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Top 12 Security Flaws Russian Spy Hackers Are Exploiting in the Wild

Top 12 Security Flaws Russian Spy Hackers Are Exploiting in the Wild

May 08, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cyber operatives affiliated with the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) have switched up their tactics in response to previous public disclosures of their attack methods, according to a  new advisory  jointly published by intelligence agencies from the U.K. and U.S. Friday. "SVR cyber operators appear to have reacted [...] by changing their TTPs in an attempt to avoid further detection and remediation efforts by network defenders," the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC)  said . These include the deployment of an open-source tool called  Sliver  to maintain their access to compromised victims as well as leveraging the ProxyLogon flaws in Microsoft Exchange servers to conduct post-exploitation activities. The development followed the  public attribution  of SVR-linked actors to the  SolarWinds  supply-chain attack last month. The adversary is also tracked under different monikers, such as Advanced Persistent Threat 29 (APT29), the Dukes, CozyBear, and Yttrium.
New Spectre Flaws in Intel and AMD CPUs Affect Billions of Computers

New Spectre Flaws in Intel and AMD CPUs Affect Billions of Computers

May 06, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
When Spectre, a class of critical vulnerabilities impacting modern processors, was  publicly revealed  in January 2018, the researchers behind the discovery  said , "As it is not easy to fix, it will haunt us for quite some time," explaining the inspiration behind naming the speculative execution attacks. Indeed, it's been more than three years, and there is no end to Spectre in sight. A team of academics from the University of Virginia and University of California, San Diego, have discovered a  new line of attack  that bypasses all current Spectre protections built into the chips, potentially putting almost every system — desktops, laptops, cloud servers, and smartphones — once again at risk just as they were three years ago. The disclosure of  Spectre and Meltdown  opened a  floodgates  of sorts, what with  endless   variants  of the  attacks  coming to light in the intervening years, even as chipmakers like Intel, ARM, and AMD have continually scrambled to incorpo
Apple Releases Urgent Security Patches For Zero‑Day Bugs Under Active Attacks

Apple Releases Urgent Security Patches For Zero‑Day Bugs Under Active Attacks

May 03, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apple on Monday released security updates for  iOS ,  macOS , and  watchOS  to address three zero-day flaws and expand patches for a fourth vulnerability that the company said might have been exploited in the wild. The weaknesses all concern WebKit, the browser engine which powers Safari and other third-party web browsers in iOS, allowing an adversary to execute arbitrary code on target devices. A summary of the three security bugs are as follows - CVE-2021-30663:  An integer overflow vulnerability that could be exploited to craft malicious web content, which may lead to code execution. The flaw was addressed with improved input validation. CVE-2021-30665:  A memory corruption issue that could be exploited to craft malicious web content, which may lead to code execution. The flaw was addressed with improved state management. CVE-2021-30666:  A buffer overflow vulnerability that could be exploited to craft malicious web content, which may lead to code execution. The flaw was addr
F5 BIG-IP Found Vulnerable to Kerberos KDC Spoofing Vulnerability

F5 BIG-IP Found Vulnerable to Kerberos KDC Spoofing Vulnerability

April 28, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Wednesday disclosed a new bypass vulnerability (CVE-2021-23008) in the Kerberos Key Distribution Center (KDC) security feature impacting F5 Big-IP application delivery services. "The KDC Spoofing vulnerability allows an attacker to bypass the Kerberos authentication to Big-IP Access Policy Manager (APM), bypass security policies and gain unfettered access to sensitive workloads," Silverfort researchers Yaron Kassner and Rotem Zach said in a report. "In some cases this can be used to bypass authentication to the Big-IP admin console as well." Coinciding with the public disclosure, F5 Networks has released patches to address the weakness (CVE-2021-23008, CVSS score 8.1), with fixes introduced in BIG-IP APM versions 12.1.6, 13.1.4, 14.1.4, and 15.1.3. A similar patch for version 16.x is expected at a future date. "We recommend customers running 16.x check the security advisory to assess their exposure and get details on mitigati
Update Your Chrome Browser ASAP to Patch a Week Old Public Exploit

Update Your Chrome Browser ASAP to Patch a Week Old Public Exploit

April 21, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google on Tuesday released an update for Chrome web browser for Windows, Mac, and Linux, with a total of seven security fixes, including one flaw for which it says an exploit exists in the wild. Tracked as CVE-2021-21224 , the flaw concerns a type confusion vulnerability in V8 open-source JavaScript engine that was reported to the company by security researcher Jose Martinez on April 5 According to security researcher  Lei Cao , the bug [ 1195777 ] is triggered when performing integer data type conversion, resulting in an out-of-bounds condition that could be used to achieve arbitrary memory read/write primitive. "Google is aware of reports that exploits for CVE-2021-21224 exist in the wild," Chrome's Technical Program Manager Srinivas Sista  said  in a blog post. The update comes after proof-of-concept (PoC) code exploiting the flaw published by a researcher named " frust " emerged on April 14 by taking advantage of the fact that the issue was addressed
3 Zero-Day Exploits Hit SonicWall Enterprise Email Security Appliances

