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VMware Alert: Uninstall EAP Now - Critical Flaw Puts Active Directory at Risk

VMware Alert: Uninstall EAP Now - Critical Flaw Puts Active Directory at Risk

Feb 21, 2024 Active Directory / Vulnerability
VMware is urging users to uninstall the deprecated Enhanced Authentication Plugin (EAP) following the discovery of a critical security flaw. Tracked as  CVE-2024-22245  (CVSS score: 9.6), the vulnerability has been described as an arbitrary authentication relay bug. "A malicious actor could trick a target domain user with EAP installed in their web browser into requesting and relaying service tickets for arbitrary Active Directory Service Principal Names (SPNs)," the company  said  in an advisory. EAP,  deprecated as of March 2021 , is a software package that's designed to allow direct login to vSphere's management interfaces and tools through a web browser. It's not included by default and is not part of vCenter Server, ESXi, or Cloud Foundation. Also discovered in the same tool is a session hijack flaw (CVE-2024-22250, CVSS score: 7.8) that could permit a malicious actor with unprivileged local access to a Windows operating system to seize a privileged EAP
Chinese Hackers Silently Weaponized VMware Zero-Day Flaw for 2 Years

Chinese Hackers Silently Weaponized VMware Zero-Day Flaw for 2 Years

Jan 20, 2024 Zero Day / Cyber Espionage
An advanced China-nexus cyber espionage group previously linked to the exploitation of security flaws in VMware and Fortinet appliances has been attributed to the abuse of a critical vulnerability in VMware vCenter Server as a zero-day since late 2021. "UNC3886 has a track record of utilizing zero-day vulnerabilities to complete their mission without being detected, and this latest example further demonstrates their capabilities," Google-owned Mandiant said in a Friday report. The vulnerability in question is CVE-2023-34048 (CVSS score: 9.8), an out-of-bounds write that could be put to use by a malicious actor with network access to vCenter Server to achieve remote code execution. It was fixed by the Broadcom-owned company on October 24, 2023. The virtualization services provider, earlier this week, updated its advisory to acknowledge that "exploitation of CVE-2023-34048 has occurred in the wild." UNC3886 first came to light in September 2022 when it was
Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian Cybersecurity Incidents: What to Know

Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian Cybersecurity Incidents: What to Know

Feb 13, 2024SaaS Security / Data Breach
The Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian cybersecurity incidents raised alarms about the vulnerabilities inherent in major SaaS platforms. These incidents illustrate the stakes involved in SaaS breaches — safeguarding the integrity of SaaS apps and their sensitive data is critical but is not easy. Common threat vectors such as sophisticated spear-phishing, misconfigurations and vulnerabilities in third-party app integrations demonstrate the complex security challenges facing IT systems. In the case of Midnight Blizzard, password spraying against a test environment was the initial attack vector. For Cloudflare-Atlassian, threat actors initiated the attack via compromised  OAuth tokens  from a prior breach at Okta, a SaaS identity security provider.  What Exactly Happened? Microsoft Midnight Blizzard Breach Microsoft was targeted by the Russian "Midnight Blizzard" hackers (also known as Nobelium, APT29, or Cozy Bear) who are linked to the SVR, the Kremlin's forei
Citrix, VMware, and Atlassian Hit with Critical Flaws — Patch ASAP!

Citrix, VMware, and Atlassian Hit with Critical Flaws — Patch ASAP!

Jan 17, 2024 Vulnerability / Cyber Threat
Citrix is warning of two zero-day security vulnerabilities in NetScaler ADC (formerly Citrix ADC) and NetScaler Gateway (formerly Citrix Gateway) that are being actively exploited in the wild. The flaws are listed below - CVE-2023-6548 (CVSS score: 5.5) - Authenticated (low privileged) remote code execution on Management Interface (requires access to NSIP, CLIP, or SNIP with management interface access) CVE-2023-6549 (CVSS score: 8.2) - Denial-of-service (requires that the appliance be configured as a Gateway or authorization and accounting, or AAA, virtual server) The following customer-managed versions of NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway are impacted by the shortcomings - NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway 14.1 before 14.1-12.35 NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway 13.1 before 13.1-51.15 NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway 13.0 before 13.0-92.21 NetScaler ADC and NetScaler Gateway version 12.1 (currently end-of-life) NetScaler ADC 13.1-FIPS before 13.1-37.176 NetS
cyber security

