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The Hacker News — Cyber Security and Hacking News Website: Man-in-the-Middle

CredSSP Flaw in Remote Desktop Protocol Affects All Versions of Windows

CredSSP Flaw in Remote Desktop Protocol Affects All Versions of Windows

March 13, 2018Mohit Kumar
A critical vulnerability has been discovered in Credential Security Support Provider protocol (CredSSP) that affects all versions of Windows to date and could allow remote attackers to exploit RDP and WinRM to steal data and run malicious code. CredSSP protocol has been designed to be used by RDP (Remote Desktop Protocol) and Windows Remote Management (WinRM) that takes care of securely forwarding credentials encrypted from the Windows client to the target servers for remote authentication. Discovered by researchers at Cybersecurity firm Preempt Security, the issue (CVE-2018-0886) is a logical cryptographic flaw in CredSSP that can be exploited by a man-in-the-middle attacker with Wi-Fi or physical access to the network to steal session authentication data and perform a Remote Procedure Call attack. When a client and server authenticate over RDP and WinRM connection protocols, a man-in-the-middle attacker can execute remote commands to compromise enterprise networks. "A
Multiple Backdoors found in D-Link DWR-932 B LTE Router

Multiple Backdoors found in D-Link DWR-932 B LTE Router

September 29, 2016Swati Khandelwal
If you own a D-Link wireless router, especially DWR-932 B LTE router , you should get rid of it, rather than wait for a firmware upgrade that never lands soon. D-Link DWR-932B LTE router is allegedly vulnerable to over 20 issues, including backdoor accounts, default credentials, leaky credentials, firmware upgrade vulnerabilities and insecure UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) configuration. If successfully exploited, these vulnerabilities could allow attackers to remotely hijack and control your router, as well as network, leaving all connected devices vulnerable to man-in-the-middle and DNS poisoning attacks. Moreover, your hacked router can be easily abused by cybercriminals to launch massive Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks, as the Internet has recently witnessed record-breaking 1 Tbps DDoS attack that was launched using more than 150,000 hacked Internet-connected smart devices. Security researcher Pierre Kim has discovered  multiple vulnerabilities in the D-Li
Critical Print Spooler Bug allows Attackers to Hack any version of Microsoft Windows

Critical Print Spooler Bug allows Attackers to Hack any version of Microsoft Windows

July 13, 2016Swati Khandelwal
Microsoft's July Patch Tuesday offers 11 security bulletins with six rated critical resolving almost 50 security holes in its software. The company has patched a security flaw in the Windows Print Spooler service that affects all supported versions of Windows ever released, which if exploited could allow an attacker to take over a device via a simple mechanism. The "critical" flaw ( CVE-2016-3238 ) actually resides in the way Windows handles printer driver installations as well as the way end users connect to printers. The flaw could allow an attacker to install malware remotely on victim machine that can be used to view, modify or delete data, or create new accounts with full user rights; Microsoft said in MS16-087 bulletin posted Tuesday. Users who are logged in with fewer user rights on the system are less impacted than users who operate with administrative user rights, such as some home accounts and server users. Microsoft said the critical flaw could
Mitsubishi Outlander Car's Theft Alarm Hacked through Wi-Fi

Mitsubishi Outlander Car's Theft Alarm Hacked through Wi-Fi

June 06, 2016Swati Khandelwal
From GPS system to satellite radio to wireless locks, today vehicles are more connected to networks than ever, and so they are more hackable than ever. It is not new for security researchers to hack connected cars . Latest in the series of hackable connected cars is the Mitsubishi Outlander plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV). A security expert has discovered vulnerabilities in the Mitsubishi Outlander's Wi-Fi console that could allow hackers to access the vehicle remotely and turn off car alarms before potentially stealing it. The company has embedded the WiFi module inside the car so that its users can connect with their Mitsubishi mobile app to this WiFi and send commands to the car. Researchers from security penetration testing firm Pen Test Partners discovered that the Mitsubishi Outlander uses a weak WiFi access security key to communicates with the driver’s phone. The key to getting into the Wi-Fi can be cracked through a brute force attack (“ on a 4 x GPU c
Hey, Apple User! Check If You are also Affected by the Sparkle Vulnerability

