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For the First time, FBI discloses a Flaw to Apple, but it's already Patched!

For the First time, FBI discloses a Flaw to Apple, but it's already Patched!

April 27, 2016Mohit Kumar
In Brief The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) made its first disclosure about a software security flaw to Apple under the Vulnerability Equities Process (VEP), a White House initiative created in April 2014 for reviewing flaws and deciding which ones should be made public. Unfortunately, the vulnerability reported by the federal agency only affected older versions of Apple’s iOS and OS X operating system and was patched nine months ago, with the release of iOS 9 for iPhones and Mac OS X El Capitan, according to Apple. The FBI informed Apple of a vulnerability in its iPhone and Mac software on April 14, but it’s not the one used to unlock an iPhone of one of the San Bernardino shooters, Reuters  reported . But, Why didn’t the FBI disclose the hack used to get data off the San Bernardino iPhone ? Well, the answer came from the FBI is not much complicated. According to the FBI Director James Comey, the FBI is still assessing whether the hack used to unlock Farook’s i
Win Free Air Miles for Finding Security Flaws in United Airlines

Win Free Air Miles for Finding Security Flaws in United Airlines

May 15, 2015Wang Wei
If you are a security researcher and fond of traveling from one conference to another, then United Airlines' bug bounty program would be of great interest for you. United Airlines has launched a new bug bounty program inviting security researchers and bug hunters to report vulnerabilities in its websites, apps and web portals. Bug bounty programs are very common among technology firms, including Google and Facebook, who offer you hundreds of thousands of dollars as rewards for exposing security flaws and errors in their products. So, what’s different in United Airlines new bug bounty? The most interesting part of this bug bounty program is – Instead of offering cold, hard cash, United Airlines is offering air miles as the reward for yours . Let’s see what United Airlines says about its bug bounty program: " At United, we take your safety, security and privacy seriously. We utilize best practices and are confident that our systems are secure ,"
Google Drive Vulnerability Leaks Users' Private Data

Google Drive Vulnerability Leaks Users' Private Data

July 10, 2014Wang Wei
Another privacy issue has been discovered in Google Drive which could have led sensitive and personal information stored on the cloud service exposed to unauthorized parties. The security flaw has now patched by Google, but its discovery indicates that the vulnerability of cloud data when accessed via a link can allow “ anyone who has the link ” to access your private data without any further authentication. HOW THE SECURITY FLAW WORKS The security hole addressed a risk to files that included a clickable URL on your cloud file sharing service. When someone opens the file and clicks on an embedded hyperlink, then they get sent to the website of a third-party website owner. Upon accessing this URL, unfortunately the external Internet user - an unauthorized party - could potentially access your sensitive information by accessing the original documents that included the URL. GOOGLE EXPLANATION Google explained the actual nature of the security flaw in a blog p
Vulnerability in Yahoo Websites Allows Hackers to Delete Any Comment

Vulnerability in Yahoo Websites Allows Hackers to Delete Any Comment

May 24, 2014Wang Wei
Two months ago, we reported a critical vulnerability on the Yahoo Answers platform that allowed a hacker to delete all the posted thread and comments from Yahoo's Suggestion Board website. Recently, a similar vulnerability has been reported by another Egyptian security researcher ' Ahmed Aboul-Ela ', that allows him to delete any comment from all Yahoo Services, including Yahoo News , Yahoo Sports , Yahoo TV , Yahoo Music , Yahoo Weather, Yahoo Celebrity , Yahoo Voices and more. HOW TO DELETE ANY COMMENT When yahoo users comment on any article or post on any of the Yahoo services, they are allowed to delete their own comment anytime. But the reported vulnerability discovered by Ahmed allows them to delete all the comments, even if they are posted by others. To delete a comment, one can initiate the request by clicking on the delete button and once clicked, the page sends a POST request to the Yahoo server with some variables i.e. comment_id and content_id , where comm
Linksys Malware 'The Moon' Spreading from Router to Router

Linksys Malware 'The Moon' Spreading from Router to Router

February 17, 2014Anonymous
Which Wireless Router do you have at your Home or Office? If it’s a Linksys Router you could be in the danger to a new malware that attacks your firmware and replicates itself. Security researcher Johannes B. Ullrich from the SANS Technology Institute has warned about a self-replicating malware which is exploiting authentication bypass and code-execution vulnerabilities in the Linksys wireless routers. The Malware named as ‘ THE MOON ’, scans for other vulnerable devices to spread from router to router and Johannes confirmed that the malicious worm has already infected around 1,000 Linksys E1000, E1200, and E2400 routers. In order to hack the Router, malware remotely calls the Home Network Administration Protocol (HNAP), allows identification, configuration and management of networking devices. The Malware first request the model and firmware version of the router using HNAP and if the device founds vulnerable, it sends a CGI script exploit to get the local command execution
Snapchat app vulnerable to denial-of-service attack, allows remotely crash iPhone

