Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a new high-severity security flaw in PaperCut print management software for Windows that could result in remote code execution under specific circumstances.
Tracked as CVE-2023-39143 (CVSS score: 8.4), the flaw impacts PaperCut NG/MF prior to version 22.1.3. It has been described as a combination of a path traversal and file upload vulnerability.
"CVE-2023-39143 enables unauthenticated attackers to potentially read, delete, and upload arbitrary files to the PaperCut MF/NG application server, resulting in remote code execution in certain configurations," Horizon3.ai's Naveen Sunkavally said.
The cybersecurity firm said that file upload leading to remote code execution is possible when the external device integration setting is enabled, which is on by default in some installations of PaperCut.
Earlier this April, another remote code execution vulnerability in the same product (CVE-2023-27350, CVSS score: 9.8) and an information disclosure flaw (CVE-2023–27351) came under widespread exploitation in the wild to deliver Cobalt Strike and ransomware. Iranian nation-state actors were also spotted abusing the bugs to obtain initial access to target networks.
"Compared to CVE-2023-27350, CVE-2023-39143 also does not require attackers to have any prior privileges to exploit, and no user interaction is required," Sunkavally noted. "CVE-2023-39143 is more complex to exploit, involving multiple issues that must be chained together to compromise a server. It is not a 'one-shot' RCE vulnerability."
Also remediated by PaperCut in version 22.1.3 is a security flaw that could allow an unauthenticated attacker with direct server IP access to upload arbitrary files into a target directory, leading to a potential denial-of-service (CVE-2023-3486, CVSS score: 7.4). Tenable has been credited with discovering and reporting the issue.