The Critical State of AI in the Cloud

websiteWiz.ioArtificial Intelligence / Cloud Security
Wiz Research reveals the explosive growth of AI adoption and what 150,000+ cloud accounts revealed about the AI surge.
8Base Group Deploying New Phobos Ransomware Variant via SmokeLoader

8Base Group Deploying New Phobos Ransomware Variant via SmokeLoader

Nov 18, 2023 Ransomware / Endpoint Security
The threat actors behind the  8Base ransomware  are leveraging a variant of the Phobos ransomware to conduct their financially motivated attacks. The findings come from Cisco Talos, which has recorded an increase in activity carried out by the cybercriminals. "Most of the group's Phobos variants are distributed by SmokeLoader, a backdoor trojan," security researcher Guilherme Venere said in an exhaustive  two-part   analysis  published Friday. "This commodity loader typically drops or downloads additional payloads when deployed. In 8Base campaigns, however, it has the ransomware component embedded in its encrypted payloads, which is then decrypted and loaded into the SmokeLoader process' memory." 8Base came into sharp focus in mid-2023, when a similar spike in activity was observed by the cybersecurity community. It's said to be active at least since March 2022. A  previous analysis  from VMware Carbon Black in June 2023 identified parallels between 8Base and Ranso
Urgent: VMware Warns of Unpatched Critical Cloud Director Vulnerability

Urgent: VMware Warns of Unpatched Critical Cloud Director Vulnerability

Nov 15, 2023 Network Securit / Vulnerability
VMware is warning of a critical and unpatched security flaw in Cloud Director that could be exploited by a malicious actor to get around authentication protections. Tracked as  CVE-2023-34060  (CVSS score: 9.8), the vulnerability impacts instances that have been upgraded to version 10.5 from an older version. "On an upgraded version of VMware Cloud Director Appliance 10.5, a malicious actor with network access to the appliance can bypass login restrictions when authenticating on port 22 (ssh) or port 5480 (appliance management console)," the company  said  in an alert. "This bypass is not present on port 443 (VCD provider and tenant login). On a new installation of VMware Cloud Director Appliance 10.5, the bypass is not present." The virtualization services company further noted that the impact is due to the fact that it utilizes a version of sssd from the underlying Photon OS that is affected by  CVE-2023-34060 . Dustin Hartle from IT solutions provider Idea
Researchers Find 34 Windows Drivers Vulnerable to Full Device Takeover

Researchers Find 34 Windows Drivers Vulnerable to Full Device Takeover

Nov 02, 2023 Endpoint Security / Malware
As many as 34 unique vulnerable Windows Driver Model ( WDM ) and Windows Driver Frameworks ( WDF ) drivers could be exploited by non-privileged threat actors to gain full control of the devices and execute arbitrary code on the underlying systems. "By exploiting the drivers, an attacker without privilege may erase/alter firmware, and/or elevate [operating system] privileges," Takahiro Haruyama, a senior threat researcher at VMware Carbon Black,  said . The  research  expands on previous studies, such as  ScrewedDrivers  and  POPKORN  that utilized  symbolic execution  for automating the discovery of vulnerable drivers. It specifically focuses on drivers that contain firmware access through port I/O and memory-mapped I/O. The names of some of the vulnerable drivers include AODDriver.sys, ComputerZ.sys, dellbios.sys, GEDevDrv.sys, GtcKmdfBs.sys, IoAccess.sys, kerneld.amd64, ngiodriver.sys, nvoclock.sys, PDFWKRNL.sys ( CVE-2023-20598 ), RadHwMgr.sys, rtif.sys, rtport.sys, s
Act Now: VMware Releases Patch for Critical vCenter Server RCE Vulnerability

Act Now: VMware Releases Patch for Critical vCenter Server RCE Vulnerability

Oct 25, 2023 Vulnerability / Cyber Threat
VMware has released security updates to address a critical flaw in the vCenter Server that could result in remote code execution on affected systems. The issue, tracked as  CVE-2023-34048  (CVSS score: 9.8), has been described as an out-of-bounds write vulnerability in the implementation of the  DCE/RPC protocol . "A malicious actor with network access to vCenter Server may trigger an out-of-bounds write potentially leading to remote code execution," VMware  said  in an advisory published today. Credited with discovering and reporting the flaw is Grigory Dorodnov of Trend Micro Zero Day Initiative. VMware said that there are no workarounds to mitigate the shortcoming and that security updates have been made available in the following versions of the software - VMware vCenter Server 8.0 (8.0U1d or 8.0U2) VMware vCenter Server 7.0 (7.0U3o) VMware Cloud Foundation 5.x and 4.x Given the criticality of the flaw and the lack of temporary mitigations, the virtualization
Alert: PoC Exploits Released for Citrix and VMware Vulnerabilities