Snapchat app vulnerable to denial-of-service attack, allows remotely crash iPhone

February 08, 2014Anonymous
SNAPCHAT , photo sharing app is the majority choice for variety of users. Recently, the company has faced data breach and Captcha bypass vulnerability, and just yesterday a new denial-of-service attack has been revealed which can crash an iPhone . Jamie Sanchez , a security researcher has found the app vulnerable, which can enable a hacker to launch a denial-of-service attacks , resulting prompt the user to reset the mobile device. The flaw into the Snapchat app allows someone to flood a user with thousands of messages in a measure of seconds, " By reusing old tokens, hackers can send massive amounts of messages using powerful computers. This method could be used by spammers to send messages in mass quantities to numerous users, or it could be used to launch a cyber attack on specific individuals " he said. He demonstrated the vulnerability to LA Times reporter, bombarded his handset with thousands of messages within five seconds in a denial-of-service
Vulnerability allows Hacking Facebook account and password reset within a minute

Vulnerability allows Hacking Facebook account and password reset within a minute

July 15, 2013Anonymous
Security expert Dan Melamed discovered a critical vulnerability in Facebook platform that allow an attacker to take complete control over any account. The vulnerability is considered critical because it would allow a hacker to hack potentially any Facebook account. Dan Melamed presented the discovery on his blog . Dan demonstrated that how a hacker can reset the victim's account password just by tricking him to visit a malicious exploit code. The flaw affects the Facebook " claim email address " component. When an user tries to add an email address already registered to Facebook platform, he has the option to " claim it ". The loophole exists here, when user claim an email address, Facebook did not check from whom the request came from. This allows an email to be claimed on any Facebook account. The exploit is possible provided that: An existing account having the email address that the attacker wants to claim. Another existing account to initiate the claim p
Serious Smishing vulnerability reported in Samsung Galaxy S4

Serious Smishing vulnerability reported in Samsung Galaxy S4

June 25, 2013Mohit Kumar
Serious security vulnerability was recently discovered on the Samsung flagship Galaxy S4 device, claiming that attackers can use it to silently send text messages. Qihoo 360 Technology, an antivirus company based in China, said that this particular vulnerability is related to the " cloud backup " feature of Galaxy S4, which is not properly protected and can be abused. This vulnerability was first discovered on June 17 and already reported the issue to Samsung and the company is already in the process of developing an official update to fix the vulnerability. A rogue mobile application could contain code exploiting the vulnerability to send fraudulent scam text messages ordering premium-rate services, the firm said. By exploiting the vulnerable cloud backup feature, malware could pretend to be the identity of any contact, friend, relative, or organization when faking phishing SMS messages. When these phishing SMS messages are received, users may be tricked i
Vulnerability in Whatsapp messenger media server

Vulnerability in Whatsapp messenger media server

June 12, 2013Mohit Kumar
If you own an iPhone or an Android device, then the chances are high that you're familiar with the extremely popular cross-platform messaging app, WhatsApp. According to a whitehat hacker Mohammed Saeed , Whatsapp media server ( media.whatsapp.com ) interface was vulnerable to Traversal local file inclusion. This vulnerability occurs when a page include is not properly sanitized, and allows directory traversal characters to be injected. Flaw allowed hacker to gather usernames via an " /etc/passwd " file and also another sensitive files like log files i.e   "/apache/logs/error.log" or " /apache/logs/access.log ". Flaw was reported by Mohammed with proof of conpect to Whatsapp security team on 27th May and was addressed this week. If you are also penetration tester and have something buggy that can help Whatsapp team to make there service more secure, feel free to contact them at  support@whatsapp.com .
Windows zero day vulnerability publicly exposed by Google engineer

Windows zero day vulnerability publicly exposed by Google engineer

May 23, 2013Mohit Kumar
A Google security engineer has not only discovered a Windows zero-day flaw, but has also stated that Microsoft has a knack of treating outside researchers with great hostility. Tavis Ormandy , a Google security engineer, exposed the flaw on Full Disclosure , that could be used to crash PCs or gain additional access rights. The issue is less critical than other flaws as it's not a remotely exploitable one. Ormandy said on Full Disclosure, " I don't have much free time to work on silly Microsoft code, so I'm looking for ideas on how to fix the final obstacle for exploitation. ". He's been working on it for months, and according to a later post, he has now a working exploit that " grants SYSTEM on all currently supported versions of Windows. "  " I have a working exploit that grants SYSTEM on all currently supported versions of Windows. Code is available on request to students from reputable schools ," Ormandy adds. Microsoft acknowledged
Facebook Hacking, technique to Spoof the content of any Facebook App

