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~40,000 Attacks in 3 Days: Critical Confluence RCE Under Active Exploitation

~40,000 Attacks in 3 Days: Critical Confluence RCE Under Active Exploitation
Jan 23, 2024 Vulnerability / Cyber Attack
Malicious actors have begun to actively exploit a recently disclosed critical security flaw impacting Atlassian Confluence Data Center and Confluence Server, within three days of public disclosure. Tracked as CVE-2023-22527 (CVSS score: 10.0), the vulnerability impacts out-of-date versions of the software, allowing unauthenticated attackers to achieve remote code execution on susceptible installations. The shortcoming affects Confluence Data Center and Server 8 versions released before December 5, 2023, as well as 8.4.5. But merely days after the flaw became public knowledge, nearly 40,000 exploitation attempts targeting CVE-2023-22527 have been recorded in the wild as early as January 19 from more than 600 unique IP addresses, according to both the Shadowserver Foundation and the DFIR Report . The activity is currently limited "testing callback attempts and 'whoami' execution," suggesting that threat actors are opportunistically scanning for vulnerable servers

Atlassian Releases Critical Software Fixes to Prevent Remote Code Execution

Atlassian Releases Critical Software Fixes to Prevent Remote Code Execution
Dec 06, 2023 Software Security / Vulnerability
Atlassian has released software fixes to address  four critical flaws  in its software that, if successfully exploited, could result in remote code execution. The list of vulnerabilities is below - CVE-2022-1471  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Deserialization vulnerability in  SnakeYAML library  that can lead to remote code execution in multiple products CVE-2023-22522  (CVSS score: 9.0) - Remote code execution vulnerability in Confluence Data Center and Confluence Server (affects all versions including and after 4.0.0) CVE-2023-22523  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Remote code execution vulnerability in Assets Discovery for Jira Service Management Cloud, Server, and Data Center (affects all versions up to but not including 3.2.0-cloud / 6.2.0 data center and server) CVE-2023-22524  (CVSS score: 9.6) - Remote code execution vulnerability in Atlassian Companion app for macOS (affects all versions up to but not including 2.0.0) Atlassian described CVE-2023-22522 as a template injection flaw that allo

AI Copilot: Launching Innovation Rockets, But Beware of the Darkness Ahead

AI Copilot: Launching Innovation Rockets, But Beware of the Darkness Ahead
Apr 15, 2024Secure Coding / Artificial Intelligence
Imagine a world where the software that powers your favorite apps, secures your online transactions, and keeps your digital life could be outsmarted and taken over by a cleverly disguised piece of code. This isn't a plot from the latest cyber-thriller; it's actually been a reality for years now. How this will change – in a positive or negative direction – as artificial intelligence (AI) takes on a larger role in software development is one of the big uncertainties related to this brave new world. In an era where AI promises to revolutionize how we live and work, the conversation about its security implications cannot be sidelined. As we increasingly rely on AI for tasks ranging from mundane to mission-critical, the question is no longer just, "Can AI  boost cybersecurity ?" (sure!), but also "Can AI  be hacked? " (yes!), "Can one use AI  to hack? " (of course!), and "Will AI  produce secure software ?" (well…). This thought leadership article is about the latter. Cydrill  (a

Alert: 'Effluence' Backdoor Persists Despite Patching Atlassian Confluence Servers

Alert: 'Effluence' Backdoor Persists Despite Patching Atlassian Confluence Servers
Nov 10, 2023 Cyber Attack / Threat Intelligence
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered a stealthy backdoor named  Effluence  that's deployed following the successful exploitation of a recently disclosed security flaw in Atlassian Confluence Data Center and Server. "The malware acts as a persistent backdoor and is not remediated by applying patches to Confluence," Aon's Stroz Friedberg Incident Response Services  said  in an analysis published earlier this week. "The backdoor provides capability for lateral movement to other network resources in addition to exfiltration of data from Confluence. Importantly, attackers can access the backdoor remotely without authenticating to Confluence." The attack chain documented by the cybersecurity entity entailed the exploitation of  CVE-2023-22515  (CVSS score: 10.0), a critical bug in Atlassian that could be abused to create unauthorized Confluence administrator accounts and access Confluence servers. Atlassian has since disclosed a second flaw known as  CV

Today's Top 4 Identity Threat Exposures: Where To Find Them and How To Stop Them

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websiteSilverfort Identity Protection / Attack Surface
Explore the first ever threat report 100% focused on the prevalence of identity security gaps you may not be aware of.