Alert: PoC Exploits Released for Citrix and VMware Vulnerabilities

Oct 25, 2023 Exploit / Vulnerability
Virtualization services provider VMware has alerted customers to the existence of a proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit for a recently patched security flaw in Aria Operations for Logs. Tracked as CVE-2023-34051 (CVSS score: 8.1), the high-severity vulnerability relates to a case of authentication bypass that could lead to remote code execution. "An unauthenticated, malicious actor can inject files into the operating system of an impacted appliance which can result in remote code execution," VMware  noted  in an advisory on October 19, 2023. James Horseman from Horizon3.ai and the Randori Attack Team have been credited with discovering and reporting the flaw. Horizon3.ai has since made available a  PoC for the vulnerability , prompting VMware to revise its advisory this week. It's worth noting that CVE-2023-34051 is a patch bypass for a  set of critical flaws  that were addressed by VMware earlier this January that could expose users to remote code execution attacks. &
PoC Exploit Released for Critical VMware Aria's SSH Auth Bypass Vulnerability

PoC Exploit Released for Critical VMware Aria's SSH Auth Bypass Vulnerability

Sep 03, 2023 Network Security / Vulnerability
Proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit code has been made available for a recently disclosed and patched critical flaw impacting VMware Aria Operations for Networks (formerly vRealize Network Insight). The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2023-34039 , is rated 9.8 out of a maximum of 10 for severity and has been described as a case of authentication bypass due to a lack of unique cryptographic key generation. "A malicious actor with network access to Aria Operations for Networks could bypass SSH authentication to gain access to the Aria Operations for Networks CLI," VMware said earlier this week. Summoning Team's Sina Kheirkhah, who published the PoC following an analysis of the patch released by VMware, said the root cause can be traced back to a bash script containing a method named refresh_ssh_keys(), which is responsible for overwriting the current SSH keys for the support and ubuntu users in the authorized_keys file. "There is SSH authentication in place; however, VMware forgot to regenerate th
Critical Vulnerability Alert: VMware Aria Operations Networks at Risk from Remote Attacks

Critical Vulnerability Alert: VMware Aria Operations Networks at Risk from Remote Attacks

Aug 30, 2023 Vulnerability / Network Security
VMware has released software updates to correct two security vulnerabilities in Aria Operations for Networks that could be potentially exploited to bypass authentication and gain remote code execution. The most severe of the flaws is CVE-2023-34039 (CVSS score: 9.8), which relates to a case of authentication bypass arising as a result of a lack of unique cryptographic key generation. "A malicious actor with network access to Aria Operations for Networks could bypass SSH authentication to gain access to the Aria Operations for Networks CLI," the company  said  in an advisory. ProjectDiscovery researchers Harsh Jaiswal and Rahul Maini have been credited with discovering and reporting the issue. The second weakness, CVE-2023-20890 (CVSS score: 7.2), is an arbitrary file write vulnerability impacting Aria Operations for Networks that could be abused by an adversary with administrative access to write files to arbitrary locations and achieve remote code execution. Credited
8Base Ransomware Spikes in Activity, Threatens U.S. and Brazilian Businesses

8Base Ransomware Spikes in Activity, Threatens U.S. and Brazilian Businesses

Jun 28, 2023 Ransomware / Cyber Threat
A ransomware threat called 8Base that has been operating under the radar for over a year has been attributed to a "massive spike in activity" in May and June 2023. "The group utilizes encryption paired with 'name-and-shame' techniques to compel their victims to pay their ransoms," VMware Carbon Black researchers Deborah Snyder and Fae Carlisle  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. "8Base has an opportunistic pattern of compromise with recent victims spanning across varied industries." 8Base, according to statistics gathered by  Malwarebytes  and  NCC Group , has been linked to 67 attacks as of May 2023, with about 50% of the victims  operating  in the business services, manufacturing, and construction sectors. A majority of the targeted companies are located in the U.S. and Brazil. With very little known about the operators of the ransomware, its origins remain something of a cipher. What's evident is that it has been active sinc
Alert! Hackers Exploiting Critical Vulnerability in VMware's Aria Operations Networks