Facebook Hacking, technique to Spoof the content of any Facebook App

May 16, 2013Mohit Kumar
There are many unpatched loopholes or flaws in Facebook website, that allow hackers to inject external links or images to a wall, hijacking any facebook account or bypassing your social privacy . Today we are going to report about another unfixed facebook app vulnerability that allow a hacker to spoof the content of any Facebook app  easily. Nir Goldshlager from Break Security today exposed another major flaw that allows hacker to wall post spoofed messages from trusted applications like Saavn, Candy Crush, Spotify, Pinterest, or really any other application on Facebook. In 2012 Facebook's method of publishing called stream.publish and the  Stream Publish Dialog looks like the following:  https://www.facebook.com/dialog/stream.publish?app_id=xxxx&redirect_uri=http://www.facebook.com/&action_links=&attachment=%7B%27media%27:%20[%7B%27type%27:%20%27flash%27,%27swfsrc%27:%27http://files.nirgoldshlager.com/goldshlager2.swf%27,%27imgsrc%27:%27http://w
Firefox 21 Launches with 3 critical fixes and new Social Integrations

Firefox 21 Launches with 3 critical fixes and new Social Integrations

May 15, 2013Mohit Kumar
Mozilla has launched Firefox 21 for Mac, Windows, and Linux, adding a number of improvements, namely to the browser's Social API. " Today, we are adding multiple new social providers Cliqz, Mixi and msnNOW to Firefox ," wrote Mozilla in a blog post today. The browser first added Facebook integration back in December, and the inclusion of these services goes a long way towards making social integration an even larger part of the services offered. The Do Not Track feature has been part of Firefox for some time now. You can enable it to add information to each connection request to tell sites about your tracking preference. Along with adding more social integration, the release also closed up security holes in the browser rated as high in severity, including two in the Mozilla Maintenance Service although only one of them left the browser open to potential remote exploits . Fixed in Firefox 21 MFSA 2013-48 Memory corruption found using Address Sanitize
Hacking Instagram Accounts using OAuth vulnerability

Hacking Instagram Accounts using OAuth vulnerability

May 02, 2013Mohit Kumar
' Nir Goldshlager ' known as Facebook hacker and founder of Break Security  , who reported many critical bugs in Facebook OAuth mechanism in past few months, today disclose a critical  vulnerability in Instagram Oauth that allow an attacker to hack any account. Succesful hack allows attacker to access private photos, ability to delete victim's photos and to edit comments and also the ability to post new photos. Hacker explained that there are two ways to hack Instagram accounts using OAuth, first via Hijack Instagram accounts using the Instagram OAuth or Hijack Instagram accounts using the Facebook OAuth Dialog. During his bug hunting Nir found loopholes in Instagram’s security parameters i.e redirect_uri , that allows  attacker to pass the access token to his own domain with mx as suffix i.e code straight to breaksec.com.mx . POC :  https://instagram.com/oauth/authorize/?client_id=33221863eec546659f2564dd71a8a38d&redirect_uri=https://breaksec
Adobe Reader PDF-tracking vulnerability reveals when and where PDF is opened

Adobe Reader PDF-tracking vulnerability reveals when and where PDF is opened

April 29, 2013Mohit Kumar
McAfee said it has found a vulnerability in Adobe Systems' Reader program that reveals when and where a PDF document is opened. The issue emerges when some users launch a link to another file path, which calls on a JavaScript application programming interface (API), while Reader alerts a user when they are going to call on a resource from another place. The issue is not a serious problem and does not allow for remote code execution, but McAfee does consider it a security problem and has notified Adobe. It affects every version of Adobe Reader, including the latest version, 11.0.2. " We have detected some PDF samples in the wild that are exploiting this issue. Our investigation shows that the samples were made and delivered by an ‘email tracking service' provider. We don't know whether the issue has been abused for illegal or APT attacks ," wrote McAfee's Haifei Li. McAfee declined to reveal the details of the vulnerability as Adobe i
AirDroid vulnerability allows hackers to perform Dos attack from your Android device

AirDroid vulnerability allows hackers to perform Dos attack from your Android device

April 09, 2013Mohit Kumar
A vulnerability in AirDroid application  which provides wireless management of your Android phone or tablet from any browser on the same Wi-Fi network allow hackers  to perform Dos attack from your Android device. Cross Site scripting or  XSS vulnerability in the browser version of AirDroid allows an attacker is able to send a malicious text message to the browser associated with the account when attacker is able to get access to a phone with AirDroid installed. According to advisory posted by US-Cert , When this message is viewed on the AirDroid web interface an attacker can conduct a cross-site scripting attack, which may be used to result in information leakage, privilege escalation, and/or denial of service on the host computer. Vulnerability is currently not patched and also AirDroid team didn't annouce any update regarding fix. As a general good security practice, only allow connections from trusted hosts and networks. Flaw registered as  CVE-2013-0134
Microsoft flaw allows USB loaded with payload to bypass security controls

