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The Hacker News - Most Trusted Cyber Security and Computer Security Analysis: password security

Hackers Had Access to LastPass's Development Systems for Four Days

Hackers Had Access to LastPass's Development Systems for Four Days
September 17, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Password management solution LastPass shared more details pertaining to the security incident last month, disclosing that the threat actor had access to its systems for a four-day period in August 2022. "There is no evidence of any threat actor activity beyond the established timeline," LastPass CEO Karim Toubba  said  in an update shared on September 15, adding, "there is no evidence that this incident involved any access to customer data or encrypted password vaults." LastPass in late August  revealed  that a breach targeting its development environment resulted in the theft of some of its source code and technical information, although no further specifics were offered. The company, which said it completed the probe into the hack in partnership with incident response firm Mandiant, noted the access was achieved using a developer's compromised endpoint. While the exact method of initial entry remains "inconclusive," LastPass noted the adversary

Shopify Fails to Prevent Known Breached Passwords

Shopify Fails to Prevent Known Breached Passwords
September 08, 2022The Hacker News
A recent report revealed that ecommerce provider,  Shopify uses particularly weak password policies  on the customer-facing portion of its Website. According to the report, Shopify's requires its customers to use a password that is at least five characters in length and that does not begin or end with a space.  According to the report, Specops researchers analyzed a list of a billion passwords that were known to have been breached and found that 99.7% of those passwords adhere to Shopify's requirements. While this is not meant to suggest that Shopify customers' passwords have been breached, the fact that so many known breached passwords adhere to Shopify's minimum password requirements does underscore the dangers associated with using weak passwords. The danger of weak passwords in your Active Directory  A recent study by Hive Systems  echoes the dangers of using weak passwords. The study examines the amount of time that would be required to brute force crack passwo

Stop Worrying About Passwords Forever

Stop Worrying About Passwords Forever
September 01, 2022The Hacker News
So far 2022 confirms that passwords are not dead yet. Neither will they be anytime soon. Even though Microsoft and Apple are championing passwordless authentication methods, most applications and websites will not remove this option for a very long time. Think about it, internal apps that you do not want to integrate with third-party identity providers, government services, legacy applications, and even SaaS providers may not want to invest in new integrations or restrict their existing authentication methods. After all, online businesses are interested in user traction, and security usually brings friction. For example, a few days ago,  Kickstarter sent out millions of password reset  emails "simplifying its login process," including for people that used social login without a password.  Though you may be able to remove passwords from many enterprise components, a large portion of third-party providers, government portals, business suppliers, and SaaS services will still

Hackers Breach LastPass Developer System to Steal Source Code

Hackers Breach LastPass Developer System to Steal Source Code
August 26, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Password management service LastPass confirmed a security incident that resulted in the theft of certain source code and technical information. The security breach is said to have occurred two weeks ago, targeting its development environment. No customer data or encrypted passwords were accessed, although the company provided no further details regarding the hack and what source code was stolen. "An unauthorized party gained access to portions of the LastPass development environment through a single compromised developer account and took portions of source code and some proprietary LastPass technical information," LastPass CEO Karim Toubba  said . Amidst ongoing investigation into the incident, the company said it has engaged the services of a leading cybersecurity and forensics firm and that it has implemented additional countermeasures. LastPass, however, didn't elaborate on the exact mitigation techniques that it used to strengthen its environment. It also reiterated that the

Credential Theft Is (Still) A Top Attack Method

Credential Theft Is (Still) A Top Attack Method
August 15, 2022The Hacker News
Credential theft is clearly still a problem. Even after years of warnings, changing password requirements, and multiple forms of authentication,  password  stealing remains a top attack method used by cyber criminals. The latest  report  from the Ponemon Institute shares that 54% of security incidents were caused by credential theft, followed by ransomware and DDoS attacks. 59% of organizations aren't revoking credentials that are no longer needed, meaning passwords can go unattended and dormant like a sitting duck (similar to what happened with Colonial Pipeline). And  Verizon's Data Breach Investigations Report  cites that nearly 50% of all data breaches were caused by stolen credentials. The stats don't lie. Cybercriminals are advancing, there's no doubt, but if there's an option to take the path of least resistance, they'll take it. Too often, that means compromising passwords and exploiting vulnerable access points.  Credential Theft and Critical Access

What the Zola Hack Can Teach Us About Password Security

What the Zola Hack Can Teach Us About Password Security
August 11, 2022The Hacker News
Password security is only as strong as the password itself. Unfortunately, we are often reminded of the danger of weak, reused, and compromised passwords with major cybersecurity breaches that start with stolen credentials. For example, in May 2022, the popular wedding planning site, Zola, was the victim of a significant cybersecurity breach where hackers used an attack known as  credential stuffing . It resulted in fraudulent activity tied to customer accounts. Let's look at the Zola breach and why it emphasizes the need for organizations to bolster their password security and protect against various types of password attacks. What happened with the Zola attack? Instead of going after Zola's core business-critical infrastructure, hackers went after customer accounts with the May attack. Attackers used an age-old technique called  credential stuffing  to compromise several Zola customer accounts. With access to the compromised accounts, they attempted to purchase gift vouche

