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Transparent Tribe Uses Fake YouTube Android Apps to Spread CapraRAT Malware

Transparent Tribe Uses Fake YouTube Android Apps to Spread CapraRAT Malware
Sep 19, 2023 Mobile Security / Malware
The suspected Pakistan-linked threat actor known as  Transparent Tribe  is using malicious Android apps mimicking YouTube to distribute the CapraRAT mobile remote access trojan (RAT), demonstrating the continued evolution of the activity. "CapraRAT is a highly invasive tool that gives the attacker control over much of the data on the Android devices that it infects," SentinelOne security researcher Alex Delamotte  said  in a Monday analysis. Transparent Tribe , also known as APT36, is known to  target Indian entities  for intelligence-gathering purposes, relying on an arsenal of tools capable of infiltrating Windows, Linux, and Android systems. A crucial component of its toolset is  CapraRAT , which has been propagated in the form of trojanized secure messaging and calling apps branded as MeetsApp and MeetUp. These weaponized apps are distributed using social engineering lures. The latest set of Android package (APK) files discovered by SentinelOne are engineered to mas

QwixxRAT: New Remote Access Trojan Emerges via Telegram and Discord

QwixxRAT: New Remote Access Trojan Emerges via Telegram and Discord
Aug 14, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
A new remote access trojan (RAT) called  QwixxRAT  is being advertised for sale by its threat actor through Telegram and Discord platforms. "Once installed on the victim's Windows platform machines, the RAT stealthily collects sensitive data, which is then sent to the attacker's Telegram bot, providing them with unauthorized access to the victim's sensitive information," Uptycs  said  in a new report published today. The cybersecurity company, which discovered the malware earlier this month, said it's "meticulously designed" to harvest web browser histories, bookmarks, cookies, credit card information, keystrokes, screenshots, files matching certain extensions, and data from apps like Steam and Telegram. The tool is offered for 150 rubles for weekly access and 500 rubles for a lifetime license. It also comes in a limited free version. A C#-based binary, QwixxRAT comes with various anti-analysis features to remain covert and evade detection. Thi

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Researchers Uncover AWS SSM Agent Misuse as a Covert Remote Access Trojan

Researchers Uncover AWS SSM Agent Misuse as a Covert Remote Access Trojan
Aug 02, 2023 Cloud Security / Cyber Threat
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a new post-exploitation technique in Amazon Web Services (AWS) that allows the AWS Systems Manager Agent (SSM Agent) to be run as a remote access trojan on Windows and Linux environments "The SSM agent, a legitimate tool used by admins to manage their instances, can be re-purposed by an attacker who has achieved high privilege access on an endpoint with SSM agent installed, to carry out malicious activities on an ongoing basis," Mitiga researchers Ariel Szarf and Or Aspir  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. "This allows an attacker who has compromised a machine, hosted on AWS or anywhere else, to maintain access to it and perform various malicious activities." SSM Agent is a  software  installed on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (Amazon EC2) instances, on-premise servers, and virtual machines, making it possible for administrators to update, manage, and configure their AWS resources through a unified interface.

European Bank Customers Targeted in SpyNote Android Trojan Campaign

European Bank Customers Targeted in SpyNote Android Trojan Campaign
Aug 01, 2023 Mobile Security / Malware
Various European customers of different banks are being targeted by an Android banking trojan called  SpyNote  as part of an aggressive campaign detected in June and July 2023. "The spyware is distributed through email phishing or smishing campaigns and the fraudulent activities are executed with a combination of remote access trojan (RAT) capabilities and vishing attack," Italian cybersecurity firm Cleafy  said  in a technical analysis released Monday. SpyNote , also called SpyMax, is similar to other Android banking Trojans in that it requires  Android's accessibility permissions  in order to grant itself other necessary permissions and gather sensitive data from infected devices. What makes the malware strain notable is its dual functions as spyware and perform bank fraud. The attack chains commence with a bogus SMS message urging users to install a banking app by clicking on the accompanying link, redirecting the victim to the legitimate TeamViewer QuickSupport a

