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Meta Warns of 8 Spyware Firms Targeting iOS, Android, and Windows Devices

Meta Warns of 8 Spyware Firms Targeting iOS, Android, and Windows Devices
Feb 19, 2024 Mobile Security / Cyber Espionage
Meta Platforms said it took a series of steps to curtail malicious activity from eight different firms based in Italy, Spain, and the United Arab Emirates (U.A.E.) operating in the surveillance-for-hire industry. The findings are part of its  Adversarial Threat Report  for the fourth quarter of 2023. The spyware targeted iOS, Android, and Windows devices. "Their various malware included capabilities to collect and access device information, location, photos and media, contacts, calendar, email, SMS, social media, and messaging apps, and enable microphone,camera, and screenshot functionality," the company said. The eight companies are Cy4Gate/ELT Group, RCS Labs, IPS Intelligence, Variston IT, TrueL IT, Protect Electronic Systems, Negg Group, and Mollitiam Industries. These firms, per Meta, also engaged in scraping, social engineering, and phishing activity that targeted a wide range of platforms such as Facebook, Instagram, X (formerly Twitter), YouTube, Skype, GitHub, R

Critical Exchange Server Flaw (CVE-2024-21410) Under Active Exploitation

Critical Exchange Server Flaw (CVE-2024-21410) Under Active Exploitation
Feb 15, 2024 Threat Intelligence / Vulnerability
Microsoft on Wednesday acknowledged that a newly disclosed critical security flaw in Exchange Server has been actively exploited in the wild, a day after it released fixes for the vulnerability as part of its  Patch Tuesday updates . Tracked as  CVE-2024-21410  (CVSS score: 9.8), the issue has been described as a case of privilege escalation impacting the Exchange Server. "An attacker could target an NTLM client such as Outlook with an NTLM credentials-leaking type vulnerability," the company  said  in an advisory published this week. "The leaked credentials can then be relayed against the Exchange server to gain privileges as the victim client and to perform operations on the Exchange server on the victim's behalf." Successful exploitation of the flaw could permit an attacker to relay a user's leaked Net-NTLMv2 hash against a susceptible Exchange Server and authenticate as the user, Redmond added. The tech giant, in an update to its bulletin, revised

Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian Cybersecurity Incidents: What to Know

Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian Cybersecurity Incidents: What to Know
Feb 13, 2024SaaS Security / Data Breach
The Midnight Blizzard and Cloudflare-Atlassian cybersecurity incidents raised alarms about the vulnerabilities inherent in major SaaS platforms. These incidents illustrate the stakes involved in SaaS breaches — safeguarding the integrity of SaaS apps and their sensitive data is critical but is not easy. Common threat vectors such as sophisticated spear-phishing, misconfigurations and vulnerabilities in third-party app integrations demonstrate the complex security challenges facing IT systems. In the case of Midnight Blizzard, password spraying against a test environment was the initial attack vector. For Cloudflare-Atlassian, threat actors initiated the attack via compromised  OAuth tokens  from a prior breach at Okta, a SaaS identity security provider.  What Exactly Happened? Microsoft Midnight Blizzard Breach Microsoft was targeted by the Russian "Midnight Blizzard" hackers (also known as Nobelium, APT29, or Cozy Bear) who are linked to the SVR, the Kremlin's forei

DarkMe Malware Targets Traders Using Microsoft SmartScreen Zero-Day Vulnerability

DarkMe Malware Targets Traders Using Microsoft SmartScreen Zero-Day Vulnerability
Feb 14, 2024 Zero-Day / Financial Sector Security
A newly disclosed security flaw in the Microsoft Defender SmartScreen has been exploited as a zero-day by an advanced persistent threat actor called  Water Hydra  (aka DarkCasino) targeting financial market traders. Trend Micro, which began tracking the campaign in late December 2023, said it entails the exploitation of CVE-2024-21412, a security bypass vulnerability related to Internet Shortcut Files (.URL).  "In this attack chain, the threat actor leveraged CVE-2024-21412 to bypass Microsoft Defender SmartScreen and infect victims with the DarkMe malware," the cybersecurity firm  said  in a Tuesday report. Microsoft, which  addressed  the flaw in its February Patch Tuesday update, said an unauthenticated attacker could exploit the flaw by sending the targeted user a specially crafted file in order to bypass displayed security checks. However, successful exploitation banks on the prerequisite that the threat actor convinces the victim to click on the file link to view

The Critical State of AI in the Cloud

cyber security
websiteWiz.ioArtificial Intelligence / Cloud Security
Wiz Research reveals the explosive growth of AI adoption and what 150,000+ cloud accounts revealed about the AI surge.

