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 Russian-Canadian National Charged Over Involvement in LockBit Ransomware Attacks

Russian-Canadian National Charged Over Involvement in LockBit Ransomware Attacks

November 11, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) has announced charges against a dual Russian and Canadian national for his alleged participation in  LockBit ransomware attacks  across the world. The 33-year-old Ontario resident,  Mikhail Vasiliev , has been taken into custody and is awaiting extradition to the U.S., where is likely to be sentenced for a maximum of five years in prison. Vasiliev has been charged with conspiracy to intentionally damage protected computers and to transmit ransom demands, according to a  criminal complaint  filed in the District of New Jersey. A search of the defendant's home in August and October 2022 by Canadian law enforcement unearthed a file stored on a device containing what's suspected to be a list of "prospective or historical" victims as well as screenshots of communications exchanged with "LockBitSupp" on the Tox messaging platform. Also found were a text file with instructions to deploy LockBit ransomware, the malware'
Microsoft Blames Russian Hackers for Prestige Ransomware Attacks on Ukraine and Poland

Microsoft Blames Russian Hackers for Prestige Ransomware Attacks on Ukraine and Poland

November 11, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Thursday attributed the recent spate of ransomware incidents targeting transportation and logistics sectors in Ukraine and Poland to a threat cluster that shares overlaps with the Russian state-sponsored  Sandworm group . The attacks, which were disclosed by the tech giant last month, involved a strain of previously undocumented malware called  Prestige  and is said to have taken place within an hour of each other across all victims. The Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) is now tracking the threat actor under its element-themed moniker Iridium (née DEV-0960), a Russia-based group that's publicly tracked by the name Sandworm (aka Iron Viking, TeleBots, and Voodoo Bear). "This attribution assessment is based on forensic artifacts, as well as overlaps in victimology, tradecraft, capabilities, and infrastructure, with known Iridium activity," MSTIC  said  in an update. The company also further assessed the group to have orchestrated compromise act
New IceXLoader Malware Loader Variant Infected Thousands of Victims Worldwide

New IceXLoader Malware Loader Variant Infected Thousands of Victims Worldwide

November 09, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
An updated version of a malware loader codenamed  IceXLoader  is suspected of having compromised thousands of personal and enterprise Windows machines across the world. IceXLoader is a commodity malware that's sold for $118 on underground forums for a lifetime license. It's chiefly employed to download and execute additional malware on breached hosts. This past June, Fortinet FortiGuard Labs said it  uncovered  a version of the trojan written in the Nim programming language with the goal of evading analysis and detection. "While the version discovered in June (v3.0) looked like a work-in-progress, we recently observed a newer v3.3.3 loader which looks to be fully functionable and includes a multi-stage delivery chain," Natalie Zargarov, cybersecurity researcher at Minerva Labs,  said  in a report published Tuesday. IceXLoader is traditionally distributed through phishing campaigns, with emails containing ZIP archives functioning as a trigger to deploy the malwar
Amadey Bot Spotted Deploying LockBit 3.0 Ransomware on Hacked Machines

Amadey Bot Spotted Deploying LockBit 3.0 Ransomware on Hacked Machines

November 08, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The Amadey malware is being used to deploy  LockBit 3.0 ransomware  on compromised systems, researchers have warned. "Amadey bot, the malware that is used to install LockBit, is being distributed through two methods: one using a malicious Word document file, and the other using an executable that takes the disguise of the Word file icon," AhnLab Security Emergency Response Center (ASEC)  said  in a new report published today. Amadey, first discovered in 2018, is a "criminal-to-criminal (C2C) botnet infostealer project," as  described  by the BlackBerry Research and Intelligence Team, and is offered for purchase on the criminal underground for as much as $600. While its primary function is to harvest sensitive information from the infected hosts, it further doubles up as a channel to deliver next-stage artifacts. Earlier this July, it was  spread using SmokeLoader , a malware with not-so-different features like itself. Just last month, ASEC also  found  the mal
New Laplas Clipper Malware Targeting Cryptocurrency Users via SmokeLoader