Experts Warn of Ransomware Hackers Exploiting Atlassian and Apache Flaws

Experts Warn of Ransomware Hackers Exploiting Atlassian and Apache Flaws
Nov 07, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
Multiple ransomware groups have begun to actively exploit recently disclosed flaws in Atlassian Confluence and Apache ActiveMQ. Cybersecurity firm Rapid7  said  it observed the exploitation of  CVE-2023-22518  and  CVE-2023-22515  in multiple customer environments, some of which have been leveraged for the deployment of  Cerber  (aka  C3RB3R ) ransomware. Both vulnerabilities are critical, allowing threat actors to create unauthorized Confluence administrator accounts and lead to a loss of confidentiality, integrity, and availability. Atlassian, on November 6,  updated its advisory  to note that it observed "several active exploits and reports of threat actors using ransomware" and that it is revising the CVSS score of the flaw from 9.1 to 10.0, indicating maximum severity. The escalation, the Australian company said, is due to the change in the scope of the attack. Attack chains involve mass exploitation of vulnerable internet-facing Atlassian Confluence servers to

Microsoft Warns of Nation-State Hackers Exploiting Critical Atlassian Confluence Vulnerability

Microsoft Warns of Nation-State Hackers Exploiting Critical Atlassian Confluence Vulnerability
Oct 11, 2023 Cyber Attack / Vulnerability
Microsoft has linked the exploitation of a recently disclosed critical flaw in Atlassian Confluence Data Center and Server to a nation-state actor it tracks as  Storm-0062  (aka DarkShadow or Oro0lxy). The tech giant's threat intelligence team said it observed in-the-wild abuse of the vulnerability since September 14, 2023. "CVE-2023-22515 is a critical privilege escalation vulnerability in Atlassian Confluence Data Center and Server," the company  noted  in a series of posts on X (formerly Twitter). "Any device with a network connection to a vulnerable application can exploit CVE-2023-22515 to create a Confluence administrator account within the application." CVE-2023-22515 , rated 10.0 on the CVSS severity rating system, allows  remote attackers  to create unauthorized Confluence administrator accounts and access Confluence servers. The flaw has been addressed in the following versions - 8.3.3 or later 8.4.3 or later, and 8.5.2 (Long Term Support rel

Atlassian Confluence Hit by New Actively Exploited Zero-Day – Patch Now

Atlassian Confluence Hit by New Actively Exploited Zero-Day – Patch Now
Oct 05, 2023 Zero Day / Vulnerability
Atlassian has released fixes to contain an actively exploited critical zero-day flaw impacting publicly accessible Confluence Data Center and Server instances. The vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2023-22515 , is remotely exploitable and allows external attackers to create unauthorized Confluence administrator accounts and access Confluence servers. It does not impact Confluence versions prior to 8.0.0. Confluence sites accessed via an atlassian.net domain are also not vulnerable to this issue. The enterprise software services provider  said  it was made aware of the issue by "a handful of customers." It has been addressed in the following versions of Confluence Data Center and Server - 8.3.3 or later 8.4.3 or later, and 8.5.2 (Long Term Support release) or later The company, however, did not disclose any further specifics about the nature and scale of the exploitation, or the root cause of the vulnerability. Customers who are unable to apply the updates are advised

Atlassian Releases Patches for Critical Flaws in Confluence and Bamboo

Atlassian Releases Patches for Critical Flaws in Confluence and Bamboo
Jul 25, 2023 Server Security / Zero Day
Atlassian has  released  updates to address three security flaws impacting its Confluence Server, Data Center, and Bamboo Data Center products that, if successfully exploited, could result in remote code execution on susceptible systems. The list of the flaws is below - CVE-2023-22505  (CVSS score: 8.0) - RCE (Remote Code Execution) in Confluence Data Center and Server (Fixed in versions 8.3.2 and 8.4.0) CVE-2023-22508  (CVSS score: 8.5) - RCE (Remote Code Execution) in Confluence Data Center and Server (Fixed in versions 7.19.8 and 8.2.0) CVE-2023-22506  (CVSS score: 7.5) - Injection, RCE (Remote Code Execution) in Bamboo (Fixed in versions 9.2.3 and 9.3.1) CVE-2023-22505 and CVE-2023-22508 allow an "authenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code which has high impact to confidentiality, high impact to integrity, high impact to availability, and no user interaction," the company said. While the first bug was introduced in version 8.0.0, CVE-2023-22508 was introduc