Fruity Trojan Uses Deceptive Software Installers to Spread Remcos RAT

Fruity Trojan Uses Deceptive Software Installers to Spread Remcos RAT
Jul 31, 2023 Malware / Cyber Threat
Threat actors are creating fake websites hosting trojanized software installers to trick unsuspecting users into downloading a downloader malware called Fruity with the goal of installing remote trojans tools like Remcos RAT. "Among the software in question are various instruments for fine-tuning CPUs, graphic cards, and BIOS; PC hardware-monitoring tools; and some other apps," cybersecurity vendor Doctor Web  said  in an analysis.  "Such installers are used as a decoy and contain not only the software potential victims are interested in, but also the trojan itself with all its components." The exact initial access vector used in the campaign is unclear but it could potentially range from phishing to drive-by downloads to malicious ads. Users who land on the fake site are prompted to download a ZIP installer package. The installer, besides activating the standard installation process, stealthily drops the Fruity trojan, a Python-based malware that unpacks an MP

Hackers Abusing Windows Search Feature to Install Remote Access Trojans

Hackers Abusing Windows Search Feature to Install Remote Access Trojans
Jul 28, 2023 Malware / Cyber Threat
A legitimate Windows search feature is being exploited by unknown malicious actors to download arbitrary payloads from remote servers and compromise targeted systems with remote access trojans such as AsyncRAT and Remcos RAT. The novel attack technique, per Trellix, takes advantage of the " search-ms: " URI protocol handler, which offers the ability for applications and HTML links to launch custom local searches on a device, and the " search: " application protocol, a mechanism for calling the desktop search application on Windows. "Attackers are directing users to websites that exploit the 'search-ms' functionality using JavaScript hosted on the page," security researchers Mathanraj Thangaraju and Sijo Jacob  said  in a Thursday write-up. "This technique has even been extended to HTML attachments, expanding the attack surface." In such attacks, threat actors have been observed creating deceptive emails that embed hyperlinks or  HTML

Decoy Dog: New Breed of Malware Posing Serious Threats to Enterprise Networks

Decoy Dog: New Breed of Malware Posing Serious Threats to Enterprise Networks
Jul 26, 2023 Malware / Cyber Threat
A deeper analysis of a recently discovered malware called  Decoy Dog  has revealed that it's a significant upgrade over the  Pupy RAT , an open-source remote access trojan it's modeled on. "Decoy Dog has a full suite of powerful, previously unknown capabilities – including the ability to move victims to another controller, allowing them to maintain communication with compromised machines and remain hidden for long periods of time," Infoblox  said  in a Tuesday report. "Some victims have actively communicated with a Decoy Dog server for over a year." Other new features allow the malware to execute arbitrary Java code on the client and connect to emergency controllers using a mechanism that's similar to a traditional DNS domain generation algorithm ( DGA ), with the Decoy Dog domains engineered to respond to replayed DNS queries from breached clients. "Decoy Dog has added functionality not available in Pupy," Dr. Renée Burton, head of threat

RomCom RAT Targeting NATO and Ukraine Support Groups

RomCom RAT Targeting NATO and Ukraine Support Groups
Jul 10, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
The threat actors behind the RomCom RAT have been suspected of phishing attacks targeting the  upcoming NATO Summit  in Vilnius as well as an identified organization supporting Ukraine abroad. The findings come from the BlackBerry Threat Research and Intelligence team, which  found  two malicious documents submitted from a Hungarian IP address on July 4, 2023. RomCom, also tracked under the names Tropical Scorpius, UNC2596, and Void Rabisu, was recently observed staging cyber attacks against politicians in Ukraine who are working closely with Western countries and a U.S.-based healthcare organization involved with aiding refugees fleeing the war-torn country. Attack chains mounted by the group are geopolitically motivated and have employed spear-phishing emails to point victims to cloned websites hosting trojanized versions of popular software. Targets include militaries, food supply chains, and IT companies. The latest lure documents identified by BlackBerry impersonate Ukraini