New Laplas Clipper Malware Targeting Cryptocurrency Users via SmokeLoader

November 08, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Cryptocurrency users are being targeted with a new clipper malware strain dubbed  Laplas  by means of another malware known as SmokeLoader. SmokeLoader, which is delivered by means of weaponized documents sent through spear-phishing emails, further acts as a conduit for other  commodity trojans  like  SystemBC  and  Raccoon Stealer 2.0 , according to an  analysis  from Cyble. Observed in the wild since circa 2013,  SmokeLoader  functions as a generic loader capable of distributing additional payloads onto compromised systems, such as information-stealing malware and other implants. In July 2022, it was found to deploy a backdoor called  Amadey . Cyble said it discovered over 180 samples of the Laplas since October 24, 2022, suggesting a wide deployment. Clippers, also called ClipBankers, fall under a category of malware that Microsoft calls  cryware , which are designed to steal crypto by keeping close tabs on a victim's clipboard activity and swapping the original wallet ad
Experts Find URLScan Security Scanner Inadvertently Leaks Sensitive URLs and Data

Experts Find URLScan Security Scanner Inadvertently Leaks Sensitive URLs and Data

November 07, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Security researchers are warning of "a trove of sensitive information" leaking through urlscan.io, a website scanner for suspicious and malicious URLs. "Sensitive URLs to shared documents, password reset pages, team invites, payment invoices and more are publicly listed and searchable," Positive Security co-founder, Fabian Bräunlein,  said  in a report published on November 2, 2022. The Berlin-based cybersecurity firm said it started an investigation in the aftermath of a  notification  sent by GitHub in February 2022 to an unknown number of users about sharing their usernames and private repository names (i.e.,  GitHub Pages URLs ) to urlscan.io for metadata analysis as part of an automated process. Urlscan.io, which has been described as a  sandbox for the web , is  integrated  into several security solutions  via its API . "With the type of integration of this API (for example via a security tool that scans every incoming email and performs a urlscan o
Researchers Uncover 29 Malicious PyPI Packages Targeted Developers with W4SP Stealer

Researchers Uncover 29 Malicious PyPI Packages Targeted Developers with W4SP Stealer

November 05, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers have uncovered 29 packages in Python Package Index (PyPI), the official third-party software repository for the Python programming language, that aim to infect developers' machines with a malware called W4SP Stealer . "The main attack seems to have started around October 12, 2022, slowly picking up steam to a concentrated effort around October 22," software supply chain security company Phylum  said  in a report published this week. The list of offending packages is as follows: typesutil, typestring, sutiltype, duonet, fatnoob, strinfer, pydprotect, incrivelsim, twyne, pyptext, installpy, faq, colorwin, requests-httpx, colorsama, shaasigma, stringe, felpesviadinho, cypress, pystyte, pyslyte, pystyle, pyurllib, algorithmic, oiu, iao, curlapi, type-color, and pyhints. Collectively, the packages have been downloaded more than 5,700 times, with some of the libraries (e.g., twyne and colorsama) relying on typosquatting to trick unsuspecting users
Researchers Find Links b/w Black Basta Ransomware and FIN7 Hackers

Researchers Find Links b/w Black Basta Ransomware and FIN7 Hackers

November 03, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A new analysis of tools put to use by the Black Basta ransomware operation has identified ties between the threat actor and the  FIN7  (aka Carbanak) group. This link "could suggest either that Black Basta and FIN7 maintain a special relationship or that one or more individuals belong to both groups," cybersecurity firm SentinelOne  said  in a technical write-up shared with The Hacker News. Black Basta, which  emerged  earlier this year, has been attributed to a ransomware spree that has claimed over 90 organizations as of September 2022, suggesting that the adversary is both well-organized and well-resourced. One notable aspect that makes the group stand out, per SentinelOne, is the fact that there have been no signs of its operators attempting to recruit affiliates or advertising the malware as a RaaS on darknet forums or crimeware marketplaces. This has raised the possibility that the Black Basta developers either cut out affiliates from the chain and deploy the ranso
OPERA1ER APT Hackers Targeted Dozens of Financial Organizations in Africa

