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Hackers Targeting VoIP Servers By Exploiting Digium Phone Software

Hackers Targeting VoIP Servers By Exploiting Digium Phone Software

Jul 16, 2022
VoIP phones using Digium's software have been targeted to drop a web shell on their servers as part of an attack campaign designed to exfiltrate data by downloading and executing additional payloads. "The malware installs multilayer obfuscated PHP backdoors to the web server's file system, downloads new payloads for execution, and schedules recurring tasks to re-infect the host system," Palo Alto Networks Unit 42  said  in a Friday report. The unusual activity is said to have commenced in mid-December 2021 and targets Asterisk, a widely used software implementation of a private branch exchange (PBX) that runs on the open-source Elastix Unified Communications Server. Unit 42 said the intrusions share similarities with the  INJ3CTOR3 campaign  that Israeli cybersecurity firm Check Point disclosed in November 2020, alluding to the possibility that they could be a "resurgence" of the previous attacks. Coinciding with the sudden surge is the public disclos
Critical RCE Bugs Found in Pascom Cloud Phone System Used by Businesses

Critical RCE Bugs Found in Pascom Cloud Phone System Used by Businesses

Mar 09, 2022
Researchers have disclosed three security vulnerabilities affecting Pascom Cloud Phone System ( CPS ) that could be combined to achieve a full pre-authenticated remote code execution of affected systems. Kerbit security researcher Daniel Eshetu  said  the shortcomings, when chained together, can lead to "an unauthenticated attacker gaining root on these devices." Pascom Cloud Phone System is an integrated collaboration and communication solution that allows businesses to host and set up private telephone networks across different platforms as well as facilitate the monitoring, maintenance, and updates associated with the virtual phone systems. The set of three flaws includes those stemming from an arbitrary path traversal in the web interface, a server-side request forgery ( SSRF ) due to an outdated third-party dependency ( CVE-2019-18394 ), and a post-authentication command injection using a daemon service ("exd.pl"). In other words, the vulnerabilities can
Secret Backdoors Found in German-made Auerswald VoIP System

Secret Backdoors Found in German-made Auerswald VoIP System

Dec 21, 2021
Multiple backdoors have been discovered during a penetration test in the firmware of a widely used voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) appliance from Auerswald, a German telecommunications hardware manufacturer, that could be abused to gain full administrative access to the devices. "Two backdoor passwords were found in the firmware of the  COMpact 5500R PBX ," researchers from RedTeam Pentesting said in a  technical   analysis  published Monday. "One backdoor password is for the secret user ' Schandelah ', the other can be used for the highest-privileged user ' admin .' No way was discovered to disable these backdoors." The vulnerability has been assigned the identifier  CVE-2021-40859  and carries a critical severity rating of 9.8. Following responsible disclosure on September 10, Auerswald addressed the problem in a firmware update (version 8.2B) released in November 2021. "Firmware Update 8.2B contains important security updates that you
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