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The Hacker News - Cybersecurity News and Analysis: hacking

North Korean Hackers Target Cybersecurity Researchers with Trojanized IDA Pro

North Korean Hackers Target Cybersecurity Researchers with Trojanized IDA Pro
November 15, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Lazarus, the North Korea-affiliated state-sponsored group, is attempting to once again target security researchers with backdoors and remote access trojans using a trojanized pirated version of the popular IDA Pro reverse engineering software. The findings were  reported  by ESET security researcher Anton Cherepanov last week in a series of tweets. IDA Pro is an  Interactive Disassembler  that's designed to translate machine language (aka executables) into assembly language, enabling security researchers to analyze the inner workings of a program (malicious or otherwise) as well as function as a debugger to detect errors. "Attackers bundled the original IDA Pro 7.5 software developed by [Hex-Rays] with two malicious components," the Slovak cybersecurity firm said, one of which is an internal module called "win_fw.dll" that's executed during installation of the application. This tampered version is then orchestrated to load a second component named "

Product Overview - Cynet Centralized Log Management

Product Overview - Cynet Centralized Log Management
November 03, 2021The Hacker News
For most organizations today, the logs produced by their security tools and environments provide a mixed bag. On the one hand, they can be a trove of valuable data on security breaches, vulnerabilities, attack patterns, and general security insights. On the other, organizations don't have the right means to manage the massive scale of logs and data produced to derive any value from it.  Log management can quickly become a sore point, and either be forgotten or improperly managed if done manually. In turn, this reduces data transparency and leaves organizations more exposed to vulnerabilities that could have been detected. A new centralized log management module (CLM) introduced by XDR provider Cynet ( learn more here ) could help organizations lighten that load and enhance organizations' visibility into their valuable log data.  Instead of manually handling the collection, storage, and parsing of data, organizations can use CLM to enhance their log analysis, better understand thei

Researchers Uncover 'Pink' Botnet Malware That Infected Over 1.6 Million Devices

Researchers Uncover 'Pink' Botnet Malware That Infected Over 1.6 Million Devices
November 01, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers disclosed details of what they say is the "largest botnet" observed in the wild in the last six years, infecting over 1.6 million devices primarily located in China, with the goal of launching distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks and inserting advertisements into HTTP websites visited by unsuspecting users. Qihoo 360's Netlab security team dubbed the botnet " Pink " based on a sample obtained on November 21, 2019, owing to a large number of function names starting with "pink." Mainly targeting MIPS-based fiber routers, the botnet leverages a combination of third-party services such as GitHub, peer-to-peer (P2P) networks, and central command-and-control (C2) servers for its bots to controller communications, not to mention completely encrypting the transmission channels to prevent the victimized devices from being taken over. "Pink raced with the vendor to retain control over the infected devices, while vendor

Winter is Coming for CentOS 8

Winter is Coming for CentOS 8
October 29, 2021The Hacker News
Winter is Coming for CentOS 8—but here is how you can enjoy your holidays after all. The server environment is complex and if you're managing thousands of Linux servers, the last thing you want is for an operating system vendor to do something completely unexpected. That is exactly what Red Hat, the parent company of the CentOS Project, did when it suddenly announced a  curtailment of support for CentOS 8  – sending thousands of organizations scrambling for an alternative. In this article, we'll review what happened with CentOS 8 and what it means for users who have already upgraded from CentOS release 7 to release 8. We'll also look at your alternatives for replacing CentOS 8. Finally, we'll do a review of your other option: choosing extended support. Extended lifecycle support (ELS) can reduce the pressure to decide on alternative distribution and it may well be the most practical route for many CentOS 8 users. Official support is critical The difficulties arou