3 Zero-Day Exploits Hit SonicWall Enterprise Email Security Appliances

April 20, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
SonicWall has addressed three critical security vulnerabilities in its hosted and on-premises email security (ES) product that are being actively exploited in the wild. Tracked as CVE-2021-20021 and CVE-2021-20022, the  flaws  were discovered and reported to the company by FireEye's Mandiant subsidiary on March 26, 2021, after the cybersecurity firm detected post-exploitation web shell activity on an internet-accessible system within a customer's environment that had SonicWall's ES application running on a Windows Server 2012 installation. A third flaw (CVE-2021-20023) identified by FireEye was disclosed to SonicWall on April 6, 2021. FireEye is tracking the malicious activity under the moniker UNC2682. "These vulnerabilities were executed in conjunction to obtain administrative access and code execution on a SonicWall ES device," researchers Josh Fleischer, Chris DiGiamo, and Alex Pennino  said . The adversary leveraged these vulnerabilities, with intimate
NSA Discovers New Vulnerabilities Affecting Microsoft Exchange Servers

NSA Discovers New Vulnerabilities Affecting Microsoft Exchange Servers

April 13, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
In its April slate of patches, Microsoft rolled out fixes for a total of  114 security flaws , including an actively exploited zero-day and four remote code execution bugs in Exchange Server. Of the  114 flaws , 19 are rated as Critical, 88 are rated Important, and one is rated Moderate in severity. Chief among them is  CVE-2021-28310 , a privilege escalation vulnerability in Win32k that's said to be under active exploitation, allowing attackers to elevate privileges by running malicious code on a target system.  Cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, which discovered and reported the flaw to Microsoft in February, linked the zero-day exploit to a threat actor named Bitter APT, which was found exploiting a similar flaw ( CVE-2021-1732 ) in attacks late last year. "It is an escalation of privilege (EoP) exploit that is likely used together with other browser exploits to escape sandboxes or get system privileges for further access," Kaspersky researcher Boris Larin  said . NS
New Bugs Could Let Hackers Bypass Spectre Attack Mitigations On Linux Systems

New Bugs Could Let Hackers Bypass Spectre Attack Mitigations On Linux Systems

March 29, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Monday disclosed two new vulnerabilities in Linux-based operating systems that, if successfully exploited, could let attackers circumvent mitigations for speculative attacks such as  Spectre  and obtain sensitive information from kernel memory. Discovered by  Piotr Krysiuk  of Symantec's Threat Hunter team, the flaws — tracked as CVE-2020-27170 and CVE-2020-27171 (CVSS scores: 5.5) — impact all Linux kernels prior to 5.11.8. Patches for the security issues were released on March 20, with Ubuntu, Debian, and Red Hat deploying fixes for the vulnerabilities in their respective Linux distributions. While  CVE-2020-27170  can be abused to reveal content from any location within the kernel memory,  CVE-2020-27171 can be used to retrieve data from a 4GB range of kernel memory. First documented in January 2018,  Spectre and Meltdown  take advantage of flaws in modern processors to  leak data  that are currently processed on the computer, thereby allowing
OpenSSL Releases Patches for 2 High-Severity Security Vulnerabilities

OpenSSL Releases Patches for 2 High-Severity Security Vulnerabilities

March 26, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The maintainers of OpenSSL have released a fix for two high-severity security flaws in its software that could be exploited to carry out denial-of-service (DoS) attacks and bypass certificate verification. Tracked as CVE-2021-3449 and CVE-2021-3450 , both the  vulnerabilities  have been resolved in an update (version OpenSSL 1.1.1k) released on Thursday. While CVE-2021-3449 affects all OpenSSL 1.1.1 versions, CVE-2021-3450 impacts OpenSSL versions 1.1.1h and newer. OpenSSL is a software library consisting of cryptographic functions that implement the Transport Layer Security protocol with the goal of securing communications sent over a computer network. According to an advisory published by OpenSSL, CVE-2021-3449 concerns a potential DoS vulnerability arising due to NULL pointer dereferencing that can cause an OpenSSL TLS server to crash if in the course of renegotiation the client transmits a malicious "ClientHello" message during the  handshake  between the server and
Another Critical RCE Flaw Discovered in SolarWinds Orion Platform