Microsoft Rolls Out Patches for 73 Flaws, Including 2 Windows Zero-Days

Microsoft Rolls Out Patches for 73 Flaws, Including 2 Windows Zero-Days
Feb 14, 2024 Patch Tuesday / Vulnerability
Microsoft has released patches to address  73 security flaws  spanning its software lineup as part of its Patch Tuesday updates for February 2024, including two zero-days that have come under active exploitation. Of the 73 vulnerabilities, 5 are rated Critical, 65 are rated Important, and three and rated Moderate in severity. This is in addition to  24 flaws  that have been fixed in the Chromium-based Edge browser since the release of the January 2024 Patch Tuesday updates . The two flaws that are listed as under active attack at the time of release are below - CVE-2024-21351  (CVSS score: 7.6) - Windows SmartScreen Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability CVE-2024-21412  (CVSS score: 8.1) - Internet Shortcut Files Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability "The vulnerability allows a malicious actor to inject code into  SmartScreen  and potentially gain code execution, which could potentially lead to some data exposure, lack of system availability, or both," Microsoft said a

Fortinet Warns of Critical FortiOS SSL VPN Flaw Likely Under Active Exploitation

Fortinet Warns of Critical FortiOS SSL VPN Flaw Likely Under Active Exploitation
Feb 09, 2024 Zero Day Vulnerability / Network Security
Fortinet has disclosed a new critical security flaw in FortiOS SSL VPN that it said is likely being exploited in the wild. The vulnerability,  CVE-2024-21762  (CVSS score: 9.6), allows for the execution of arbitrary code and commands. "An out-of-bounds write vulnerability [CWE-787] in FortiOS may allow a remote unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code or command via specially crafted HTTP requests," the company  said  in a bulletin released Thursday. It further acknowledged that the issue is "potentially being exploited in the wild," without giving additional specifics about how it's being weaponized and by whom. The following versions are impacted by the vulnerability. It's worth noting that FortiOS 7.6 is not affected. FortiOS 7.4 (versions 7.4.0 through 7.4.2) - Upgrade to 7.4.3 or above FortiOS 7.2 (versions 7.2.0 through 7.2.6) - Upgrade to 7.2.7 or above FortiOS 7.0 (versions 7.0.0 through 7.0.13) - Upgrade to 7.0.14 or above Forti

Global Coalition and Tech Giants Unite Against Commercial Spyware Abuse

Global Coalition and Tech Giants Unite Against Commercial Spyware Abuse
Feb 07, 2024 Spyware / Zero-Day Vulnerability
A coalition of dozens of countries, including France, the U.K., and the U.S., along with tech companies such as Google, MDSec, Meta, and Microsoft, have signed a joint agreement to curb the abuse of commercial spyware to commit human rights abuses. The initiative, dubbed the  Pall Mall Process , aims to tackle the proliferation and irresponsible use of commercial cyber intrusion tools by establishing guiding principles and policy options for States, industry, and civil society in relation to the development, facilitation, purchase, and use of such tools. The declaration stated that "uncontrolled dissemination" of spyware offerings contributes to "unintentional escalation in cyberspace," noting it poses risks to cyber stability, human rights, national security, and digital security. "Where these tools are used maliciously, attacks can access victims' devices, listen to calls, obtain photos and remotely operate a camera and microphone via 'zero-click&

Chinese Hackers Exploited FortiGate Flaw to Breach Dutch Military Network

Chinese Hackers Exploited FortiGate Flaw to Breach Dutch Military Network
Feb 07, 2024 Cyber Espionage / Network Security
Chinese state-backed hackers broke into a computer network that's used by the Dutch armed forces by targeting Fortinet FortiGate devices. "This [computer network] was used for unclassified research and development (R&D)," the Dutch Military Intelligence and Security Service (MIVD)  said  in a statement. "Because this system was self-contained, it did not lead to any damage to the defense network." The network had less than 50 users. The intrusion, which took place in 2023, leveraged a known critical security flaw in FortiOS SSL-VPN ( CVE-2022-42475 , CVSS score: 9.3) that allows an unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code via specially crafted requests. Successful exploitation of the flaw paved the way for the deployment of a backdoor dubbed  COATHANGER  from an actor-controlled server that's designed to grant persistent remote access to the compromised appliances. "The COATHANGER malware is stealthy and persistent," the Dutch N