Microsoft Warns of Continued Supply-Chain Attacks by the Nobelium Hacker Group

Microsoft Warns of Continued Supply-Chain Attacks by the Nobelium Hacker Group
October 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Nobelium, the  threat actor  behind the SolarWinds compromise in December 2020, has been behind an ongoing wave of attacks that compromised 14 downstream customers of multiple cloud service providers (CSP), managed service providers (MSP), and other IT services organizations, illustrating the adversary's continuing interest in targeting the supply chain via the "compromise-one-to-compromise-many" approach. Microsoft, which disclosed details of the campaign on Monday, said it notified more than 140 resellers and technology service providers since May. Between July 1 and October 19, 2021, Nobelium is said to have singled out 609 customers, who were collectively attacked a grand total of 22,868 times. "This recent activity is another indicator that Russia is trying to gain long-term, systematic access to a variety of points in the technology supply chain and establish a mechanism for surveilling – now or in the future – targets of interest to the Russian government,

Hackers Exploited Popular BillQuick Billing Software to Deploy Ransomware

Hackers Exploited Popular BillQuick Billing Software to Deploy Ransomware
October 25, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Friday disclosed a now-patched critical vulnerability in multiple versions of a time and billing system called BillQuick that's being actively exploited by threat actors to deploy ransomware on vulnerable systems. CVE-2021-42258 , as the flaw is being tracked as, concerns an  SQL-based injection  attack that allows for remote code execution and was successfully leveraged to gain initial access to an unnamed U.S. engineering company and mount a ransomware attack, American cybersecurity firm Huntress Labs said.  While the issue has been addressed by BQE Software in BillQuick version 22.0.9.1 released on October 7, eight other undisclosed security issues that were identified as part of the investigation are yet to be patched. According to its  website , BQE Software's products are used by 400,000 users worldwide. "Hackers can use this to access customers' BillQuick data and run malicious commands on their on-premises Windows servers,&qu

A New Variant of FlawedGrace Spreading Through Mass Email Campaigns

A New Variant of FlawedGrace Spreading Through Mass Email Campaigns
October 19, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Cybersecurity researchers on Tuesday took the wraps off a mass volume email attack staged by a prolific cybercriminal gang affecting a wide range of industries, with one of its region-specific operations notably targeting Germany and Austria. Enterprise security firm Proofpoint tied the malware campaign with high confidence to  TA505 , which is the name assigned to the financially motivated threat group that's been active in the cybercrime business since at least 2014, and is behind the infamous Dridex banking trojan and an arsenal of other malicious tools such as FlawedAmmyy, FlawedGrace, Neutrino botnet, and Locky ransomware, among others. Cybersecurity company Morphisec Labs is tracking the same attack chain under the independent moniker " MirrorBlast ." The attacks are said to have started as a series of low-volume email waves, delivering only several thousand messages in each phase, before ramping up in late September and as recently as October 13, resulting in

Over 30 Countries Pledge to Fight Ransomware Attacks in US-led Global Meeting

Over 30 Countries Pledge to Fight Ransomware Attacks in US-led Global Meeting
October 18, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Representatives from the U.S., the European Union, and 30 other countries pledged to mitigate the risk of ransomware and harden the financial system from exploitation with the goal of disrupting the ecosystem, calling it an "escalating global security threat with serious economic and security consequences."  "From malign operations against local health providers that endanger patient care, to those directed at businesses that limit their ability to provide fuel, groceries, or other goods to the public, ransomware poses a significant risk to critical infrastructure, essential services, public safety, consumer protection and privacy, and economic prosperity," officials  said  in a statement released last week. To that end, efforts are expected to be made to enhance network resilience by adopting cyber hygiene good practices, such as using strong passwords, securing accounts with multi-factor authentication, maintaining periodic offline data backups, keeping softwa

Critical Remote Hacking Flaws Disclosed in Linphone and MicroSIP Softphones

Critical Remote Hacking Flaws Disclosed in Linphone and MicroSIP Softphones
October 14, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Multiple security vulnerabilities have been disclosed in softphone software from Linphone and MicroSIP that could be exploited by an unauthenticated remote adversary to crash the client and even extract sensitive information like password hashes by simply making a malicious call. The vulnerabilities, which were discovered by Moritz Abrell of German pen-testing firm SySS GmbH, have since been addressed by the respective manufacturers following responsible disclosure. Softphones are essentially software-based phones that mimic desk phones and allow for making telephone calls over the Internet without the need for using dedicated hardware. At the core of the issues are the SIP services offered by the clients to connect two peers to facilitate telephony services in IP-based mobile networks. SIP aka Session Initiation Protocol is a  signaling protocol  that's used to control interactive communication sessions, such as voice, video, chat and instant messaging, as well as games and v