Atlassian's Jira Service Management Found Vulnerable to Critical Vulnerability

Atlassian's Jira Service Management Found Vulnerable to Critical Vulnerability
Feb 03, 2023 Cloud Security / Vulnerability
Atlassian has released fixes to resolve a critical security flaw in Jira Service Management Server and Data Center that could be abused by an attacker to pass off as another user and gain unauthorized access to susceptible instances. The  vulnerability  is tracked as  CVE-2023-22501  (CVSS score: 9.4) and has been described as a case of broken authentication with low attack complexity. "An authentication vulnerability was discovered in Jira Service Management Server and Data Center which allows an attacker to impersonate another user and gain access to a Jira Service Management instance under certain circumstances," Atlassian  said . "With write access to a User Directory and outgoing email enabled on a Jira Service Management instance, an attacker could gain access to signup tokens sent to users with accounts that have never been logged into." The tokens, Atlassian noted, can be obtained in either of the two scenarios - If the attacker is included on Jira i

Hackers Targeting Unpatched Atlassian Confluence Servers to Deploy Crypto Miners

Hackers Targeting Unpatched Atlassian Confluence Servers to Deploy Crypto Miners
Sep 22, 2022
A now-patched critical security flaw affecting Atlassian Confluence Server that came to light a few months ago is being actively exploited for illicit cryptocurrency mining on unpatched installations. "If left unremedied and successfully exploited, this vulnerability could be used for multiple and more malicious attacks, such as a complete domain takeover of the infrastructure and the deployment information stealers, remote access trojans (RATs), and ransomware," Trend Micro threat researcher Sunil Bharti  said  in a report. The issue, tracked as  CVE-2022-26134  (CVSS score: 9.8), was addressed by the Australian software company in June 2022. In one of the infection chains observed by the cybersecurity company, the flaw was leveraged to download and run a shell script ("ro.sh") on the victim's machine, which, in turn, fetched a second shell script ("ap.sh"). The malicious code is designed to update the  PATH variable  to include additional paths

Hackers Exploited Atlassian Confluence Bug to Deploy Ljl Backdoor for Espionage

Hackers Exploited Atlassian Confluence Bug to Deploy Ljl Backdoor for Espionage
Aug 04, 2022
A threat actor is said to have "highly likely" exploited a security flaw in an outdated Atlassian Confluence server to deploy a never-before-seen backdoor against an unnamed organization in the research and technical services sector. The attack, which transpired over a seven-day-period during the end of May, has been attributed to a threat activity cluster tracked by cybersecurity firm Deepwatch as  TAC-040 . "The evidence indicates that the threat actor executed malicious commands with a parent process of tomcat9.exe in Atlassian's Confluence directory," the company  said . "After the initial compromise, the threat actor ran various commands to enumerate the local system, network, and Active Directory environment." The Atlassian vulnerability suspected to have been exploited is  CVE-2022-26134 , an Object-Graph Navigation Language (OGNL) injection flaw that paves the way for arbitrary code execution on a Confluence Server or Data Center instance.

CISA Warns of Atlassian Confluence Hard-Coded Credential Bug Exploited in Attacks

CISA Warns of Atlassian Confluence Hard-Coded Credential Bug Exploited in Attacks
Jul 30, 2022
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Friday  added  the recently disclosed Atlassian security flaw to its Known Exploited Vulnerabilities Catalog, based on evidence of active exploitation. The vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2022-26138 , concerns the use of hard-coded credentials when the Questions For Confluence app is enabled in Confluence Server and Data Center instances. "A remote unauthenticated attacker can use these credentials to log into Confluence and access all content accessible to users in the confluence-users group," CISA  notes  in its advisory. Depending on the page restrictions and the information a company has in Confluence, successful exploitation of the shortcoming could lead to the disclosure of sensitive information. Although the bug was addressed by the Australian software company last week in versions 2.7.38 and 3.0.5, it has since come under active exploitation , cybersecurity firm Rapid7 disclosed this week. &qu

