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New MrAnon Stealer Malware Targeting German Users via Booking-Themed Scam

New MrAnon Stealer Malware Targeting German Users via Booking-Themed Scam
Dec 12, 2023 Cryptocurrency / Cyber Attack
A phishing campaign has been observed delivering an information stealer malware called  MrAnon Stealer  to unsuspecting victims via seemingly benign booking-themed PDF lures. "This malware is a Python-based information stealer compressed with cx-Freeze to evade detection," Fortinet FortiGuard Labs researcher Cara Lin  said . "MrAnon Stealer steals its victims' credentials, system information, browser sessions, and cryptocurrency extensions." There is evidence to suggest that Germany is the primary target of the attack as of November 2023, owing to the number of times the downloader URL hosting the payload has been queried. Masquerading as a company looking to book hotel rooms, the phishing email bears a PDF file that, upon opening, activates the infection by prompting the recipient to download an updated version of Adobe Flash. Doing so results in the execution of .NET executables and PowerShell scripts to ultimately run a pernicious Python script, which i

Millions of PCs Found Running Outdated Versions of Popular Software

Millions of PCs Found Running Outdated Versions of Popular Software
Jan 24, 2019
It is 2019, and millions of computers still either have at least one outdated application installed or run outdated operating systems, making themselves vulnerable to online threats and known security vulnerabilities/exploits. Security vendor Avast has released its PC Trends Report 2019 revealing that millions of users are making themselves vulnerable to cyber attacks by keeping outdated versions of popular applications on their computers. Probably the most overlooked vectors for any cyber attack is out-of-date programs, which most of the times, is the result of the users' laziness and company's administrators ignoring the security updates in a business environment as they can't afford the downtime. According to the report [ PDF ],  Adobe Shockwave tops the list of software that most user left outdated on their PCs, followed by VLC Media Player, Skype, Java Runtime Environment , 7-Zip File Manager, and Foxit Reader. The outdated software applications often provide an ope

Timing is Everything: The Role of Just-in-Time Privileged Access in Security Evolution

Timing is Everything: The Role of Just-in-Time Privileged Access in Security Evolution
Apr 15, 2024Active Directory / Attack Surface
To minimize the risk of privilege misuse, a trend in the privileged access management (PAM) solution market involves implementing just-in-time (JIT) privileged access. This approach to  privileged identity management  aims to mitigate the risks associated with prolonged high-level access by granting privileges temporarily and only when necessary, rather than providing users with continuous high-level privileges. By adopting this strategy, organizations can enhance security, minimize the window of opportunity for potential attackers and ensure that users access privileged resources only when necessary.  What is JIT and why is it important?   JIT privileged access provisioning  involves granting privileged access to users on a temporary basis, aligning with the concept of least privilege. This principle provides users with only the minimum level of access required to perform their tasks, and only for the amount of time required to do so. One of the key advantages of JIT provisioning

(Unpatched) Adobe Flash Player Zero-Day Exploit Spotted in the Wild

(Unpatched) Adobe Flash Player Zero-Day Exploit Spotted in the Wild
Feb 02, 2018
Another reason to uninstall Adobe Flash Player—a new zero-day Flash Player exploit has reportedly been spotted in the wild by North Korean hackers. South Korea's Computer Emergency Response Team (KR-CERT) issued an alert Wednesday for a new Flash Player zero-day vulnerability that's being actively exploited in the wild by North Korean hackers to target Windows users in South Korea. Simon Choi of South Korea-based cybersecurity firm Hauri first reported the campaign on Twitter, saying the North Korean hackers have been using the Flash zero-day against South Koreans since mid-November 2017. Although Choi did not share any malware sample or details about the vulnerability, the researcher said the attacks using the new Flash zero-day is aimed at South Korean individuals who focus on researching North Korea. Adobe also released an advisory on Wednesday, which said the zero-day is exploiting a critical 'use-after-free' vulnerability (CVE-2018-4878) in its Flash

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Hackers Use New Flash Zero-Day Exploit to Distribute FinFisher Spyware

Hackers Use New Flash Zero-Day Exploit to Distribute FinFisher Spyware
Oct 16, 2017
FinSpy —the infamous surveillance malware is back and infecting high-profile targets using a new Adobe Flash zero-day exploit delivered through Microsoft Office documents. Security researchers from Kaspersky Labs have discovered a new zero-day remote code execution vulnerability in Adobe Flash, which was being actively exploited in the wild by a group of advanced persistent threat actors, known as BlackOasis . The critical type confusion vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2017-11292 , could lead to code execution and affects Flash Player 21.0.0.226 for major operating systems including Windows, Macintosh, Linux and Chrome OS. Researchers say BlackOasis is the same group of attackers which were also responsible for exploiting another zero-day vulnerability ( CVE-2017-8759 ) discovered by FireEye researchers in September 2017. Also, the final FinSpy payload in the current attacks exploiting Flash zero-day (CVE-2017-11292) shares the same command and control (C&C) server as the