OPERA1ER APT Hackers Targeted Dozens of Financial Organizations in Africa

November 03, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A French-speaking threat actor dubbed  OPERA1ER  has been linked to a series of more than 30 successful cyber attacks aimed at banks, financial services, and telecom companies across Africa, Asia, and Latin America between 2018 and 2022. According to Singapore-headquartered cybersecurity company Group-IB, the attacks have led to thefts totaling $11 million, with actual damages estimated to be as high as $30 million. Some of the more recent attacks in 2021 and 2021 have singled out five different banks in Burkina Faso, Benin, Ivory Coast, and Senegal. Many of the victims identified are said to have been compromised twice, and their infrastructure subsequently weaponized to strike other organizations. OPERA1ER, also called by the names DESKTOP-GROUP, Common Raven, and NXSMS, is known to be active since 2016, operating with the goal of conducting financially motivated heists and exfiltration of documents for further use in spear-phishing attacks. "OPERA1ER often operates during
Hackers Using Rogue Versions of KeePass and SolarWinds Software to Distribute RomCom RAT

Hackers Using Rogue Versions of KeePass and SolarWinds Software to Distribute RomCom RAT

November 03, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The operators of RomCom RAT malware are continuing to evolve their campaigns by distributing rogue versions of software such as SolarWinds Network Performance Monitor, KeePass password manager, and PDF Reader Pro via fake copycat websites. Targets of the operation consist of victims in Ukraine and select English-speaking countries like the U.K. To be noted the malicious software in question is not related to any product developed or released by SolarWinds, and is instead an unlicensed, "cracked" version of an old product. "Given the geography of the targets and the current geopolitical situation, it's unlikely that the RomCom RAT threat actor is cybercrime-motivated," the BlackBerry Threat Research and Intelligence Team  said  in a new analysis. The latest findings  come  a week after the Canadian cybersecurity company disclosed a spear-phishing campaign aimed at Ukrainian entities to deploy a remote access trojan called RomCom RAT. The unknown threat act
These Android Apps with a Million Play Store Installations Redirect Users to Malicious Sites

These Android Apps with a Million Play Store Installations Redirect Users to Malicious Sites

November 02, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A set of four Android apps released by the same developer has been discovered directing victims to malicious websites as part of an adware and information-stealing campaign. The apps, published by a developer named  Mobile apps Group  and currently available on the Play Store, have been collectively downloaded over one million times. According to  Malwarebytes , the websites are designed to generate revenues through pay-per-click ads, and worse, prompt users to install cleaner apps on their phones with the goal of deploying additional malware. The list of apps is as follows - Bluetooth App Sender (com.bluetooth.share.app) - 50,000+ downloads Bluetooth Auto Connect (com.bluetooth.autoconnect.anybtdevices) - 1,000,000+ downloads Driver: Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, USB (com.driver.finder.bluetooth.wifi.usb) - 10,000+ downloads Mobile transfer: smart switch (com.mobile.faster.transfer.smart.switch) - 1,000+ downloads It's no surprise that malicious apps have  devised new ways  to ge
Inside Raccoon Stealer V2

Inside Raccoon Stealer V2

November 02, 2022The Hacker News
Raccoon Stealer is back on the news again. US officials arrested Mark Sokolovsky, one of the malware actors behind this program. In July 2022, after several months of the shutdown, a Raccoon Stealer V2 went viral. Last week, the Department of Justice's press release stated that the malware collected 50 million credentials. This article will give a quick guide to the latest info stealer's version. What is Raccoon infostealer V2? Raccoon Stealer  is a kind of malware that steals various data from an infected computer. It's quite a basic malware, but hackers have made Raccoon popular with excellent service and simple navigation.  In 2019, Raccoon infostealer was one of the most discussed malware. In exchange for $75 per week and $200 per month, cybercriminals sold this simple but versatile info stealer as a MaaS. The malware was successful in attacking a number of systems. In March 2022, however, threat authors ceased to operate.  An updated version of this malware was r
Chinese Hackers Using New Stealthy Infection Chain to Deploy LODEINFO Malware

Chinese Hackers Using New Stealthy Infection Chain to Deploy LODEINFO Malware

November 01, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The Chinese state-sponsored threat actor known as Stone Panda has been observed employing a new stealthy infection chain in its attacks aimed at Japanese entities. Targets include media, diplomatic, governmental and public sector organizations and think-tanks in Japan, according to  twin   reports  published by Kaspersky. Stone Panda , also called  APT10 , Bronze Riverside, Cicada, and Potassium, is a cyber  espionage group  known for its intrusions against organizations identified as strategically significant to China. The threat actor is believed to have been active since at least 2009. The group has also been linked to attacks using malware families like SigLoader, SodaMaster , and a web shell called Jackpot against multiple Japanese domestic organizations since April 2021, per cybersecurity firm Trend Micro, which is tracking the group under the name Earth Tengshe . The latest set of attacks, observed between March and June 2022, involve the use of a bogus Microsoft Word fil
Fodcha DDoS Botnet Resurfaces with New Capabilities