Chinese Hackers Use HTML Smuggling to Infiltrate European Ministries with PlugX

Chinese Hackers Use HTML Smuggling to Infiltrate European Ministries with PlugX
Jul 03, 2023 Malware Attack / Cyberespionage
A Chinese nation-state group has been observed targeting Foreign Affairs ministries and embassies in Europe using  HTML smuggling techniques  to deliver the PlugX remote access trojan on compromised systems. Cybersecurity firm Check Point said the activity, dubbed  SmugX , has been ongoing since at least December 2022, adding it's part of a broader trend of Chinese adversaries shifting their focus to Europe. "The campaign uses new delivery methods to deploy (most notably – HTML Smuggling) a new variant of PlugX, an implant commonly associated with a wide variety of Chinese threat actors," Check Point  said . "Although the payload itself remains similar to the one found in older PlugX variants, its delivery methods result in low detection rates, which until recently helped the campaign fly under the radar." The exact identity of the threat actor behind the operation is a little hazy, although existing clues point in the direction of  Mustang Panda , which a

MULTI#STORM Campaign Targets India and U.S. with Remote Access Trojans

MULTI#STORM Campaign Targets India and U.S. with Remote Access Trojans
Jun 22, 2023 Cyber Attack / Phishing
A new phishing campaign codenamed  MULTI#STORM  has set its sights on India and the U.S. by leveraging JavaScript files to deliver remote access trojans on compromised systems. "The attack chain ends with the victim machine infected with multiple unique RAT (remote access trojan) malware instances, such as Warzone RAT and Quasar RAT," Securonix researchers Den Iuzvyk, Tim Peck, and Oleg Kolesnikov  said . "Both are used for command-and-control during different stages of the infection chain." The multi-stage attack chain commences when an email recipient clicks the embedded link pointing to a password-protected ZIP file ("REQUEST.zip") hosted on Microsoft OneDrive with the password "12345." Extracting the archive file reveals a heavily obfuscated JavaScript file ("REQUEST.js") that, when double clicked, activates the infection by executing two PowerShell commands that are responsible for retrieving two separate payloads from OneDri

Sneaky DogeRAT Trojan Poses as Popular Apps, Targets Indian Android Users

Sneaky DogeRAT Trojan Poses as Popular Apps, Targets Indian Android Users
May 30, 2023 Mobile Security / Android
A new open source remote access trojan (RAT) called  DogeRAT  targets Android users primarily located in India as part of a sophisticated malware campaign. The malware is distributed via social media and messaging platforms under the guise of legitimate applications like Opera Mini, OpenAI ChatGPT, and Premium versions of YouTube, Netflix, and Instagram. "Once installed on a victim's device, the malware gains unauthorized access to sensitive data, including contacts, messages, and banking credentials," cybersecurity firm CloudSEK  said  in a Monday report. "It can also take control of the infected device, enabling malicious actions such as sending spam messages, making unauthorized payments, modifying files, and even remotely capturing photos through the device's cameras." DogeRAT, like many other malware-as-a-service ( MaaS ) offerings, is promoted by its India-based developer through a Telegram channel that has more than 2,100 subscribers since it wa

New GobRAT Remote Access Trojan Targeting Linux Routers in Japan

New GobRAT Remote Access Trojan Targeting Linux Routers in Japan
May 29, 2023 Linux / Network Security
Linux routers in Japan are the target of a new Golang remote access trojan (RAT) called  GobRAT . "Initially, the attacker targets a router whose WEBUI is open to the public, executes scripts possibly by using vulnerabilities, and finally infects the GobRAT," the JPCERT Coordination Center (JPCERT/CC)  said  in a report published today. The compromise of an internet-exposed router is followed by the deployment of a loader script that acts as a conduit for delivering GobRAT, which, when launched, masquerades as the Apache daemon process (apached) to evade detection. The loader is also equipped to disable firewalls, establish persistence using the cron job scheduler, and register an SSH public key in the  .ssh/authorized_keys file  for remote access. GobRAT, for its part, communicates with a remote server via the Transport Layer Security ( TLS ) protocol to receive as many as 22 different encrypted commands for execution. Some of the major commands are as follows - Obt