Adobe Patches Two Critical RCE Vulnerabilities in Flash Player

Adobe Patches Two Critical RCE Vulnerabilities in Flash Player
Sep 13, 2017
Adobe may kill Flash Player by the end of 2020, but until then, the company would not stop providing security updates to the buggy software . As part of its monthly security updates, Adobe has released patches for eight security vulnerabilities in its three products, including two vulnerabilities in Flash Player, four in ColdFusion, and two in RoboHelp—five of these are rated as critical. Both of the Adobe Flash Player vulnerabilities can be exploited for remote code execution on the affected device, and both have been classified as critical. None of the patched vulnerabilities has reportedly been exploited in the wild, according to the company. The critical Flash Player flaws are tracked as CVE-2017-11281 and CVE-2017-11282 and were discovered by Mateusz Jurczyk and Natalie Silvanovich of Google Project Zero, respectively. Both the security vulnerabilities are memory corruption issues that could lead to remote code execution and affect all major operating system, includi

Adobe is Finally Killing FLASH — At the End of 2020!

Adobe is Finally Killing FLASH — At the End of 2020!
Jul 26, 2017
Finally, Adobe is Killing FLASH — the software that helped make the Internet a better place with slick graphics, animation, games and applications and bring online video to the masses, but it has been hated for years by people and developers over its buggy nature . But the end of an era for Adobe Flash is near. Adobe announced Tuesday that the company would stop providing updates and stop distributing Flash Player at the end of 2020. The move has been applauded by many, as Adobe Flash has been infamous for frequent zero-day attacks , which is why it has long been one of the favourite tools for hackers and cyber criminals. It's been two decades since Adobe Flash has ruled the Web Space Animation Arena, which was the de facto standard for playing the online videos, but hackers increasingly found ways to exploit security holes in the technology and hack into user's computers. "We will stop updating and distributing the Flash Player at the end of 2020 and encoura

Adobe patches 2nd Flash Player Zero-day Vulnerability

Adobe patches 2nd Flash Player Zero-day Vulnerability
Jan 25, 2015
Ready to patch your Adobe Flash software now. Adobe has patched one after one two zero-day vulnerabilities in its Adobe Flash that are being actively exploited by the cyber criminals. PATCH FOR FIRST ZERO-DAY On Thursday, the company released an emergency update for one of the critical vulnerabilities in Flash Player. However, the flaw was not the one that security researcher Kafeine reported. Adobe focused on another zero-day, identified as CVE-2015-0310 , that was also exploited by Angler malicious toolkit. PATCH FOR SECOND ZERO-DAY Today, Adobe released an updated version of its Flash player software that patches a zero-day vulnerability , tracked as CVE-2015-0311, spotted by French security researcher Kafeine at the beginning of the week. The vulnerability is " being actively exploited in the wild via drive-by-download attacks against systems running Internet Explorer and Firefox on Windows 8.1 and below, " Adobe said in a security advisory . The com

Netflix Users Targeted by Microsoft Silverlight Exploits

Netflix Users Targeted by Microsoft Silverlight Exploits
May 21, 2014
Netflix, the world's largest Internet Video Subscription service with more than 35.7 million customers in U.S alone, that runs on the Microsoft Silverlight platform, has now become a popular target for cybercriminals, as public awareness of Java and Flash flaws is increasing. Silverlight is a Microsoft's plug-in for streaming media on browsers, similar to Adobe Flash Player , that handles multimedia contents on Microsoft Windows and Mac OS X Web Browsers, and is popularly known for being used in Netflix's streaming video service. But, Netflix isn't the only service that works on Silverlight, many other multimedia services supports Silverlight. Malware and Exploit Kit developers are targeting Silverlight users as they aren't aware of the increasing proliferation of malware for the platform. Silverlight vulnerabilities are mostly exploited using drive-by download attacks to compromise victim's computers with malware, especially through malicious ads. A recent

Firefox to block all plugins by Default in upcoming release, except Whitelist plugins

