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Hands-on Review: Myrror Security Code-Aware and Attack-Aware SCA

Hands-on Review: Myrror Security Code-Aware and Attack-Aware SCA
Feb 09, 2024 Static Code Analysis
Introduction The modern software supply chain represents an ever-evolving threat landscape, with each package added to the manifest introducing new attack vectors. To meet industry requirements, organizations must maintain a fast-paced development process while staying up-to-date with the latest security patches. However, in practice, developers often face a large amount of security work without clear prioritization - and miss a significant portion of the attack surface altogether. The primary issue arises from the detection and prioritization methods used by traditional Static Code Analysis (SCA) tools for vulnerabilities. These methods lack the organizational-specific context needed to make an informed scoring decision: the score, even if critical, might not  actually  be critical for an organization because its infrastructure works in a unique way - affecting the actual impact the vulnerability might have.  In other words, since these tools depend on a relatively naive methodol

New Mispadu Banking Trojan Exploiting Windows SmartScreen Flaw

New Mispadu Banking Trojan Exploiting Windows SmartScreen Flaw
Feb 05, 2024 Malware / Financial Security
The threat actors behind the Mispadu banking Trojan have become the latest to exploit a now-patched Windows SmartScreen security bypass flaw to compromise users in Mexico. The attacks entail a new variant of the malware that was first observed in 2019, Palo Alto Networks Unit 42 said in a report published last week. Propagated via phishing mails, Mispadu is a Delphi-based information stealer known to specifically infect victims in the Latin American (LATAM) region. In March 2023, Metabase Q  revealed  that Mispadu spam campaigns harvested no less than 90,000 bank account credentials since August 2022. It's also part of the larger family of LATAM banking malware, including  Grandoreiro , which was dismantled by Brazilian law enforcement authorities last week. The latest infection chain identified by Unit 42 employs rogue internet shortcut files contained within bogus ZIP archive files that leverage CVE-2023-36025 (CVSS score: 8.8), a high-severity bypass flaw in Windows Smar

SaaS Compliance through the NIST Cybersecurity Framework

SaaS Compliance through the NIST Cybersecurity Framework
Feb 20, 2024Cybersecurity Framework / SaaS Security
The US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) cybersecurity framework is one of the world's most important guidelines for securing networks. It can be applied to any number of applications, including SaaS.  One of the challenges facing those tasked with securing SaaS applications is the different settings found in each application. It makes it difficult to develop a configuration policy that will apply to an HR app that manages employees, a marketing app that manages content, and an R&D app that manages software versions, all while aligning with NIST compliance standards.  However, there are several settings that can be applied to nearly every app in the SaaS stack. In this article, we'll explore some universal configurations, explain why they are important, and guide you in setting them in a way that improves your SaaS apps' security posture.  Start with Admins Role-based access control (RBAC) is a key to NIST adherence and should be applied to every SaaS a

Cyber Threat Landscape: 7 Key Findings and Upcoming Trends for 2024

Cyber Threat Landscape: 7 Key Findings and Upcoming Trends for 2024
Jan 25, 2024 Threat Intelligence / Cybercrime
The 2023/2024 Axur Threat Landscape Report provides a comprehensive analysis of the latest cyber threats. The information combines data from the platform's surveillance of the Surface, Deep, and Dark Web with insights derived from the in-depth research and investigations conducted by the Threat Intelligence team. Discover the full scope of digital threats in the Axur Report 2023/2024. Overview In 2023, the cybersecurity landscape witnessed a remarkable rise in cyberattacks.  One notable shift was the cyber risk integration with business risk, a concept gaining traction in boardrooms worldwide. As the magnitude of losses due to cyberattacks became evident, organizations started reevaluating their strategies.  Geopolitical factors played a significant role in shaping information security. The conflicts between nations like Russia and Ukraine had ripple effects, influencing the tactics of cybercriminals. It was a year where external factors intertwined with digital threats. Ran

Are You Vulnerable to Third-Party Breaches Through Interconnected SaaS Apps?

cyber security
websiteWing SecuritySaaS Security / Risk Management
Protect against cascading risks by identifying and mitigating app2app and third-party SaaS vulnerabilities.

