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New PHP Version of Ducktail Malware Hijacking Facebook Business Accounts

New PHP Version of Ducktail Malware Hijacking Facebook Business Accounts

Oct 14, 2022
A PHP version of an information-stealing malware called  Ducktail  has been discovered in the wild being distributed in the form of cracked installers for legitimate apps and games, according to the latest findings from Zscaler. "Like older versions (.NetCore), the latest version (PHP) also aims to exfiltrate sensitive information related to saved browser credentials, Facebook account information, etc.," Zscaler ThreatLabz researchers Tarun Dewan and Stuti Chaturvedi  said . Ducktail, which emerged on the threat landscape in late 2021, is attributed to an unnamed Vietnamese threat actor, with the malware primarily designed to hijack Facebook business and advertising accounts. The financially motivated cybercriminal operation was  first documented  by Finnish cybersecurity company WithSecure (formerly F-Secure) in late July 2022. While previous versions of the malware were found to use Telegram as a command-and-control (C2) channel to exfiltrate information, the PHP var
Researchers Report Supply Chain Vulnerability in Packagist PHP Repository

Researchers Report Supply Chain Vulnerability in Packagist PHP Repository

Oct 04, 2022
Researchers have disclosed details about a now-patched high-severity security flaw in Packagist, a PHP software package repository, that could have been exploited to mount software supply chain attacks. "This vulnerability allows gaining control of  Packagist ," SonarSource researcher Thomas Chauchefoin  said  in a report shared with The Hacker News. Packagist is used by the PHP package manager Composer to determine and download software dependencies that are included by developers in their projects. The disclosure comes as planting malware in open source repositories is turning into an attractive conduit for performing  software supply chain attacks . Tracked as  CVE-2022-24828  (CVSS score: 8.8), the  issue  has been described as a case of command injection and is linked to another similar Composer bug ( CVE-2021-29472 ) that came to light in April 2021, suggesting an inadequate patch. "An attacker controlling a Git or Mercurial repository explicitly listed by UR
Hackers Targeting VoIP Servers By Exploiting Digium Phone Software

Hackers Targeting VoIP Servers By Exploiting Digium Phone Software

Jul 16, 2022
VoIP phones using Digium's software have been targeted to drop a web shell on their servers as part of an attack campaign designed to exfiltrate data by downloading and executing additional payloads. "The malware installs multilayer obfuscated PHP backdoors to the web server's file system, downloads new payloads for execution, and schedules recurring tasks to re-infect the host system," Palo Alto Networks Unit 42  said  in a Friday report. The unusual activity is said to have commenced in mid-December 2021 and targets Asterisk, a widely used software implementation of a private branch exchange (PBX) that runs on the open-source Elastix Unified Communications Server. Unit 42 said the intrusions share similarities with the  INJ3CTOR3 campaign  that Israeli cybersecurity firm Check Point disclosed in November 2020, alluding to the possibility that they could be a "resurgence" of the previous attacks. Coinciding with the sudden surge is the public disclos
Critical PHP Vulnerability Exposes QNAP NAS Devices to Remote Attacks

Critical PHP Vulnerability Exposes QNAP NAS Devices to Remote Attacks

Jun 23, 2022
QNAP, Taiwanese maker of network-attached storage (NAS) devices, on Wednesday said it's in the process of fixing a critical three-year-old PHP vulnerability that could be abused to achieve remote code execution. "A vulnerability has been reported to affect PHP versions 7.1.x below 7.1.33, 7.2.x below 7.2.24, and 7.3.x below 7.3.11 with improper nginx config," the hardware vendor  said  in an advisory. "If exploited, the vulnerability allows attackers to gain remote code execution." The vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2019-11043 , is rated 9.8 out of 10 for severity on the CVSS vulnerability scoring system. That said, it's required that Nginx and php-fpm are running in appliances using the following QNAP operating system versions - QTS 5.0.x and later QTS 4.5.x and later QuTS hero h5.0.x and later QuTS hero h4.5.x and later QuTScloud c5.0.x and later "As QTS, QuTS hero or QuTScloud does not have nginx installed by default, QNAP NAS are not aff
15-Year-Old Bug in PEAR PHP Repository Could've Enabled Supply Chain Attacks

15-Year-Old Bug in PEAR PHP Repository Could've Enabled Supply Chain Attacks

Apr 02, 2022
A 15-year-old security vulnerability has been disclosed in the PEAR PHP repository that could permit an attacker to carry out a supply chain attack, including obtaining unauthorized access to publish rogue packages and execute arbitrary code. "An attacker exploiting the first one could take over any developer account and publish malicious releases, while the second bug would allow the attacker to gain persistent access to the central PEAR server," SonarSource vulnerability researcher Thomas Chauchefoin  said  in a write-up published this week. PEAR, short for PHP Extension and Application Repository, is a framework and distribution system for reusable PHP components. One of the issues, introduced in a  code commit  made in March 2007 when the feature was originally implemented, relates to the use of the cryptographically insecure  mt_rand()  PHP function in the password reset functionality that could allow an attacker to "discover a valid password reset token in les
Unpatched RCE Bug in dompdf Project Affects HTML to PDF Converters