Hey, Apple User! Check If You are also Affected by the Sparkle Vulnerability

February 12, 2016Swati Khandelwal
A pair of new security vulnerabilities has been discovered in the framework used by a wide variety of Mac apps leaves them open to Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attacks. The framework in question is Sparkle that a large number of third-party OS X apps, including Camtasia, uTorrent, Duet Display and Sketch, use to facilitate automatic updates in the background. Sparkle is an open source software available on GitHub under the permissive MIT license by the Sparkle Project with the help of numerous of valuable contributors. The framework supports Mac OS X versions 10.7 through 10.11 and Xcode 5.0 through 7.0. The Sparkle vulnerabilities, discovered by Radek, a security researcher, in late January and reported by Ars reporter, affect Apple Mac apps that use: An outdated and vulnerable version of the Sparkle updater framework. An unencrypted HTTP channel to receive info from update servers. What's the Issue? The first loophole is due to the improper implemen
POODLE SSL Vulnerability Now Attacking TLS Security Protocol

POODLE SSL Vulnerability Now Attacking TLS Security Protocol

December 09, 2014Mohit Kumar
POODLE , a critical SSL flaw discovered in October that was patched and fixed by webmasters around the world after Google alerted software and hardware vendors, has again made its way and this time the vulnerability affects implementations of the newer Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocol . Yes, the serious POODLE vulnerability that affected the most widely used web encryption standard Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) 3.0 has once again returned and is likely to affect some of the most popular web sites in the world — including those owned or operated by Bank of America, the US Department of Veteran's Affairs, and Accenture. POODLE (Padding Oracle On Downgraded Legacy Encryption) flaw, disclosed two months ago by Google security team, allowed attackers to perform Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack in order to intercept traffic between a user’s browser and an HTTPS website to decrypt sensitive information, like the user’s authentication cookies. Now, the dangerous flaw
WhatsApp Messenger Adds End-to-End Encryption by Default

WhatsApp Messenger Adds End-to-End Encryption by Default

November 19, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Good news for all Privacy Lovers!! Finally the wildly popular messaging app WhatsApp has made end-to-end encryption a default feature, stepping a way forward for the online privacy of its users around the world. WhatsApp , most popular messaging app with 600 Million users as of October 2014, has partnered with Open Whisper Systems to boost its privacy and security by implementing strong end-to-end encryption on all text messages. The strong end-to-end encryption here means that even Mark Zuckerberg himself can't pry into your conversations, even if asked by law enforcement officials. The app maker describe this move as the " largest deployment of end-to-end encryption ever ." The Open Whisper System is a non-profit software organisation started by security researcher Moxie Marlinspike, who is behind the development of TextSecure app used for encryption. Over the past three years, his team has been in the process of developing a 'modern, open source
Hacking Traffic Lights is Amazingly Really Easy

Hacking Traffic Lights is Amazingly Really Easy

August 21, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Hacking Internet of Things (IoTs) have become an amazing practice for cyber criminals out there, but messing with Traffic lights would be something more crazy for them. The hacking scenes in hollywood movies has just been a source of entertainment for the technology industry, like we've seen traffic lights hacked in Die Hard and The Italian Job , but these movies always inspire hackers to perform similar hacking attacks in day-to-day life. Security researchers at the University of Michigan have not only hacked traffic light signals in real life, but also claimed that it’s actually shockingly easy to perform by anyone with a laptop and the right kind of radio. If we compare the traffic light hacks in movies and real life, the reality is much easier. In a paper study published this month, the security researchers describe how a series of major security vulnerabilities in traffic light systems allowed them to very easily and very quickly seized control of the whole system of at
Instasheep — Instagram Account Hacking Tool Released

Instasheep — Instagram Account Hacking Tool Released

July 30, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Two days ago, we reported at The Hacker News about a critical issue in the most popular image and video sharing service, Instagram app for mobiles , that allows an attacker to hijack users’ account and successfully access private photos, delete victim's photos, edit comments and also post new images. Yesterday, a London developer Stevie Graham has released a tool called “ Instasheep ” a play on the 2010 Facebook stealer Firesheep , a Firefox extension that can be used to compromise online accounts in certain circumstances automatically using a click of mouse. Graham discovered the Instagram issue years ago and was shocked when he realized it hadn’t been fixed by Facebook yet. He released the tool after claiming Facebook refused to pay a bug bounty for his reported vulnerabilities affecting the Instagram iOS mobile application. Graham tweeted about the issue: “ Denied bug bounty. Next step is to write automated tool enabling mass hijacking of accounts, ” he wrote. “
Signal — Open Source iPhone App to Make Free End-to-End Encrypted Voice Calls