Another Critical RCE Flaw Discovered in SolarWinds Orion Platform

March 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
IT infrastructure management provider SolarWinds on Thursday released a new update to its Orion networking monitoring tool with fixes for four security vulnerabilities, counting two weaknesses that could be exploited by an authenticated attacker to achieve remote code execution (RCE). Chief among them is a JSON deserialization flaw that allows an authenticated user to execute arbitrary code via the  test alert actions  feature available in the Orion Web Console, which lets users simulate network events (e.g., an unresponsive server) that can be configured to trigger an alert during setup. It has been rated critical in severity. A second issue concerns a high-risk vulnerability that could be leveraged by an adversary to achieve RCE in the Orion Job Scheduler. "In order to exploit this, an attacker first needs to know the credentials of an unprivileged local account on the Orion Server," SolarWinds  said  in its release notes. The advisory is light on technical specifics,
Popular Netop Remote Learning Software Found Vulnerable to Hacking

Popular Netop Remote Learning Software Found Vulnerable to Hacking

March 22, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Sunday disclosed multiple critical vulnerabilities in remote student monitoring software Netop Vision Pro  that a malicious attacker could abuse to execute arbitrary code and take over Windows computers. "These findings allow for elevation of privileges and ultimately remote code execution which could be used by a malicious attacker within the same network to gain full control over students' computers," the McAfee Labs Advanced Threat Research team said in an analysis. The vulnerabilities, tracked as CVE-2021-27192, CVE-2021-27193, CVE-2021-27194, and CVE-2021-27195, were reported to Netop on December 11, 2020, after which the Denmark-based company fixed the issues in an update (version 9.7.2) released on February 25. "Version 9.7.2 of Vision and Vision Pro is a maintenance release that addresses several vulnerabilities, such as escalating local privileges sending sensitive information in plain text," the company stated in its
Critical RCE Vulnerability Found in Apache OFBiz ERP Software—Patch Now

Critical RCE Vulnerability Found in Apache OFBiz ERP Software—Patch Now

March 22, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The Apache Software Foundation on Friday addressed a high severity vulnerability in Apache OFBiz that could have allowed an unauthenticated adversary to remotely seize control of the open-source enterprise resource planning (ERP) system. Tracked as  CVE-2021-26295 , the flaw affects all versions of the software prior to  17.12.06  and employs an "unsafe deserialization" as an attack vector to permit unauthorized remote attackers to execute arbitrary code on a server directly. OFBiz  is a Java-based web framework for automating enterprise processes and offers a wide range of functionality, including accounting, customer relationship management, manufacturing operations management, order management, supply chain fulfillment, and warehouse management system, among others. Specifically, by exploiting this flaw, a malicious party can tamper with serialized data to insert arbitrary code that, when deserialized, can potentially result in remote code execution. "An unauthe
Flaws in Two Popular WordPress Plugins Affect Over 7 Million Websites

Flaws in Two Popular WordPress Plugins Affect Over 7 Million Websites

March 17, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Researchers have disclosed vulnerabilities in multiple WordPress plugins that, if successfully exploited, could allow an attacker to run arbitrary code and take over a website in certain scenarios. The flaws were uncovered in  Elementor , a website builder plugin used on more than seven million sites, and  WP Super Cache , a tool used to serve cached pages of a WordPress site. According to Wordfence, which discovered the security weaknesses in Elementor, the bug concerns a set of  stored cross-site scripting  (XSS) vulnerabilities (CVSS score: 6.4), which occurs when a malicious script is injected directly into a vulnerable web application. In this case, due to a lack of validation of the HTML tags on the server-side, a bad actor can exploit the issues to add executable JavaScript to a post or page via a crafted request. "Since posts created by contributors are typically reviewed by editors or administrators before publishing, any JavaScript added to one of these posts would
Another Google Chrome 0-Day Bug Found Actively Exploited In-the-Wild

Another Google Chrome 0-Day Bug Found Actively Exploited In-the-Wild

March 12, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Google has addressed yet another actively exploited zero-day in Chrome browser, marking the second such fix released by the company within a month. The browser maker on Friday shipped 89.0.4389.90 for Windows, Mac, and Linux, which is expected to be rolling out over the coming days/weeks to all users. While the update contains a total of five security fixes, the most important flaw rectified by Google concerns a  use after free  vulnerability in its Blink rendering engine. The bug is tracked as CVE-2021-21193. Details about the flaw are scarce except that it was reported to Google by an anonymous researcher on March 9. According to IBM, the vulnerability is rated 8.8 out of 10 on the CVSS scale, and could allow a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the target system. "By persuading a victim to visit a specially crafted Web site, a remote attacker could exploit this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service condition on the system," the
ProxyLogon PoC Exploit Released; Likely to Fuel More Disruptive Cyber Attacks

