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Patch Management | Breaking Cybersecurity News | The Hacker News

(Cyber) Risk = Probability of Occurrence x Damage

(Cyber) Risk = Probability of Occurrence x Damage
May 15, 2024 Threat Detection / Cybersecurity
Here's How to Enhance Your Cyber Resilience with CVSS In late 2023, the Common Vulnerability Scoring System (CVSS) v4.0 was unveiled, succeeding the eight-year-old CVSS v3.0, with the aim to enhance vulnerability assessment for both industry and the public. This latest version introduces additional metrics like safety and automation to address criticism of lacking granularity while presenting a revised scoring system for a more comprehensive evaluation. It further emphasizes the importance of considering environmental and threat metrics alongside the base score to assess vulnerabilities accurately. Why Does It Matter? The primary purpose of the CVSS is to evaluate the risk associated with a vulnerability. Some vulnerabilities, particularly those found in network products, present a clear and significant risk as unauthenticated attackers can easily exploit them to gain remote control over affected systems. These vulnerabilities have frequently been exploited over the years, often ser

Critical F5 Central Manager Vulnerabilities Allow Enable Full Device Takeover

Critical F5 Central Manager Vulnerabilities Allow Enable Full Device Takeover
May 09, 2024 Firewall / Network Security
Two security vulnerabilities have been discovered in F5 Next Central Manager that could be exploited by a threat actor to seize control of the devices and create hidden rogue administrator accounts for persistence. The remotely exploitable flaws "can give attackers full administrative control of the device, and subsequently allow attackers to create accounts on any F5 assets managed by the Next Central Manager," security firm Eclypsium  said  in a new report. A description of the two issues is as follows - CVE-2024-21793  (CVSS score: 7.5) - An OData injection vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute malicious SQL statements through the BIG-IP NEXT Central Manager API CVE-2024-26026  (CVSS score: 7.5) - An SQL injection vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute malicious SQL statements through the BIG-IP Next Central Manager API Both the flaws impact Next Central Manager versions from 20.0.1 to 20.1.0. The sho

Hackers Exploiting LiteSpeed Cache Bug to Gain Full Control of WordPress Sites

Hackers Exploiting LiteSpeed Cache Bug to Gain Full Control of WordPress Sites
May 08, 2024 Web Security / Vulnerability
A high-severity flaw impacting the LiteSpeed Cache plugin for WordPress is being actively exploited by threat actors to create rogue admin accounts on susceptible websites. The  findings  come from WPScan, which said that the vulnerability ( CVE-2023-40000 , CVSS score: 8.3) has been leveraged to set up bogus admin users with the names wpsupp‑user and wp‑configuser. CVE-2023-40000, which was  disclosed  by Patchstack in February 2024, is a stored cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability that could permit an unauthenticated user to elevate privileges by means of specially crafted HTTP requests. The flaw was addressed in October 2023 in version 5.7.0.1. It's worth noting that the latest version of the plugin is 6.2.0.1, which was  released  on April 25, 2024. LiteSpeed Cache has over 5 million active installations, with statistics showing that versions other than 5.7, 6.0, 6.1, and 6.2 are still active on 16.8% of all websites. According to the Automattic-owned company, the ma

Guide: Secure Your Privileged Access with Our Expert-Approved Template

cyber security
websiteDelineaIT Security / Access Control Security
Transform your Privileged Access Management with our Policy Template—over 40 expertly crafted statements to elevate compliance and streamline your security.

A SaaS Security Challenge: Getting Permissions All in One Place 

A SaaS Security Challenge: Getting Permissions All in One Place
May 08, 2024Attack Surface / SaaS Security
Permissions in SaaS platforms like Salesforce, Workday, and Microsoft 365 are remarkably precise. They spell out exactly which users have access to which data sets. The terminology differs between apps, but each user's base permission is determined by their role, while additional permissions may be granted based on tasks or projects they are involved with. Layered on top of that are custom permissions required by an individual user.  For example, look at a sales rep who is involved in a tiger team investigating churn while also training two new employees. The sales rep's role would grant her one set of permissions to access prospect data, while the tiger team project would grant access to existing customer data. Meanwhile, special permissions are set up, providing the sales rep with visibility into the accounts of the two new employees. While these permissions are precise, however, they are also very complex. Application admins don't have a single screen within these applications th

Microsoft Fixes 149 Flaws in Huge April Patch Release, Zero-Days Included

Microsoft Fixes 149 Flaws in Huge April Patch Release, Zero-Days Included
Apr 10, 2024 Patch Tuesday / Endpoint Security
Microsoft has released security updates for the month of April 2024 to remediate a record  149 flaws , two of which have come under active exploitation in the wild. Of the 149 flaws, three are rated Critical, 142 are rated Important, three are rated Moderate, and one is rated Low in severity. The update is aside from  21 vulnerabilities  that the company addressed in its Chromium-based Edge browser following the release of the  March 2024 Patch Tuesday fixes . The two shortcomings that have come under active exploitation are below - CVE-2024-26234  (CVSS score: 6.7) - Proxy Driver Spoofing Vulnerability CVE-2024-29988  (CVSS score: 8.8) - SmartScreen Prompt Security Feature Bypass Vulnerability While Microsoft's own advisory provides no information about CVE-2024-26234, cybersecurity firm Sophos said it discovered in December 2023 a malicious executable ("Catalog.exe" or "Catalog Authentication Client Service") that's  signed  by a valid Microsoft Wi