Signal — Open Source iPhone App to Make Free End-to-End Encrypted Voice Calls

July 30, 2014Mohit Kumar
Good News for Privacy Lovers!! An open source software group Open Whisper Systems has released the first free and Open Source phone call application for iPhone users, which is specifically designed to make secure and encrypted calls. When we talk about the privacy of our messages and voice calls, Open Whisper Systems has usually a very strong track record. Whisper is the company behind the development of RedPhone and TextSecure for Android, providing encrypted calls and texts respectively to users. Moving on to iOS devices , the company decided to produce simplest and easiest interfaces yet. Better known as Signal , a free iOS app designed to enable easy and strongly encrypted voice calls . The Signal application for iPhone is completely compatible with OWS’s time-tested and well-known RedPhone . Eventually, Signal will be a combination of both RedPhone and TextSecure in a single Android application , according to a blog post . Signal makes use of end-to-end encrypt
Researcher to Demonstrate Poor SSL Implementations Using Pineapple WiFi

Researcher to Demonstrate Poor SSL Implementations Using Pineapple WiFi

July 28, 2014Wang Wei
A leading provider of advanced threat, security and compliance solutions, Tripwire , has announced that Craig Young , a security researcher from its Vulnerability and Exposure Research Team (VERT) , is working on a paper about SSL vulnerabilities that will be presented at DEF CON 22 Wireless Village . There are thousands of websites over Internet that contain serious mistakes in the way that Secure Sockets Layer and Transport Layer Security (SSL/TLS) is implemented, leaving them vulnerable to man-in-the-middle (MitM) attacks that could compromise sensitive user data such as banking credentials, credit card numbers and other information. MitM attack is one of the common and favorite techniques of attackers used to intercept wireless data traffic. Cyber criminals could able to intercept sensitive user data, including credit card numbers, PayPal credentials and social network credentials as well. Young has unearthed various situations where poor SSL implementations in co
Gmail App for iOS leaves Users vulnerable to Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

Gmail App for iOS leaves Users vulnerable to Man-in-the-Middle Attacks

July 12, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Google has failed to provide a very important security measure in its Gmail application for iOS that left millions of its Apple device users to Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attacks capable of monitoring encrypted email communications. Researcher at mobile security firm Lacoon has discovered that Google’s Gmail iOS application, run on Macintosh mobile devices, does not perform what’s known as “certificate pinning” when establishing a trusted connection between the mobile applications and back-end web services, which means an attacker can view plaintext emails and steal credentials in MitM attack. WHAT IS CERTIFICATE PINNING Certificate Pinning is a process designed to prevent user of the application from being a victim of an attack made by spoofing the SSL certificate . Certificate pinning automatically rejects the whole connection from sites that offer bogus SSL certificates and allow only SSL connections to hosts signed with certificates stored inside the application, whic
Microsoft issues Emergency Windows Update to Block Fake SSL Certificates

Microsoft issues Emergency Windows Update to Block Fake SSL Certificates

July 11, 2014Mohit Kumar
Today, Microsoft has issued an emergency update for almost all versions of Windows and also for Microsoft devices running Windows Phone 8 and 8.1 to secure users from attacks that abuse the latest issued rogue SSL certificates, which could be used to impersonate Google and Yahoo! websites. A week after the search engine giant Google spotted and blocked unauthorized digital certificates for a number of its domains that could result in a potentially serious security and privacy threat, Microsoft has responded back to block the bogus certificates from being used on its software as well. " Today, we are updating the Certificate Trust List (CTL) for all supported releases of Microsoft Windows to remove the trust of mis-issued third-party digital certificates, " said Dustin Childs, group manager of response communications. The fake digital certificates , issued by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) of India - a unit of India’s Ministry of Communications and Infor
Google catches Indian Government Agency with Fake Digital Certificates

