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The Hacker News - Cybersecurity News and Analysis: VoIP System

Critical RCE Bugs Found in Pascom Cloud Phone System Used by Businesses

Critical RCE Bugs Found in Pascom Cloud Phone System Used by Businesses

March 09, 2022Ravie Lakshmanan
Researchers have disclosed three security vulnerabilities affecting Pascom Cloud Phone System ( CPS ) that could be combined to achieve a full pre-authenticated remote code execution of affected systems. Kerbit security researcher Daniel Eshetu  said  the shortcomings, when chained together, can lead to "an unauthenticated attacker gaining root on these devices." Pascom Cloud Phone System is an integrated collaboration and communication solution that allows businesses to host and set up private telephone networks across different platforms as well as facilitate the monitoring, maintenance, and updates associated with the virtual phone systems. The set of three flaws includes those stemming from an arbitrary path traversal in the web interface, a server-side request forgery ( SSRF ) due to an outdated third-party dependency ( CVE-2019-18394 ), and a post-authentication command injection using a daemon service ("exd.pl"). In other words, the vulnerabilities can
Secret Backdoors Found in German-made Auerswald VoIP System

Secret Backdoors Found in German-made Auerswald VoIP System

December 21, 2021Ravie Lakshmanan
Multiple backdoors have been discovered during a penetration test in the firmware of a widely used voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) appliance from Auerswald, a German telecommunications hardware manufacturer, that could be abused to gain full administrative access to the devices. "Two backdoor passwords were found in the firmware of the  COMpact 5500R PBX ," researchers from RedTeam Pentesting said in a  technical   analysis  published Monday. "One backdoor password is for the secret user ' Schandelah ', the other can be used for the highest-privileged user ' admin .' No way was discovered to disable these backdoors." The vulnerability has been assigned the identifier  CVE-2021-40859  and carries a critical severity rating of 9.8. Following responsible disclosure on September 10, Auerswald addressed the problem in a firmware update (version 8.2B) released in November 2021. "Firmware Update 8.2B contains important security updates that you
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