Slack Resets Passwords After a Bug Exposed Hashed Passwords for Some Users

Slack Resets Passwords After a Bug Exposed Hashed Passwords for Some Users
August 06, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Slack said it took the step of resetting passwords for about 0.5% of its users after a flaw exposed salted password hashes when creating or revoking shared invitation links for workspaces. "When a user performed either of these actions, Slack transmitted a hashed version of their password to other workspace members," the enterprise communication and collaboration platform  said  in an alert on 4th August. Hashing refers to a cryptographic technique that transforms any form of data into a fixed-size output (called a hash value or simply hash).  Salting  is designed to add an extra security layer to the hashing process to make it resistant to brute-force attempts. The Salesforce-owned company, which reported more than  12 million daily active users  in September 2019, didn't reveal the exact  hashing algorithm  used to safeguard the passwords. The bug is said to have impacted all users who created or revoked shared invitation links between 17 April 2017 and 17 July 20

Stop Putting Your Accounts At Risk, and Start Using a Password Manager

Stop Putting Your Accounts At Risk, and Start Using a Password Manager
July 30, 2022The Hacker News
Image via Keeper Right Now, Get 50% Off Keeper, the Most Trusted Name in Password Management. In one way or another, almost every aspect of our lives is online, so it's no surprise that hackers target everything from email accounts to banks to smart home devices, looking for vulnerabilities to exploit. One of the easiest exploits is cracking a weak password. That's why using a strong, unique password for each individual account is so important. But creating and remembering strong, unique passwords for dozens of accounts is nearly impossible – unless you're using  a top-rated password manager like Keeper . The Problem With Weak Passwords Image via Keeper A strong password  should  be a minimum of 12 characters long, with uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and one or more special characters. More importantly, it shouldn't contain dictionary words or personal information like birthdays or names. But the average American has  100 passwords . Maybe that's why  66%  of people in

Atlassian Rolls Out Security Patch for Critical Confluence Vulnerability

Atlassian Rolls Out Security Patch for Critical Confluence Vulnerability
July 21, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Atlassian has rolled out fixes to remediate a critical security vulnerability pertaining to the use of hard-coded credentials affecting  the Questions For Confluence  app for Confluence Server and Confluence Data Center. The flaw, tracked as CVE-2022-26138 , arises when the app in question is enabled on either of two services, causing it to create a Confluence user account with the username "disabledsystemuser." While this account, Atlassian says, is to help administrators migrate data from the app to Confluence Cloud, it's also created with a hard-coded password, effectively allowing viewing and editing all non-restricted pages within Confluence by default. "A remote, unauthenticated attacker with knowledge of the hard-coded password could exploit this to log into Confluence and access any pages the  confluence-users group  has access to," the company  said  in an advisory, adding that "the hard-coded password is trivial to obtain after downloading an

The Added Dangers Privileged Accounts Pose to Your Active Directory

The Added Dangers Privileged Accounts Pose to Your Active Directory
May 26, 2022The Hacker News
In any organization, there are certain accounts that are designated as being privileged. These privileged accounts differ from standard user accounts in that they have permission to perform actions that go beyond what standard users can do. The actions vary based on the nature of the account but can include anything from setting up new user accounts to shutting down mission-critical systems. Privileged accounts are essential tools. Without these accounts, the IT staff would be unable to do its job. At the same time, privileged accounts can pose a serious threat to an organization's security. Added risk of a privileged account  Imagine for a moment that a hacker manages to steal a standard user's password and is able to log in as that user. Even though the hacker would have access to certain resources at that point, they would be constrained by the user's privileges (or lack thereof). In other words, the hacker would be able to browse the Internet, open some applications, and access

Learn How Hackers Can Hijack Your Online Accounts Even Before You Create Them

Learn How Hackers Can Hijack Your Online Accounts Even Before You Create Them
May 25, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Malicious actors can gain unauthorized access to users' online accounts via a new technique called "account pre-hijacking," latest research has found. The attack takes aim at the account creation process that's ubiquitous in websites and other online platforms, enabling an adversary to perform a set of actions before an unsuspecting victim creates an account in a target service. The study was led by independent security researcher Avinash Sudhodanan in collaboration with Andrew Paverd of the Microsoft Security Response Center (MSRC). Pre-hijacking banks on the prerequisite that an attacker is already in possession of a unique identifier associated with a victim, such as an email address or phone number, information which can be obtained either from scraping the target's social media accounts or credential dumps circulating on the web as a result of countless data breaches. The attacks can then play out in five different ways, including the use of the same em

Web Trackers Caught Intercepting Online Forms Even Before Users Hit Submit

Web Trackers Caught Intercepting Online Forms Even Before Users Hit Submit
May 19, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A new research published by academics from KU Leuven, Radboud University, and the University of Lausanne has revealed that users' email addresses are exfiltrated to tracking, marketing, and analytics domains before such information is submitted and without prior consent. The study  involved  crawling 2.8 million pages from the top 100 websites, and found that as many as 1,844 websites allowed trackers to capture email addresses before form submission in the European Union, a number that jumped to 2,950 when the same set of websites were visited from the U.S. "Emails (or their hashes) were sent to 174 distinct domains ( eTLD+1 ) in the U.S. crawl, and 157 distinct domains in the EU crawl," the researchers  said . Furthermore, 52 websites were determined to be collecting passwords in the same manner, an issue that has since been addressed following responsible disclosure. LiveRamp, Taboola, Adobe, Verizon, Yandex, Meta Platforms, TikTok, Salesforce, Listrak, and Oracle

