, is a massive 6.5TB cache of log files that was left for anyone to access without any password, potentially allowing cybercriminals to leverage the information for carrying out extortion and phishing scams. According to WizCase, the Elastic server is believed to have been password protected until September 10, after which the authentication seems to have been inadvertently removed. After the findings were privately disclosed to Microsoft Security Response Center, the Windows maker addressed the misconfiguration on September 16. Misconfigured servers have been a constant  source of data leaks  in recent years, resul
Zenscrape: A Simple Web Scraping Solution for Penetration Testers

Zenscrape: A Simple Web Scraping Solution for Penetration Testers

September 17, 2020The Hacker News
Did you ever try extracting any information from any website? Well, if you have then you have surely enacted web scraping functions without even knowing it! To put in simpler terms, Web scraping, or also known as web data extraction, is the process of recouping or sweeping data from web-pages. It is a much faster and easier process of retrieving data without undergoing the time-consuming hassle of manual data extraction methods. Web scraping uses advanced automatic tools to reclaim data from millions and billions of websites. The Basics of Web Scraping First, some common terms you'll need to know: The Crawler: The web crawler or popularly known as a 'spider,' is an automated website scraping tool that skims through the internet for information. The spider usually surfs the internet and follows links, and explores various web pages to gather or "scrape" up any information. The Scraper: A scraper or web scraper is a comprehensive website scraper
New Report Explains COVID-19's Impact on Cyber Security

New Report Explains COVID-19's Impact on Cyber Security

September 16, 2020The Hacker News
Most cybersecurity professionals fully anticipated that cybercriminals would leverage the fear and confusion surrounding the Covid-19 pandemic in their cyberattacks. Of course, malicious emails would contain subjects relating to Covid-19, and malicious downloads would be Covid-19 related. This is how cybercriminals operate. Any opportunity to maximize effectiveness, no matter how contemptible, is taken. While many have anecdotally suggested ways in which Covid-19 related cyberattacks would unfold, we have little data supporting the actual impact of Covid-19 on cybersecurity. Several have reported that the number of malicious emails with the subject related to Covid-19 has grown several hundred percent and that the majority of Covid-19 related emails are now malicious. Beyond the anticipated increase in Covid-19 related malicious emails, videos, and an array of downloadable files, which we all anticipated, what else is going on behind the scenes? Interestingly, cybersecurity
A Successful Self-Service Password Reset (SSPR) Project Requires User Adoption

A Successful Self-Service Password Reset (SSPR) Project Requires User Adoption

September 10, 2020The Hacker News
IT help desks everywhere are having to adjust to the 'new normal' of supporting mainly remote workers. This is a major shift away from visiting desks across the office and helping ones with traditional IT support processes. Many reasons end-users may contact the helpdesk. However, password related issues are arguably the most common. Since the onset of the global pandemic that began earlier this year, help desks are now dealing with password resets of users who are working remotely. Servicing users who are working remotely and assisting with password resets can be cumbersome and expose organizations to potential security risks. Self-service password reset (SSPR) solutions can significantly assist in providing the tools that remote workers need to service their accounts. However, there can be challenges with enrollment and other issues. Let's take a look at SSPR and see how businesses can manage enrollment compliance. What is Self-Service Password Reset (SSPR)
New Raccoon Attack Could Let Attackers Break SSL/TLS Encryption

New Raccoon Attack Could Let Attackers Break SSL/TLS Encryption

September 10, 2020Ravie Lakshmanan
A group of researchers has detailed a new timing vulnerability in Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol that could potentially allow an attacker to break the encryption and read sensitive communication under specific conditions. Dubbed " Raccoon Attack ," the server-side attack exploits a side-channel in the cryptographic protocol (versions 1.2 and lower) to extract the shared secret key used for secure communications between two parties. "The root cause for this side channel is that the TLS standard encourages non-constant-time processing of the DH secret," the researchers explained their findings in a paper. "If the server reuses ephemeral keys, this side channel may allow an attacker to recover the premaster secret by solving an instance of the Hidden Number Problem." However, the academics stated that the vulnerability is hard to exploit and relies on very precise timing measurements and on a specific server configuration to be exploitable.
Cynet Takes Cyber Threat Protection Automation to the Next Level with Incident Engine

Cynet Takes Cyber Threat Protection Automation to the Next Level with Incident Engine

September 09, 2020The Hacker News
We have all heard of the "cybersecurity skills gap" — firms' inability to hire and retain high-level cybersecurity talent. I see this gap manifesting in two ways. First, companies that want to hire cybersecurity talent simply cannot find candidates with sufficient skills. Second, companies that cannot afford specialized cybersecurity talent and therefore lack the necessary skills to adequately protect their organizations from the growing and increasingly sophisticated cyber threats. Both of these are real problems, and both can lead to devastating consequences. It's also fair to say that most cybersecurity teams today are overworked and understaffed. One of the primary reasons we need such high-level cybersecurity skills lies in the shortcomings of cybersecurity technologies. Due to the changing and increasingly sophisticated stream of attack techniques, the breadth and depth of cybersecurity defensive technologies used to combat these threats and protect org
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