BreachForums Founder Sentenced to 20 Years of Supervised Release, No Jail Time

BreachForums Founder Sentenced to 20 Years of Supervised Release, No Jail Time
Jan 23, 2024 Cyber Crime / Dark Web
Conor Brian Fitzpatrick has been sentenced to time served and 20 years of supervised release for his role as the creator and administrator of BreachForums. Fitzpatrick, who went by the online alias "pompompurin," was arrested in March 2023 in New York and was subsequently charged with conspiracy to commit access device fraud and possession of child pornography. He was later released on a $300,000 bond, and in July 2023, he pleaded guilty to the charges. BreachForums was a major cyber crime marketplace that facilitated the trafficking of stolen data since March 2022. Prior to its shutdown exactly a year later, the website boasted of over 340,000 members. Among the stolen items commonly sold on the platform were bank account information, Social Security numbers, personally identifying information (PII), hacking tools, breached databases, and account login information for compromised online accounts with service providers and merchants. BreachForums also advertised servic

When Email Security Meets SaaS Security: Uncovering Risky Auto-Forwarding Rules

When Email Security Meets SaaS Security: Uncovering Risky Auto-Forwarding Rules
Nov 09, 2023 Email Security / SaaS Security
While intended for convenience and efficient communication, email auto-forwarding rules can inadvertently lead to the unauthorized dissemination of sensitive information to external entities, putting confidential data at risk of exposure to unauthorized parties. Wing Security (Wing), a SaaS security company,  announced yesterday  that their SaaS shadow IT discovery methods now include a solution that solves for auto-email forwarding as well. While Wing's shadow IT solution is  offered as a free tool  that can be onboarded and used as a self-service, users willing to upgrade will be able to enjoy the company's new Gmail and Outlook integrations, which broaden the company's discovery capabilities and extend their data security features. The risks of email auto-forwarding rules Auto-forwarding emails is a great way to save time on repetitive tasks and are therefore very popular among employees who regularly collaborate and share information with external business partners.

QNAP Releases Patch for 2 Critical Flaws Threatening Your NAS Devices

QNAP Releases Patch for 2 Critical Flaws Threatening Your NAS Devices
Nov 06, 2023 Vulnerability / Data Security
QNAP has released security updates to address two critical security flaws impacting its operating system that could result in arbitrary code execution. Tracked as  CVE-2023-23368  (CVSS score: 9.8), the vulnerability is described as a command injection bug affecting QTS, QuTS hero, and QuTScloud. "If exploited, the vulnerability could allow remote attackers to execute commands via a network," the company said in an advisory published over the weekend. The shortcoming spans the below versions - QTS 5.0.x (Fixed in QTS 5.0.1.2376 build 20230421 and later) QTS 4.5.x (Fixed in QTS 4.5.4.2374 build 20230416 and later) QuTS hero h5.0.x (Fixed in QuTS hero h5.0.1.2376 build 20230421 and later) QuTS hero h4.5.x (Fixed in QuTS hero h4.5.4.2374 build 20230417 and later) QuTScloud c5.0.x (Fixed in QuTScloud c5.0.1.2374 and later) Also fixed by QNAP is another command injection flaw in QTS, Multimedia Console, and Media Streaming add-on ( CVE-2023-23369 , CVSS score: 9.0) th

Iran's MuddyWater Targets Israel in New Spear-Phishing Cyber Campaign

Iran's MuddyWater Targets Israel in New Spear-Phishing Cyber Campaign
Nov 02, 2023 Cyber Attack / Malware
The Iranian nation-state actor known as  MuddyWater  has been linked to a new spear-phishing campaign targeting two Israeli entities to ultimately deploy a legitimate remote administration tool from N-able called  Advanced Monitoring Agent . Cybersecurity firm Deep Instinct, which disclosed details of the attacks,  said  the campaign "exhibits updated TTPs to previously reported MuddyWater activity," which has, in the past, used similar attack chains to distribute other remote access tools like  ScreenConnect, RemoteUtilities, Syncro , and  SimpleHelp . While the latest development marks the first time MuddyWater has been observed using N-able's remote monitoring software, it also underscores the fact that the largely unchanged modus operandi continues to yield some level of success for the threat actor. The findings have also been separately confirmed by cybersecurity company Group-IB in a post shared on X (formerly Twitter). The state-sponsored group is a  cyber

FIRST Announces CVSS 4.0 - New Vulnerability Scoring System

FIRST Announces CVSS 4.0 - New Vulnerability Scoring System
Nov 02, 2023 Vulnerability Assessment
The Forum of Incident Response and Security Teams (FIRST) has officially announced  CVSS v4.0 , the next generation of the Common Vulnerability Scoring System standard, more than eight years after the release of CVSS v3.0 in June 2015. "This latest version of  CVSS 4.0  seeks to provide the highest fidelity of vulnerability assessment for both industry and the public," FIRST  said  in a statement. CVSS essentially provides a way to capture the principal technical characteristics of a security vulnerability and produce a numerical score denoting its severity. The score can be translated into various levels, such as low, medium, high, and critical, to help organizations prioritize their vulnerability management processes. One of the core updates to CVSS v3.1,  released  in July 2019, was to  emphasize and clarify  that "CVSS is designed to measure the severity of a vulnerability and should not be used alone to assess risk." CVSS v3.1 has also  attracted criticis