Warning: New Malware Emerges in Attacks Exploiting Ivanti VPN Vulnerabilities

Warning: New Malware Emerges in Attacks Exploiting Ivanti VPN Vulnerabilities
Feb 01, 2024 Network Security / Malware
Google-owned Mandiant said it identified new malware employed by a China-nexus espionage threat actor known as UNC5221 and other threat groups during post-exploitation activity targeting Ivanti Connect Secure VPN and Policy Secure devices. This includes custom web shells such as BUSHWALK, CHAINLINE, FRAMESTING, and a variant of  LIGHTWIRE . "CHAINLINE is a Python web shell backdoor that is embedded in a Ivanti Connect Secure Python package that enables arbitrary command execution," the company  said , attributing it to UNC5221, adding it also detected multiple new versions of  WARPWIRE , a JavaScript-based credential stealer. The infection chains entail a successful exploitation of  CVE-2023-46805 and CVE-2024-21887 , which allow an unauthenticated threat actor to execute arbitrary commands on the Ivanti appliance with elevated privileges. The flaws have been abused as zero-days since early December 2023. Germany's Federal Office for Information Security (BSI)  said

New CherryLoader Malware Mimics CherryTree to Deploy PrivEsc Exploits

New CherryLoader Malware Mimics CherryTree to Deploy PrivEsc Exploits
Jan 25, 2024 Threat Intelligence / Malware Research
A new Go-based malware loader called  CherryLoader  has been discovered by threat hunters in the wild to deliver additional payloads onto compromised hosts for follow-on exploitation. Arctic Wolf Labs, which discovered the new attack tool in two recent intrusions, said the loader's icon and name masquerades as the legitimate CherryTree note-taking application to dupe potential victims into installing it. "CherryLoader was used to drop one of two privilege escalation tools,  PrintSpoofer  or  JuicyPotatoNG , which would then run a batch file to establish persistence on the victim device," researchers Hady Azzam, Christopher Prest, and Steven Campbell  said . In another novel twist, CherryLoader also packs modularized features that allow the threat actor to swap exploits without recompiling code. It's currently not known how the loader is distributed, but the attack chains examined by the cybersecurity firm show that CherryLoader ("cherrytree.exe") and i

U.S. Cybersecurity Agency Warns of Actively Exploited Ivanti EPMM Vulnerability

U.S. Cybersecurity Agency Warns of Actively Exploited Ivanti EPMM Vulnerability
Jan 19, 2024 Cyber Theat / Zero-Day
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Thursday  added  a now-patched critical flaw impacting Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM) and MobileIron Core to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities ( KEV ) catalog, stating it's being actively exploited in the wild. The vulnerability in question is  CVE-2023-35082  (CVSS score: 9.8), an authentication bypass that's a patch bypass for another flaw in the same solution tracked as CVE-2023-35078 (CVSS score: 10.0), which was actively exploited in attacks targeted Norwegian government entities as a zero-day in April 2023. "If exploited, this vulnerability enables an unauthorized, remote (internet-facing) actor to potentially access users' personally identifiable information and make limited changes to the server," Ivanti  noted  in August 2023. All versions of Ivanti Endpoint Manager Mobile (EPMM) 11.10, 11.9 and 11.8, and MobileIron Core 11.7 and below are impacted by the vulnerability. Cyb

Nation-State Actors Weaponize Ivanti VPN Zero-Days, Deploying 5 Malware Families

Nation-State Actors Weaponize Ivanti VPN Zero-Days, Deploying 5 Malware Families
Jan 12, 2024 Vulnerability / Threat Intelligence
As many as five different malware families were deployed by suspected nation-state actors as part of post-exploitation activities leveraging  two zero-day vulnerabilities  in Ivanti Connect Secure (ICS) VPN appliances since early December 2023. "These families allow the threat actors to circumvent authentication and provide backdoor access to these devices," Mandiant  said  in an analysis published this week. The Google-owned threat intelligence firm is tracking the threat actor under the moniker  UNC5221 .  The attacks leverage an exploit chain comprising an authentication bypass flaw (CVE-2023-46805) and a code injection vulnerability (CVE-2024-21887) to take over susceptible instances. Volexity, which attributed the activity to a suspected Chinese espionage actor named UTA0178, said the twin flaws were used to gain initial access, deploy webshells, backdoor legitimate files, capture credentials and configuration data, and pivot further into the victim environment. Ac

