A pair of critical vulnerabilities in a popular bulletin board software called MyBB could have been chained together to achieve remote code execution (RCE) without the need for prior access to a privileged account.
The flaws, which were discovered by independent security researchers Simon Scannell and Carl Smith, were reported to the MyBB Team on February 22, following which it released an update (version 1.8.26) on March 10 addressing the issues.
MyBB, formerly MyBBoard and originally MyBulletinBoard, is free and open-source forum software developed using PHP and MySQL. According to internet assets search engine Spyse, there are at least 2,100 potentially vulnerable domains that have MyBB installed.
According to the researchers, the first issue — a nested auto URL persistent XSS vulnerability (CVE-2021-27889) — stems from how MyBB parses messages containing URLs during the rendering process, thus enabling any unprivileged forum user to embed stored XSS payloads into threads, posts, and even private messages.
"The vulnerability can be exploited with minimal user interaction by saving a maliciously crafted MyCode message on the server (e.g. as a post or Private Message) and pointing a victim to a page where the content is parsed," MyBB said in an advisory.
The second vulnerability concerns an SQL injection (CVE-2021-27890) in a forum's theme manager that could result in an authenticated RCE. A successful exploitation occurs when a forum administrator with the "Can manage themes?" permission imports a maliciously crafted theme, or a user, for whom the theme has been set, visits a forum page.
"A sophisticated attacker could develop an exploit for the Stored XSS vulnerability and then send a private message to a targeted administrator of a MyBB board," the researchers outlined in a technical write-up. "As soon as the administrator opens the private message, on his own trusted forum, the exploit triggers. An RCE vulnerability is automatically exploited in the background and leads to a full takeover of the targeted MyBB forum."
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Besides the two aforementioned vulnerabilities, version 1.8.26 also resolves four other security shortcomings that were identified by the MyBB Team, including —
- CVE-2021-27946 - Improper validation of the number of votes in thread poll options, leading to SQL injection
- CVE-2021-27947 - Improper sanitization of certain forum data, causing SQL injection when used in subsequent queries
- CVE-2021-27948 - Additional User Groups ID numbers can be saved without proper validation in the Admin Control Panel, resulting in SQL injection, and
- CVE-2021-27949 - A reflected XSS vulnerability in custom Moderator Tools, when user input attached to CSRF token-protected POST requests is not properly sanitized
MyBB users are advised to upgrade to the latest version to mitigate the risk associated with the flaws.