Alert! Hackers Exploiting Critical Vulnerability in VMware's Aria Operations Networks

Jun 21, 2023 Vulnerability / Network Security
VMware has flagged that a recently patched critical command injection vulnerability in Aria Operations for Networks (formerly vRealize Network Insight) has come under active exploitation in the wild. The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2023-20887 , could  allow  a malicious actor with network access to the product to perform a command injection attack, resulting in remote code execution. It impacts VMware Aria Operations Networks versions 6.x, with fixes released in versions 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5.1, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, and 6.10 on June 7, 2023. Now according to an update shared by the virtualization services provider on June 20, 2023, the flaw has been weaponized in real-world attacks, although the exact specifics are unknown as yet. "VMware has confirmed that exploitation of CVE-2023-20887 has occurred in the wild," the company  noted . Data gathered by threat intelligence firm GreyNoise  shows  active exploitation of the flaw from two different IP addresses located in the Netherl
Chinese Hackers Exploit VMware Zero-Day to Backdoor Windows and Linux Systems

Chinese Hackers Exploit VMware Zero-Day to Backdoor Windows and Linux Systems

Jun 14, 2023 Zero-Day / Network Security
The Chinese state-sponsored group known as  UNC3886  has been found to exploit a zero-day flaw in VMware ESXi hosts to backdoor Windows and Linux systems. The VMware Tools authentication bypass vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2023-20867  (CVSS score: 3.9), "enabled the execution of privileged commands across Windows, Linux, and PhotonOS (vCenter) guest VMs without authentication of guest credentials from a compromised ESXi host and no default logging on guest VMs," Mandiant  said . UNC3886 was  initially documented  by the Google-owned threat intelligence firm in September 2022 as a cyber espionage actor infecting VMware ESXi and vCenter servers with backdoors named VIRTUALPITA and VIRTUALPIE. Earlier this March, the group was  linked  to the exploitation of a now-patched medium-severity security flaw in the Fortinet FortiOS operating system to deploy implants on the network appliances and interact with the aforementioned malware. The threat actor has been described as a
Urgent Security Updates: Cisco and VMware Address Critical Vulnerabilities

Urgent Security Updates: Cisco and VMware Address Critical Vulnerabilities

Jun 08, 2023 Network Security / Vulnerability
VMware has  released  security updates to fix a trio of flaws in Aria Operations for Networks that could result in information disclosure and remote code execution. The most critical of the three vulnerabilities is a command injection vulnerability tracked as  CVE-2023-20887  (CVSS score: 9.8) that could allow a malicious actor with network access to achieve remote code execution. Also patched by VMware is another  deserialization vulnerability  ( CVE-2023-20888 ) that's rated 9.1 out of a maximum of 10 on the CVSS scoring system. "A malicious actor with network access to VMware Aria Operations for Networks and valid 'member' role credentials may be able to perform a deserialization attack resulting in remote code execution," the company said in an advisory. The third security defect is a high-severity information disclosure bug ( CVE-2023-20889 , CVSS score: 8.8) that could permit an actor with network access to perform a command injection attack and obtain
Alarming Surge in TrueBot Activity Revealed with New Delivery Vectors

Alarming Surge in TrueBot Activity Revealed with New Delivery Vectors

Jun 05, 2023 Malware / Cyber Threat
A surge in TrueBot activity was observed in May 2023, cybersecurity researchers disclosed. "TrueBot is a downloader trojan botnet that uses command and control servers to collect information on compromised systems and uses that compromised system as a launching point for further attacks," VMware's Fae Carlisle  said . Active since at least 2017, TrueBot is linked to a group known as Silence that's believed to share overlaps with the notorious Russian cybercrime actor known as  Evil Corp . Recent  TrueBot infections  have leveraged a critical flaw in Netwrix Auditor ( CVE-2022-31199 , CVSS score: 9.8) as well as  Raspberry Robin  as delivery vectors. The attack chain documented by VMware, on the other hand, starts off with a drive-by-download of an executable named " update.exe " from Google Chrome, suggesting that users are lured into downloading the malware under the pretext of a software update. Once run, update.exe establishes connections with a k
New Linux Ransomware Strain BlackSuit Shows Striking Similarities to Royal