Critical Security Flaw Found in Popular LayerSlider WordPress Plugin

Critical Security Flaw Found in Popular LayerSlider WordPress Plugin
Apr 03, 2024 Web Security / Vulnerability
A critical security flaw impacting the LayerSlider plugin for WordPress could be abused to extract sensitive information from databases, such as password hashes. The flaw, designated as  CVE-2024-2879 , carries a CVSS score of 9.8 out of a maximum of 10.0. It has been described as a case of SQL injection impacting versions from 7.9.11 through 7.10.0. The issue has been addressed in version 7.10.1 released on March 27, 2024, following responsible disclosure on March 25. "This update includes important security fixes," the maintainers of LayerSlider  said  in their release notes. LayerSlider is a visual web content editor, a graphic design software, and a digital visual effects that allows users to create animations and rich content for their websites. According to its own site, the plugin is  used  by "millions of users worldwide." The flaw discovered in the tool stems from a case of insufficient escaping of user supplied parameters and the absence of  wpdb::pr

Detecting Windows-based Malware Through Better Visibility

Detecting Windows-based Malware Through Better Visibility
Apr 01, 2024 Malware Detection / Endpoint Security
Despite a plethora of available security solutions, more and more organizations fall victim to Ransomware and other threats. These continued threats aren't just an inconvenience that hurt businesses and end users - they damage the economy, endanger lives, destroy businesses and put national security at risk. But if that wasn't enough – North Korea appears to be  using revenue from cyber attacks to funds its nuclear weapons program . Small and mid-size businesses are increasingly caught in the dragnet of ongoing malware attacks - often due to underfunded IT departments. Exacerbating the problem are complex enterprise security solutions that are often out of reach for many companies - especially when multiple products are seemingly needed to establish a solid defense. Volume-based products that incentivize users to collect less data in order to conserve funds work backward, dampening the anticipated benefits. But what if you could detect many malware attacks holistically with

New Linux Bug Could Lead to User Password Leaks and Clipboard Hijacking

New Linux Bug Could Lead to User Password Leaks and Clipboard Hijacking
Mar 29, 2024 Vulnerability / Linux
Details have emerged about a vulnerability impacting the "wall" command of the util-linux package that could be potentially exploited by a bad actor to leak a user's password or alter the clipboard on certain Linux distributions. The bug, tracked as CVE-2024-28085, has been codenamed  WallEscape  by security researcher Skyler Ferrante. It has been described as a case of improper neutralization of escape sequences. "The util-linux wall command does not filter  escape sequences  from command line arguments," Ferrante  said . "This allows unprivileged users to put arbitrary text on other users' terminals, if mesg is set to "y" and wall is setgid." The  vulnerability  was introduced as part of a  commit  made in August 2013.  The "wall" command is used to write a message to the terminals of all users that are currently logged in to a server, essentially allowing users with elevated permissions to  broadcast key information  to

Implementing Zero Trust Controls for Compliance

Implementing Zero Trust Controls for Compliance
Mar 22, 2024 Data Protection / Zero-Day Attack
The  ThreatLocker® Zero Trust Endpoint Protection Platform  implements a strict deny-by-default, allow-by-exception security posture to give organizations the ability to set policy-based controls within their environment and mitigate countless cyber threats, including zero-days, unseen network footholds, and malware attacks as a direct result of user error. With the capabilities of the ThreatLocker® Zero Trust Endpoint Protection Platform implemented into their cybersecurity strategy, organizations in any industry around the world can check off the requirements of most compliance frameworks and sleep better at night knowing they are protected from the most devastating of cyberattacks, such as ransomware. ThreatLocker has shared a  free downloadable asset  to equip IT professionals with cybersecurity compliance best practices. This article aims to elaborate on, and provide a basic over of, the asset. Complexities Across Compliance Frameworks Cybersecurity compliance frameworks exis

Fortra Patches Critical RCE Vulnerability in FileCatalyst Transfer Tool

Fortra Patches Critical RCE Vulnerability in FileCatalyst Transfer Tool
Mar 18, 2024 Vulnerability / Threat Mitigation
Fortra has released details of a now-patched critical security flaw impacting its  FileCatalyst  file transfer solution that could allow unauthenticated attackers to gain remote code execution on susceptible servers. Tracked as CVE-2024-25153, the shortcoming carries a CVSS score of 9.8 out of a maximum of 10. "A directory traversal within the 'ftpservlet' of the FileCatalyst Workflow Web Portal allows files to be uploaded outside of the intended 'uploadtemp' directory with a specially crafted POST request," the company  said  in an advisory last week. "In situations where a file is successfully uploaded to web portal's DocumentRoot, specially crafted JSP files could be used to execute code, including web shells." The vulnerability, the company said, was first reported on August 9, 2023, and addressed two days later in FileCatalyst Workflow version 5.1.6 Build 114 without a CVE identifier. Fortra was  authorized  as a CVE Numbering Authorit

CISA Warns of Actively Exploited JetBrains TeamCity Vulnerability

CISA Warns of Actively Exploited JetBrains TeamCity Vulnerability
Mar 08, 2024 Vulnerability / Threat Intelligence
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Thursday  added  a critical security flaw impacting JetBrains TeamCity On-Premises software to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities ( KEV ) catalog, based on evidence of active exploitation. The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2024-27198 (CVSS score: 9.8), refers to an authentication bypass bug that allows for a  complete compromise  of a susceptible server by a remote unauthenticated attacker. It was addressed by JetBrains earlier this week alongside CVE-2024-27199 (CVSS score: 7.3), another moderate-severity authentication bypass flaw that allows for a "limited amount" of information disclosure and system modification. "The vulnerabilities may enable an unauthenticated attacker with HTTP(S) access to a TeamCity server to bypass authentication checks and gain administrative control of that TeamCity server," the company  noted  at the time. Threat actors have been observed weaponizing the twin flaws to de
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