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Zyxel Releases Patches for Firmware Vulnerabilities in EoL NAS Models

Zyxel Releases Patches for Firmware Vulnerabilities in EoL NAS Models

Jun 05, 2024 Vulnerability / Data Security
Zyxel has released security updates to address critical flaws impacting two of its network-attached storage (NAS) devices that have currently reached end-of-life (EoL) status. Successful exploitation of three of the five vulnerabilities could permit an unauthenticated attacker to execute operating system (OS) commands and arbitrary code on affected installations. Impacted models include NAS326 running versions V5.21(AAZF.16)C0 and earlier, and NAS542 running versions V5.21(ABAG.13)C0 and earlier. The shortcomings have been resolved in versions V5.21(AAZF.17)C0 and V5.21(ABAG.14)C0, respectively. A brief description of the flaws is as follows - CVE-2024-29972 - A command injection vulnerability in the CGI program "remote_help-cgi" that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute some operating system (OS) commands by sending a crafted HTTP POST request CVE-2024-29973 - A command injection vulnerability in the 'setCookie' parameter that could allow a
Oracle WebLogic Server OS Command Injection Flaw Under Active Attack

Oracle WebLogic Server OS Command Injection Flaw Under Active Attack

Jun 04, 2024 Network Security / Cryptocurrency
The U.S. Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) on Thursday added a security flaw impacting the Oracle WebLogic Server to the Known Exploited Vulnerabilities ( KEV ) catalog, citing evidence of active exploitation. Tracked as CVE-2017-3506 (CVSS score: 7.4), the issue concerns an operating system (OS) command injection vulnerability that could be exploited to obtain unauthorized access to susceptible servers and take complete control. "Oracle WebLogic Server, a product within the Fusion Middleware suite, contains an OS command injection vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute arbitrary code via a specially crafted HTTP request that includes a malicious XML document," CISA said. While the agency did not disclose the nature of attacks exploiting the vulnerability, the China-based cryptojacking group known as the 8220 Gang (aka Water Sigbin) has a history of leveraging it since early last year to co-opt unpatched devices into a crypto-mining bot
Why SaaS Security is Suddenly Hot: Racing to Defend and Comply

Why SaaS Security is Suddenly Hot: Racing to Defend and Comply

Jun 13, 2024SaaS Security / Shadow IT
Recent supply chain cyber-attacks are prompting cyber security regulations in the financial sector to tighten compliance requirements, and other industries are expected to follow. Many companies still don't have efficient methods to manage related time-sensitive SaaS security and compliance tasks. Free SaaS risk assessment tools are an easy and practical way to bring visibility and initial control to SaaS sprawl and Shadow AI. These tools now offer incremental upgrades , helping security professionals meet their company budget or maturity level.  Regulatory pressure, SaaS and AI proliferation, and increased risk of breaches or data leaks through 3rd party apps, make SaaS security one of the hottest areas for practitioners to learn and adopt. New regulations will require robust third-party SaaS risk lifecycle management that begins with SaaS service discovery and third-party risk management (TPRM) and ends with the requirement from CISOs to report incidents in their supply chain
TP-Link Gaming Router Vulnerability Exposes Users to Remote Code Attacks

TP-Link Gaming Router Vulnerability Exposes Users to Remote Code Attacks

May 28, 2024 Vulnerability / Network Security
A maximum-severity security flaw has been disclosed in the  TP-Link Archer C5400X gaming router  that could lead to remote code execution on susceptible devices by sending specially crafted requests. The vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2024-5035 , carries a CVSS score of 10.0. It impacts all versions of the router firmware including and prior to 1_1.1.6. It has been patched in  version 1_1.1.7  released on May 24, 2024. "By successfully exploiting this flaw, remote unauthenticated attackers can gain arbitrary command execution on the device with elevated privileges," German cybersecurity firm ONEKEY  said  in a report published Monday. The issue is rooted in a binary related to radio frequency testing "rftest" that's launched on startup and exposes a network listener on TCP ports 8888, 8889, and 8890, thus allowing a remote unauthenticated attacker to achieve code execution. While the network service is designed to only accept commands that start with "
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Mirai Botnet Exploits Ivanti Connect Secure Flaws for Malicious Payload Delivery

Mirai Botnet Exploits Ivanti Connect Secure Flaws for Malicious Payload Delivery

May 09, 2024 Network Security / Botnet
Two recently disclosed security flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure (ICS) devices are being exploited to deploy the infamous  Mirai botnet . That's according to  findings  from Juniper Threat Labs, which said the vulnerabilities  CVE-2023-46805 and CVE-2024-21887  have been leveraged to deliver the botnet payload. While CVE-2023-46805 is an authentication bypass flaw, CVE-2024-21887 is a command injection vulnerability, thereby allowing an attacker to chain the two into an exploit chain to execute arbitrary code and take over susceptible instances. In the attack chain observed by the network security company, CVE-2023-46805 is exploited to gain access to the "/api/v1/license/key-status/;" endpoint, which is vulnerable to command injection, and inject the payload. As  previously outlined  by Assetnote in their technical deep dive of the CVE-2024-21887, the exploit is triggered by means of a request to "/api/v1/totp/user-backup-code/" to deploy the malware. &quo
Palo Alto Networks Releases Urgent Fixes for Exploited PAN-OS Vulnerability