Blind Eagle Cyber Espionage Group Strikes Again: New Attack Chain Uncovered

Blind Eagle Cyber Espionage Group Strikes Again: New Attack Chain Uncovered
Apr 19, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
The cyber espionage actor tracked as  Blind Eagle  has been linked to a new multi-stage attack chain that leads to the deployment of the NjRAT remote access trojan on compromised systems. "The group is known for using a variety of sophisticated attack techniques, including custom malware, social engineering tactics, and spear-phishing attacks," ThreatMon  said  in a Tuesday report. Blind Eagle, also referred to as APT-C-36, is a suspected Spanish-speaking group that chiefly strikes private and public sector entities in Colombia. Attacks orchestrated by the group have also targeted Ecuador, Chile, and Spain. Infection chains documented by  Check Point  and  BlackBerry  this year have revealed the use of spear-phishing lures to deliver commodity malware families like BitRAT and AsyncRAT, as well as in-memory Python loaders capable of launching a Meterpreter payload. The latest discovery from ThreatMon entails the use of a JavaScript downloader to execute a PowerShell scri

Stealthy DBatLoader Malware Loader Spreading Remcos RAT and Formbook in Europe

Stealthy DBatLoader Malware Loader Spreading Remcos RAT and Formbook in Europe
Mar 28, 2023 Malware Attack / Hacking
A new phishing campaign has set its sights on European entities to distribute Remcos RAT and Formbook via a malware loader dubbed  DBatLoader . "The malware payload is distributed through WordPress websites that have authorized SSL certificates, which is a common tactic used by threat actors to evade detection engines," Zscaler researchers Meghraj Nandanwar and Satyam Singh  said  in a report published Monday. The findings build upon a previous report from SentinelOne last month that detailed phishing emails containing malicious attachments that masquerade as financial documents to activate the infection chain. Some of the file formats used to distribute the DBatLoader payload concern the use of a multi-layered obfuscated HTML file and OneNote attachments. The development adds to  growing abuse  of  OneNote files  as an initial vector for malware distribution since late last year in response to Microsoft's decision to block macros by default in files downloaded f

International Law Enforcement Takes Down Infamous NetWire Cross-Platform RAT

International Law Enforcement Takes Down Infamous NetWire Cross-Platform RAT
Mar 10, 2023 Cyber Crime / Cyber Threat
A coordinated international law enforcement exercise has taken down the online infrastructure associated with a cross-platform remote access trojan (RAT) known as NetWire . Coinciding with the seizure of the sales website www.worldwiredlabs[.]com, a Croatian national who is suspected to be the website's administrator has been arrested. While the suspect's name was not released, investigative journalist Brian Krebs  identified  Mario Zanko as the owner of the domain. "NetWire is a licensed commodity RAT offered in underground forums to non-technical users to carry out their own criminal activities," Europol's European Cybercrime Center (EC3)  said  in a tweet. Advertised  since   at least 2012 , the malware is typically distributed via  malspam campaigns  and gives a remote attacker complete control over a Windows, macOS, or Linux system. It also comes with password-stealing and keylogging capabilities. The U.S. Department of Justice (DoJ)  said  an investiga

Parallax RAT Targeting Cryptocurrency Firms with Sophisticated Injection Techniques

Parallax RAT Targeting Cryptocurrency Firms with Sophisticated Injection Techniques
Mar 01, 2023 Cryptocurrency / Cyber Attack
Cryptocurrency companies are being targeted as part of a new campaign that delivers a remote access trojan called Parallax RAT. The malware "uses injection techniques to hide within legitimate processes, making it difficult to detect," Uptycs  said  in a new report. "Once it has been successfully injected, attackers can interact with their victim via Windows Notepad that likely serves as a communication channel." Parallax RAT  grants attackers remote access to victim machines. It comes with features to upload and download files as well as record keystrokes and screen captures. It has been put to use since early 2020 and was  previously delivered  via COVID-19-themed lures. In February 2022, Proofpoint  detailed  an activity cluster dubbed TA2541 targeting aviation, aerospace, transportation, manufacturing, and defense industries using different RATs, including Parallax. The first payload is a Visual C++ malware that employs the  process hollowing  technique to