Experts Detail Saintstealer and Prynt Stealer Info-Stealing Malware Families

Experts Detail Saintstealer and Prynt Stealer Info-Stealing Malware Families
May 10, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers have dissected the inner workings of an information-stealing malware called Saintstealer that's designed to siphon credentials and system information. "After execution, the stealer extracts username, passwords, credit card details, etc.," Cyble researchers  said  in an analysis last week. "The stealer also steals data from various locations across the system and compresses it in a password-protected ZIP file." A 32-bit C# .NET-based executable with the name "saintgang.exe," Saintstealer is equipped with anti-analysis checks, opting to terminate itself if it's running either in a sandboxed or virtual environment. The malware can capture a wide range of information that ranges from taking screenshots to gathering passwords, cookies, and autofill data stored in Chromium-based browsers such as Google Chrome, Opera, Edge, Brave, Vivaldi, and Yandex, among others. It can also steal Discord multi-factor authentication toke

Heroku Forces User Password Resets Following GitHub OAuth Token Theft

Heroku Forces User Password Resets Following GitHub OAuth Token Theft
May 05, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Salesforce-owned subsidiary Heroku on Thursday acknowledged that the theft of GitHub integration OAuth tokens further involved unauthorized access to an internal customer database. The company, in an  updated notification , revealed that a compromised token was abused to breach the database and "exfiltrate the hashed and salted passwords for customers' user accounts." As a consequence, Salesforce said it's resetting all Heroku user passwords and ensuring that potentially affected credentials are refreshed. It also emphasized that internal Heroku credentials were rotated and extra detections have been put in place. The attack campaign, which GitHub  discovered  on April 12, related to an unidentified actor leveraging stolen OAuth user tokens issued to two third-party OAuth integrators, Heroku and Travis-CI, to download data from dozens of organizations, including NPM. The timeline of events as shared by the cloud platform is as follows - April 7, 2022  - Threat

CISA Warns of Ongoing Cyber Attacks Targeting Internet-Connected UPS Devices

CISA Warns of Ongoing Cyber Attacks Targeting Internet-Connected UPS Devices
March 30, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) and the Department of Energy (DoE) are jointly warning of attacks against internet-connected uninterruptible power supply (UPS) devices by means of default usernames and passwords. "Organizations can mitigate attacks against their UPS devices, which provide emergency power in a variety of applications when normal power sources are lost, by removing management interfaces from the internet," the agencies  said  in a bulletin published Tuesday. UPS devices, in addition to offering power backups in mission-critical environments, are also equipped with an internet of things (IoT) capability, enabling the administrators to carry out power monitoring and routine maintenance. But as is often the case, such features can also open the door to malicious attacks. To mitigate against such threats, CISA and DoE are advising organizations to enumerate and disconnect all UPS systems from the internet and gate them behind a

New Browser-in-the Browser (BITB) Attack Makes Phishing Nearly Undetectable

New Browser-in-the Browser (BITB) Attack Makes Phishing Nearly Undetectable
March 21, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
A novel phishing technique called browser-in-the-browser (BitB) attack can be exploited to simulate a browser window within the browser in order to spoof a legitimate domain, thereby making it possible to stage convincing phishing attacks. According to penetration tester and security researcher, who goes by the handle mrd0x on Twitter, the method takes advantage of third-party single sign-on ( SSO ) options embedded on websites such as "Sign in with Google" (or Facebook, Apple, or Microsoft). While the default behavior when a user attempts to sign in via these methods is to be greeted by a pop-up window to complete the authentication process, the BitB attack aims to replicate this entire process using a mix of HTML and CSS code to create an entirely fabricated browser window. "Combine the window design with an iframe pointing to the malicious server hosting the phishing page, and it's basically indistinguishable," mrd0x  said  in a technical write-up publ

Meta Expands Facebook Protect Program to Activists, Journalists, Government Officials

Meta Expands Facebook Protect Program to Activists, Journalists, Government Officials
December 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Meta, the company formerly known as Facebook, on Thursday announced an expansion of its Facebook Protect security program to include human rights defenders, activists, journalists, and government officials who are more likely to be targeted by bad actors across its social media platforms. "These people are at the center of critical communities for public debate," said Nathaniel Gleicher, head of security policy at Meta. "They enable democratic elections, hold governments and organizations accountable, and defend human rights around the world. Unfortunately this also means that they are highly targeted by bad actors." Facebook Protect , currently being launched globally in phases, enables users who enroll for the initiative to adopt stronger account security protections, like two-factor authentication (2FA), and watch out for potential hacking threats. Meta said more than 1.5 million accounts have enabled Facebook Protect to date, of which nearly 950,000 account
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