Critical OAuth Flaws Uncovered in Grammarly, Vidio, and Bukalapak Platforms

Critical OAuth Flaws Uncovered in Grammarly, Vidio, and Bukalapak Platforms
Oct 25, 2023
Critical security flaws have been disclosed in the Open Authorization (OAuth) implementation of popular online services such as Grammarly, Vidio, and Bukalapak, building upon previous shortcomings uncovered in  Booking[.]com and Expo . The weaknesses, now addressed by the respective companies following responsible disclosure between February and April 2023, could have allowed malicious actors to obtain access tokens and potentially hijack user accounts. OAuth is a  standard  that's commonly used as a mechanism for cross-application access, granting websites or applications access to their information on other websites, such as Facebook, but without giving them the passwords. "When OAuth is used to provide service authentication, any security breach in it can lead to identity theft, financial fraud, and access to various personal information including credit card numbers, private messages, health records, and more, depending on the specific service being attacked," Sa

Everything You Wanted to Know About AI Security but Were Afraid to Ask

Everything You Wanted to Know About AI Security but Were Afraid to Ask
Sep 04, 2023 Artificial Intelligence / Cyber Security
There's been a great deal of AI hype recently, but that doesn't mean the robots are here to replace us. This article sets the record straight and explains how businesses should approach AI. From musing about self-driving cars to fearing AI bots that could destroy the world, there has been a great deal of AI hype in the past few years. AI has captured our imaginations, dreams, and occasionally, our nightmares. However, the reality is that AI is currently much less advanced than we anticipated it would be by now. Autonomous cars, for example, often considered the poster child of AI's limitless future, represent a narrow use case and are not yet a common application across all transportation sectors. In this article, we de-hype AI, provide tools for businesses approaching AI and share information to help stakeholders educate themselves.  AI Terminology De-Hyped AI vs. ML AI (Artificial Intelligence) and ML (Machine Learning) are terms that are often used interchangeably, but the

China-Linked BadBazaar Android Spyware Targeting Signal and Telegram Users

China-Linked BadBazaar Android Spyware Targeting Signal and Telegram Users
Aug 30, 2023 Mobile Security / Privacy
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered malicious Android apps for Signal and Telegram distributed via the Google Play Store and Samsung Galaxy Store that are engineered to deliver the BadBazaar spyware on infected devices. Slovakian company ESET attributed the campaign to a China-linked actor called  GREF . "Most likely active since July 2020 and since July 2022, respectively, the campaigns have distributed the Android BadBazaar espionage code through the Google Play store, Samsung Galaxy Store, and dedicated websites representing the malicious apps Signal Plus Messenger and FlyGram," security researcher Lukáš Štefanko  said  in a new report shared with The Hacker News. Victims have been primarily detected in Germany, Poland, and the U.S., followed by Ukraine, Australia, Brazil, Denmark, Congo-Kinshasa, Hong Kong, Hungary, Lithuania, the Netherlands, Portugal, Singapore, Spain, and Yemen. BadBazaar was  first documented  by Lookout in November 2022 as targeting the  U

HiatusRAT Malware Resurfaces: Taiwan Firms and U.S. Military Under Attack

HiatusRAT Malware Resurfaces: Taiwan Firms and U.S. Military Under Attack
Aug 21, 2023 Cyber Threat / Malware
The threat actors behind the HiatusRAT malware have returned from their hiatus with a new wave of reconnaissance and targeting activity aimed at Taiwan-based organizations and a U.S. military procurement system. Besides recompiling malware samples for different architectures, the artifacts are said to have been hosted on new virtual private servers (VPSs), Lumen Black Lotus Labs  said  in a report published last week. The cybersecurity firm described the activity cluster as "brazen" and "one of the most audacious," indicating no signs of slowing down. The identity and the origin of the threat actors are presently unknown. Targets included commercial firms, such as semiconductor and chemical manufacturers, and at least one municipal government organization in Taiwan as well as a U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) server associated with submitting and retrieving proposals for defense contracts. HiatusRAT was  first disclosed  by the cybersecurity company in March
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