Android Users Beware: New Hook Malware with RAT Capabilities Emerges

Android Users Beware: New Hook Malware with RAT Capabilities Emerges
Jan 19, 2023 Mobile Security / Android
The threat actor behind the  BlackRock  and  ERMAC  Android banking trojans has unleashed yet another malware for rent called  Hook  that introduces new capabilities to access files stored in the devices and create a remote interactive session. ThreatFabric, in a  report  shared with The Hacker News, characterized Hook as a novel ERMAC fork that's advertised for sale for $7,000 per month while featuring "all the capabilities of its predecessor." "In addition, it also adds to its arsenal Remote Access Tooling (RAT) capabilities, joining the ranks of families such as  Octo  and  Hydra , which are capable performing a full Device Take Over (DTO), and complete a full fraud chain, from PII exfiltration to transaction, with all the intermediate steps, without the need of additional channels," the Dutch cybersecurity firm said. A majority of the financial apps targeted by the malware are located in the U.S., Spain, Australia, Poland, Canada, Turkey, the U.K., Fran

Earth Bogle Campaign Unleashes NjRAT Trojan on Middle East and North Africa

Earth Bogle Campaign Unleashes NjRAT Trojan on Middle East and North Africa
Jan 18, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
An ongoing campaign dubbed  Earth Bogle  is leveraging geopolitical-themed lures to deliver the NjRAT remote access trojan to victims across the Middle East and North Africa. "The threat actor uses public cloud storage services such as files[.]fm and failiem[.]lv to host malware, while compromised web servers distribute NjRAT," Trend Micro  said  in a report published Wednesday. Phishing emails, typically tailored to the victim's interests, are loaded with malicious attachments to activate the infection routine. This takes the form of a Microsoft Cabinet (CAB) archive file containing a Visual Basic Script dropper to deploy the next-stage payload. Alternatively, it's suspected that the files are distributed via social media platforms such as Facebook and Discord, in some cases even creating bogus accounts to serve ads on pages impersonating legitimate news outlets. The CAB files, hosted on cloud storage services, also masquerade as sensitive voice recordings to e

Cybercriminals Using Polyglot Files in Malware Distribution to Fly Under the Radar

Cybercriminals Using Polyglot Files in Malware Distribution to Fly Under the Radar
Jan 13, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware Detection
Remote access trojans such as StrRAT and Ratty are being distributed as a combination of polyglot and malicious Java archive ( JAR ) files, once again highlighting how threat actors are continuously finding new ways to fly under the radar. "Attackers now use the polyglot technique to confuse security solutions that don't properly validate the JAR file format," Deep Instinct security researcher Simon Kenin  said  in a report. Polyglot files  are files that combine syntax from two or more different formats in a manner such that each format can be parsed without raising any error. One such 2022 campaign spotted by the cybersecurity firm involves the use of JAR and MSI formats – i.e., a file that's valid both as a JAR and an MSI installer – to deploy the StrRAT payload. This also means that the file can be executed by both Windows and Java Runtime Environment (JRE) based on how it's interpreted. Another instance involves the use of CAB and JAR polyglots to deli

Cyber Criminals Using Quantum Builder Sold on Dark Web to Deliver Agent Tesla Malware

Cyber Criminals Using Quantum Builder Sold on Dark Web to Deliver Agent Tesla Malware
Sep 28, 2022
A recently discovered malware builder called Quantum Builder is being used to deliver the Agent Tesla remote access trojan (RAT). "This campaign features enhancements and a shift toward LNK (Windows shortcut) files when compared to similar attacks in the past," Zscaler ThreatLabz researchers Niraj Shivtarkar and Avinash Kumar  said  in a Tuesday write-up. Sold on the dark web for €189 a month,  Quantum Builder  is a customizable tool for generating malicious shortcut files as well as HTA, ISO, and PowerShell payloads to deliver next-stage malware on the targeted machines, in this case  Agent Tesla . The multi-stage attack chain starts with a spear-phishing email containing a GZIP archive attachment that includes a shortcut designed to execute PowerShell code responsible for launching a remote HTML application (HTA) using  MSHTA . The phishing emails purport to be an order confirmation message from a Chinese supplier of lump and rock sugar, with the LNK file masqueradin
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