Palo Alto Networks Releases Urgent Fixes for Exploited PAN-OS Vulnerability

Apr 15, 2024 Firewall Security / Vulnerability
Palo Alto Networks has released hotfixes to address a maximum-severity security flaw impacting PAN-OS software that has come under active exploitation in the wild. Tracked as  CVE-2024-3400  (CVSS score: 10.0), the critical vulnerability is a case of command injection in the GlobalProtect feature that an unauthenticated attacker could weaponize to execute arbitrary code with root privileges on the firewall. Fixes for the shortcoming are available in the following versions - PAN-OS 10.2.9-h1 PAN-OS 11.0.4-h1, and PAN-OS 11.1.2-h3 Patches for other commonly deployed maintenance releases are expected to be released over the next few days. "This issue is applicable only to PAN-OS 10.2, PAN-OS 11.0, and PAN-OS 11.1 firewalls configured with GlobalProtect gateway or GlobalProtect portal (or both) and device telemetry enabled," the company  clarified  in its updated advisory. It also said that while Cloud NGFW firewalls are not impacted by CVE-2024-3400, specific PAN-OS
Critical 'BatBadBut' Rust Vulnerability Exposes Windows Systems to Attacks

Critical 'BatBadBut' Rust Vulnerability Exposes Windows Systems to Attacks

Apr 10, 2024 Software Security / Vulnerability
A critical security flaw in the Rust standard library could be exploited to target Windows users and stage command injection attacks. The vulnerability, tracked as  CVE-2024-24576 , has a CVSS score of 10.0, indicating maximum severity. That said, it only impacts scenarios where batch files are invoked on Windows with untrusted arguments. "The Rust standard library did not properly escape arguments when invoking batch files (with the bat and cmd extensions) on Windows using the Command API," the Rust Security Response working group  said  in an advisory released on April 9, 2024. "An attacker able to control the arguments passed to the spawned process could execute arbitrary shell commands by bypassing the escaping." The flaw impacts all versions of Rust before 1.77.2. Security researcher  RyotaK  has been credited with discovering and reporting the bug to the CERT Coordination Center ( CERT/CC ). RyotaK said the vulnerability – codenamed BatBadBut – impacts
Researchers Discover LG Smart TV Vulnerabilities Allowing Root Access

Researchers Discover LG Smart TV Vulnerabilities Allowing Root Access

Apr 09, 2024 Vulnerability / IoT Security
Multiple security vulnerabilities have been disclosed in LG webOS running on its smart televisions that could be exploited to bypass authorization and gain root access on the devices. The findings come from Romanian cybersecurity firm Bitdefender, which discovered and reported the flaws in November 2023. The issues were fixed by LG as part of updates released on March 22, 2024. The vulnerabilities are tracked from CVE-2023-6317 through CVE-2023-6320 and impact the following versions of webOS - webOS 4.9.7 - 5.30.40 running on LG43UM7000PLA webOS 5.5.0 - 04.50.51 running on OLED55CXPUA webOS 6.3.3-442 (kisscurl-kinglake) - 03.36.50 running on OLED48C1PUB webOS 7.3.1-43 (mullet-mebin) - 03.33.85 running on OLED55A23LA A brief description of the shortcomings is as follows - CVE-2023-6317  - A vulnerability that allows an attacker to bypass PIN verification and add a privileged user profile to the TV set without requiring user interaction CVE-2023-6318  - A vulnerability th
Chinese Hackers Exploit Zero-Day Flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure and Policy Secure

Chinese Hackers Exploit Zero-Day Flaws in Ivanti Connect Secure and Policy Secure

Jan 11, 2024 Cybersecurity / Zero-Day
A pair of zero-day flaws identified in Ivanti Connect Secure (ICS) and Policy Secure have been chained by suspected China-linked nation-state actors to breach less than 10 customers. Cybersecurity firm Volexity, which  identified  the activity on the network of one of its customers in the second week of December 2023, attributed it to a hacking group it tracks under the name  UTA0178 . There is evidence to suggest that the VPN appliance may have been compromised as early as December 3, 2023. The two vulnerabilities that have been exploited in the wild to achieve unauthenticated command execution on the ICS device are as follows - CVE-2023-46805  (CVSS score: 8.2) - An authentication bypass vulnerability in the web component of Ivanti Connect Secure (9.x, 22.x) and Ivanti Policy Secure allows a remote attacker to access restricted resources by bypassing control checks. CVE-2024-21887  (CVSS score: 9.1) - A command injection vulnerability in web components of Ivanti Connect Secur
Zyxel Releases Patches to Fix 15 Flaws in NAS, Firewall, and AP Devices