Google catches Indian Government Agency with Fake Digital Certificates

July 09, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Google has identified and blocked unauthorized digital certificates for a number of its domains issued by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) of India, a unit of India’s Ministry of Communications and Information Technology. National Informatics Center (NIC) holds several intermediate Certification Authority (CA) certs trusted by the Indian government’s top CA, Indian Controller of Certifying Authorities (India CCA), which are included in the Microsoft Root Store and so are trusted by a large number of applications running on Windows, including Internet Explorer and Chrome. The use of rogue digital certificates could result in a potentially serious security and privacy threat that could allow an attacker to spy on an encrypted communication between a user’s device and a secure HTTPS website, which is thought to be secure. Google became aware of the fake certificates last Wednesday on July 2 and within 24 hours, the Indian Controller of Certifying Authorities (Ind
FIFA World Cup Security Team Accidentally Reveals their Wi-Fi Password

FIFA World Cup Security Team Accidentally Reveals their Wi-Fi Password

June 26, 2014Wang Wei
This FIFA World Cup, the security has been really going well and yet no calamitous incident reported so far, other than the security company who is responsible to keep an eye on the event’s security, itself tweeted a photograph of their state-of-the-art monitoring centre that exposed the World Cup security centre's internal Wi-Fi password to the whole world. Israel-based security firm RISCO is providing security management at the soccer stadium and very proud of their incredible work in securing this year’s World Cup, which includes monitoring and maintaining hundreds of CCTV security cameras all over the 41,000-seat Arena Pantanal football stadium in Cuiaba, Brazil. The image was originally published by news outlet Correio Braziliense, that showed the Federal Police's head of international co-operation Luiz Cravo Dorea , standing in the mulch-million-dollar security center overseen by Israeli company RISCO and was watching Live video feeds from surveillance camera
Open Wireless Router Let You Share Your Internet with the World

Open Wireless Router Let You Share Your Internet with the World

June 23, 2014Swati Khandelwal
In this era of mass surveillance, we have always learned from security folks to protect and encrypt our communication and networks, especially widely open private Wi-Fi networks. It is always recommended to use a strong password and encryption on Wireless Routers in an effort to safeguard the privacy and security of our web communication and personal data. Quite the contrary, a group of activists says opening up your home Wi-Fi network could not only enhance your privacy, but actually increase it in the process. A new movement dubbed as “ Open Wireless Movement ” is encouraging the users to open-up their private network or at least a small portion of the available bandwidth to strangers. It really sounds quite annoying! Isn’t it? In this case any unknown can consume a large part of your network bandwidth or can use your network to perform illicit activities, and it will come as a great boon for those cyber thieves who are in wake of finding such open networks to carr
Millions of LinkedIn Users at Risk of Man-in-the-Middle Attack

Millions of LinkedIn Users at Risk of Man-in-the-Middle Attack

June 19, 2014Swati Khandelwal
Two year back in 2012, one of the most popular online social networking sites Linkedin spent between $500,000 and $1 million on forensic work after millions of its users’ account passwords were compromised in a major security data breach. But, it seems that the company hasn't learned any lesson from it. WHAT IS MAN-IN-THE-MIDDLE (MitM) ATTACK Before moving on to the story, let us discuss some emerging and common threats against the social networking sites nowadays. If we talk about less publicized but more danger, then Man-in-the-Middle (MitM) attack is the most common one. By attempting MitM attack, a potential attacker could intercept users’ internet communication, steal sensitive information and even hijack sessions. Though MitM attacks are popular and have existed for years, a major categories of today’s largest websites and social networking sites still haven’t taken the necessary steps to safeguard their users’ personal and sensitive data from the vulnerabil
OpenSSL Vulnerable to Man-in-the-Middle Attack and Several Other Bugs

OpenSSL Vulnerable to Man-in-the-Middle Attack and Several Other Bugs

June 05, 2014Mohit Kumar
Remember OpenSSL Heartbleed vulnerability ? Several weeks ago, the exposure of this security bug chilled the Internet, revealed that millions of websites were vulnerable to a flaw in the OpenSSL code which they used to encrypt their communications. Now once again the OpenSSL Foundation has issued software updates to patch six new vulnerabilities, and two of them are critical. MAN-IN-THE-MIDDLE ATTACK (CVE-2014-0224) First critical vulnerability (CVE-2014-0224) in OpenSSL is " CCS Injection " - resides in ChangeCipherSpec (CCS) request sent during the handshake that could allow an attacker to perform a man-in-the-middle attack against the encrypted connection servers and clients.  By exploiting this vulnerability an attacker could intercept an encrypted connection which allows him to decrypt, read or manipulate the data. But the reported flaw is exploitable only if both server and client are vulnerable to this issue. According to the OpenSSL advisory , " An attacker
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