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U.S. Court Orders NSO Group to Hand Over Pegasus Spyware Code to WhatsApp

U.S. Court Orders NSO Group to Hand Over Pegasus Spyware Code to WhatsApp

Mar 02, 2024 Spyware / Privacy
A U.S. judge has ordered NSO Group to hand over its source code for  Pegasus  and other products to Meta as part of the social media giant's ongoing litigation against the Israeli spyware vendor. The  decision , which marks a major legal victory for Meta, which  filed the lawsuit  in October 2019 for using its infrastructure to  distribute the spyware  to approximately 1,400 mobile devices between April and May. This also  included  two dozen Indian activists and journalists. These attacks leveraged a then zero-day flaw in the instant messaging app ( CVE-2019-3568 , CVSS score: 9.8), a critical  buffer overflow bug  in the voice call functionality, to deliver Pegasus by merely placing a call, even in scenarios where the calls were left unanswered. In addition, the attack chain included steps to erase the incoming call information from the logs in an attempt to sidestep detection. Court documents released late last month show that NSO Group has been asked to "produce info
U.S. Charges Iranian Hacker, Offers $10 Million Reward for Capture

U.S. Charges Iranian Hacker, Offers $10 Million Reward for Capture

Mar 02, 2024 Cybercrime / Social Engineering
The U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ) on Friday unsealed an indictment against an Iranian national for his alleged involvement in a multi-year cyber-enabled campaign designed to compromise U.S. governmental and private entities. More than a dozen entities are said to have been targeted, including the U.S. Departments of the Treasury and State, defense contractors that support U.S. Department of Defense programs, and an accounting firm and a hospitality company, both based in New York. Alireza Shafie Nasab, 39, claimed to be a cybersecurity specialist for a company named Mahak Rayan Afraz while participating in a persistent campaign targeting the U.S. from at least in or about 2016 through or about April 2021. "As alleged, Alireza Shafie Nasab participated in a cyber campaign using spear-phishing and other hacking techniques to infect more than 200,000 victim devices, many of which contained sensitive or classified defense information,"  said  U.S. Attorney Damian Williams for the So
New Phishing Kit Leverages SMS, Voice Calls to Target Cryptocurrency Users

New Phishing Kit Leverages SMS, Voice Calls to Target Cryptocurrency Users

Mar 01, 2024 Phishing Kit / Cryptocurrency
A novel phishing kit has been observed impersonating the login pages of well-known cryptocurrency services as part of an attack cluster codenamed CryptoChameleon that's designed to primarily target mobile devices. "This kit enables attackers to build carbon copies of single sign-on (SSO) pages, then use a combination of email, SMS, and voice phishing to trick the target into sharing usernames, passwords, password reset URLs, and even photo IDs from hundreds of victims, mostly in the United States," Lookout  said  in a report. Targets of the phishing kit include employees of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Binance, Coinbase, and cryptocurrency users of various platforms like Binance, Coinbase, Gemini, Kraken, ShakePay, Caleb & Brown, and Trezor. More than 100 victims have been successfully phished to date. The phishing pages are designed such that the fake login screen is displayed only after the victim completes a CAPTCHA test using hCaptcha, thus preventing automa
cyber security

Are You Vulnerable to Third-Party Breaches Through Interconnected SaaS Apps?

websiteWing SecuritySaaS Security / Risk Management
Protect against cascading risks by identifying and mitigating app2app and third-party SaaS vulnerabilities.
4 Instructive Postmortems on Data Downtime and Loss

4 Instructive Postmortems on Data Downtime and Loss

Mar 01, 2024 Data Security / Disaster Recovery
More than a decade ago, the concept of the  'blameless'  postmortem changed how tech companies recognize failures at scale. John Allspaw, who coined the term during his tenure at Etsy, argued postmortems were all about controlling our natural reaction to an incident, which is to point fingers: "One option is to assume the single cause is incompetence and scream at engineers to make them 'pay attention!' or 'be more careful!' Another option is to take a hard look at how the accident actually happened, treat the engineers involved with respect, and learn from the event." What can we, in turn, learn from some of the most honest and blameless—and public—postmortems of the last few years? GitLab: 300GB of user data gone in seconds What happened : Back in 2017, GitLab experienced a painful 18-hour outage. That story, and GitLab's subsequent honesty and transparency, has significantly impacted how organizations handle data security today. The incident began when GitLab's secondary datab
New BIFROSE Linux Malware Variant Using Deceptive VMware Domain for Evasion

New BIFROSE Linux Malware Variant Using Deceptive VMware Domain for Evasion

Mar 01, 2024 Linux / Cyber Threat
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a new Linux variant of a remote access trojan (RAT) called BIFROSE (aka Bifrost) that uses a deceptive domain mimicking VMware. "This latest version of Bifrost aims to bypass security measures and compromise targeted systems," Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 researchers Anmol Maurya and Siddharth Sharma  said . BIFROSE  is one of the long-standing threats that has been active since 2004. It has been offered for sale in underground forums for up to $10,000 in the past, according to a  report  from Trend Micro in December 2015. The malware has been put to use by a state-backed hacking group from China tracked as  BlackTech  (aka Circuit Panda, HUAPI, Manga Taurus, Palmerworm, PLEAD, Red Djinn, and Temp.Overboard), which has a history of striking organizations in Japan, Taiwan, and the U.S. It's suspected that the threat actor purchased the source code or gained access to it around 2010, and repurposed the malware for use in its own
Five Eyes Agencies Warn of Active Exploitation of Ivanti Gateway Vulnerabilities