Microsoft flaw allows USB loaded with payload to bypass security controls

March 15, 2013Wang Wei
During  March Patch Tuesday of 2013 , Microsoft released seven new security bulletins, with four rated as critical, and others as Important. Most interesting one was MS13-027 , which is rated as "important" because the attack requires physical access to the vulnerable machine. This flaw allows anyone with a USB thumb drive loaded with the payload to bypass security controls and access a vulnerable system even if AutoRun is disabled, and the screen is locked. Flaw exposes your Windows PCs to major risk. If you remember Stuxnet, worm was injected to Iran's nuclear program system using USB thumb drive. Windows typically discovers USB devices when they are inserted or when they change power sources (if they switch from plugged-in power to being powered off of the USB connection itself). To exploit the vulnerability an attacker could add a maliciously formatted USB device to the system. When the Windows USB device drivers enumerate the device, parsing a speciall
HP LaserJet Security flaw allows remote data access

HP LaserJet Security flaw allows remote data access

March 14, 2013Wang Wei
A critical vulnerability discovered in certain LaserJet Pro printers that could give remote attackers access to sensitive data. Homeland Security’s Computer Emergency Response Team recently issued a vulnerability note warning that HP LaserJet Professional printers contain a telnet debug shell which could allow a remote attacker to gain unauthorized access to data. This flaw was discovered by a Germany security expert, Christoph von Wittich . He detected the vulnerability during a routine network scan of his company's corporate network. He said the vulnerability could also be used for a denial-of-service attack. " As long as the printer is not connected to the Internet, this vulnerability should not cause much trouble for the end user ,". Marked as CVE-2012-5215 ( VU#782451 , SSRT101078), vulnerability affected 12 printer models including HP LaserJet Pro P1102w, P1102w, P1606dn, M1212nf MFP, M1213nf MFP, M1214nfh MFP, M1216nfh Multifunction Printer, M1217n
Critical iOS vulnerability in Configuration Profiles pose malware threat

Critical iOS vulnerability in Configuration Profiles pose malware threat

March 14, 2013Mohit Kumar
Israeli mobile security start-up Skycure has exposed a vulnerability that could allow hackers to control and spy on iPhones. A major security vulnerability for iOS configuration profiles  pose malware threat. The vulnerability affects a file known as mobileconf files, which are used by cell phone carriers to configure system-level settings. These can include Wi-Fi, VPN, email, and APN settings. Apple used to use them to deliver patches, and carriers sometimes use them to distribute updates. Adi Sharabani , CEO and co-founder of Skycure, made a demonstration that how sensitive information, including the victim’s exact location, could be retrieved, while also controlling the user’s iPhone. In Demo, he setup a fake website with a prompt to install a configuration profile and sent the link out to Victim. After installing it, he found out they were able to pull passwords and other data without his knowledge. These malicious profiles can be emailed or downloaded fro
Privacy of Millions of HTC devices at risk

Privacy of Millions of HTC devices at risk

February 24, 2013Mohit Kumar
More than 18 million smartphones and other mobile devices made by HTC are at risk vulnerable to many security and privacy issue. The Federal Trade Commission charged HTC with customizing the software on its Android- and Windows based phones in ways that let third-party applications install software that could steal personal information. The vulnerabilities placed sensitive information about millions of consumers at risk and potentially permitted malicious applications to send text messages, record audio and install additional malware without a user’s knowledge or consent.  FTC identify many vulnerabilities including, insecure implementation of two logging applications i.e Carrier IQ and HTC Loggers . The agency also found programming flaws that let third-party apps bypass Android's permission-based security model. Flaws in the security system could also give third-party apps access to phone numbers, contents of text messages, browsing history and information
Facebook OAuth flaw allows gaining full control over any Facebook account

Facebook OAuth flaw allows gaining full control over any Facebook account

February 21, 2013Mohit Kumar
Facebook OAuth is used to communicate between Applications & Facebook users, to grant additional permissions to your favorite apps. To make this possible, users have to ' allow or accept ' the application request so that app can access your account information with required permissions. As a normal Facebook user we always think that it is better than entering your Facebook credentials, we can  just allow specific permissions to an app in order to make it work with your account. Today whitehat Hacker ' Nir Goldshlager ' reported ' The Hacker News ' that he discovered a very critical vulnerability in Facebook's OAuth system, that allowed him to get full control over any Facebook account easily even without ' allow or accept ' options. For this purpose he hunt the flaw in a very mannered way i.e Step 1) Understanding the OAuth URL Step 2) Finding a way to use custom parameters in URL Step 3) Bypassing OAuth ' Allow '
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