VirusTotal Releases Ransomware Report Based on Analysis of 80 Million Samples

VirusTotal Releases Ransomware Report Based on Analysis of 80 Million Samples
October 14, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
As many as 130 different ransomware families have been found to be active in 2020 and the first half of 2021, with Israel, South Korea, Vietnam, China, Singapore, India, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Iran, and the U.K. emerging as the most affected territories, a comprehensive analysis of 80 million ransomware-related samples has revealed. Google's cybersecurity arm VirusTotal attributed a significant chunk of the activity to the GandCrab ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) group (78.5%), followed by Babuk (7.61%), Cerber (3.11%), Matsnu (2.63%), Wannacry (2.41%), Congur (1.52%), Locky (1.29%), Teslacrypt (1.12%), Rkor (1.11%), and Reveon (0.70%). "Attackers are using a range of approaches, including well-known botnet malware and other Remote Access Trojans (RATs) as vehicles to deliver their ransomware," VirusTotal Threat Intelligence Strategist Vicente Diaz  said . "In most cases, they are using fresh or new ransomware samples for their campaigns." Some of the oth

Apache Warns of Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild — Patch Your Web Servers Now!

Apache Warns of Zero-Day Exploit in the Wild — Patch Your Web Servers Now!
October 05, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Apache has issued patches to address two security vulnerabilities, including a path traversal and file disclosure flaw in its HTTP server that it said is being actively exploited in the wild. "A flaw was found in a change made to path normalization in Apache HTTP Server 2.4.49. An attacker could use a path traversal attack to map URLs to files outside the expected document root," the open-source project maintainers  noted  in an advisory published Tuesday. "If files outside of the document root are not protected by 'require all denied' these requests can succeed. Additionally this flaw could leak the source of interpreted files like CGI scripts." The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2021-41773 , affects only Apache HTTP server version 2.4.49. Ash Daulton and cPanel Security Team have been credited with discovering and reporting the issue on September 29, 2021. Source: PT SWARM Also resolved by Apache is a null pointer dereference vulnerability observed during pr

New Android Malware Steals Financial Data from 378 Banking and Wallet Apps

New Android Malware Steals Financial Data from 378 Banking and Wallet Apps
September 27, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
The operators behind the BlackRock mobile malware have surfaced back with a new Android banking trojan called  ERMAC  that targets Poland and has its roots in the infamous Cerberus malware, according to the latest research. "The new trojan already has active distribution campaigns and is targeting 378 banking and wallet apps with overlays," ThreatFabric's CEO Cengiz Han Sahin said in an emailed statement. First campaigns involving ERMAC are believed to have begun in late August under the guise of the Google Chrome app. Since then, the attacks have expanded to include a range of apps such as banking, media players, delivery services, government applications, and antivirus solutions like  McAfee . Almost fully based on the notorious banking trojan  Cerberus , the Dutch cybersecurity firm's findings come from forum posts made by an actor named DukeEugene last month on August 17, inviting prospective customers to "rent a new android botnet with wide functionalit

Europol Busts Major Crime Ring, Arrests Over 100 Online Fraudsters

Europol Busts Major Crime Ring, Arrests Over 100 Online Fraudsters
September 20, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Law enforcement agencies in Italy and Spain have dismantled an organized crime group linked to the Italian Mafia that was involved in online fraud, money laundering, drug trafficking, and property crime, netting the gang about €10 million ($11.7 million) in illegal proceeds in just a year. "The suspects defrauded hundreds of victims through phishing attacks and other types of online fraud such as SIM swapping and business email compromise before laundering the money through a wide network of money mules and shell companies," Europol  said  in a statement published today.  The group operated out of Tenerife, located in Spain's Canary Islands. The development comes following a year-long sting operation that saw as many as 16 house searches in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Turin, and Isernia, resulting in 106 arrests — mostly in Spain and Italy — and seizure of electronic devices, 224 credit cards, SIM cards, point-of-sale terminals, a marijuana plantation, and equipment used