Zyxel Releases Patches to Fix 15 Flaws in NAS, Firewall, and AP Devices

Dec 01, 2023 Firewall / Network Security
Zyxel has released patches to address 15 security issues impacting network-attached storage (NAS), firewall, and access point (AP) devices, including three critical flaws that could lead to authentication bypass and command injection. The  three vulnerabilities  are listed below - CVE-2023-35138  (CVSS score: 9.8) - A command injection vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute some operating system commands by sending a crafted HTTP POST request. CVE-2023-4473  (CVSS score: 9.8) - A command injection vulnerability in the web server that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute some operating system commands by sending a crafted URL to a vulnerable device. CVE-2023-4474  (CVSS score: 9.8) - An improper neutralization of special elements vulnerability that could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute some operating system commands by sending a crafted URL to a vulnerable device. Also patched by Zyxel are three high-severity flaws ( CVE-
Alert! Hackers Exploiting Critical Vulnerability in VMware's Aria Operations Networks

Alert! Hackers Exploiting Critical Vulnerability in VMware's Aria Operations Networks

Jun 21, 2023 Vulnerability / Network Security
VMware has flagged that a recently patched critical command injection vulnerability in Aria Operations for Networks (formerly vRealize Network Insight) has come under active exploitation in the wild. The flaw, tracked as  CVE-2023-20887 , could  allow  a malicious actor with network access to the product to perform a command injection attack, resulting in remote code execution. It impacts VMware Aria Operations Networks versions 6.x, with fixes released in versions 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5.1, 6.6, 6.7, 6.8, 6.9, and 6.10 on June 7, 2023. Now according to an update shared by the virtualization services provider on June 20, 2023, the flaw has been weaponized in real-world attacks, although the exact specifics are unknown as yet. "VMware has confirmed that exploitation of CVE-2023-20887 has occurred in the wild," the company  noted . Data gathered by threat intelligence firm GreyNoise  shows  active exploitation of the flaw from two different IP addresses located in the Netherl
Cacti, Realtek, and IBM Aspera Faspex Vulnerabilities Under Active Exploitation

Cacti, Realtek, and IBM Aspera Faspex Vulnerabilities Under Active Exploitation

Apr 01, 2023 Cyber Attack / Vulnerability
Critical security flaws in Cacti, Realtek, and IBM Aspera Faspex are being exploited by various threat actors in hacks targeting unpatched systems. This entails the abuse of  CVE-2022-46169  (CVSS score: 9.8) and  CVE-2021-35394  (CVSS score: 9.8) to deliver  MooBot  and  ShellBot  (aka PerlBot), Fortinet FortiGuard Labs  said  in a report published this week. CVE-2022-46169  relates to a critical authentication bypass and command injection flaw in Cacti servers that allows an unauthenticated user to execute arbitrary code.  CVE-2021-35394  also concerns an arbitrary command injection vulnerability impacting the Realtek Jungle SDK that was patched in 2021. While the latter has been previously exploited to distribute botnets like Mirai, Gafgyt, Mozi, and RedGoBot, the development marks the first time it has been utilized to deploy MooBot, a Mirai variant known to be active since 2019. The Cacti flaw, besides being leveraged for MooBot attacks, has also been observed serving ShellB
Critical Flaw in Cisco IP Phone Series Exposes Users to Command Injection Attack

Critical Flaw in Cisco IP Phone Series Exposes Users to Command Injection Attack

Mar 02, 2023 Enterprise Security / Network Security
Cisco on Wednesday rolled out  security updates  to address a critical flaw impacting its IP Phone 6800, 7800, 7900, and 8800 Series products. The vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2023-20078, is rated 9.8 out of 10 on the CVSS scoring system and is described as a command injection bug in the web-based management interface arising due to insufficient validation of user-supplied input. Successful exploitation of the bug could allow an unauthenticated, remote attacker to inject arbitrary commands that are executed with the highest privileges on the underlying operating system. "An attacker could exploit this vulnerability by sending a crafted request to the web-based management interface," Cisco  said  in an alert published on March 1, 2023. Also patched by the company is a high-severity denial-of-service (DoS) vulnerability affecting the same set of devices, as well as the Cisco Unified IP Conference Phone 8831 and Unified IP Phone 7900 Series. CVE-2023-20079 (CVSS score: 7
Critical Vulnerability Discovered in Atlassian Bitbucket Server and Data Center

Critical Vulnerability Discovered in Atlassian Bitbucket Server and Data Center

Aug 26, 2022
Atlassian has rolled out fixes for a  critical security flaw  in Bitbucket Server and Data Center that could lead to the execution of malicious code on vulnerable installations. Tracked as  CVE-2022-36804  (CVSS score: 9.9), the issue has been characterized as a command injection vulnerability in multiple endpoints that could be exploited via specially crafted HTTP requests. "An attacker with access to a public Bitbucket repository or with read permissions to a private one can execute arbitrary code by sending a malicious HTTP request," Atlassian  said  in an advisory. The shortcoming, discovered and reported by security researcher  @TheGrandPew  impacts all versions of Bitbucket Server and Datacenter released after 6.10.17, inclusive of 7.0.0 and newer - Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 7.6 Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 7.17 Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 7.21 Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 8.0 Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 8.1 Bitbucket Server and Datacenter 8.2, and
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