ProxyLogon PoC Exploit Released; Likely to Fuel More Disruptive Cyber Attacks

March 11, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) on Wednesday issued a joint advisory warning of active exploitation of vulnerabilities in Microsoft Exchange on-premises products by nation-state actors and cybercriminals. "CISA and FBI assess that adversaries could exploit these vulnerabilities to compromise networks, steal information, encrypt data for ransom, or even execute a destructive attack," the agencies  said . "Adversaries may also sell access to compromised networks on the dark web." The attacks have primarily targeted local governments, academic institutions, non-governmental organizations, and business entities in various industry sectors, including agriculture, biotechnology, aerospace, defense, legal services, power utilities, and pharmaceutical, which the agencies say are in line with previous activity conducted by Chinese cyber actors. Tens of thousands of entities, including the  Eur
Critical Pre-Auth RCE Flaw Found in F5 Big-IP Platform — Patch ASAP!

Critical Pre-Auth RCE Flaw Found in F5 Big-IP Platform — Patch ASAP!

March 10, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Application security company F5 Networks on Wednesday published an  advisory  warning of four critical vulnerabilities impacting multiple products that could result in a denial of service (DoS) attack and even unauthenticated remote code execution on target networks. The patches concern a total of seven related flaws (from CVE-2021-22986 through CVE-2021-22992),  two  of  which  were discovered and reported by Felix Wilhelm of Google Project Zero in December 2020. The four critical flaws affect BIG-IP versions 11.6 or 12.x and newer, with a critical pre-auth remote code execution (CVE-2021-22986) also affecting BIG-IQ versions 6.x and 7.x. F5 said it's not aware of any public exploitation of these issues. Successful exploitation of these vulnerabilities could lead to a full compromise of vulnerable systems, including the possibility of remote code execution as well as trigger a buffer overflow, leading to a DoS attack. Urging customers to update their BIG-IP and BIG-IQ deploy
CISA Issues Emergency Directive on In-the-Wild Microsoft Exchange Flaws

CISA Issues Emergency Directive on In-the-Wild Microsoft Exchange Flaws

March 04, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Following Microsoft's release of out-of-band patches to address multiple zero-day flaws in on-premises versions of Microsoft Exchange Server, the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) has  issued  an emergency directive warning of " active exploitation " of the vulnerabilities. The alert comes on the heels of Microsoft's  disclosure  that China-based hackers were exploiting unknown software bugs in Exchange server to steal sensitive data from select targets, marking the second time in four months that the U.S. has scrambled to address a widespread hacking campaign believed to be the work of foreign threat actors. While the company mainly attributed the campaign to a threat group called HAFNIUM, Slovakian cybersecurity firm ESET  said  it found evidence of CVE-2021-26855 being actively exploited in the wild by several cyber espionage groups, including LuckyMouse, Tick, and Calypso targeting servers located in the U.S., Europe, Asia, and the
URGENT — 4 Actively Exploited 0-Day Flaws Found in Microsoft Exchange

URGENT — 4 Actively Exploited 0-Day Flaws Found in Microsoft Exchange

March 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft has  released emergency patches  to address four previously undisclosed security flaws in Exchange Server that it says are being actively exploited by a new Chinese state-sponsored threat actor with the goal of perpetrating data theft. Describing the attacks as "limited and targeted," Microsoft Threat Intelligence Center (MSTIC) said the adversary used these vulnerabilities to access on-premises Exchange servers, in turn granting access to email accounts and paving the way for the installation of additional malware to facilitate long-term access to victim environments. The tech giant primarily attributed the campaign with high confidence to a threat actor it calls HAFNIUM, a state-sponsored hacker collective operating out of China, although it suspects other groups may also be involved. Discussing the tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) of the group for the first time, Microsoft paints HAFNIUM as a "highly skilled and sophisticated actor" that m
New Chrome 0-day Bug Under Active Attacks – Update Your Browser ASAP!

New Chrome 0-day Bug Under Active Attacks – Update Your Browser ASAP!

March 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Exactly a month after  patching  an actively exploited zero-day flaw in Chrome, Google today rolled out fixes for yet another zero-day vulnerability in the world's most popular web browser that it says is being abused in the wild. Chrome 89.0.4389.72, released by the search giant for Windows, Mac, and Linux on Tuesday, comes with a total of 47 security fixes, the most severe of which concerns an "object lifecycle issue in audio." Tracked as CVE-2021-21166, the security flaw is one of the two bugs reported last month by Alison Huffman of Microsoft Browser Vulnerability Research on February 11. A separate object lifecycle flaw, also identified in the audio component, was reported to Google on February 4, the same day the stable version of Chrome 88 became available. With no additional details, it's not immediately clear if the two security shortcomings are related. Google acknowledged that an exploit for the vulnerability exists in the wild but stopped short of s
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