Unpatched RCE Bug in dompdf Project Affects HTML to PDF Converters

Mar 16, 2022
Researchers have disclosed an unpatched security vulnerability in " dompdf ," a PHP-based HTML to PDF converter, that, if successfully exploited, could lead to remote code execution in certain configurations. "By injecting CSS into the data processed by dompdf, it can be tricked into storing a malicious font with a .php file extension in its font cache, which can later be executed by accessing it from the web," Positive Security researchers Maximilian Kirchmeier and Fabian Bräunlein  said  in a report published today. In other words, the flaw  allows  a malicious party to upload font files with a .php extension to the web server, which can then be activated by using an  XSS vulnerability  to inject HTML into a web page before it's rendered as a PDF. This meant that the attacker could potentially navigate to the uploaded .php script, effectively permitting remote code execution on the server. This can have significant consequences on websites that require
Critical RCE Flaws in 'PHP Everywhere' Plugin Affect Thousands of WordPress Sites

Critical RCE Flaws in 'PHP Everywhere' Plugin Affect Thousands of WordPress Sites

Feb 10, 2022
Critical security vulnerabilities have been disclosed in a WordPress plugin known as PHP Everywhere that's used by more than 30,000 websites worldwide and could be abused by an attacker to execute arbitrary code on affected systems. PHP Everywhere is  used  to flip the switch on PHP code across WordPress installations, enabling users to insert and execute PHP-based code in the content management system's Pages, Posts, and Sidebar. The three issues, all rated 9.9 out of a maximum of 10 on the CVSS rating system, impact versions 2.0.3 and below, and are as follows - CVE-2022-24663  - Remote Code Execution by Subscriber+ users via shortcode CVE-2022-24664  - Remote Code Execution by Contributor+ users via metabox, and CVE-2022-24665  - Remote Code Execution by Contributor+ users via gutenberg block Successful exploitation of the three vulnerabilities could result in the execution of malicious PHP code that could be leveraged to achieve a complete site takeover. WordPres
A New PHP Composer Bug Could Enable Widespread Supply-Chain Attacks

A New PHP Composer Bug Could Enable Widespread Supply-Chain Attacks

Apr 29, 2021
The maintainers of Composer, a package manager for PHP, have shipped an update to address a critical vulnerability that could have allowed an attacker to execute arbitrary commands and "backdoor every PHP package," resulting in a supply-chain attack. Tracked as CVE-2021-29472, the security issue was discovered and reported on April 22 by researchers from  SonarSource , following which a hotfix was deployed less than 12 hours later. "Fixed command injection vulnerability in HgDriver/HgDownloader and hardened other VCS drivers and downloaders," Composer  said  its  release notes  for versions 2.0.13 and 1.10.22 published on Wednesday. "To the best of our knowledge the vulnerability has not been exploited." Composer  is billed as a tool for dependency management in PHP, enabling easy installation of packages relevant to a project. It also allows users to install PHP applications that are available on  Packagist , a repository that aggregates all public P
PHP Site's User Database Was Hacked In Recent Source Code Backdoor Attack

PHP Site's User Database Was Hacked In Recent Source Code Backdoor Attack

Apr 08, 2021
The maintainers of the PHP programming language have issued an update regarding the security incident that came to light late last month, stating that the actors may have gotten hold of a user database containing their passwords to make unauthorized changes to the repository. "We no longer believe the git.php.net server has been compromised. However, it is possible that the master.php.net user database leaked," Nikita Popov  said  in a message posted on its mailing list on April 6. On March 28, unidentified actors used the names of Rasmus Lerdorf and Popov to  push malicious commits  to the "php-src" repository hosted on the git.php.net server that involved adding a backdoor to the PHP source code in an instance of a software supply chain attack. While this was initially treated as a compromise of the git.php.net server, further investigation into the incident has revealed that the commits were a result of pushing them using HTTPS and password-based authentica
PHP's Git Server Hacked to Insert Secret Backdoor to Its Source code

PHP's Git Server Hacked to Insert Secret Backdoor to Its Source code

Mar 29, 2021
In yet another instance of a software supply chain attack, unidentified actors hacked the official Git server of the PHP programming language and pushed unauthorized updates to insert a secret backdoor into its source code. The two malicious commits were pushed to the self-hosted "php-src" repository hosted on the git.php.net server, illicitly using the names of Rasmus Lerdorf, the author of the programming language, and Nikita Popov, a software developer at Jetbrains. The changes are said to have been made yesterday on March 28. "We don't yet know how exactly this happened, but everything points towards a compromise of the git.php.net server (rather than a compromise of an individual git account)," Popov  said  in an announcement. The changes, which were committed as " Fix Typo " in an attempt to slip through undetected as a typographical correction, involved provisions for execution of arbitrary PHP code. "This line executes PHP code fro
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