Latest Critical Atlassian Confluence Vulnerability Under Active Exploitation

Latest Critical Atlassian Confluence Vulnerability Under Active Exploitation
Jul 29, 2022
A week after Atlassian rolled out patches to contain a critical flaw in its Questions For Confluence app for Confluence Server and Confluence Data Center, the shortcoming has now come under active exploitation in the wild. The bug in question is  CVE-2022-26138 , which concerns the use of a hard-coded password in the app that could be exploited by a remote, unauthenticated attacker to gain unrestricted access to all pages in Confluence. The real-world exploitation follows the release of the hard-coded credentials on Twitter, prompting the Australian software company to prioritize patches to mitigate potential threats targeting the flaw. "Unsurprisingly, it didn't take long [...] to observe exploitation once the hard-coded credentials were released, given the high value of Confluence for attackers who often jump on Confluence vulnerabilities to execute ransomware attacks," Rapid7 security researcher Glenn Thorpe  said . It's worth noting that the bug only exists

Atlassian Rolls Out Security Patch for Critical Confluence Vulnerability

Atlassian Rolls Out Security Patch for Critical Confluence Vulnerability
Jul 21, 2022
Atlassian has rolled out fixes to remediate a critical security vulnerability pertaining to the use of hard-coded credentials affecting  the Questions For Confluence  app for Confluence Server and Confluence Data Center. The flaw, tracked as CVE-2022-26138 , arises when the app in question is enabled on either of two services, causing it to create a Confluence user account with the username "disabledsystemuser." While this account, Atlassian says, is to help administrators migrate data from the app to Confluence Cloud, it's also created with a hard-coded password, effectively allowing viewing and editing all non-restricted pages within Confluence by default. "A remote, unauthenticated attacker with knowledge of the hard-coded password could exploit this to log into Confluence and access any pages the  confluence-users group  has access to," the company  said  in an advisory, adding that "the hard-coded password is trivial to obtain after downloading an

Atlassian Confluence Flaw Being Used to Deploy Ransomware and Crypto Miners

Atlassian Confluence Flaw Being Used to Deploy Ransomware and Crypto Miners
Jun 18, 2022
A recently patched  critical security flaw  in Atlassian Confluence Server and Data Center products is being actively weaponized in real-world attacks to drop cryptocurrency miners and ransomware payloads. In at least two of the Windows-related incidents observed by cybersecurity vendor Sophos, adversaries exploited the vulnerability to deliver Cerber ransomware and a  crypto miner  called z0miner on victim networks. The bug ( CVE-2022-26134 , CVSS score: 9.8), which was  patched  by Atlassian on June 3, 2022, enables an unauthenticated actor to inject malicious code that paves the way of remote code execution (RCE) on affected installations of the collaboration suite. All supported versions of Confluence Server and Data Center are affected. Other notable malware pushed as part of disparate instances of attack activity include Mirai and Kinsing bot variants, a rogue package called  pwnkit , and Cobalt Strike by way of a web shell deployed after gaining an initial foothold into the

Atlassian Releases Patch for Confluence Zero-Day Flaw Exploited in the Wild

Atlassian Releases Patch for Confluence Zero-Day Flaw Exploited in the Wild
Jun 04, 2022
Atlassian on Friday rolled out fixes to address a  critical security flaw  affecting its Confluence Server and Data Center products that have come under active exploitation by threat actors to achieve remote code execution. Tracked as  CVE-2022-26134 , the issue is similar to  CVE-2021-26084  — another security flaw the Australian software company patched in August 2021. Both relate to a case of Object-Graph Navigation Language ( OGNL ) injection that could be exploited to achieve arbitrary code execution on a Confluence Server or Data Center instance. The newly discovered shortcoming impacts all supported versions of Confluence Server and Data Center, with every version after 1.3.0 also affected. It's been resolved in the following versions - 7.4.17 7.13.7 7.14.3 7.15.2 7.16.4 7.17.4 7.18.1 According to stats from internet asset discovery platform  Censys , there are about 9,325 services across 8,347 distinct hosts running a vulnerable version of Atlassian Confluenc