A New Wave of Malware Attack Targeting Organizations in South America

A New Wave of Malware Attack Targeting Organizations in South America
September 20, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A spam campaign delivering spear-phishing emails aimed at South American organizations has retooled its techniques to include a wide range of commodity remote access trojans (RATs) and geolocation filtering to avoid detection, according to new research. Cybersecurity firm Trend Micro attributed the attacks to an advanced persistent threat (APT) tracked as  APT-C-36  (aka Blind Eagle), a suspected South America espionage group that has been active since at least 2018 and  previously known  for setting its sights on Colombian government institutions and corporations spanning financial, petroleum, and manufacturing sectors. Primarily spread via fraudulent emails by masquerading as Colombian government agencies, such as the National Directorate of Taxes and Customs (DIAN), the infection chain commences when the message recipients open a decoy PDF or Word document that claims to be a seizure order tied to their bank accounts and click on a link that's been generated from a URL short

Malware Attack on Aviation Sector Uncovered After Going Unnoticed for 2 Years

Malware Attack on Aviation Sector Uncovered After Going Unnoticed for 2 Years
September 17, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A targeted phishing campaign aimed at the aviation industry for two years may be spearheaded by a threat actor operating out of Nigeria, highlighting how attackers can carry out small-scale cyber offensives for extended periods of time while staying under the radar. Cisco Talos dubbed the malware attacks "Operation Layover," building on  previous research  from the Microsoft Security Intelligence team in May 2021 that delved into a "dynamic campaign targeting the aerospace and travel sectors with spear-phishing emails that distribute an actively developed loader, which then delivers RevengeRAT or AsyncRAT." "The actor […] doesn't seem to be technically sophisticated, using off-the-shelf malware since the beginning of its activities without developing its own malware," researchers Tiago Pereira and Vitor Ventura  said . "The actor also buys the crypters that allow the usage of such malware without being detected, throughout the years it has use

Critical Flaws Discovered in Azure App That Microsoft Secretly Installs on Linux VMs

Critical Flaws Discovered in Azure App That Microsoft Secretly Installs on Linux VMs
September 15, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Microsoft on Tuesday addressed a quartet of security flaws as part of its  Patch Tuesday updates  that could be abused by adversaries to target Azure cloud customers and elevate privileges as well as allow for remote takeover of vulnerable systems. The list of flaws, collectively called OMIGOD by researchers from Wiz, affect a little-known software agent called Open Management Infrastructure that's automatically deployed in many Azure services - CVE-2021-38647  (CVSS score: 9.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Remote Code Execution Vulnerability CVE-2021-38648  (CVSS score: 7.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability CVE-2021-38645  (CVSS score: 7.8) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability CVE-2021-38649  (CVSS score: 7.0) - Open Management Infrastructure Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability Open Management Infrastructure ( OMI ) is an open-source  analogous equivalent  of Windows Management Infrastructure (WMI

WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers

WhatsApp Photo Filter Bug Could Have Exposed Your Data to Remote Attackers
September 02, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
A now-patched high-severity security vulnerability in WhatApp's image filter feature could have been abused to send a malicious image over the messaging app to read sensitive information from the app's memory. Tracked as  CVE-2020-1910  (CVSS score: 7.8), the flaw concerns an out-of-bounds read/write and stems from applying specific image filters to a rogue image and sending the altered image to an unwitting recipient, thereby enabling an attacker to access valuable data stored the app's memory. "A missing bounds check in WhatsApp for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 and WhatsApp Business for Android prior to v2.21.1.13 could have allowed out-of-bounds read and write if a user applied specific image filters to a specially-crafted image and sent the resulting image," WhatsApp  noted  in its advisory published in February 2021. Cybersecurity firm Check Point Research, which disclosed the issue to the Facebook-owned platform on November 10, 2020, said it was able to
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