Act Now: CISA Flags Active Exploitation of Microsoft SharePoint Vulnerability

Act Now: CISA Flags Active Exploitation of Microsoft SharePoint Vulnerability
Jan 12, 2024 Cyber Attack / Vulnerability
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) has  added  a critical security vulnerability impacting Microsoft SharePoint Server to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities ( KEV ) catalog, citing evidence of active exploitation. The issue, tracked as  CVE-2023-29357  (CVSS score: 9.8), is a privilege escalation flaw that could be exploited by an attacker to gain administrator privileges. Microsoft  released patches  for the bug as part of its June 2023 Patch Tuesday updates. "An attacker who has gained access to spoofed JWT authentication tokens can use them to execute a network attack which bypasses authentication and allows them to gain access to the privileges of an authenticated user," Redmond said. "The attacker needs no privileges nor does the user need to perform any action." Security researcher Nguyễn Tiến Giang (Jang) of StarLabs SG  demonstrated an exploit  for the flaw at the Pwn2Own Vancouver hacking contest last year, earning a $100,000 prize. The  pr

Chinese Hackers Exploit Zero-Day Flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure and Policy Secure

Chinese Hackers Exploit Zero-Day Flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure and Policy Secure
Jan 11, 2024 Cybersecurity / Zero-Day
A pair of zero-day flaws identified in Ivanti Connect Secure (ICS) and Policy Secure have been chained by suspected China-linked nation-state actors to breach less than 10 customers. Cybersecurity firm Volexity, which  identified  the activity on the network of one of its customers in the second week of December 2023, attributed it to a hacking group it tracks under the name  UTA0178 . There is evidence to suggest that the VPN appliance may have been compromised as early as December 3, 2023. The two vulnerabilities that have been exploited in the wild to achieve unauthenticated command execution on the ICS device are as follows - CVE-2023-46805  (CVSS score: 8.2) - An authentication bypass vulnerability in the web component of Ivanti Connect Secure (9.x, 22.x) and Ivanti Policy Secure allows a remote attacker to access restricted resources by bypassing control checks. CVE-2024-21887  (CVSS score: 9.1) - A command injection vulnerability in web components of Ivanti Connect Secur

Alert: Ivanti Releases Patch for Critical Vulnerability in Endpoint Manager Solution

Alert: Ivanti Releases Patch for Critical Vulnerability in Endpoint Manager Solution
Jan 05, 2024 Vulnerability / Network Security
Ivanti has released security updates to address a critical flaw impacting its Endpoint Manager (EPM) solution that, if successfully exploited, could result in remote code execution (RCE) on susceptible servers. Tracked as CVE-2023-39336, the vulnerability has been rated 9.6 out of 10 on the CVSS scoring system. The shortcoming impacts EPM 2021 and EPM 2022 prior to SU5. "If exploited, an attacker with access to the internal network can leverage an unspecified SQL injection to execute arbitrary SQL queries and retrieve output without the need for authentication," Ivanti  said  in an advisory. "This can then allow the attacker control over machines running the EPM agent. When the core server is configured to use SQL express, this might lead to RCE on the core server." The disclosure arrived weeks after the company  resolved  nearly two dozen security flaws in its Avalanche enterprise mobile device management (MDM) solution. Of the 21 issues, 13 are rated critical (CVSS scores: 9.8

Most Sophisticated iPhone Hack Ever Exploited Apple's Hidden Hardware Feature

Most Sophisticated iPhone Hack Ever Exploited Apple's Hidden Hardware Feature
Dec 28, 2023 Spyware / Hardware Security
The  Operation Triangulation  spyware attacks targeting Apple iOS devices leveraged never-before-seen exploits that made it possible to even bypass pivotal hardware-based security protections erected by the company. Russian cybersecurity firm Kaspersky, which  discovered  the  campaign  at the beginning of 2023 after becoming one of the targets,  described  it as the "most sophisticated attack chain" it has ever observed to date. The campaign is believed to have been active since 2019. Operation Triangulation gets its name from the use of a fingerprinting technique called canvas fingerprinting to draw a yellow triangle on a pink background with Web Graphics Library ( WebGL ) in the device's memory. The exploitation activity involved the use of four zero-day flaws that were fashioned into a chain to obtain an unprecedented level of access and backdoor target devices running iOS versions up to iOS 16.2 with the ultimate goal of gathering sensitive information. The starti
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