New Linux Ransomware Strain BlackSuit Shows Striking Similarities to Royal

Jun 03, 2023 Endpoint Security / Linux
An analysis of the Linux variant of a new ransomware strain called BlackSuit has covered significant similarities with another ransomware family called  Royal . Trend Micro, which examined an x64 VMware ESXi version targeting Linux machines, said it identified an "extremely high degree of similarity" between Royal and BlackSuit. "In fact, they're nearly identical, with 98% similarities in functions, 99.5% similarities in blocks, and 98.9% similarities in jumps based on BinDiff, a comparison tool for binary files," Trend Micro researchers  noted . A comparison of the Windows artifacts has identified 93.2% similarity in functions, 99.3% in basic blocks, and 98.4% in jumps based on BinDiff. BlackSuit  first came to light  in early  May 2023  when Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 drew attention to its ability to target both Windows and Linux hosts. In line with other ransomware groups, it runs a double extortion scheme that steals and encrypts sensitive data in a c
New 'MichaelKors' Ransomware-as-a-Service Targeting Linux and VMware ESXi Systems

New 'MichaelKors' Ransomware-as-a-Service Targeting Linux and VMware ESXi Systems

May 15, 2023 Linux / Hypervisor Jackpotting
A new ransomware-as-service (RaaS) operation called MichaelKors has become the latest file-encrypting malware to target Linux and  VMware ESXi systems  as of April 2023. The development points to cybercriminal actors increasingly setting their eyes on the ESXi, cybersecurity firm CrowdStrike said in a report shared with The Hacker News. "This trend is especially noteworthy given the fact that ESXi, by design, does not support third-party agents or AV software," the company said. "In fact, VMware goes as far as to claim it's not required. This, combined with the popularity of ESXi as a widespread and popular virtualization and management system, makes the hypervisor a highly attractive target for modern adversaries." The  targeting of VMware ESXi hypervisors  with ransomware to scale such campaigns is a technique known as  hypervisor jackpotting . Over the years, the approach has been adopted by several ransomware groups, including Royal. What's more
Babuk Source Code Sparks 9 Different Ransomware Strains Targeting VMware ESXi Systems

Babuk Source Code Sparks 9 Different Ransomware Strains Targeting VMware ESXi Systems

May 11, 2023 Server Security / Ransomware
Multiple threat actors have capitalized on the leak of Babuk (aka Babak or Babyk) ransomware code in September 2021 to build as many as nine different ransomware families capable of targeting VMware ESXi systems. "These variants emerged through H2 2022 and H1 2023, which shows an increasing trend of Babuk source code adoption," SentinelOne security researcher Alex Delamotte  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. "Leaked source code enables actors to target Linux systems when they may otherwise lack expertise to build a working program." A number of  cybercrime groups , both big and small, have set their sights on ESXi hypervisors. What's more, at least three different ransomware strains –  Cylance ,  Rorschach  (aka BabLock), and  RTM Locker  – that have emerged since the start of the year are based on the leaked Babuk source code. SentinelOne's latest analysis shows that this phenomenon is more common, with the cybersecurity company identifyi
VMware Releases Critical Patches for Workstation and Fusion Software

VMware Releases Critical Patches for Workstation and Fusion Software

Apr 26, 2023 Virtual Machine / Cybersecurity
VMware has released updates to resolve multiple security flaws impacting its Workstation and Fusion software, the most critical of which could allow a local attacker to achieve code execution. The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2023-20869 (CVSS score: 9.3), is described as a stack-based buffer-overflow vulnerability that resides in the functionality for sharing host Bluetooth devices with the virtual machine. "A malicious actor with local administrative privileges on a virtual machine may exploit this issue to execute code as the virtual machine's VMX process running on the host," the company  said . Also patched by VMware is an out-of-bounds read vulnerability affecting the same feature (CVE-2023-20870, CVSS score: 7.1), that could be abused by a local adversary with admin privileges to read sensitive information contained in hypervisor memory from a virtual machine. Both vulnerabilities were  demonstrated  by researchers from STAR Labs on the third day of the Pwn2O
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