Firefox to block all plugins by Default in upcoming release, except Whitelist plugins
Mar 03, 2014
The Mozilla Firefox web browser is used by roughly 30% of all Internet users and the company is seriously concerned about the Security of its users for many years. To Improve the Stability, Security and performance of Firefox web browser , Mozilla announced back in  2013 that it planned to enable ' Click to Play ' feature in upcoming Firefox versions, which will block most vulnerable plugins like Java by default. " Plugins are a significant source of poor performance, crashes and security vulnerabilities ", Mozilla said . The Feature ' Click to play ' blocks the execution of all plugins automatically, though this feature was annoying to the users, so to prevent all plugins from default blocking, Mozilla announced to maintain a whitelist of approved plugins. "By allowing users to decide which sites need to use plugins, Firefox will help protect them and keep their browser running smoothly." ~Benjamin Smedberg, Engineering Manager. Plugin authors ca

Hunting Russian malware author behind Phoenix Exploit Kit

Hunting Russian malware author behind Phoenix Exploit Kit
Apr 08, 2013
Exploit kits are one of the dangerous cyber crime tool, where The Phoenix Exploit Kit is a good example of exploit packs used to exploit vulnerable software on the computers of unsuspecting Internet users. The Phoenix Exploit Kit is available for a base price of $2,200 in underground market by its malware author or developer.  Like other exploit kits , Phoenix also developed to exploit browser-based  vulnerabilities in outdated and insecure versions of browser plugins like Java, and Adobe Flash and Reader. Developer of Phoenix is known by nickname AlexUdakov on several forums. According to new investigation report published by  krebsonsecurity , AlexUdakov was also member of a forum called Darkode , whose administrator accounts were compromised few weeks before and that the intruders were able to gain access to private communications of the administrators.  Intruders was able to view full profiles and database of Darkode members, as well as the private email addres

Internet Explorer 6, 7 and 8 vulnerable to remote code execution

Internet Explorer 6, 7 and 8 vulnerable to remote code execution
Dec 31, 2013
Last Friday, we reported that the website of the U.S. Council of Foreign Relations was allegedly compromised by Chinese hackers who exploited the zero-day bug that was only discovered that same day. The CFR website was compromised with JavaScript that served malicious code to older IE browsers and the code then created a heap-spray attack using Adobe Flash Player. Yesterday former hacker Bryce Case Jr (YTCracker) tweeted about a new zero day exploit threatening all users of IE8, " internet explorer 6-8 0day making the rounds force them toolbar installs and keyloggers on exgf while you still can... ". On Saturday, Microsoft published a security advisory warning users of Internet Explorer 6, 7, and 8 that they could be vulnerable to remote code execution hacks. The vulnerability is a remote code execution vulnerability that exists in the way that Internet Explorer accesses an object in memory that has been deleted or has not been properly allocated. The vuln

Patch released for 7 critical Adobe Flash Player Vulnerabilities

Patch released for 7 critical Adobe Flash Player Vulnerabilities
Nov 06, 2012
Adobe release updates for Flash Player on Windows, Mac, and Linux to address 7 recently identified critical security vulnerabilities. Updated version is now 11.5.502.110 for Windows or Mac OS X users or to 11.2.202.251 for Linux. These updates address vulnerabilities that could cause a crash and potentially allow an attacker to take control of the affected system. A recent Q3 2012 Threat repor t from Kaspersky Lab showed that nearly 30% of the exploits circulating online are targeting Adobe products. Java vulnerabilities were exploited in more than 50% of all attacks. According to Oracle, different versions of this virtual machine are installed on more than 1.1 billion computers. CVE number of 7 critical Adobe Flash Player Vulnerabilities are CVE-2012-5274, CVE-2012-5275, CVE-2012-5276, CVE-2012-5277, CVE-2012-5278, CVE-2012-5279, CVE-2012-5280. Adobe's advisory about this update is available here .

Firefox 17 Beta Released with Click-to-Play Plugins for blocking vulnerable Plugins

Firefox 17 Beta Released with Click-to-Play Plugins for blocking vulnerable Plugins
Oct 12, 2012
Last week, Mozilla announced it will prompt Firefox users on Windows with old versions of Adobe Reader, Adobe Flash, and Microsoft Silverlight, but refused to detail how the system will work. Finally today  Firefox 17 is now in beta and with it is a very cool feature, click-to-play plugins. When a user lands on a site that requires the use of a plugin, say Adobe Flash, if the version running in the user's browser is on the list of known vulnerable applications, Mozilla will disable it and show the user a message saying that she needs to update the plugin. " By combining the safety of the blocklist with the flexibility of click-to-play, we now have an even more effective method of dealing with vulnerable or out-of-date plugins. " Mozilla wrote on blog. Mozilla is still working on implementing the controls, which would allow you to block all plugins by default and then pick where you want them to run. As already mentioned, this feature will be enabled by
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