Fodcha DDoS Botnet Resurfaces with New Capabilities

October 31, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The threat actor behind the Fodcha distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) botnet has resurfaced with new capabilities, researchers reveal. This includes changes to its communication protocol and the ability to extort cryptocurrency payments in exchange for stopping the DDoS attack against a target, Qihoo 360's Network Security Research Lab  said  in a report published last week. Fodcha  first came to light  earlier this April, with the malware propagating through known vulnerabilities in Android and IoT devices as well as weak Telnet or SSH passwords. The cybersecurity company said that Fodcha has evolved into a large-scale botnet with over 60,000 active nodes and 40 command-and-control (C2) domains that can "easily generate more than 1 Tbps traffic." Peak activity is said to have occurred on October 11, 2022, when the malware targeted 1,396 devices in a single day. The top countries singled out by the botnet since late June 2022 comprises China, the U.S., Singapore,
GitHub Repojacking Bug Could've Allowed Attackers to Takeover Other Users' Repositories

GitHub Repojacking Bug Could've Allowed Attackers to Takeover Other Users' Repositories

October 31, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Cloud-based repository hosting service GitHub has addressed a high-severity security flaw that could have been exploited to create malicious repositories and mount supply chain attacks. The RepoJacking technique,  disclosed  by Checkmarx, entails a bypass of a protection mechanism called  popular repository namespace retirement , which aims to prevent developers from pulling unsafe repositories with the same name. The issue was addressed by the Microsoft-owned subsidiary on September 19, 2022 following responsible disclosure. RepoJacking  occurs  when a creator of a repository opts to change the username, potentially enabling a threat actor to claim the old username and publish a rogue repository with the same name in an attempt to trick users into downloading them. While Microsoft's countermeasure "retire[s] the namespace of any open source project that had more than 100 clones in the week leading up to the owner's account being renamed or deleted," Checkmarx
These Dropper Apps On Play Store Targeting Over 200 Banking and Cryptocurrency Wallets

These Dropper Apps On Play Store Targeting Over 200 Banking and Cryptocurrency Wallets

October 28, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Five malicious dropper Android apps with over 130,000 cumulative installations have been discovered on the Google Play Store distributing banking trojans like  SharkBot  and  Vultur , which are capable of stealing financial data and performing on-device fraud. "These droppers continue the unstopping evolution of malicious apps sneaking to the official store," Dutch mobile security firm ThreatFabric told The Hacker News in a statement. "This evolution includes following newly introduced policies and masquerading as file managers and overcoming limitations by side-loading the malicious payload through the web browser." Targets of these  droppers  include 231 banking and cryptocurrency wallet apps from financial institutions in Italy, the U.K., Germany, Spain, Poland, Austria, the U.S., Australia, France, and the Netherlands. Dropper apps on official app stores like Google Play have  increasingly   become  a popular and efficient technique to distribute banking m
Researchers Uncover Stealthy Techniques Used by Cranefly Espionage Hackers

Researchers Uncover Stealthy Techniques Used by Cranefly Espionage Hackers

October 28, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A recently discovered hacking group known for targeting employees dealing with corporate transactions has been linked to a new backdoor called Danfuan . This hitherto undocumented malware is delivered via another dropper called Geppei, researchers from Symantec, by Broadcom Software,  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. The dropper "is being used to install a new backdoor and other tools using the novel technique of reading commands from seemingly innocuous Internet Information Services ( IIS ) logs," the researchers said. The toolset has been attributed by the cybersecurity company to a suspected espionage actor called UNC3524, aka Cranefly, which  first came to light  in May 2022 for its focus on bulk email collection from victims who deal with mergers and acquisitions and other financial transactions. One of the group's key malware strains is QUIETEXIT, a backdoor deployed on network appliances that do not support antivirus or endpoint detection, such
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