Five Eyes Agencies Warn of Active Exploitation of Ivanti Gateway Vulnerabilities

Mar 01, 2024 Rootkit / Threat Intelligence
The Five Eyes (FVEY) intelligence alliance has issued a new cybersecurity advisory warning of cyber threat actors exploiting known security flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure and Ivanti Policy Secure gateways, noting that the Integrity Checker Tool (ICT) can be deceived to provide a false sense of security. "Ivanti ICT is not sufficient to detect compromise and that a cyber threat actor may be able to gain root-level persistence despite issuing factory resets," the agencies  said . To date, Ivanti has disclosed five security vulnerabilities impacting its products since January 10, 2024, out of which four have come under active exploitation by multiple threat actors to deploy malware - CVE-2023-46805  (CVSS score: 8.2) - Authentication bypass vulnerability in web component CVE-2024-21887  (CVSS score: 9.1) - Command injection vulnerability in web component CVE-2024-21888  (CVSS score: 8.8) - Privilege escalation vulnerability in web component CVE-2024-21893  (CVSS score: 8
SaaS Compliance through the NIST Cybersecurity Framework

SaaS Compliance through the NIST Cybersecurity Framework

Feb 20, 2024Cybersecurity Framework / SaaS Security
The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) cybersecurity framework is one of the world's most important guidelines for securing networks. It can be applied to any number of applications, including SaaS.  One of the challenges facing those tasked with securing SaaS applications is the different settings found in each application. It makes it difficult to develop a configuration policy that will apply to an HR app that manages employees, a marketing app that manages content, and an R&D app that manages software versions, all while aligning with NIST compliance standards.  However, there are several settings that can be applied to nearly every app in the SaaS stack. In this article, we'll explore some universal configurations, explain why they are important, and guide you in setting them in a way that improves your SaaS apps' security posture.  Start with Admins Role-based access control (RBAC) is a key to NIST adherence and should be applied to every SaaS a
GitHub Rolls Out Default Secret Scanning Push Protection for Public Repositories

GitHub Rolls Out Default Secret Scanning Push Protection for Public Repositories

Mar 01, 2024 DevSecOps / Cybersecurity
GitHub on Thursday announced that it's enabling secret scanning push protection by default for all pushes to public repositories. "This means that when a supported secret is detected in any push to a public repository, you will have the option to remove the secret from your commits or, if you deem the secret safe, bypass the block," Eric Tooley and Courtney Claessens  said . Push protection  was  first piloted  as an opt-in feature in August 2023, although it has been under testing since April 2022. It became  generally available  in May 2023. The  secret scanning  feature is designed to identify over  200 token types  and patterns from more than 180 service providers in order to prevent their fraudulent use by malicious actors.  The development comes nearly five months after the Microsoft subsidiary  expanded  secret scanning to include validity checks for popular services such as Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft, Google, and Slack. It also follows the discovery of an ongoi
New Silver SAML Attack Evades Golden SAML Defenses in Identity Systems

New Silver SAML Attack Evades Golden SAML Defenses in Identity Systems

Feb 29, 2024 Threat Intelligence / Cyber Threat
Cybersecurity researchers have disclosed a new attack technique called  Silver SAML  that can be successful even in cases where mitigations have been applied against Golden SAML attacks. Silver SAML "enables the exploitation of SAML to launch attacks from an identity provider like Entra ID against applications configured to use it for authentication, such as Salesforce," Semperis researchers Tomer Nahum and Eric Woodruff  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. Golden SAML (short for  Security Assertion Markup Language ) was  first documented  by CyberArk in 2017. The attack vector, in a nutshell, entails the abuse of the interoperable authentication standard to impersonate almost any identity in an organization. It's also similar to the  Golden Ticket attack  in that it grants attackers the ability to gain unauthorized access to any service in a federation with any privileges and to stay persistent in this environment in a stealthy manner. "Golden SAML introduces to a fed
GTPDOOR Linux Malware Targets Telecoms, Exploiting GPRS Roaming Networks

GTPDOOR Linux Malware Targets Telecoms, Exploiting GPRS Roaming Networks

Feb 29, 2024 Linux / Network Security
Threat hunters have discovered a new Linux malware called  GTPDOOR  that's designed to be deployed in telecom networks that are adjacent to GPRS roaming exchanges ( GRX ) The  malware  is novel in the fact that it leverages the GPRS Tunnelling Protocol ( GTP ) for command-and-control (C2) communications. GPRS roaming allows subscribers to access their GPRS services while they are beyond the reach of their home mobile network. This is facilitated by means of a GRX that transports the roaming traffic using GTP between the visited and the home Public Land Mobile Network ( PLMN ). Security researcher haxrob, who discovered two  GTPDOOR   artifacts  uploaded to VirusTotal from China and Italy, said the backdoor is likely linked to a known threat actor tracked as  LightBasin  (aka UNC1945), which was previously disclosed by CrowdStrike in October 2021 in connection with a series of attacks targeting the telecom sector to steal subscriber information and call metadata. "When run, the f
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