Hackers Exploiting Unpatched Critical Atlassian Confluence Zero-Day Vulnerability

Hackers Exploiting Unpatched Critical Atlassian Confluence Zero-Day Vulnerability
Jun 03, 2022
Atlassian has warned of a critical unpatched remote code execution vulnerability impacting Confluence Server and Data Center products that it said is being actively exploited in the wild. The Australian software company credited cybersecurity firm Volexity for identifying the flaw, which is being tracked as  CVE-2022-26134 . "Atlassian has been made aware of current active exploitation of a critical severity unauthenticated remote code execution vulnerability in Confluence Data Center and Server," it  said  in an advisory. "There are currently no fixed versions of Confluence Server and Data Center available. Atlassian is working with the highest priority to issue a fix." Specifics of the security flaw have been withheld until a software patch is available. All supported versions of Confluence Server and Data Center are affected, although it's expected that all versions of the enterprise solution are potentially vulnerable. The earliest impacted version is

Atlassian Confluence RCE Flaw Abused in Multiple Cyberattack Campaigns

Atlassian Confluence RCE Flaw Abused in Multiple Cyberattack Campaigns
Sep 28, 2021
Opportunistic threat actors have been found actively exploiting a recently disclosed critical security flaw in Atlassian Confluence deployments across Windows and Linux to deploy web shells that result in the execution of crypto miners on compromised systems. Tracked as  CVE-2021-26084  (CVSS score: 9.8), the vulnerability concerns an OGNL (Object-Graph Navigation Language) injection flaw that could be exploited to achieve arbitrary code execution on a Confluence Server or Data Center instance. "A remote attacker can exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted HTTP request containing a malicious parameter to a vulnerable server," researchers from Trend Micro  noted  in a technical write-up detailing the weakness. "Successful exploitation can result in arbitrary code execution in the security context of the affected server." The vulnerability, which resides in the Webwork module of Atlassian Confluence Server and Data Center, stems from an insufficient valid

Latest Atlassian Confluence Flaw Exploited to Breach Jenkins Project Server

Latest Atlassian Confluence Flaw Exploited to Breach Jenkins Project Server
Sep 07, 2021
The maintainers of Jenkins—a popular open-source automation server software—have disclosed a security breach after unidentified threat actors gained access to one of their servers by exploiting a recently disclosed vulnerability in Atlassian Confluence service to install a cryptocurrency miner. The "successful attack," which is believed to have occurred last week, was mounted against its Confluence service that had been deprecated since October 2019, leading the team to take the server offline, rotate privileged credentials, and reset passwords for developer accounts. "At this time we have no reason to believe that any Jenkins releases, plugins, or source code have been affected," the company  said  in a statement published over the weekend. The disclosure comes as the U.S. Cyber Command  warned  of ongoing mass exploitation attempts in the wild targeting a now-patched critical security vulnerability affecting Atlassian Confluence deployments. Tracked as CVE-2

U.S. Cyber Command Warns of Ongoing Attacks Exploiting Atlassian Confluence Flaw

U.S. Cyber Command Warns of Ongoing Attacks Exploiting Atlassian Confluence Flaw
Sep 04, 2021
The U.S. Cyber Command on Friday warned of ongoing mass exploitation attempts in the wild targeting a now-patched critical security vulnerability affecting Atlassian Confluence deployments that could be abused by unauthenticated attackers to take control of a vulnerable system. "Mass exploitation of Atlassian Confluence  CVE-2021-26084  is ongoing and expected to accelerate," the Cyber National Mission Force (CNMF)  said  in a tweet. The warning was also echoed by the U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency ( CISA ) and  Atlassian itself  in a series of independent advisories. Bad Packets  noted  on Twitter it "detected mass scanning and exploit activity from hosts in Brazil, China, Hong Kong, Nepal, Romania, Russia and the U.S. targeting Atlassian Confluence servers vulnerable to remote code execution." Atlassian Confluence is a widely popular web-based documentation service that allows teams to create, collaborate, and organize on different proj
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